Commander Australian Fleet
|Commander Australian Fleet|
|Allegiance||Australian Defence Force|
|Branch||Royal Australian Navy|
|Garrison/HQ||Fleet Headquarters, Potts Point|
|Rear Admiral Stuart Mayer|
Commander Australian Fleet (COMAUSFLT), also referred to as Fleet Commander Australia (FCAUST), is a senior appointment in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), holding full command of all Navy combat forces and responsibility for all maritime operations within the Australian Defence Force (ADF). The rank associated with the position is rear admiral (two-star).
The title first came into use in 2007. Previous titles for the position since 1913 have been:
- Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Fleet (1913–1926),
- Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron (1926–1949),
- Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet (1949–1988, regularly abbreviated as FOCAF), and
- Maritime Commander Australia (1988–2007 – MCAUST).(I)
Prior to 1913, all naval activities and forces in Australian waters were controlled by the British Royal Navy. In 1859, Australia Station was established as a separate command of the Royal Navy, responsible for all the waters around the Australian continent, in addition to the British and Australian colonial possessions in the South Pacific. It was at this stage that the forerunner of Commander Australian Fleet, Officer Commanding Imperial Squadron Australian Station, was created. Between the Federation of Australia and formation of the Commonwealth Naval Forces in 1901 to the year of 1913, the Royal Navy began a process of transferring all command responsibility in Australian waters over to the Australian Government, as well as replacing equipment and personnel with Australian variants. The Commonwealth Naval Forces were renamed to Royal Australian Navy in 1911. With the transfer complete in 1913, the position of Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Fleet was formed, with control over all naval combat operations and forces; the post was renamed Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron in 1926. Despite this position being a command of the RAN, the majority of occupants were Royal Navy officers attached to, or on loan to, the RAN.
In 1949, Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron was redesignated Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet. This was followed by a renaming to Maritime Commander Australia in 1988, and more recently to Commander Australian Fleet in 2007. Throughout its existence, the command has administered Australian naval forces as they have been deployed for duty in the First World War, Second World War, Malayan Emergency, Korean War, Indonesian Confrontation, Vietnam War, Gulf War, War in Afghanistan and Iraq War, in addition to peacekeeping operations. The rank associated with this position today is rear admiral, however some of the earlier appointees held a different rank.
Role and responsibilities
The role and responsibilities of the Commander Australian Fleet is principally to "plan, prepare for, and conduct maritime operations for the protection and promotion of Australia's security and interests". With this directive, the operations carried out or planned by the Commander Australian Fleet or his staff fall into three distinct categories: defence of sovereign territory, protection of overseas trade and offshore resources, and contingencies.
The Commander Australian Fleet holds full command responsibility over RAN combat forces, and is responsible to the Chief of Navy—the administrative head of the RAN—for the execution of maritime tasks and training in regards to combat roles and operations. The Commander Australian Fleet additionally holds the role of Maritime Component Commander within Headquarters Joint Operations Command (HQJOC), responsible to the Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS) as the head of naval activities within operational theatres.
The rear admiral's seagoing subordinate is Commodore, Warfare, previously Commodore, Flotillas (COMFLOT). This commodore is the designated ready task group commander.
The following list chronologically records those who have held the post of Commander Australian Fleet or its preceding positions. However, the position of Officers Commanding Imperial Squadron Australian Station (1859–1913) is not included in this list as it was administered as a command of the Royal Navy, and existed before the formation of the Royal Australian Navy. The official title of the commander at that period of time is listed immediately before the officers who held that role. The rank and honours are as at the completion of the commander's term.
