||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (December 2013)|
Rebirthing-breathwork is a breathing technique that claims to heal suppressed emotions such as anger, fear, sadness, etc. It shares a common belief with various other therapies called rebirthing, that certain events during human birth are traumatic events which if reviewed or revisited, can in some way produce therapeutic benefits. However, the actual techniques utilized in rebirthing-breathwork are quite different, and claim to heal suppressed emotions regardless of when they were suppressed.
Rebirthing-breathwork grew out of the work of Leonard Orr and his followers, who first used the term "rebirthing" to describe the technique, which was the subject of the book Rebirthing in the New Age, Orr co-wrote with Sondra Ray. During early experiments with connected breathing, Orr described memories of his birth and believed he was reliving his own birth, and that he was healing trauma suffered by him. Although unaware of the practices of kriya yoga and pranayama at that time, Orr further developed the rebirthing process between 1962 and 1974, and discovered that modifications in breathing practice appeared to bring about improvements in his own health, mental clarity, and emotional well-being.
Development of rebirthing–breathwork as a therapeutic modality in its own right started in 1974, and has been further developed and refined by Orr and fellow researchers, into a system that can be practiced in the context of a therapy session, and taught to clients over a series of sessions.
Proponents estimate that, since 1974, more than ten million people worldwide have learned the process, with more than one hundred thousand people completing practitioner training[according to whom?]. It became a popular alternative treatment system in the United States, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Israel, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, and Venezuela.
Description of the technique
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2013)|
The main breathing technique consists of not pausing between inhaling and exhaling. Practitioners claim this causes a buildup of oxygen in the blood and a buildup of prana or life energy.
Breathing sessions lasting from one to two hours are done lying down, by individuals, and occasionally by groups.
Beliefs and perceptions
||The neutrality of this section is disputed. (November 2010)|
Rebirthing-breathwork practitioners believe that in addition to cerebral memory, located in the brain, humans also possess cellular memory, which is located in the body's cells, tissues, organs, etc.
Rebirthing-breathwork practitioners believe that the trauma suffered during a painful birth, and the specific nature of this trauma has a deep effect on a person's psyche, which shapes perception and experiences of life, self, and the world in mainly subconscious ways. Rebirthing practitioners believe it is possible to gain recollection of aspects of a person's birth, gestation and early childhood, by for instance, someone born by forceps delivery who might rely on others to pull them out of destructive situations. The recollection can then be released along with the associated negative emotions through conscious connected breathing, resulting in a positive paradigm shift and life transformation.
In addition to cellular memory of the birth trauma, practitioners believe that individuals make fundamental, albeit pre-verbal and subconscious, "decisions" about how the world operates during the course of the traumatic event of birth (For instance, someone born breech may make the decision "I hurt people" or "I hurt women".) It is believed these decisions operate subconsciously and may be enacted repeatedly throughout a person's life until the decision is recognized and changed. For instance, the breech baby who decides "I hurt women" may, as an adult, avoid intimate relationships with women out of fear, or alternatively, may act out the decision in a series of relationships where the woman is indeed hurt emotionally or physically. The decision (sometimes called the "personal lie"), practitioners believe, can be accessed easily in the unconscious, and changed using an affirmation that is the exact opposite (sometimes referred to as an individuals "eternal truth").
A current branch of rebirthing breathwork in Australia contends that all traumatic events in our gestation, infancy, and childhood (including, but not limited to, birth) can be sources of unconscious decisions and beliefs. In this school of practice, breathwork sessions can take the client back to re-experiencing these events and healing the associated pain and corresponding beliefs lodged in our soul and physical memory. Importantly, this approach opens rebirthing to addressing all events that form our belief system about ourselves and the world.
Alakh Analda who has been a breathworker practitioner since 1987 states that she cannot guarantee that someone will go back to a traumatic past event in breathwork sessions. Alakh works in Australia and delivers some training overseas. She directs a government-recognized accredited training programme for a Diploma for breathworker practitioners that has been running since 1998 
Alakh states that her clients may go to a traumatic past event for a few minutes of a ninety minute cycle breathwork session. However, in her practice, clients in the last decade or more have also released and resolved traumatic past events through the automatic process of bringing themselves into a state of present time focus by breathing consciously. The instructions for breathwork mastery sessions are “full, conscious connected breathing in and out the nose until or unless the nose closes”. In this state, the relaxation, and sense of wellness and positivity can become so deep, that clients create a new reference point for dealing with the same issue or circumstance that was traumatic in early life, for example for a tiny infant. Even the simple deep realisation that the event was traumatic for a dependent, helpless infant but it does not have to be true for a healthy, walking, talking adult can start to change the cognitive approach to the client's current world and circumstances. In some of these sessions, there are just conscious breathing times with awareness of changes in the body sensations. They result in changes in behavior after the breathwork session. Alakh's assertion is that the conscious breath factor is the most important part of integrated changes in perception and reality, rather than any sort of oxygenation. She points out that humans do have the mechanism to hold down feelings (and memories) with a breath hold, so connecting (not holding) the breath in a safe, supported environment is also important.
