Re'im

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Re'im
רֵעִים
Re'im is located in Israel
Re'im
Re'im
Coordinates: 31°23′9.95″N 34°27′37.07″E / 31.3860972°N 34.4602972°E / 31.3860972; 34.4602972Coordinates: 31°23′9.95″N 34°27′37.07″E / 31.3860972°N 34.4602972°E / 31.3860972; 34.4602972
District Southern
Council Eshkol
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1949
Founded by Scouts Federation and former Palmach members
Population (2007) 354
Name meaning Friends
Website www.reim.org.il

Re'im (Hebrew: רֵעִים, lit. Friends) is a secular kibbutz in southern Israel, and one of the Gaza vicinity villages. Located at the confluence of Besor Stream and Gerar Stream in the north-western Negev desert, it falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council. In 2007 it had a population of 354.

Re'im was founded in 1949 by members of the Israel Boy and Girl Scouts Federation who were demobilized from the Palmach. The kibbutz changed names several times before taking its current name.

History[edit]

The kibbutz was established in 1949 by former Palmach members with the provisional name HaTzofim Vav (lit. Scouts F).[1] It was then named Tel Re'im (Hebrew: תל רעים‎, lit. Hill of Friends) after the Arabic translation of the nearby archaeological site of Tell Jemmeh. It was eventually renamed Re'im in memory of members of the Gar'in who were killed in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[2] The name, meaning 'friends', was taken from the Book of Proverbs (18:24) to symbolize them.[3]

The kibbutz was planned by the architect Hanan Habaron, one of the founders of the kibbutz and a member until his death in 2002. The ascetic style was described as a visual expression of Habaron's social and architectural worldviews. Asaf Kashtan, an Israeli architect who wrote a book about Habaron, said that in recent years, Habaron's style fell out of favor with Re'im's residents.[4]

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) has a base near the kibbutz. Prior to Israel's disengagement from Gaza in 2005, the base was used as a camp for the evacuating troops.[citation needed] After the disengagement, Re'im became the target of Qassam rockets fired at it from the Gaza Strip.[5] In 2008, IDF troops at the nearby base near Nahal Oz requested that the base be relocated to the area near Re'im, away from the range of Hamas' mortar fire.[6]

Geography[edit]

Re'im is located between roads 232 and 234 in the Western Negev, next to the Re'im Junction and Gama Junction. The ruins of ancient Gama (Tell Jemmeh) are located to the west of the kibbutz. West of Re'im is the kibbutz Kissufim, and north is Be'eri.[2] Re'im's elevation is 50 m above sea level, and the Besor Stream passes through its territory.[1]

Economy[edit]

The kibbutz's economy is based on agriculture and its laser factory, Isralaser.[7] IsraBig, which manufactures dice for stamping, also has a factory in Re'im. The kibbutz also has a room letting business, including a Bedouin accommodation tent.[8][9] It suffered as a result of the Israel-Gaza conflict, and the kibbutz lowered its prices.[5] In 2008, Re'im embarked on a project that would make it the first community in Israel, and perhaps in the entire world, to rely entirely on solar energy for domestic consumption. Sunday, a company which markets the technology in Israel, is to install solar panels on all 130 rooftops in the kibbutz. According to estimation, the system will be capable of manufacturing at least 2.5 megawatts per hour during peak consumption. The cost of the project is estimated at NIS60-100 million and the investment is expected to pay for itself in 10 years. The cost and revenues from electricity are to be divided evenly between the kibbutz and Sunday, and any excess energy is to be sold to the Israel Electric Company.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vilnai, Ze'ev (1980). "Re'im". Ariel Encyclopedia. Volume 8. Tel Aviv, Israel: Am Oved. p. 7607.  (Hebrew)
  2. ^ a b Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel. Yuval El'azari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 584. ISBN 965-7184-34-7.  (Hebrew)
  3. ^ HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel. Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 887. ISBN 965-448-413-7.  (Hebrew)
  4. ^ Zandberg, Esther. "He left behind a kibbutz". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-12-24.  (Hebrew)
  5. ^ a b Branovsky, Yael (2006-07-29). "Strong home front". nana10. Retrieved 2008-12-24.  (Hebrew)
  6. ^ Harel, Amos (2008-11-30). "IDF soldiers: We tried to no avail to have base near Nahal Oz relocated". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  7. ^ "Isralaser retools with $1 M laser project. (Isralaser-Reim, acquires laser machine)". Israel Business Today. 1994-03-18. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  8. ^ "Saj Mahal". iTour. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  9. ^ "Kibbutz Re'im Information". Or Movement. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  10. ^ Ben-David, Amir (2008-12-22). "The first solar kibbutz". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 

External links[edit]