Reactive airway disease

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Reactive airway disease
Classification and external resources
ICD-9 519.8, 493.9
eMedicine article/800119

Reactive airway disease is a general term for conditions involving wheezing and allergic reactions.[1]

The term sometimes is misused as a synonym for asthma.[2] Current medical use describes an asthma-like syndrome in infants that may later be confirmed to be asthmatics when they become old enough to participate in diagnostic tests such as the bronchial challenge test.

Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome[edit]

Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome or RADS is a term proposed by Stuart M. Brooks M.D. and colleagues in 1985 [3] to describe an asthma-like syndrome developing after a single exposure to high levels of an irritating vapor, fume, or smoke.[4] It involves coughing, wheezing, and dyspnea.[5]

It can also manifest in adults with exposure to high levels of chlorine, ammonia, acetic acid or sulphur dioxide, creating symptoms like asthma.[6] The severity of these symptoms can be mild to fatal, and can even create long-term airway damage depending on the amount of exposure and the concentration of chlorine. Some experts classify RADS as occupational asthma. Those with exposure to highly irritating substances should receive treatment to mitigate harmful effects.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "reactive airway disease" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ Mayo Clinic Staff (September 4, 2006). "Reactive airway disease: Is it asthma?". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  3. ^ S.M. Brooks, M.A. Weiss, I.L. Bernstein. "Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS): persistent asthma syndrome after high level irritant exposures". Chest, Volume 88, 1985, 376-384. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  4. ^ John V. Fahy and Paul M. O'Byrne. ""Reactive Airways Disease": A Lazy Term of Uncertain Meaning That Should Be Abandoned". Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., Volume 163, Number 4, March 2001, 822-823. Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  5. ^ "reactive airways dysfunction syndrome" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  6. ^ Occupational Allergy. Page 1 Drs Rodney Ehrlich and Mohamed F Jeebhay. The Allergy Society of South Africa
  7. ^ Aslan, Sahin1Kandiş, Hayati1Akgun, Metin2Çakır, Zeynep1Inandı, Tacettin3Görgüner, Metin (2006). "The Effect of Nebulized NaHCO3 Treatment on 'RADS' Due to Chlorine Gas Inhalation". Inhalation Toxicology: Vol. 18, Number 11. ISBN 895-900 Check |isbn= value (help). Retrieved 2008-04-06.