Records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom

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Age[edit]

Youngest[edit]

Of those whose age can be verified, the youngest MP since the Reform Act of 1832[1] was James Dickson who was elected as a Liberal at a by-election for the Borough of Dungannon on 25 June 1880. He was born on 19 April 1859 and so was aged 21 years 67 days. The youngest female MP was Bernadette Devlin, elected on 17 April 1969 from Mid Ulster aged 21 years 359 days.

Christopher Monck, Earl of Torrington was born on 14 August 1653, and was returned as Knight of the Shire for Devon on 8 January 1666/7, at the age of 13 years and 148 days.

It is known that Henry Long (died 1490) was reputedly returned to the seat of Old Sarum in 1435 at the age of 15, although his precise date of birth is unknown (it has been given as being as early as circa 1417).[2]

The youngest current MP is Pamela Nash who was 25 years and 11 months old when she was elected to Parliament in the May 2010 general election.

Oldest[edit]

The oldest MP of all time may be Sir Francis Knollys (c.1550–1648) who is believed to have been around 90 when he died as member for Reading; he may have been 97 or 98. The oldest MP whose exact dates are known was Samuel Young (1822–1918) who was MP for East Cavan from 1892 (when aged 70) until his death at the age of 96 years 63 days.[2]

The oldest ever woman MP was Irene Ward, member for Tynemouth, who was a few days short of 79 when she retired at the February 1974 general election.

Following the death of Sir Morgan Morgan-Giles on 4 May 2013, the oldest former MP still living is John Freeman, born 19 February 1915.

Oldest Debuts[edit]

Perhaps the oldest parliamentary debut of all time was that of Warren Lisle, believed born in 1695, who was elected on 7 September 1780 during that year's General Election as MP for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis as locum tenens, aged reportedly 85. He stood down on 21 November to allow his kinsman, Gabriel Steward, to stand for the seat after completing his own term as mayor of the borough (when he had been the local returning officer). He died in July 1788 aged reportedly 93.[3]

Since compulsory birth registration, the oldest debut where a confirmed birth date is known was made by Henry Bruce Armstrong (born 27 July 1844) who was elected at an unopposed by-election for Mid Armagh on 23 June 1921 aged 76 years and 331 days. He retired at the 1922 General Election.

The oldest woman at first entry to the Commons was Dr Ethel Bentham (born 5 January 1861) who was elected MP for Islington East at the 1929 General Election aged 68 years and 145 days. She died in office in 1931.

List of oldest sitting MPs since 1945[edit]

Name Born Became oldest MP Left House Age on leaving Died Political Party Highest Office Held
Sir Murdoch Macdonald 6 May 1866 1945 1950 83 2 24 April 1957 Liberal Party
David Logan 22 November 1871 1950 Feb 1964 92 1 25 February 1964 Labour Party
Sir Winston Churchill KG OM CH TD PC FRS F 30 November 1874 Feb 1964 Sep 1964 89 2 24 January 1965 Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
S. O. Davies probably 9 November 1879 1970 1972 92 1[4] 25 February 1972 Labour Party
Emanuel Shinwell, Baron Shinwell 18 October 1884 Sep 1964 1970 85 2 8 May 1986 Labour Party Minister of Defence
John Rankin 1 February 1890 1972 1973 83 1 8 October 1973 Labour Party
Irene Ward, Baroness Ward of North Tyneside CH, DBE 23 February 1895 1973 Feb 1974 79 2 26 April 1980 Conservative
David Weitzman 18 June 1898 Feb 1974 1979 80 2 6 May 1987 Labour Party
Robert Edwards 16 January 1905 1979 1987 82 2 4 June 1990 Labour Party
Michael Foot 23 July 1913 1987 1992 78 2 3 March 2010 Labour Party Leader of the Opposition
Sir Edward Heath KG MBE F 9 July 1916 1992 2001 84 2 17 July 2005 Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Piara Khabra 20 November 1921 2001 2007 85 1 21 June 2007 Labour Party
Ian Paisley, Baron Bannside 6 April 1926 2007 2010 84 2 12 September 2014 Democratic Unionist Party First Minister of Northern Ireland
Sir Peter Tapsell F 1 February 1930 2010 N/A N/A living Conservative

Notes:

F Also Father of the House (not necessarily contemporaneous with seniority)
1 Died in office
2 Retired

Longest-lived ex-MP[edit]

The longest-lived former-MP was Theodore Cooke Taylor, member for Radcliffe cum Farnworth between 1900 and 1918, who lived to be 102.[2] Other ex-MPs who have reached their centenary are Bert Hazell, Manny Shinwell, Hartley Shawcross, Sir George Ernest Schuster, Sir Harry Brittain, John Oldfield (who outlived his parliamentary service by 68 years), Nathaniel Micklem and Edgar Granville.