|Rank||Name||Postnominals||Service||Term began||Term ended|
|Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Fleet|
|Vice Admiral||Patey, Sir GeorgeSir George Patey||KCMG, KCVO||RN||23 June 1913||22 September 1916|
|Rear Admiral||Pakenham, Sir WilliamSir William Pakenham||KCB, MVO||RN||23 September 1916||9 January 1917|
|Rear Admiral||Leveson, ArthurArthur Leveson||CB||RN||9 January 1917||3 September 1918|
|Rear Admiral||Halsey, Sir LionelSir Lionel Halsey||KCMG, CB||RN||4 September 1918||21 March 1919|
|Rear Admiral||Dumaresq, JohnJohn Dumaresq||CB, CVO||RN||22 March 1919||29 April 1922|
|Rear Admiral||Addison, AlbertAlbert Addison||CMG||RN||30 April 1922||30 April 1924|
|Commodore||Wardle, ThomasThomas Wardle||DSO||RN||30 April 1924||30 April 1926|
|Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron|
|Rear Admiral||Hyde, GeorgeGeorge Hyde||CVO, CBE||RAN||30 April 1926||17 May 1929|
|Rear Admiral||Evans, EdwardEdward Evans||CB, DSO||RN||17 May 1929||29 May 1931|
|Commodore||Holbrook, LeonardLeonard Holbrook||MVO||RN||29 May 1931||7 April 1932|
|Rear Admiral||Dalglish, RobinRobin Dalglish||CB||RN||7 April 1932||19 April 1934|
|Rear Admiral||Ford, WilbrahamWilbraham Ford||CB||RN||19 April 1934||20 April 1936|
|Rear Admiral||Lane-Poole, RichardRichard Lane-Poole||CB, OBE||RN||20 April 1936||21 April 1938|
|Rear Admiral||Custance, WilfredWilfred Custance||CB||RN||22 April 1938||2 September 1939|
|Commodore||Patterson, WilfridWilfrid Patterson||CVO||RN||2 September 1939||1 November 1939|
|Rear Admiral||Crace, JohnJohn Crace||CB||RN||1 November 1939||13 June 1942|
|Rear Admiral||Crutchley, VictorVictor Crutchley||VC, DSC||RN||13 June 1942||13 June 1944|
|Commodore||Collins, JohnJohn Collins||CB||RAN||13 June 1944||27 October 1944|
|Captain||Nichols, CharlesCharles Nichols||MVO||RN||27 October 1944||9 December 1944|
|Commodore||Farncomb, HaroldHarold Farncomb||CB, DSO, MVO||RAN||9 December 1944||22 July 1945|
|Commodore||Collins, JohnJohn Collins||CB||RAN||22 July 1945||9 November 1946|
|Rear Admiral||Farncomb, HaroldHarold Farncomb||CB, DSO, MVO||RAN||9 November 1946||5 October 1949|
|Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet (FOCAF)|
|Rear Admiral||Eccles, JohnJohn Eccles||CB, CBE||RN||5 October 1949||10 October 1951|
|Rear Admiral||Eaton, JohnJohn Eaton||CB, DSO, DSC||RN||10 October 1951||17 December 1953|
|Rear Admiral||Dowling, RoyRoy Dowling||CBE, DSO||RAN||17 December 1953||23 February 1955|
|Rear Admiral||Burrell, HenryHenry Burrell||CBE||RAN||28 February 1955||7 June 1956|
|Rear Admiral||Harries, DavidDavid Harries||CBE||RAN||7 June 1956||7 January 1958|
|Rear Admiral||Burrell, HenryHenry Burrell||CB, CBE||RAN||7 January 1958||20 January 1959|
|Rear Admiral||Gatacre, GalfreyGalfrey Gatacre||DSO, DSC & Bar||RAN||20 January 1959||22 December 1959|
|Rear Admiral||Harrington, HastingsHastings Harrington||CB, CBE, DSO||RAN||22 December 1959||8 January 1962|
|Rear Admiral||McNicoll, AlanAlan McNicoll||CBE, GM||RAN||8 January 1962||6 January 1964|
|Rear Admiral||Becher, OttoOtto Becher||CBE, DSO, DSC & Bar||RAN||6 January 1964||10 January 1965|
|Rear Admiral||Morrison, ThomasThomas Morrison||CBE, DSC||RAN||10 January 1965||29 January 1966|
|Rear Admiral||Smith, VictorVictor Smith||CBE, DSC||RAN||29 January 1966||20 January 1967|
|Rear Admiral||Peek, RichardRichard Peek||OBE, DSC||RAN||20 January 1967||18 March 1968|
|Rear Admiral||Crabb, GordonGordon Crabb||CBE, DSC||RAN||18 March 1968||6 January 1970|
|Rear Admiral||Stevenson, DavidDavid Stevenson||CBE||RAN||6 January 1970||14 April 1971|
|Rear Admiral||Dovers, WilliamWilliam Dovers||CBE, DSC||RAN||14 April 1971||24 January 1972|
|Rear Admiral||Stevenson, DavidDavid Stevenson||CBE||RAN||24 January 1972||1 April 1972|
