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- Occam's razor: When faced with competing hypotheses, select the one that makes the fewest assumptions.
- Popper's falsifiability principle: A theory can be scientific only if it is falsifiable.
- Hanlon's razor: Never attribute to malice that which can be adequately explained by stupidity.
- Hume's razor: Do not multiply necessities without good reason.
- Hitchens' razor: the burden of proof or onus in a debate lies with the claim-maker, and if he or she does not meet it, the opponent does not need to argue against the unfounded claim
- Newton's flaming laser sword: If something cannot be settled by experiment then it is not worthy of debate
Some philosophers have proposed anti-razors. Examples include:
- Plenitude principle, which asserts that everything that can happen will happen eventually
- Garg, A. (17 May 2010). "Occam's razor". A.Word.A.Day. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
- "Hanlon's Razor". The Jargon File 4.4.7. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
- Miles, M. (2003). Inroads: Paths in Ancient and Modern Western Philosophy. University of Toronto Press. p. 543. ISBN 978-0802037442.
- Forrest, P. (2001). "Counting the cost of modal realism". In Preyer, G.; Siebelt, F. Reality and Humean Supervenience: Essays on the Philosophy of David Lewis. Studies in Epistemology and Cognitive Theory. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 93. ISBN 978-0742512016.
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