Recession of 1949
The Recession of 1949 was a downturn in the United States lasting for 11 months. According to the National Bureau of Economic Research, the recession began in November 1948 and lasted until October 1949.
The 1948 recession was a brief economic downturn; forecasters of the time expected much worse, perhaps influenced by the poor economy in their recent lifetime. The recession began shortly after President Truman's "Fair Deal" economic reforms. The recession also followed a period of monetary tightening by the Federal Reserve.
During the recession the GDP of US
Main causes of the recession
Many regard World War II to be the main cause of the recession. According to C.A.Blyth "the most important cause of 1948-1949 recession was substantial fall in the fixed investments". *
The severity of this recession
Maximum unemployment was about 7.9%. Change in Gross National Product GNP reduced by up to -1.5%. Department store sales fell 22%. The wholesale price and cost of living indexes fell 12 and 5 points.
- "NBER Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions". NBER. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
- Zarnowitz, Victor (1996). Business Cycles: Theory, History, Indicators, and Forecasting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 416. ISBN 0-226-97891-5.
- Labonte, Marc (2002-01-10). "The Current Economic Recession". Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Labour Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey, Bureau of Labour Statistics. Retrieved on September 19, 2009