Wolff received her MFA from the Iowa Writers Workshop, where she was a student editor of the Iowa Review.
She created Fence Magazine in 1998, with an editorial staff including Jonathan Lethem, Frances Richard, Caroline Crumpacker, and Matthew Rohrer, and Fence Books in 2001. Fence is now headquartered at the University at Albany, where Wolff is a fellow at the New York State Writers Institute.
- Manderley. University of Illinois Press. November 7, 2001. ISBN 978-0-252-02698-0.
- Figment. W. W. Norton & Company. 2004. ISBN 978-0-393-05918-2.
- The King. W. W. Norton & Company. June 29, 2009. ISBN 978-0-393-06932-7.
- Not for Mothers Only, Contemporary Poems on Child-Getting and Child Rearing, co-edited with Catherine Wagner, was published in 2007.
- Michael Dumanis, Cate Marvin, ed. (2006). Legitimate dangers: American poets of the new century. Sarabande Books. ISBN 978-1-932511-29-1.
- The Beginners was published in 2011 by Riverhead Books.
- Rebecca Wolff, ed. (2008). A Best of Fence: The First Nine Years. Fence Books. ISBN 978-1-934200-06-3.
L.B. Thompsons, reviewing Figment for Slope Magazine, wrote that Wolff, "is obsessed with the alluringly elusive, with flashes of vision or imagination that are impossible to either possess or forget".
- Dumanis, Michael; Cate Marvin (2006). Legitimate Dangers. Sarabande Books. ISBN 978-1-932511-29-1. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- "UP Debuts.". Publishers Weekly. November 19, 2001. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- "Figment.". Harvard Review. December 1, 2004. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- "Book Notes". The Washington Post. May 13, 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- Hear Wolff reading with Catherine Wagner
- Audio: Rebecca Wolff reads "Breeder Sonnet" from the book The King (via poemsoutloud.net)
- Fence Magazine
- Fence Books
- "Rebecca Wolff — The Story of Fence", Jacket 12
- Poetry by Rebecca Wolff, The Commonline Journal, #011
- Brooklyn Rail Rebecca Wolff with Jade Sharma