Reciprocal Fibonacci constant

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The reciprocal Fibonacci constant, or ψ, is defined as the sum of the reciprocals of the Fibonacci numbers:

\psi = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{F_k} = \frac{1}{1} +  \frac{1}{1} + \frac{1}{2} + \frac{1}{3} + \frac{1}{5} + \frac{1}{8} + \frac{1}{13} + \frac{1}{21} + \cdots.

The ratio of successive terms in this sum tends to the reciprocal of the golden ratio. Since this is less than 1, the ratio test shows that the sum converges.

The value of ψ is known to be approximately

\psi = 3.359885666243177553172011302918927179688905133731\dots . (sequence A079586 in OEIS)

No closed formula for ψ is known, but Gosper describes an algorithm for fast numerical approximation of its value. The reciprocal Fibonacci series itself provides O(k) digits of accuracy for k terms of expansion, while Gosper's accelerated series provides O(k2) digits.[1] ψ is known to be irrational; this property was conjectured by Paul Erdős, Ronald Graham, and Leonard Carlitz, and proved in 1989 by Richard André-Jeannin.[2]

The continued fraction representation of the constant is:

\psi =[3;2,1,3,1,1,13,2,3,3,2,1,1,6,3,2,4,362,2,4,8,6,30,50,1,6,3,3,2,7,2,3,1,3,2, \dots ] \!\, . (sequence A079587 in OEIS)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gosper, William R. (1974), Acceleration of Series, Artificial Intelligence Memo #304, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, pp. p.66 .
  2. ^ André-Jeannin, Richard (1989), "Irrationalité de la somme des inverses de certaines suites récurrentes", C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I Math. 308 (19): 539–541, MR 0999451 

External links[edit]