Reading, Kansas

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Reading, Kansas
City
Bank / Post Office / Water Tower in 2009 (prior to tornado)
Bank / Post Office / Water Tower in 2009 (prior to tornado)
Location of Reading, Kansas
Location of Reading, Kansas
Coordinates: 38°31′9″N 95°57′33″W / 38.51917°N 95.95917°W / 38.51917; -95.95917Coordinates: 38°31′9″N 95°57′33″W / 38.51917°N 95.95917°W / 38.51917; -95.95917
Country United States
State Kansas
County Lyon
Platted 1870
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor/Council
 • Mayor Kevin Sorensen
 • City Clerk Carol Ann Higgins
Area[2]
 • Total 0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
 • Land 0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,099 ft (335 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 231
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 232
 • Density 1,155.0/sq mi (445.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66868
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-58600[5]
GNIS feature ID 0479585[6]

Reading is a city in Lyon County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 231.[7] It is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

1870s Reading Jailhouse next to Reading Water Tower; October 2012.
Reading Kansas Community Center/cafe and Grain Elevator (replaced after tornado); October 2012.
EF3 tornado that struck Reading in May 2011

For millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized. In 1861, Kansas became the 34th state.

In 1870, a tract of land on which Reading is now located was owned by McMann & Co of Reading, Pennsylvania. When the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway railroad was built through the area, a town company for Reading was organized with James Fagan as president of it. A town site of sixty acres of Section 3, Township 18, Range 13, was laid off and called Reading, after Reading, Pennsylvania, and during the summer of 1870 the town site was laid off.[8]

The first post office in Reading was established in August 1870.[9]

Plymouth was incorporated as a city in September 1890.[10]

In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway railroad merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and was renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".

May 2011 tornado[edit]

On May 21, 2011 around 9:15PM, an EF3 tornado hit Reading. It was three blocks wide and stayed on the ground for about four miles. The tornado destroyed at least 56 of 110 homes and 14 of 21 businesses. The post office and fire station suffered major damage. One person died and two were hospitalized. Early damage estimates topped $2.2 million.[11][12][13]

A little more than a year later, the community has pitched in with some help of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.[14] The grain elevator which was destroyed in the tornado has been rebuilt. Houses have been repaired, destroyed trees removed, and once again life in Reading has returned to normal, a quiet place to live.

Geography[edit]

Reading is located at 38°31′09″N 95°57′33″W / 38.519102°N 95.959091°W / 38.519102; -95.959091 (38.519102, -95.959091)[15] at the eastern edge of Lyon County. It lies half way between Emporia and Osage City along Highway 170. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2), all of it land.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Reading has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 264
2000 247 −6.4%
2010 231 −6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 231 people, 86 households, and 62 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,155.0 inhabitants per square mile (445.9/km2). There were 103 housing units at an average density of 515.0 per square mile (198.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.

There were 86 households of which 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.

The median age in the city was 32.9 years. 33.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 7.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.7% male and 46.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 247 people, 92 households, and 63 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,185.3 people per square mile (454.1/km2). There were 108 housing units at an average density of 518.3 per square mile (198.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.98% White, 0.40% African American, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.62% of the population.

There were 92 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $29,500. Males had a median income of $18,750 versus $25,536 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,673. About 15.6% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.

Government[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Lyon County (map legend)

The Reading government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the first Thursday of each month at 7PM.[17]

  • City Hall, 413 First Street.
  • U.S. Post Office, 404 First Street.
  • Kansas Department of Wildlife & Park, 2272 Road 250.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Reading is part of Unified School District 251.[18][19] The city has one school:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
May 2011 Tornado
Maps