Reclining Buddha

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Buddha in parinirvana, Gandhara art, 2nd or 3rd century
Reclining Buddha of Galvihara at Polonnaruwa (Sri Lanka, 12th century)

A reclining Buddha is a statue that represents Buddha lying down and is a major iconographic and statuary pattern of Buddhism. It represents the historical Buddha during his last illness, about to enter the parinirvana. He is lying on the right flank, his head resting on a cushion or relying on his right elbow, supporting his head with his hand.

This pattern seems to have emerged at the same time as other representations of the Buddha in the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara.

Notable examples[edit]

Reclining Buddha of the Hpo win caves

Burma:

Cambodia:

India:

Malaysia:

  • Wat Chaiyamangkalaram in Penang

Sri Lanka:

Thailand:

External links[edit]

Media related to Reclining Buddha statues at Wikimedia Commons