University of Reading

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University of Reading
University of Reading shield.svg
Established 1926 (university status)
1892 (as University College, Reading)
Type Public
Endowment £90.8 million (2013)[1]
Chancellor Sir John Madejski
Vice-Chancellor Sir David Bell
Visitor Her Majesty the Queen
Admin. staff 4,024
Students 22,805[2]
Undergraduates 12,683[2]
Postgraduates 10,122[2]
Location Reading, Berkshire, England, UK
Former names University College, Reading (1892–1926)
Colours Royal purple and white
                       
Website www.reading.ac.uk
University of Reading logo.svg

The University of Reading is a public research university in Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom. The University was established in 1892 as University College, Reading and received its Royal Charter in 1926. It is based on several campuses in, and around, the town of Reading.

The University has a long tradition of research, education and training at a local, national and international level. It offers traditional degrees alongside less usual and other vocationally relevant ones. It was awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in 1998, 2005, 2009, and again in 2011. It is one of the ten most research intensive universities in the UK and ranked in the top 1% of universities in the world by THE.[3]

History[edit]

The University War Memorial clock tower, on the London Road Campus
Students take notes at the museum in the Faculty of Science at Reading University in 1945

University College, Reading[edit]

The University owes its first origins to the Schools of Art and Science established in Reading in 1860 and 1870. In 1892 the College at Reading was founded as an extension college by Christ Church, a college of the University of Oxford. The first President was the geographer Sir Halford John Mackinder.[4] The Schools of Art and Science were transferred to the new college by Reading Town Council in the same year.[5][6]

The new college received its first treasury grant in 1901. Three years later it was given a site, now the university's London Road Campus, by the Palmer family of Huntley & Palmers fame. The same family supported the opening of Wantage Hall in 1908, and of the Research Institute in Dairying in 1912.[5]

University status[edit]

The college first applied for a Royal Charter in 1920 but was unsuccessful at that time. However a second petition, in 1925, was successful, and the charter was officially granted on 17 March 1926. With the charter, the college became the University of Reading, the only new university to be created in England between the two world wars.[5]

In 1947 the University purchased Whiteknights Park, which was to become its principal campus. In 1984 the University started a merger with Bulmershe College of Higher Education, which was completed in 1989.[5][7][8]

In October 2006, the Senior Management Board proposed[9] the closure of its Physics Department to future undergraduate application. This was ascribed to financial reasons and lack of alternative ideas and caused considerable controversy, not least a debate in Parliament[10] over the closure which prompted heated discussion of higher education issues in general.[11] On 10 October the Senate voted to close the Department of Physics, a move confirmed by the Council on 20 November.[12] Other departments closed in recent years include Music, Sociology, Geology, and Mechanical Engineering. The university council decided in March 2009 to close the School of Health and Social Care, a school whose courses have consistently been oversubscribed.[13][14]

In January 2008, the University announced its merger with the Henley Management College to create the university's new Henley Business School, bringing together Henley College's expertise in MBAs with the University's existing Business School and ICMA Centre. The merger took formal effect on 1 August 2008, with the new business school split across the university's existing Whiteknights Campus and its new Greenlands Campus that formerly housed Henley Management College.[15][16]

A restructuring of the university was announced in September 2009, which would bring together all the academic schools into three faculties, these being the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Humanities, Arts and Social sciences, and Henley Business School. The move was predicted to result in the loss of some jobs, especially in the film, theatre and television department, which will shortly be moving into a brand new £11.5 million building on Whiteknights Campus.[17]

In late 2009 it was announced that the London Road Campus was to undergo a £30 million renovation, preparatory to becoming the new home of the university's Institute of Education. This is planned for completion in the summer of 2011, and is being partially funded by the sale of the adjoining site of Mansfield Hall, a former hall of residence, for demolition and replacement by private sector student accommodation.[18]

The university is a lead sponsor of UTC Reading, a new university technical college which opened in September 2013.[19][20]

Campuses[edit]

The University Great Hall, on the London Road Campus
Greenlands Campus, used by the Business School
Foxhill House, home of the School of Law

The University maintains over 1.6 square kilometres (395 acres) of grounds, in three distinct campuses:

