The Reading Prong is a physiographic subprovince of the New England Uplands section of the New England province of the Appalachian Highlands. The prong consists of mountains made up of crystalline metamorphic rock.
- 1 Location
- 2 Relation to other divisions of the New England Uplands
- 3 Geology
- 4 Mountains of the Reading Prong
- 5 References
The Reading Prong stretches from near Reading, Pennsylvania, through northern New Jersey and southern New York, reaching its northern terminus in Connecticut. In Pennsylvania, the Reading Prong is simply referred to as such, while in New Jersey and New York, the mountains of the subprovince are referred to as the New York – New Jersey Highlands. Near the Hudson Valley, the term Hudson Highlands is often used. The portion of the prong that enters Connecticut is known as the Housatonic Highlands.
Relation to other divisions of the New England Uplands
There are two subsections of the New England Uplands in addition to the Reading Prong. A prong of the same rock belt extends from the Hudson Highlands south to New York City along the Hudson River. This region is often referred to as the Manhattan Prong. The Staten Island Sepentinite is also a southward extension of the New England Uplands.
The Reading Prong is part of the Precambrian basement which is discontinuously exposed in the north-central Appalachians. The rocks that make up the prong consist of diverse gneisses. The New England Province and the Blue Ridge province share many geological similarities, and some experts consider the Reading Prong merely a continuation of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which reach their northern terminus at South Mountain near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania. In the gap between the Blue Ridge and the Reading Province, the two mountainous regions descend into the Appalachian Piedmont. Together, the Blue Ridge province and the New England province are often referred to as the Crystalline Appalachians. Rocks of the Reading Prong are characterized by elevated concentrations of uranium, the decay of which produces gaseous radon, a potentially hazardous source of indoor contamination in structures constructed on the prong.
Mountains of the Reading Prong
Housatonic Highlands (north to south)
East Hudson Highlands (north to south)
- Sour Mountain
- Beacon Mountain
- Scofield Ridge
- North Sugarloaf
- Breakneck Ridge
- Bull Hill, aka Mt. Taurus
- South Redoubt and North Redoubt
- Sugarloaf Hill
- White Rock
- Canada Hill
- Anthony's Nose
West Hudson Highlands (north to south)
- Storm King Mountain
- Crow's Nest
- Popolopen Torne
- Bear Mountain
- West Mountain
- Bald Mountain
- Dunderberg Mountain