Frank James, who was elected MP for Walsall at the 1892 general election, but unseated on petition, achieved a slightly greater age than Theodore Cooke Taylor, at 102 years 135 days.[5]

The longest-lived woman MP was Norah Runge who died aged 93 in 1978.

Shortest-lived MPs[edit]

One known contender for this record for whom both birth and death dates are known, in the Parliament of England, was James Wriothesley, Lord Wriothesley, who while still a minor was MP for Callington in 1621-22, and for Winchester from early in 1624 until his death from illness on military service in the Netherlands on 1 November 1624 aged 19 years and 251 days.

Based only on evidence from his university entrance records,[6] Peter Legh, MP for Newton from 1640, may have been aged 19 or younger when he died after a duel on 2 February 1642, but his precise birthdate is not known.

Geoffrey Palmer, MP for Ludgershall from March 1660, died in office on 31 October 1661 aged 19 years and at least 245 days, based on his baptism registration (28 February 1642).[7]

Since the setting of the youngest election age at 21, the youngest MP to die in office was George Charles Grey who was elected MP for Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1941 and was killed in action on 30 July 1944 aged 25 years 240 days. Throughout this period he was the Baby of the House.

The shortest-lived woman MP, Lady Cynthia Mosley, MP for Stoke 1929-31, died in 1933 aged 34.

Period of service[edit]

Longest[edit]

Francis Knollys (also the oldest ever sitting MP) was first elected as MP for Oxford in 1575 at the age of around 25 and was MP for Reading at the time of his death in 1648, a period of 73 years.[2] The longest span of service of an MP during the 20th century was Winston Churchill who was first elected on 1 October 1900 and left the House of Commons on 25 September 1964, a period of 63 years 360 days. His service was not continuous, as he was not an MP for a spell in 1908 and between 1922 and 1924.

Charles Pelham Villiers was the longest continuously-serving MP. He was elected in 1835 and remained an MP continuously for over 62 years until his death on 16 January 1898, aged 96 years 13 days.

The longest continuous service and longest total service records for a female MP were held by Gwyneth Dunwoody, at over 34 years and 38 years respectively. The longest span of service for a woman was 42 years and 4 months for Irene Ward, first elected in 1931 and an MP until 1974 although she did not hold a seat between 1945 and 1950.

Shortest[edit]

There are cases of MPs being elected posthumously; Edward Legge (1710–47) was elected unopposed as MP for Portsmouth on 15 December 1747, four days before news arrived that he had died 87 days previously in the West Indies. In 1780 John Kirkman was elected as MP for the City of London despite passing away before polls closed.[2]

In more recent times, members have died after polling, but before the declaration of the results. In 1906, Thomas Higgins was declared elected for the seat of North Galway, even though he had died earlier that morning, after polling day. More recently, in 1945 Sir Edward Taswell Campbell at Bromley and Leslie Pym at Monmouth died after polling, but nine days before the declaration of the results. Both were declared elected posthumously, and both had been MPs for a number of years. Noel Skelton is another example in 1935.

The shortest non-posthumous service was that of Alfred Dobbs, who was declared elected MP for Smethwick on 26 July 1945 and was killed the following day in a motorcycle accident on the way to take his seat.

Shortest total service since 1900[edit]

For a comprehensive list of MPs since 1900 with less than 365 days total service See

Members who never took their seats[edit]

MPs who never won an election[edit]

On rare occasions the election winner may be disqualified, either by an election court or by the House of Commons, and the seat awarded to the runner-up.

Malcolm St. Clair: Bristol South-East, 1961–63
Charles Beattie: Mid-Ulster, 1955–56

MPs elected to two or more constituencies simultaneously[edit]

Richard Hazleton: from 9 December 1910 until 23 February 1911, when he was unseated on a petition from the second seat, he was MP for North Galway and North Louth.

MPs who have sat for three or more different constituencies[edit]

In modern times, it is unusual for an MP to represent more than one or two constituencies during their career, although before the 20th century it was quite common. MPs whose seats were altered purely by boundary changes are not listed.

