Recife metropolitan area

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Recife Metropolitan Area
Metro Area
Nickname(s): RMR
Location of Recife Metropolitan Area
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast
State  Pernambuco
Founded as Metro June 8, 1973
Recife as Capital 1837
Area
 • Metro 2,768.9 km2 (1,069.5 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Metro 3 898 470
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
HDI (2000) 0.78 – low

Recife Metropolitan Area is the largest urban metropolitan area of the Northeast/North regions and the fifth in Brazil with 3,768,902 inhabitants[1] in 2008.Is among with another large cities the first nine established metropolitan regions in Brazil (created by federal supplementary law 14/73 of 8 June 1973). It has one important international airport, two important internationals ports (Suape and Recife), one integrated metro-bus service, many Universities, Hospitals, Museums, Theatres, Historic Monuments, Shopping centers, international Hotels and a large industrial Cluster. Its now passing through a time of economic euphoria in the early construction in the Suape port of a Petrobras refinery, a petrochemical pole and the largest ship builder in South America.I ts area of influence (4th largest in Brazil)[2] covers the entire states of Pernambuco, Paraíba, Alagoas in addition with the interior of the states of Rio Grande do Norte, Piauí, Maranhão, Ceará and Bahia. Its main city is Recife with 1.56 millions inhabitants, capital of Pernambuco.

Cities[edit]

According with IBGE is formed by 17 municipalities:

Orla de Boa Viagem - Recife
Orla de Piedade - Jaboatão dos Guararapes
Orla de Casa Caiada - Olinda
Orla de janga - Paulista
Praia de Porto de Galinhas-Ipojuca
Rio Sirinhaém-Sirinhaém
City Joint in Legislation Area (km²)
[3]
IDH
(2000)[4]
Population
(2009)[5]
GDP (R$ x1000 - 2007).[6]
Abreu e Lima LCE 10/94 125,991 94.428 0.730 747.228 7.913,20
Araçoiaba Instalação do mun. 96,381 18.144 0.637 54.776 3.018,95
Goiana Instalação do mun. 501,170 75.987 0.692 634.200 8.521,44
Sirinhaém Instalação do mun. 378,790 40.852 0.633 183.646 4.817,34
Escada Instalação do mun. 347,197 63.991 0.645 327.138 5.225,51
Cabo de Santo Agostinho LCF 14/73 447,875 185.123 0.707 3.826.487 20.699,97
Camaragibe LCE 10/94 55,083 144.506 0.747 618.538 4.280,36
Igarassu LCF 14/73 305,565 101.987 0.719 1.057.750 10.371,42
Ilha de Itamaracá LCF 14/73 65,411 22.449 0.743 94.137 4.193,37
Ipojuca LCE 10/94 527,317 80.542 0.658 7.082.703 87.938,01
Itapissuma LCE 10/94 74,249 23.723 0.695 558.915 23.560,05
Jaboatão dos Guararapes LCF 14/73 256,073 644.699 0.777 7.068.777 10.964,46
Moreno LCF 14/73 195,603 56.767 0.693 257.636 4.538,48
Olinda LCF 14/73 43,548 377.779 0.792 2.601.108 6.925,96
Paulista LCF 14/73 93,518 300.466 0.799 1.839.666 6.119,75
Recife LCF 14/73 217,494 1.537.704 0.797 24.835.340 16.058,89
São Lourenço da Mata LCF 14/73 264,346 102.956 0.707 430.601 4.182,38
Total 3147,745 3.809.754 0.780 224.519.764 10.845
Pernambuco 98.938 8.810.256 0.705 (0.718 2005) 62.255.687 7.337

Transports[edit]

International Airport

Guararapes International Airport, also known as Gilberto Freyre International Airport, is the airport serving Recife, has been open in its newest structure since July 2004 and has 52,000 square meters of area. It has the longest runway in the Northeast Region, at 3,305 meters. Its extension permits operations with jumbo jets, such as the Boeing 747-400, which can carry 290 passengers and 62 tons of cargo or Airbus A330/340. Guararapes had its capacity expanded from 1.5 million to 5 million passengers a year which was almost fulfilled in 2008 with more than 4.6 million passengers ( there are also plans to increase to 7.2m ). Current domestic destinations include most major cities in Brazil,and the state cities of Fernando de Noronha and Petrolina; there are also international flights to Lisbon, Paris, Miami, Atlanta, Buenos Aires and Milan .The main airlines operating in Recife Airport include TAM, Gol Transportes Aéreos, TAP Portugal, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Livingston Energy Flight, Blue Panorama Airlines, Webjet, TRIP Linhas Aéreas, OceanAir, Flex Linhas Aéreas and Azul Brazilian Airlines.

