Rechitsa town centre, October Square
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+375 2340|
|Website||Official website (Russian)|
Rečyca (Belarusian: Рэчыца, pronounced [ˈrɛtʂɨtsa]) is a town in the Gomel Region of Belarus. It is center of Rečyca Raion. The city is situated at the mouth of Rečyca River, flowing into the Dnieper. As of 2005[update] the population was 65,532.
Rečyca is one of the oldest towns of Belarus. First settlements in this region are dated back to the epoch of mesolite (9–5th centuries B.C.). Later on the area was inhabited by the Dregovichi tribe. The town was first mentioned in the Novgorod chronicle in 1213 as a town of the Chernihiv Principality. Rečyca was also ruled by Kiev and Turaŭ Grand Dukes. At the time of Gediminas reign (1311–1341) the town was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Rečyca as well as Orša, Škloŭ, Mahilioŭ, Stary Bychaŭ and Rahačoŭ formed a well-developed frontier defense system at the River Dniepr.
1392–1430 – the reign of Grand Duke Vytautas. He constructed a fortified castle with five towers in the area of the detinets (old Belarusian for the downtown) on the bank of the Dniepr. At that time the town had three fortification lines in the form of water trenches and ramparts with bastions. In the area between the fortress and the second fortification line there was a territory for rich mansions, Church of the Order of Friars Preachers and a trade square. The town inhabitants settled lived between the second and third fortification lines. The construction of the town had clear right-angled forms.
In 1561 the town was partially granted the Magdeburg rights.
In the middle of the 17th century Rečyca was practically destroyed during the Cossack war of 1648–1651. After the Truce of Anrusovo the town became a part of Rzecz Pospolita. In 1793 Rečyca joined Russia and became an used center of the Minsk province.
The first permanent town plan of Rečyca was approved in 1800. During the Napoleon Wars in 1812 the town was a temporary residence of the Minsk governor.
- early 1900s? – 1.77 thousand
- 2005 – 65.5 thousand
- 2006 – 65.4 thousand
- 2007 – 65.3 thousand
- 2010 – 64.7 thousand
Rečyca products are well known in the CIS member-states as well as in other countries. Rečyca produces watercrafts, furniture, beer, which are exported to England, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and several African countries.