Reclinomonas

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Reclinomonas
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Excavata
Class: Jakobea
Order: Jakobida
Family: Histionidae
Genus: Reclinomonas
Flavin & Nerad, 1993
Species: R. americana
Binomial name
Reclinomonas americana
Flavin & Nerad, 1993[1]

Reclinomonas is a monotypic genus of jakobid protozoans containing the single species Reclinomonas americana.[2]

This organism is a single cell up to 12 micrometers wide. It has two flagella. The cell is in a cup-like lorica which has a stem that attaches to a surface. When the cell reproduces, by undergoing binary fission, one of the two newly split cells produces a new lorica for itself.[2]

This protozoan can be found in freshwater.[2]

This species was the first jakobid to have its mitochondrial genome sequenced.[2] It contains 97 genes. 62 of them code for proteins.[3] Other jakobids have been sequenced since, and the data was similar.[2]

This protozoan feeds on bacteria. It has been described as an excavate.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flavin, M. & T. A. Nerad. (1993). Reclinomonas americana n. g., n. sp., a new freshwater heterotrophic flagellate. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 40: 172-179.
  2. ^ a b c d e Simpson, A. 2008. Reclinomonas Flavin & Nerad 1993. Reclinomonas americana Flavin & Nerad 1993. Version 05. The Tree of Life Web Project.
  3. ^ Berg, J. M., et al. Biochemistry. Edition 6. Macmillan. 2010. pg. 505.
  4. ^ Shpak, M., et al. (May 2008). "The phylogeny and evolution of deoxyribonuclease II: an enzyme essential for lysosomal DNA degradation". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 47 (2): 841–54. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.033. PMC 2600486. PMID 18226927.