|Type||Weekly street newspaper|
Real Change is a weekly progressive street newspaper based in Seattle, Washington, USA written by professional staff and sold by self-employed vendors, many of whom are homeless. The paper provides them with an alternative to panhandling and covers a variety of social justice issues, including homelessness and poverty. It became weekly in 2005, making it the second American street newspaper ever to be published weekly. Real Change is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization with an annual budget of 950,000 dollars.
History and Circulation
Real Change has been published by the Real Change Homeless Empowerment Project since 1994; the paper's founder, Tim Harris, founded the Spare Change News street newspaper in the Boston area in 1992. After moving to Seattle in 1994, he started Real Change as a monthly paper with only one staff member. Later, the paper started producing every other week.
In February 2005, Real Change began publishing weekly due to increasing interest and sales, making it the second street newspaper in the country to do so.[note 1] In addition to becoming a weekly newspaper, it hired several professional journalists shifting its focus to become a broadly progressive alternative paper. As a biweekly, it sold 18,000 copies every two weeks; and now has a weekly circulation of 16,000 papers. In April 2013, the paper's price increased from one dollar to two dollars and was the sixth street newspaper to do so.
In 2012, it sold 872,562 copies and raised 957,949 dollars: 68.42 percent from donations and grants; 31.26 percent from circulation, advertising and subscriptions; and 0.32 percent from other sources.
The topics covered in Real Change are a mixture of progressive local news and information specifically pertaining to the homeless and poor. Though it covers local news, it still openly advocates for "social justice" and attempts to educate readers about homelessness. Some readers, though, admit that they buy the paper more to help out and interact with the vendors than to actually read the contents; this pattern of buying is common among street newspapers. Part of the reason for the paper becoming a weekly publication in 2005 was to attract more readers and move the newspaper's image from a "charity buy" to a legitimate source of news.
Anyone may be a Real Change vendor. However, most are poor or unable to hold a regular job due to physical disability, mental illness, criminal records, or other issues. After attending an orientation and signing a code of conduct, Vendors get their first 10 papers free. They then buy the paper for sixty cents and sell it for two dollars keeping the difference, plus any tips. The paper has an average of 350 to 400 active vendors each month and there as many as 800 vendors in a year, if occasional vendors are included.
Most vendors sell within Seattle proper, although some sell in the Eastside, as far north as Bellingham, and as far south as Olympia, WA. Vendors may sell without restriction on sidewalks and public spaces, and sometimes need to obtain permission to sell in commercial areas like malls. Several vendors are very successful, selling as many as 2,000 papers a month and being known as "fixtures" in the community, however most sell far less than that. Real Change's "turf system" allows vendors selling over 300 papers per month to have priority at certain spots; according to Harris, this system allows buyer-vendor relationships to grow and for vendors to become well known in communities, and can minimize conflict and competition between vendors.
In the 2012 annual report, Real Change published data gathered by a voluntary vendor survey.
- 76.70% Male
- 20.79% Female
- 0.36% Transgender
- 4.72% between 20-29
- 14.57% between 30-39
- 25.98% between 40-49
- 44.09% between 50-59
- 10.63% 60+ years
- 7.20% American Indian or Alaskan-Native
- 0.38% Asian or Asian American
- 24.33% Black or African American
- 3.80% Latino or Hispanic
- 1.14% Pacific Islander or Hawaiian Native
- 48.29% Caucasian
- 11.79% Biracial or Multiracial
- 3.04% Other
- 7.78% Never homeless
- 49.09% Previously homeless
- 43.19% Currently homeless
Current Sleeping Situation
- 17.00% Sleeping outside
- 10.67% Sleeping in a shelter
- 5.93% Sleeping in a car
- 8.90% Friends or family
- 7.11% Transitional housing
- 26.09% Subsidized housing
- 11.07% Market-rate housing
- 5.14% More than 2 options
- 8.70% Other
Physical or Mental Disability
- 25.20% Physical disability
- 17.07% Mental disability
- 27.24% Both
- 30.49% No disability
Not all the vendors of Real Change are homeless, several are able to afford an apartment by selling the paper and others share accommodations with others. Like Washington, D.C.'s Street Sense and Portland, Oregon's Street Roots, Real Change does not screen incoming vendors for income or living situation, nor does it "retire" vendors after they have obtained stable housing. The paper's staff have stated, however, that the majority of vendors are living in poverty and no vendors are "living in the bling-bling" from selling papers.
- Susan Hutchison Bosch Award for outstanding achievement
- First place, personalities
- StreetWise, a Chicago street newspaper, went weekly in 1998. (Green, Norma Fay (1998). "Chicago's StreetWise at the Crossroads: A Case Study of a Newspaper to Empower the Homeless in the 1990s". Print Culture in a Diverse America. eds. James Philip Danky, Wayne A. Wiegand. University of Illinois Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-252-06699-5. )
- "2011 Annual Report". Real Change. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Dominic Holden (16 September 2010). "Honorary Political Genius: Tim Harris and Real Change". The Stranger.
- Emily Heffter (1 July 2011). "Real Change defends donation to anti-tunnel effort". Seattle Times.
- Harrell, Debera Carlton (2 February 2005). "Real Change expands to become first weekly street paper". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- "Real Change History". Real Change. 10 March 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- "KUOW 94.9 FM Seattle interview, The Conversation". 15 Feb 2012.roughly at 10:30 into interview
- Dawdy, Philip (3 August 2005). "Best Grassroots Media Outlet". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- Green, Sara Jean (1 February 2005). "Real Change's transformation includes plan to reach readers". Seattle Times. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- Brill, Linda (18 April 2013). "Real Change newspaper's price hike a boost for vendors .". KING 5 News. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Real Change: 2012 Annual Report". Real Change. 13 March 2013.
- Hsu, Huan (10 April 2007). "Not All the Peddlers of Seattle's Homeless Paper Are Homeless". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- Brown, Ann M. (2002). "Small Papers, Big Issues". Ryerson Review of Journalism. Retrieved 12 February 2009.[dead link]
- Torck, Danièle (2001). "Voices of Homeless People in Street Newspapers: A Cross-Cultural Exploration". Discourse and Society 12 (3): 271–392 . doi:10.1177/0957926501012003005.
- Green, Norma Fay (1998). "Chicago's StreetWise at the Crossroads: A Case Study of a Newspaper to Empower the Homeless in the 1990s". Print Culture in a Diverse America. eds. James Philip Danky, Wayne A. Wiegand. University of Illinois Press. p. 40. ISBN 0-252-06699-5.
- Harris, Tim (5 April 2007). "Seattle Weekly: What the Fuck?". Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- "Sandra Sells Social Scoop by the Safeway". Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "P-I wins 25 regional journalism awards". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 16 May 2004. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "Excellence in Journalism Competition 2006". Society of Professional Journalists Western Washington Pro Chapter. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- "Society of Professional Journalists | Sigma Delta Chi Awards". Society of Professional Journalists. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- O'Hagan, Maureen (18 April 2009). "Real Change newspaper wins national award, attracts readers". Seattle Times. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "SPJ 09". 2009 Society of Professional Journalists of the Pacific Northwest. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "SPJ Northwest Excellence in Journalism awards". The Seattle Times via The Associated Press. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "2011winners_order". washington press association. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "2012 SPJ Northwest Excellence in Journalism Contest". Society of Professional Journalists. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- "2013 SPJ Northwest Excellence in Journalism Contest". Society of Professional Journalists. Retrieved 12 June 2013.