  • Whiteknights Campus, at 1.3 square kilometres (321 acres),[21] is the largest and includes Whiteknights Lake, conservation meadows and woodlands as well as most of the University's departments. The campus takes its name from the nickname of the 13th century knight, John De Erleigh IV or the 'White Knight', and was landscaped in the 18th century by the Marquis of Blandford. The main University library, in the middle of the campus, holds nearly a million books and subscribes to around 4,000 periodicals.
  • The smaller London Road Campus is the original University site and is closer to the town centre of Reading. The London Road site is home to The Institute of Education - one of the leading providers of teacher training in the UK. The Institute moved to its new home in January 2012. The campus was refurbished at a cost of £30 million, providing it with the best and most attractive facilities in the UK. The London Road site also plays host to the University graduation ceremonies twice a year, in the Great Hall.<http://www.reading.ac.uk/education/about/ioe-about.aspx>
  • The Greenlands Campus, on the banks of the River Thames in Buckinghamshire. Once the home of William Henry Smith, son of the founder of WH Smith, and latterly the site of the Henley Management College, this campus became part of the university on 1 August 2008, with the merger of that college with the university's Business School to form the Henley Business School. The school's MBA and corporate learning offerings will be based at Greenlands, with undergraduate and other postgraduate courses being based at Whiteknights.[16]
  • The Bulmershe Court Campus in Woodley was the site of the former Bulmershe Teaching College, which merged with The University of Reading in 1989. The campus was sold in January 2014 as the University decided to concentrate its activity on its three other campuses. It has moved all teaching, research and accommodation at Bulmershe on to its other campuses.

The University also owns 8.5 square kilometres (2,100 acres) of farmland in the nearby villages of Arborfield, Sonning and Shinfield. These support a mixed farming system including dairy cows, ewes and beef animals, and host research centres of which the flagship is the Centre for Dairy Research.

As part of the proposed Whiteknights Development Plan in Autumn 2007, the University proposed spending up to £250 million on its estates over 30 years, principally to focus academic activities onto the Whiteknights site.[22] The University also announced its intention to site some functions on the London Road site, and proposed a complete withdrawal from Bulmershe Court by 2012, which was accomplished.

In October 2012, the University administration announced plans to establish its first overseas campus in Malaysia. The project will be overseen by Tony Downes.[23][24]

Museums, libraries and botanical gardens[edit]

The Main Library on the Whiteknights Campus

Reading University maintains four museums, a main campus library, a range of inter-departmental libraries, and a botanical garden. The largest and best known of these museums is the Museum of English Rural Life, which has recently relocated from a location on Whiteknights Campus to a site nearer the town centre on the London Road Campus. The Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology, the Cole Museum of Zoology, the University of Reading Herbarium and the Harris Garden are all on the Whiteknights Campus.

The Whiteknights Main Library holds catalogue of over 1.2 million books, as well as a range of electronic resources, videos and archives, in 14,000 square metres of public space on five floors of resources, a maintenance floor, entrance plaza and the Knowledge Exchange. The secondary library at the University's Bulmershe Campus is no longer in operation and its collections have been transferred to the Whiteknights Main Library. There is also a library in the University's Meteorology department.

Organisation and governance[edit]

Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Science
  • School of Arts and Communication Design
    • Department of Art
    • Department of Film, Theatre and Television
    • Department of Typography and Graphic Communication
  • Institute of Education
  • School of Humanities
    • Department of Classics
    • Department of History
    • Department of Philosophy
  • School of Law
  • School of Literature and Languages
    • Department of English Language and Literature
    • Department of Modern Languages and European Studies
  • School of Politics, Economics and International Relations
    • Department of Economics
    • Department of Politics and International Relations
  • International Study and Language Institute
Faculty of Life Sciences
  • School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
  • School of Biological Sciences
  • School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy
    • Department of Chemistry
    • Food and Nutritional Sciences
    • The Reading School of Pharmacy
  • School of Psychology and Clinical Language Science
    • Department of Clinical Language Sciences
    • Department of Psychology
Faculty of Science
  • School of Construction Management and Engineering
  • School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science
    • Department of Archaeology
    • Department of Geography and Environmental Science
  • School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences
    • Department of Mathematics and Statistics
    • Department of Meteorology
  • School of Systems Engineering

Henley Business School[edit]

Henley Business School is a highly selective, top-ranking business school, among only 58 institutions worldwide (less than 1% of business schools globally) to be granted Triple accreditation by the three largest and most influential business school accreditation associations: EQUIS, AMBA and the AACSB. It includes several academic areas:

  • Business Informatics, Systems and Accounting
  • Leadership and Organisational Behaviours
  • International Business and Strategy
  • ICMA Centre[25]
  • Real Estate and Planning

Graduate School[edit]

The University-wide Graduate School is a Faculty provides training and a range of support for doctoral researchers and related staff across the other four Faculties.

