Rebecca was one of eight children born into an artistically-inclined Jewish merchant family in Bishopsgate in east London. Her father was Michael (Meyer) Solomon and mother Catherine (Kate) Levy. Rebecca was a sister to her more famous painter brothers Simeon Solomon (1840–1905) and Abraham Solomon (1824–1862).
Initially Rebecca was taught by her older brother Abraham and then took lessons at the Spitalfields School of Design. She exhibited at Royal Academy of Art between 1852 and 1868, and also at the Dudley Gallery and Gambart's French Gallery.
Rebecca worked in the studio of John Everett Millais and the best known example of her work is a version of Millais's Christ in the House of his Parents. As a genre painter, she painted works that often reflected gender and social class differences.
In 1886, Rebecca died aged 54, from injuries sustained after being run over by a hansom cab on the Euston Road in central London.
- Behind the curtain, exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts, London in 1858 (no.1094).
- The arrest of a deserter (Israel Museum, Jerusalem). Exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts, London in 1861 (no.581).
- Beatrix welcoming Henry Esmond to Walcote (1864)
- Wounded dove (Dudley Gallery, London in 1866 (no.242)
- The fugitive royalists (Dudley Gallery, London in 1866-67, no.194).
- English women painters from the early 19th century who exhibited at the Royal Academy of Art
- Sophie Gengembre Anderson
- Mary Baker
- Ann Charlotte Bartholomew
- Maria Bell
- Barbara Bodichon
- Joanna Mary Boyce
- Margaret Sarah Carpenter
- Fanny Corbaux
- Rosa Corder
- Mary Ellen Edwards
- Harriet Gouldsmith
- Mary Harrison (artist)
- Jane Benham Hay
- Anna Mary Howitt
- Mary Moser
- Martha Darley Mutrie
- Ann Mary Newton
- Emily Mary Osborn
- Kate Perugini
- Louise Rayner
- Ellen Sharples
- Rolinda Sharples
- Gerrish-Nunn, P. 'Rebecca Solomon', in Geffrye Museum. Solomon, a Family of Painters: Abraham Solomon (1823-1862), Rebecca Solomon (1832-1886), Simeon Solomon (1840-1905) (London, 1985), 19-23.
- Ferrari, Roberto C. “Rebecca Solomon, Pre-Raphaelite Sister.” The Review of the Pre-Raphaelite Society, 12:2 (Summer 2004): 23-36
- Christie's, London, 27 July 1921, lot 130.
- Christie's, London, 1 March 1879, lot 146.
- Marsh, Jan and Pamela Gerrish Nunn. Pre-Raphaelite Women Artists. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1999.
- Ferrari, Roberto C. “Rebecca Solomon, Pre-Raphaelite Sister.” The Review of the Pre-Raphaelite Society, 12:2 (Summer 2004): 23-36.
- Rebecca Solomon on the Simeon Solomon Research Archive: includes biography, secondary sources, exhibition history and artwork database
- Rebecca Solomon's work included on the Pre-Raphaelite art sisters page at Pittsburg State University, Kansas - four images shown