|Rear Admiral||Dovers, WilliamWilliam Dovers||CBE, DSC||RAN||1 April 1972||23 January 1973|
|Rear Admiral||Synnot, AnthonyAnthony Synnot||CBE||RAN||23 January 1973||4 February 1974|
|Rear Admiral||Wells, DavidDavid Wells||CBE||RAN||4 February 1974||17 November 1975|
|Rear Admiral||Gladstone, GeoffreyGeoffrey Gladstone||AO, DSC & Bar||RAN||17 November 1975||16 April 1977|
|Rear Admiral||McDonald, NeilNeil McDonald||AO||RAN||16 April 1977||8 May 1978|
|Rear Admiral||Willis, JamesJames Willis||AO||RAN||8 May 1978||12 April 1979|
|Rear Admiral||Leach, DavidDavid Leach||CBE, LVO||RAN||12 April 1979||16 May 1980|
|Rear Admiral||Doyle, PeterPeter Doyle||AO, OBE||RAN||16 May 1980||1 June 1981|
|Rear Admiral||Stevens, JohnJohn Stevens||RAN||1 June 1981||16 March 1982|
|Rear Admiral||Hudson, MichaelMichael Hudson||RAN||15 March 1982||21 October 1983|
|Rear Admiral||Woolrych, GeoffreyGeoffrey Woolrych||AO||RAN||21 October 1983||3 May 1985|
|Rear Admiral||Knox, IanIan Knox||AO||RAN||3 May 1985||6 January 1987|
|Rear Admiral||Sinclair, PeterPeter Sinclair||AO||RAN||6 January 1987||2 September 1988|
|Maritime Commander Australia (MCAUST)|
|Rear Admiral||Sinclair, PeterPeter Sinclair||AO||RAN||2 September 1988||6 January 1989|
|Rear Admiral||MacDougall, IanIan MacDougall||RAN||6 January 1989||9 July 1990|
|Rear Admiral||Doolan, KenKen Doolan||AO||RAN||9 July 1990||7 November 1991|
|Rear Admiral||Walls, RobertRobert Walls||AO||RAN||7 November 1991||9 December 1993|
|Rear Admiral||Chalmers, DonaldDonald Chalmers||AO||RAN||7 December 1993||13 April 1995|
|Rear Admiral||Oxenbould, ChrisChris Oxenbould||AO||RAN||14 April 1995||11 February 1997|
|Rear Admiral||Ritchie, ChrisChris Ritchie||AM||RAN||11 February 1997||17 May 1999|
|Rear Admiral||Lord, JohnJohn Lord||AM||RAN||18 May 1999||12 July 2000|
|Rear Admiral||Smith, GeoffreyGeoffrey Smith||AM||RAN||12 July 2000||20 July 2002|
|Rear Admiral||Gates, RaydonRaydon Gates||CSM||RAN||20 July 2002||28 June 2004|
|Rear Admiral||Moffitt, RowanRowan Moffitt||AM||RAN||28 June 2004||4 July 2005|
|Rear Admiral||Thomas, DavydDavyd Thomas||AM, CSC||RAN||4 July 2005||1 February 2007|
|Commander Australian Fleet (COMAUSFLT)|
|Rear Admiral||Thomas, DavydDavyd Thomas||AM, CSC||RAN||1 February 2007||July 2007|
|Rear Admiral||Coates, NigelNigel Coates||AM||RAN||July 2007||8 October 2009|
|Rear Admiral||Gilmore, SteveSteve Gilmore||AM, CSC||RAN||8 October 2009||21 December 2011|
|Rear Admiral||Barrett, TimTim Barrett||AO, CSC||RAN||22 December 2011||12 June 2014|
|Rear Admiral||Mayer, StuartStuart Mayer||CSC & Bar||RAN||12 June 2014||Incumbent|
^(I) "HM" (His/Her Majesty's) is not always included when referring to these titles.
- Gilbert, Gregory P. (2006). Australian Naval Personalities: Lives From the Australian Dictionary of Biography (PDF). Canberra, Australia: Sea Power Centre. ISBN 0-642-29636-7. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- "The RAN — A Brief History". History. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- "Top Stories — Fleet Command now launched". Navy News. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- David Stevens, STRENGTH THROUGH DIVERSITY: THE COMBINED NAVAL ROLE IN OPERATION STABILISE, Sea Power Centre – Australia Working Paper No. 20
- "Fleet Headquarters". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- "Headquarters Joint Operations Command Project — Purpose". Headquarters Joint Operations Command Project. Department of Defence. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- Navy News, 28 November.
- "Rear Admiral Nigel Coates". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- "Rear Admiral Steve Gilmore". Defence Leaders: Navy. Department of Defence. Retrieved 18 October 2009.