Governing bodies and roles[edit]

The university is nominally led by a Chancellor, who is the titular head of the university, and is normally a well-known public figure. The day-to-day chief executive role is the responsibility of the Vice-Chancellor, a full-time academic post. The senior management board of the university is headed by the Vice-Chancellor, assisted by a Deputy-Vice-Chancellor, three Pro-Vice-Chancellors, four Deans and five Heads of Directorate. It is responsible for the day-to-day management of the University and meets fortnightly throughout most of the year.[26]

The senior management board reports to the university's Senate, the main academic administrative body. The senate has around 100 members and meets at least four times a year and advises on areas such as student entry, assessment and awards. Membership includes Deans, Heads and elected representatives of Schools, as well as professional staff and students. The Senate in turn reports to the Council, which is the supreme governing body of the university, setting strategic direction, ensuring compliance with statutory requirements and approving constitutional changes. The Council meets four times a year, and comprises a broad representation of lay members drawn from commercial, community and professional organisations.[26]

Academic profile[edit]

Rankings and reputation[edit]

Rankings
ARWU[27]
(2014, national)
30–33
ARWU[27]
(2014, world)
301–400
QS[28]
(2013/14, national)
31
QS[28]
(2013/14, world)
215
THE[29]
(2013/14, national)
29
THE[29]
(2013/14, world)
194
Complete[30]
(2015, national)
37
The Guardian[31]
(2015, national)
30
Times/Sunday Times[32]
(2014, national)
35

In the government's 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) Reading was ranked 40th in the UK across the assessment of all its research in a ranking produced by The Guardian.[33]

The Department of Meteorology was awarded a Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in 2005. Reading was the first university to win a Queen's Award for Export Achievement, in 1989.

Finance[edit]

In recent years the university has been beset by controversy, with closing departments and job losses among staff.[12][13][14] The university will lose 7.7% of its HEFCE funding in fiscal year 2010–2011.[34]

Affiliated institutions[edit]

The Gyosei International College in the U.K. was established on property acquired from the University of Reading in 1989. The college, later renamed to the Witan International College, was acquired by the University of Reading in 2004.[35] Witan College closed in 2008.[36]

Student life[edit]

Reading University Students' Union (RUSU) is the affiliated student organisation which represents the students' interests. The university also has a number of Junior Common Rooms that are linked to the Students' Union. The Students' Union has been the launch pad for many political careers including Penny Mordaunt (MP for Portsmouth North), who was the 1994–5 President of the Students' Union.

The Students' Union runs the student radio station Junction11 Radio, an online student radio station. It also publishes Spark*, a newspaper aimed at the student population of the University, which is published fortnightly during term-time only and award winning student television station RU:ON.

The Union provides a free advice service to students, and facilitates over 160 different activities for students to get involved in. The Students' Union building on Whiteknights Campus contains an 2000 capacity venue called 3sixty, two bars, and a number of retail outlets.

Halls and accommodation[edit]

Wantage Hall gatehouse, built 1908, is the oldest hall at the University
St Patrick's Hall, Pearson Court

Student accommodation is provided in a number of halls of residence offering a mix of partially catered (19 meals per week) and self-catering accommodation, along with other self-catering accommodation. Following a major review the University is now preceding with the integrated Halls and Catering Strategy, that will see several halls replaced as well as new ones created with social, catering & welfare facilities provided in hub areas.[37] Most of the halls of residence lie close to the northern campus periphery and in residential areas close by.

Halls are managed in the following groups: Lakeside, comprising Bridges, Bulmershe and Wessex; Northcourt, comprising Sherfield, Benyon and St Patrick's Hall; Park, comprising Greenow, McCombie, MacKinder, Stenton, Windsor and Dunsden Crescent; Redlands, comprising Hillside, Martindale, St. George's, Wells and Wantage; and Estates Management, comprising 35 Upper Redlands Road, Mansfield and St. David's.