George Galloway: Glasgow Hillhead/Kelvin 4; Bethnal Green and Bow 4; Bradford West
Michael Ancram: Berwick and East Lothian 1; Edinburgh South 1; Devizes
Kenneth Baker: Acton 1; St. Marylebone 2; Mole Valley
William Clark: Nottingham South 1; East Surrey 4; Croydon South
Roy Jenkins: Southwark Central 2; Birmingham Stechford 3; Glasgow Hillhead
Shirley Williams: Hitchin 2; Hertford and Stevenage 1; Crosby 1
Fergus Montgomery: Newcastle East 1; Brierley Hill 2; Altrincham and Sale
Geoffrey de Freitas: Nottingham Central 4; Lincoln 3; Kettering
Arthur Palmer: Wimbledon 1; Cleveland 1; Bristol Central
Frank Markham: Chatham 5; Nottingham South 1; Buckingham
Geoffrey Lloyd: Birmingham Ladywood 1; Birmingham King's Norton 2; Sutton Coldfield
Ray Gunter: South-East Essex 2; Doncaster 1; Southwark
Frank Soskice: Birkenhead East 2; Sheffield Neepsend 2; Newport
Charles Simmons: Birmingham Erdington1; Birmingham West 2; Brierley Hill
Charles MacAndrew: Kilmarnock 1; Glasgow Partick 4; Bute and North Ayrshire
Richard Kidston Law: Hull South West 1; Kensington South 2; Haltemprice
Hyacinth Morgan: Camberwell North West 5; Rochdale 4; Warrington
Roger Conant: Chesterfield 1; Bewdley 2; Rutland and Stamford
Ralph Assheton: Rushcliffe 1; City of London 2; Blackburn West
John Wilmot: Fulham East 1; Kennington 4; Deptford
Austin Hudson: Islington East 1; Hackney North 1; Lewisham North
Joseph Braithwaite: Hillsborough 1; Holderness 2; Bristol North West
Walter Elliot: Lanark1; Kelvingrove1; Combined Scottish Universities 2; Kelvingrove
Walter Ayles: Bristol North1; Southall 4; Hayes and Harlington
William Jowitt: Hartlepool 1; Preston 4; Ashton-under-Lyne
Leonard Lyle: Stratford 1; Epping 5; Bournemouth
Arthur Henderson: Barnard Castle 4; Widnes 1; Newcastle East 1; Burnley 1; Clay Cross
Ramsay MacDonald: Leicester 2; Aberavon 4; Seaham 1; Combined Scottish Universities
Harcourt Johnstone| Willesden West 1; South Shields 1; Middlesbrough West
Wilfred Paling: Doncaster 1; Wentworth 2; Dearne Valley
Edward Hemmerde: East Denbighshire 4; North West Norfolk 2; Crewe 5
Winston Churchill: Oldham4; Manchester North West1; Dundee1; Epping/Woodford5
Arthur Griffith-Boscawen: Tunbridge 1; Dudley 1; Taunton 1
John Fletcher Moulton: Clapham 1 South Hackney 1, Launceston 5
Arthur Balfour: Hertford 4; Manchester East 1; City of London 1
Lord John Manners: Newark 1; Colchester 4; North Leicestershire 4; Melton 6
Benjamin Disraeli: Maidstone 4;Shrewsbury 4; Buckinghamshire 6
William Ewart Gladstone: Newark 1; Oxford University 1; South Lancashire 2; Greenwich 4; Midlothian 5
James Patrick Mahon: Clare 8; Ennis 1; County Carlow 10
Earl Gower (later 2nd Duke of Sutherland): St Mawes 4; Newcastle-Under-Lyme 4; Staffordshire 5
James, Lord Brudenell: Marlborough; Fowey 2; North Northamptonshire 6
Sir Robert Peel: Cashel 4; Chippenham 4; Oxford University 4; Westbury 4; Tamworth
Thomas Graves: Okehampton 4; Windsor 4; Milborne Port 5
Sir Joseph Yorke: Reigate 7; Saint Germans 3; Sandwich 4
John Calcraft (the younger): Wareham 4; Rochester 4; Dorset
Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopes: New Romney 3; Evesham 9; Barnstaple9, Westbury3
Sir George Hay: Stockbridge 1; Calne 4; Sandwich 1
Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester: Monmouth; Gloucester 4; Monmouthshire 5; Gloucestershire 4

Notes:

1 defeated
2 seat abolished
3 resigned
4 sought another constituency
5 retired
6 inherited/raised to peerage
7 resigned but returned to constituency at later date
8 unseated on petition; elected at a later date, then retired
9 unseated for bribery
10 died

MPs who have made more than one comeback[edit]

In modern times, it is unusual for an MP who has been defeated (or retired e.g. due to their seat being abolished) to achieve more than one comeback to the House of Commons after a period of absence. Lord Charles Beresford and Arthur Henderson were exceptional in achieving it on no fewer than four occasions, the former after voluntarily resigning or retiring at phases of his naval career, the latter invariably after serial defeats in previous seats.