Rebirthing-breathwork teachings state that it can increase the client's or solo practitioner's human potential, inner peace, and mental clarity. The practitioner can manage the challenges of life more easily and those who practice rebirthing-breathwork can gain greater insight into the human condition and the purpose of their existence, a greater sense of their personal relevance to the world.
Human breathing, practitioners say[who?], is almost universally inadequate; virtually all people are suppressing large amounts of emotional, physical and mental "tensions", and require relatively high levels of CO2 in their blood in order to keep these tensions suppressed. They feel that the major causes of all human illness are these accumulated tensions; the practice of rebirthing-breathwork techniques, they believe, can detoxify the system and release such tensions. They[who?] profess that this can cause physiological transformation, to the point where prevention or permanent spontaneous remission from illness becomes possible.
Practitioners feel rebirthing provides a direct, replicatable, physical experience of Divine Love through the saturation of the body with prana.
The philosophies which accompany Rebirthing appear to be a loose, intuitive mix of western metaphysics, gnosticism, hinduism, buddhism, and (what some may argue to be) original Christian teaching. Early writings of Orr and Sondra Ray expressed belief in immortalism. Another way of describing immortalism is "life extension" or conscious transit of the individual by the point of death, a concept and practise for yogis. This capacity to rejuventate the body is key to the concept of immortalism, along with the capacity to create a lifestyle of "freedom to choose", instead of reaction to day-to-day events, which is at the heart of Rebirthing theory and practice. These concepts are now widespread and echoed in the philosophy of "law of attraction" and non-victim consciousness, as well as "Mindfulness".
While some critics consider the problem that rebirthing is intended to solve – that human birth is traumatic and that humans never forget their birth, just repress the memory – is due to ignorance and misunderstanding on the part of some medical professionals and the general public.
While it is clear that prenatal events can have an influence on the subsequent development and life of the child through developmental or hormonal factors, and there can be physical complications of birth, there is little scientific support for the claim that the birth process is inherently psychologically "traumatic". Studies comparing children born by caesarian section to those born through the birth canal have not found statistically significant differences.
Scientific evidence to support the idea of cellular or other "non-cerebral" memory is not widely acknowledged, although proponents in such theories have presented cases some find convincing.
There is no scientific evidence that any birth memories can be recovered. In fact, the available research strongly indicates that the human brain is unable to form conscious memories until approximately the age of two. There is, however, strong evidence that false memories can be planted (either inadvertently or deliberately), as in false memory syndrome.
Currently no well-controlled studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the technique, but there is psychotherapy research underway at the University of Queensland School of Medicine, evaluating the effectiveness of Breathwork in treating depression and anxiety.
The rebirthing-breathwork therapy founded by Leonard Orr and promoted by Sondra Ray and others is one of the practices critiqued by Margaret Singer and Janja Lalich in the book Crazy Therapies: What Are They? Do They Work?.
Other largely unrelated therapies which are sometimes called rebirthing also go by the names compression therapy and holding-nurturing process. Rebirthing is considered by such practitioners to be an appropriate strategy for treatment of attachment disorder.
The term "Rebirthing" drew unfavorable attention in 2001 when several therapists using techniques strongly opposed by most rebirthing-breathwork practitioners, were sentenced to 16 years in prison for suffocating a 10-year-old Colorado girl during a 'rebirthing' session that was part of a two week attachment therapy intensive. Among other techniques, the session involved wrapping the girl in a sheet and having adults sit on her to simulate contractions and motivate the girl to "emerge from the womb".
Practitioners of Leonard Orr's rebirthing now often use the suffix breathwork, naming their technique rebirthing-breathwork, to differentiate themselves from these other therapies.
- Orr, Leonard and Ray, Sondra. "Rebirthing in the New Age", Celestial Arts, Berkeley, CA, December 1977.
- Lieberman, E. James; Rank, Otto (1993). The Trauma of Birth. New York: Dover Publications. pp. ix–xiv. ISBN 0-486-27974-X.
- Jaan Jerabek - Rebirthing Breathwork
- Alakh Analda - Qualifications in Rebirthing/Breathwork
- Molecules of Emotion: The Science Behind Mind-Body Medicine - Candace Pert (Simon & Schuster, 0684846349
- Report of the APSAC Task Force on Attachment Therapy, Reactive Attachment Disorder, and Attachment Problems - Chaffin et al. 11 (1): 76 - Child Maltreatment
- Rebirth International Online: Sondra Ray News and Letters
- Guardian Unlimited | Archive Search