|Born||Rebecca Claire Gilman
|Notable awards||Evening Standard Award|
Rebecca Gilman (born 1965 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American playwright. She attended Middlebury College, graduated from Birmingham-Southern College, and earned a Master of Fine Arts from the Iowa Playwrights Workshop at the University of Iowa. She lives in Chicago and serves on the board of the Dramatists Guild of America.
Her most widely known works are Spinning Into Butter, a play that addresses political correctness and racial identity, and Boy Gets Girl, which was included in Time Magazine's List of the Best Plays and Musicals of the Decade.
A production of her adaptation of The Heart is a Lonely Hunter was the occasion of a protest by actors who felt only a deaf person should play a deaf person on stage. She is an associate professor in Northwestern University's Department of Radio-TV-Film and core faculty in Northwestern's MFA in Writing for the Screen+Stage program.
When asked about her influences, she remarked that "I'm a big fan of Wallace Shawn. He's incredibly smart and the only writer who writes about intellectuals in a complicated and even contradictory way. He's really funny, too. I also like Donald Margulies, Kenneth Lonergan, and Conor McPherson...Caryl Churchill, Kia Corthron, and a Chicago playwright, Jamie Pachino." 
- The American in Me
- Dollhouse, adapted from Henrik Ibsen's play
- My Sin and Nothing More
- The Crime of the Century
- The Crowd You're In With
- The Land of Little Horses
- The Sweetest Swing in Baseball
- Spinning Into Butter (2000), which won the Roger L. Stevens Award from the Kennedy Center Fund for New American Plays and a Jeff Award
- Boy Gets Girl (2000)
- The Glory of Living (2001), a finalist for the 2002 Pulitzer Prize and won an M. Elizabeth Osborn Award, an After Dark Award, a Jeff Citation, the George Devine Award, and the Evening Standard Award for Most Promising Playwright
- Blue Surge (2001)
- The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (2005), adapted from the novel by Carson McCullers
- The Boys are Coming Home (book by Gilman, music and lyrics by Leslie Arden)
- Lord Butterscotch and the Curse of the Darkwater Phantom (co-written with Lisa Dillman and Brett Neveu; world premiere, Fall 2007)
- http://thefastertimes.com/theatertalk/2009/10/14/the-new-york-theater-workshop-vs-the-deaf-a-modest-proposal-for-casting-plays/ | For a discussion of the issues raised by the protest about The Heart is a Lonely Hunter production and script
- Healy, Patrick (October 14, 2009). "Hearing Man in Deaf Role Stirs Protests in New York". The New York Times.
- "Twenty Questions". American Theatre (magazine) (Theatre Communications Group) 19 (2): 88. 2002. ISSN 8750-3255.
- See the Goodman Theatre website for more information.
- Rebecca Gilman's alumna page at the Birmingham Southern College website
- Rebecca Gilman - Eclipse Theatre Company's 2006 featured playwright