William McCrea: 2000 b, 2005
Michael Ancram: 1979, 1992
Fergus Montgomery: 1967 b, October 1974
Tony Benn: 1963 b, 1984 b
Arthur Palmer: 1952 b, 1964
Alec Douglas-Home: 1950, 1963 b
Frank Soskice: 1950 b, 1956 b
Frank Markham: 1935, 1951
Cahir Healy: 1931 b, 1950
Harold Macmillan: 1931, 1945 b
Ian Fraser: 1931, 1940 b
Harcourt Johnstone: 1931, 1940 b
Cuthbert Headlam: 1931, 1940 b
Gwilym Lloyd George: 1929, 1951
Walter Ayles: 1929, 1945
Somerville Hastings: 1929, 1945
George Isaacs: 1929, 1939 b
William Jowitt: 1929, 1939 b
James Chuter Ede: 1929, 1935
Herbert Morrison: 1929, 1935
Robert Richards: 1929, 1935
Arthur Henderson, Jr.: 1929, 1935
Tom Smith: 1929, 1933 b
Manny Shinwell: 1928 b, 1935
Austin Hudson: 1924, 1950
Walter Elliot: 1924, 1946 b
Vivian Henderson: 1924, 1931
Frank Sanderson: 1924, 1931
Charles Lyle: 1923, 1940 b
Thomas Ellis Naylor: 1923, 1935
Henry Guest: 1922, 1937 b
Ramsay MacDonald: 1922, 1936 b
Hastings Lees-Smith: 1922, 1924, 1935
Arthur Henderson, Sr.: 1919 b, 1923 b, 1924 b, 1933 b
Edward Hemmerde: 1912 b, 1922
Edward Anthony Strauss: December 1910, 1927 b, 1931
Arthur Griffith-Boscawen: December 1910, 1921 b
Frederick Guest: December 1910, 1923, 1931
Winston Churchill: 1908 b, 1924
Andrew Bonar Law: 1906 b, 1911 b
Alfred Billson: 1897 b, 1906
John Fletcher Moulton: 1894 b, 1898 b
James Agg-Gardner: 1885, 1900, 1911 b
Lord Charles Beresford: 1885, 1898, 1902 b, 1910
Samuel Danks Waddy: 1879b, 1882b, 1886
Sir Julian Goldsmid: 1870, 1885
James Patrick Mahon: 1847, 1879 b, 1887 b
William Ewart Gladstone: 1847, 1865 b
Sir James Fergusson: 1859, 1885
Robert Aglionby Slaney: 1837, 1847, 1857
Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopes: 1807, 1812, 1820

Notes:

b indicates a by-election

Longest delay before making a comeback[edit]

In absolute terms two 17th century members of the English Parliament had 35 year intervals outside the House of Commons:

Edward Mainwaring, 35 years and 269 days from serving as MP for Newcastle-under-Lyme in the parliament that closed on 12 August 1625, to returning for the same seat at start of the Cavalier Parliament on 8 May 1661,[8]
Sir William Killigrew who was out of the Commons 35 years and 30 days from the close of the 1628 parliament on 10 March 1629 when he served as MP for Penryn, Cornwall, until returning as MP for Richmond, Yorkshire on 9 April 1664[9]

Note that intervals of more than a decade between service in the Commons were more commonplace in the 17th than in later centuries due to factors such as:

-years when no parliaments were held, such as Charles I's rule without parliament covering 1630-39,
-Royalist MPs expelled during the English Civil Wars sitting again after the restoration of Charles II (1660),
-the Cavalier Parliament of 1661-79 which met without general elections in meantime.
-former Civil War and Commonwealth era Roundhead MPs returning to the Commons in the 1670s and 1680s under the Whig Party.

The longest single delay since the establishment of regular parliamentary government at the end of the 17th century was 32 years and 158 days in the case of Walter Hungerford, from the end of his first parliament on 11 November 1701 to the assembly of his next as MP for Calne on 18 April 1734, an interval spanning from the lifetime of the Parliament of England into that of Great Britain post 1708. Since the creation of the United Kingdom Parliament in 1801, two members, Sir Henry Bulwer and William Allen, each had intervals of 31 years (respectively 1837-1868 and 1900-1931).