Wantage Hall is thought to be the oldest purpose built hall outside of 'Oxbridge' and is built in the style of an 'Oxbridge' hall.

St. Andrews Hall closed in 2001, and is now the home of the Museum of English Rural Life.[38]

St. George's Hall and the Reading Student Village are leased back to the University from UPP. The cost of leasing back the Student Village to the University, according to the University accounts, was £1.3 million in 2002–03 and £1.5 million for 2003–04.

In 2011 the management of the mature and international halls, Hillside and Martindale, was taken over by the "Estates management team". In the same year the new Kendrick Halls were opened, this were on the ground of halls which had not been in use for many years. These are not managed by the university.

In 2012, UPP and the University announced that they would be redeveloping Bridges Hall.[39] The Hall is scheduled to reopen for the 2014–15 academic year.[40]

Working with business[edit]

Reading hosts a number of private sector businesses on its campuses, either occupying dedicated buildings or in managed space at the Science & Technology Centre or Enterprise Hub.

The Science & Technology Centre

Science & Technology Centre[edit]

The University of Reading Science & Technology Centre is situated on the eastern side of Whiteknights Campus. The Science & Technology Centre supports and accommodates technology companies from start-up through to larger SMEs.[41][42][43]

The following notable companies are based at, or have been based at, the Science & Technology Centre:[44][45]

The former Reading Enterprise Hub on Whiteknights Campus

Reading Enterprise Hub[edit]

Reading Enterprise Hub is a business incubator opened in 2003. The hub was jointly sponsored by the university and SEEDA, and sought to attract startup high tech companies, particularly those with interests in environmental technology, information technology, life sciences, and materials science.[46]

The hub was originally situated in World War II era temporary office buildings on the university's Whiteknights campus. During the summer of 2008 the hub was demolished, along with the neighbouring former agriculture buildings, and the remaining tenants relocated to a building on the London Road campus. As of April 2010, a new Reading Enterprise Centre is being constructed on the hub's original site.[47]

Dedicated buildings[edit]

Besides its use of the Science & Technology Centre, Reading Scientific Services also occupies the Reading Science Centre, situated on the western side of Whiteknights campus.[48]

Officers[edit]

