Recognition of same-sex unions in Arizona
|Legal recognition of
† Not yet in effect
Same-sex marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships are not legal in the U.S. state of Arizona. Same-sex marriage was constitutionally banned in 2008. However, a few Arizona cities or towns provide civil unions since 2013.
In 2006, Proposition 107, which would have banned same-sex marriage and any legal status similar to marriage, was defeated by voters.
In 2008, voters approved Proposition 102, which limits marriage to only a union of one man and one woman.
On May 17, 2013, Equal Marriage Arizona filed an initiative to put an amendment on the 2014 election ballot which would replace the current marriage definition with a gender-neutral definition. 259,213 valid signatures are needed by July 3, 2014, to put the issue on the 2014 ballot. The initiative was later suspended due to a lack of support from LGBT organizations.
Civil union legislation
In late December 2008, a gay rights activist from the United Kingdom announced plans to place a civil partnership measure on the Arizona ballot, with the unions providing exactly the same rights as civil marriage. Polls indicated such a measure would have a high likelihood of passing. Equality Arizona, which opposes the "separate-but-equal" status of civil union, announced it was considering how to respond in 2010 to the passage of Arizona Proposition 102 (2008).
Local civil unions
On June 4, 2013, the Bisbee City Council approved an ordinance legalizing civil unions for same-sex couples; it took effect 30 days later. Several other Arizona cities are considering similar civil union ordinances. On June 19, 2013, the Tucson City Council unanimously approved a civil unions ordinance.
On July 5, the first civil union was granted in Bisbee.
A 2003 poll conducted by Northern Arizona University showed that 53% of Arizonians supported same-sex civil unions, though 54% oppose allowing same-sex couples to marry. However, 52% of Arizonans believe that same-sex marriages conducted abroad in regions where such unions are legal should be recognized as marriage in the state of Arizona.
A November 2011 Public Policy Polling survey found that 44% of Arizona voters supported the legalization of same-sex marriage, while 45% opposed it and 12% were not sure. A separate question on the same survey found that 72% of respondents supported legal recognition of same-sex couples, with 40% supporting same-sex marriage, 32% supporting civil unions, 27% opposing all legal recognition and 1% not sure.
An April 2013 Rocky Mountain poll found that 55% of Arizona voters supported same-sex marriage, 35% were opposed and 10% were unsure.
- Diaz v. Brewer
- LGBT rights in Arizona
- Civil union in the United States
- Domestic partnership in the United States
- "Initiative seeks to legalize gay marriage in Arizona". Arizona Daily Star. May 18, 2013.
- Equal Marriage Arizona
- "Effort To Repeal Arizona's Gay Marriage Ban Suspended". On Top Magazine. September 2, 2013.
- Effort to get same-sex civil unions on AZ ballot planned
- Rainbow Foot Soldiers Statement: Arizona Civil Partnerships
- Voice of the people
- "Bisbee council approves civil unions proposal". azcentral.com. June 5, 2013.
- "Bisbee council advances new civil unions measure". azdailysun.com. May 22, 2013.
- "Tucson becomes second Arizona city to allow same-sex civil unions". LGBTQ Nation. June 19, 2013.
- "Bisbee Same Sex partners file for formal Civil Union". KGUN9. July 5, 2013.
- "Jerome approves civil unions". The Camp Verde Bugle. August 29, 2013.
- "Sedona approves local ordinance on civil unions". AZCentral. September 25, 2013.
- "Civil unions pass unanimously in Clarkdale". Verde Independent. November 13, 2013.
- Gay and Lesbian Civil Unions Supported in Arizona; Same-Sex Couples Should Be Allowed Benefits
- AZ pro-civil unions, remembers Goldwater fondly
- Poll: Majority In Arizona Backs Gay Marriage