Factions of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
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(Redirected from Recallists)
Bolsheviks and Mensheviks
Factions by political stand 
- Otzovists (or Recallists) were a group of radical Bolsheviks who demanded to cease all participation of the RSDLP in legal state establishments, in particular, to recall the RSDLP representatives from the State Duma, hence the name ("to recall" is otozvat in Russian). Among the prominent Otzovists were Alexander Bogdanov, Mikhail Pokrovsky, Anatoly Lunacharsky, and Andrei Bubnov. The debates among Bolsheviks whether to boycott the new constituency of the Russian parliament known as the Third Duma started after the defeat of the revolution in mid-1907 and the adoption of a new, highly restrictive election law. 
- Liquidators (Liquidationists) maintained that with the availability of legal participation in political life, the underground revolutionary party must be liquidated.
- Ultimatists were a radical faction of Bolsheviks which demanded that an ultimatum must be sent to Bolshevik deputies of Duma demanding them to be uncompromisingly radical. While Vladimir Lenin sided with them twice (according to Julius Martov's History), he eventually denounced them, dubbing them "liquidators inside out". Ultimatists controlled the St. Petersburg Bolshevik organization until September 1909.
Factions by leader
The Jewish Labour Bund
The Bund had an autonomous statute inside the RDSLP between the first congress in Minsk in March 1898 and the second congress in Brussels and London in August 1903, and again from the Fourth (Unification) Congress in Stockholm in April 1906.
- James D. White, "The First Pravda and the Russian Marxist Tradition", Soviet Studies, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Apr., 1974), pp. 181-204.
- Tony Cliff, "Building the Party: Lenin 1893-1914", 2002, ISBN 1-931859-01-9
- Boris Souvarine, "Stalin: A Critical Survey of Bolshevism", 2005, ISBN 1-4191-1307-0, p. 119
- Angel Smith, Stefan Berger, "Nationalism, labour and ethnicity 1870-1939", Manchester University Press ND, 1999, pg. 150,