Principals of University College, Reading

Chancellors of the University of Reading

Vice-Chancellors of the University of Reading

Notable academics[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Academics

Broadcasting

Politics

Music

Sport

Writing and art

Military

Others

Business

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Financial Statements for the Year to 31 July 2013" (PDF). University of Reading. p. 52. Retrieved 2014-04-10. 
  2. ^ a b c RUSU Official Media Pack 2008–2009
  3. ^ UoR. "World rankings confirm University of Reading’s place among the best universities in the world". Official Statement from University of Reading. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Corley, T.A.B. "Childs, William Macbride (1869–1939), educationist". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d "The University's History". University of Reading. Retrieved 30 April 2009. 
  6. ^ "The University of Reading is 85 years old". University of Reading. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Campus Architecture". University of Reading. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  8. ^ "Statutory Instrument 1989 no. 408". Opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  9. ^ Official statement about the Physics Department on the University website[dead link]
  10. ^ Information page of Labour MP for Reading West, Martin Salter
  11. ^ Official Statement about University Senate vote from University website[dead link]
  12. ^ a b "article concerning the confirmed closure of the Physics department". BBC News. 21 November 2006. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Melanie Newman, "Institutions draw up plans for closures and job losses", Times Higher Education, 19 February 2009
  14. ^ a b Melanie Newman, "Alarm grows as jobs to go at four more institutions", Times Higher Education, 26 March 2009
  15. ^ "World-class business school to be created as University of Reading merges with Henley Management College". University of Reading. 9 January 2008. 
  16. ^ a b "Briefing News Update – Henley Business School". University of Reading. Summer 2008. 
  17. ^ Fearn, Hannah (11 September 2009). "Reading plans restructuring". Times Higher Education. 
  18. ^ "University announces £30 million development of historic London Road campus". University of Reading. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "Partners - UTC". Utcreading.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "High-tech education at Reading's first technical college". Reading Chronicle. 17 September 2013. 
  21. ^ "Campus life for students". University of Reading. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  22. ^ "Whiteknights development plan" (PDF). University of Reading. Retrieved 9 March 2008. 
  23. ^ "University of Reading Malaysia appoints Provost". reading.ac.uk. 23 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "University of Reading Malaysia". reading.ac.uk. 
  25. ^ Department of Finance associated with ICMA Centre
  26. ^ a b "Governance of the University of Reading". University of Reading. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  27. ^ a b "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2014". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  28. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2013/14". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  29. ^ a b "Top European Universities 2013-14". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  30. ^ "University League Table 2015". The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  31. ^ "University league table 2015 - the complete list". The Guardian. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  32. ^ "The Times and Sunday Times University League Tables 2014". Times Newspapers. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  33. ^ "RAE 2008: results for UK universities". The Guardian. 
  34. ^ Melanie Newman, "Teaching and research escape 9% grant cut", Times Higher Education, 18 March 2010
  35. ^ "The University of Reading and Witan International College." (Archive) University of Reading. 6 August 2004. Retrieved on 9 January 2014.
  36. ^ "Witan International College." (Archive) University of Reading. Retrieved on 9 January 2014.
  37. ^ "Halls Redevelopment Information". University of Reading. p. 1. Retrieved 21 February 2009. 
  38. ^ "The History of St. Andrew's Hall". Online Exhibitions. The Museum of English Rural Life. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  39. ^ "Partners agree terms for the renewal of Bridges Hall at the University of Reading". Property Magazine International. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  40. ^ "Bridges Hall Redevelopment". University of Reading. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  41. ^ "Science & Technology Centre – Business Zone". University of Reading. Retrieved 21 April 2007. 
  42. ^ "University of Reading Science and Technology Centre and Enterprise Hub". UKSPA. Retrieved 29 October 2009. 
  43. ^ "Science Parks in Europe". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 October 2009. 
  44. ^ "Science & Technology Centre – Companies". University of Reading. Retrieved 21 April 2007. 
  45. ^ "Science & Technology Centre – Companies". University of Reading. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  46. ^ "Reading Enterprise Hub". University of Reading. Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  47. ^ "Facilities for Business at the University of Reading". University of Reading. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  48. ^ "Main Site Map". Reading Scientific Services Ltd. Retrieved 10 November 2009. 
  49. ^ Ian Macrae, “The making of a university, the breakdown of a movement: Reading University Extension College to The University of Reading, 1892–1925”, Journal International Journal of Lifelong Education, Volume 13, Issue 1 January 1994, pages 3–18
  50. ^ a b "University of Reading Bulletin (16 March 2006)" (PDF). University of Reading. p. 4. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  51. ^ a b c d e f g "Reading welcomes its new chancellor". Bulletin (University of Reading). 17 January 2008. pp. 6–7. 
  52. ^ a b "Football boss made uni chancellor". BBC. 11 July 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  53. ^ "Halls Booklet" (PDF). University of Reading. p. 12. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  54. ^ "University of Reading Bulletin (20 November 2008)" (PDF). University of Reading. p. 3. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  55. ^ "Papers of Lord Wolfenden". University of Reading. Retrieved 21 November 2008. 
  56. ^ Sewell, Michael (2 February 2006). "Tribute to Sir Harry Raymond Pitt, F.R.S." (PDF). Retrieved 12 March 2008. 
  57. ^ "Apply again, funding council tells universities". Times Higher Education Supplement. TSL Education Limited. 21 July 1995. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  58. ^ "First Vice-Chancellor for computer profession" (PDF). The Computer Journal. Oxford Journals / Oxford University Press. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  59. ^ "Professor Sir Roger Williams". University of Glamorgan. Retrieved 6 January 2009. [dead link]
  60. ^ "Professor Gordon Marshall". University of Reading. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  61. ^ "Farewell Vice-Chancellor". University of Reading. Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  62. ^ a b "Introducing our new Vice-Chancellor". University of Reading. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  63. ^ http://www.reading.ac.uk/economics/about/staff/mark-casson.aspx
  64. ^ Law, Cheryl (2004). "Morley, Edith Julia (1875–1964)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-02-14.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  65. ^ "HKMD Daily News, February 25, 2009". Hkmdb.com. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  66. ^ Deal or no deal? by Robert Blincoe, thegoodgamblingguide.co.uk 19 July 2008. Archive here

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°26′31″N 0°56′44″W / 51.44194°N 0.94556°W / 51.44194; -0.94556