Suape[edit]

A construção do Porto de Suape foi prevista para operar produtos combustíveis e cereais a granel, substituindo o Porto do Recife. Em 7 de novembro de 1978, uma lei estadual criou a empresa Suape Complexo Industrial Portuário para administrar o desenvolvimento das obras. Hoje o porto é um dos maiores do Brasil, administrado pelo governo de Pernambuco. Suape opera navios nos 365 dias do ano, sem restrições de horário de marés. Para auxiliar as operações de acostagem dos navios, o Porto dispõe de um sistema de monitoração de atracação de navios a laser, que possibilita um controle efetivo e seguro, oferecendo ao prático condições técnicas nos padrões dos portos mais importantes do mundo. Suape tem o poder de duplicar a renda de Pernambuco até 2020 e triplicar o PIB até 2030.[7]

O Complexo Industrial Portuário -SUAPE- foi escolhido para a implantação dos seguintes empreendimentos:

Atlântico Sul Shipyard, the biggest shipyard on the Southern Hemisphere, located in Industrial Port Complex of Suape.[8]

Ports

Suape port It is located in the city of Ipojuca, inside the metropolitan region. Suape serves ships 365 days a year without any restrictions with regard to tidal schedules. To assist in the docking operation of the ships, the port offers a monitoring system and laser ship docking system that enables effective, secure control and upholds the same technical standards as the most important ports across the globe. The port moves over 8.4 million tons of cargo a year. The liquid granary (petroleum by-products, chemical products, ethanol, vegetable oils, etc.) constitutes more than 80% of the movement. The port can serve ships of up to 170,000 tpb and operational draft of 14.50 m. With 27 km² of backport, the internal and external ports offer the necessary conditions for serving large ships. The access canal has 5,000 m of extension, 300 m in width and 16.5 m in length.More than 95 Companies from almost all Industries are already installed in Suape which includes a Petrobras Refinary, the largest Ship Builder in South American and a large Petrochemical Company as many others.

Recife Metro, the second largest in Brazil, after São Paulo.[9]

Port of Recife It is located in the city of Recife. Road access to Port of Recife is accomplished, mainly, through the federal highways BR-232 (linking the interior of the state) and BR-101 (linking to other States to the north and the south of the State of Pernambuco). The main producing and consuming centers of the interior of the state and of the rest of the Northeast, are linked to Port by paved highways. Three trunks of the Railways of Companhia Ferroviária do Nordeste (CFN), Northeastern Railway Company, serve the main areas of production in the state, tying the Port of Recife respectively: to the capitals of the states placed to the north of Pernambuco (north log); to the cities of the interior of the State (log west); and to the cities of Maceió and Aracaju (south log).

Metro Since 1998, the Metro expansion is being built. When ready, Recife Metro will become the second largest in Brazil, after São Paulo.[10] It already reaches from Recife central station to Jaboatão, Timbi (Camaragibe) and Mall (Shopping Recife).

This system also integrates with several bus lines connected to the bus/metro[11] integration terminals, such as Barro and Joana Bezerra stations. It is possible to ride the metro and the connected bus line by purchasing one ticket only. Since March 2009, Recife Metro has finished one more phase of expansion. The system counts now with 28 station (11 integrated with buses) and 39.5 kilometers long. This system for now, crisscrosses 4 cities of the metro area: Recife, Jaboatao, Camaragibe and Cabo (Cabo, just by diesel train).

Fleet

According with Detran-PE (Transportation State Bureau Administrator) in 2009, just the city of Recife has a total fleet of over 464 thousands[12] motor vehicles in its streets. 54.335 Cargo vehicles, 318.520 passengers vehicles, 72.719 motorbikes, 14.142 as other and 4.855 buses (between private and public). Those buses, transports almost two million passengers daily[13][14] in the metropolitan area, distributed between 17 local Bus companies.

Highways

Recife metropolitan area is crisscrossed by 3 main Federal[15] highways:

  • State Highways PE-xxx: 001/007/009/015/020/022/027/028/035/037/038/041/042/045/060/096

Tourism[edit]

During the whole year, Recife is home of many celebrations and events, most of them, religious holidays. The carnival of Recife and Olinda (which has its historic town center considered one of the Brazilian world heritage site by UNESCO in 1982)[16] begins many weeks ahead in December with innumerable balls and processions, as locals begin preparing for the official Carnival, which starts in February. Recife's carnival has the biggest Carnival party in the world, called Galo da Madrugada, but is also known for havving alternative parties for all kind of people, like the parties that happen in Downtown Recife attracting many people from several States of Brazil, and other parts of the world.

Recife got some of the greatest Hotels on Brazil, rated as 4 and 5 stars as well Pousadas (traditional Bed & breakfast) and Apart-Hotels totaling more than 5,500 bedrooms and this number goes to over than 10,000[17] in Recife metropolitan area. Most of all with large experience in reception of Nationals and Internationals tourists and a few ones with Sports complex, Garbage Mount, Baby Pools, etc.

Recife is one of the most cultural sites in Brazil, and is the home of several artists, musicians and writers. It is also home to the frevo, a regional dance and music, typical in the carnival, and the Mangue Beat, a type of Brazilian rock with mixture of Maracatu, Ciranda, Rap and other music styles. Just Recife and Olinda together[18] got 5 museums, 3 Art galleries, 2 Orchestra houses,5 Theatres, 1 Opera House and more than 20 Cinemas.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 23°59′S 47°03′W / 23.983°S 47.050°W / -23.983; -47.050

[2]