Others:

Sir George Sondes, 32 years (1629-1661)
The Honourable Richard Spencer, 32 years (1629-1661)
Sir William Ayscough, 32 years (1648-1681)
Richard Winwood, 30 years (1648-1679)
Sir William Whitelock, 30 years (1659-1689)
Sir Thomas Hanmer, 29 years (1640-1669)
Sir John Gell, 29 years (1659-1689)
Richard Beke, 29 years (1659-1689)
Charles Boscawen, 29 years (1659-1689)
Sir Jonathan Jennings, 29 years (1659-1689)
John Manley, 29 years (1659-1689)
John Buller, 29 years (1796-1826)
Edward Herle, 28 years (second comeback) (1660-1689)
Thomas Lascelles, 28 years (1660-1689)
Sir William Scott, 28 years (1830-1859)
Sir Alfred Hopkinson, 28 years (1898-1926)
Robert Hyde, 27 years (1586-1614)
Samuel Trehawke Kekewich, 27 years (1830-1858)
Sir Edward East, 26 years (1796-1833)
Lord Edward Thynne, 26 years (1832-1859)
Sir Sidney Montagu, 26 years (1614-1640)
James Patrick Mahon, 26 years (second comeback) (1852-1879)
Sir William Monson, 24 years (1601-1626)
Robert Ferguson, 24 years (1807-1831)
Richard Spooner, 24 years (1820-1844)
Charles Tottenham (1807-1886), 24 years (1831-1856)
Philip Pleydell-Bouverie, 24 years (1832-1857)
Sir William Morton, 23 years (1640-1663)
Vincent Denne, 23 years (1658-1681)
Henry Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton, 23 years (1794-1817)
William Peachy, 23 years (1802-1826)
Henry Tufton, 23 years (1802-1826)
William Ormsby-Gore, 23 years (1807-1830)
Edward Southwell Ruthven, 23 years (1807-1830)
John Arthur Wynne, 23 years (1830-1856)
Sir Abel Barker, 22 years (1656-1679)
James Wentworth Buller, 22 years (1834-1857)
Sir Charles Berkeley, 21 years (1640-1661)
Sir William Fleetwood, 21 years (1640-1661)
Sir Richard Lloyd, 21 years (1640-1661)
Sir Robert Long, 21 years (1640-1661)
Sir Philip Mainwaring, 21 years (1640-1661)
Sir James Thynne, 21 years (1643-1664)
Robert Carden, 21 years (1859-1880)
Thomas Gewen, 20 years (1626-1647)
Sir Francis Wyndham, 20 years (1640-1660)
Sir Nicholas Crispe, 20 years (1641-1661)
William Sandys, 20 years (1641-1661)
Edmund Wyndham, 20 years (1641-1661)
Samuel Ashe, 20 years (1659-1679)
Sir Cecil Bishopp, 20 years (1734-1755)
Francis Leigh, 20 years (1801-1821)
John Cressett-Pelham, 20 years (1802-1822)
Walter Boyd, 20 years (1802-1823)
Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie, 20 years (1807-1828)
Sir Francis Darcy, 19 years (1601-1621)
Sir Fulke Greville, 19 years (1601-1621)
Sir Henry Herbert, 19 years (1642-1661)
Edward Herle, 18 years (first comeback) (1640-1659)
Sir John Stawell, 18 years (1642-1661)
Sir John Banks, 18 years (1659-1678)
Robert Beake, 18 years (1660-1679)
Fenner Brockway, 18 years (1931-1950)
Thomas Onley, 17 years (1554-1572)
Sir Thomas Littleton, 17 years (1644-1661)
Jonathan Rashleigh, 17 years (1644-1661)
Sir Ralph Assheton, 17 years (1662-1679)
Richard Watson, 17 years (1835-1852)
Paul Tyler, 17 years (1974-1992)
James Patrick Mahon, 16 years (first comeback) (1830-1847)
Hugh Lucas-Tooth, 16 years (1929-1945)
Ian Horobin, 16 years (1935-1951)

The longest interval between parliamentary service for a woman MP was 13 years in the case of Leah Manning who lost her first seat at the General Election of October 1931 then gained her second at that of July 1945.

MPs who resigned without completing at least one full parliament (or five years service)[edit]

Louise Mensch, 2012
Jim Nicholson, 1985 (resigned to re-contest but was defeated)
Frank Cousins, 1966
Malcolm St. Clair, 1963 (honoured a pledge to stand down)
Sidney Schofield, 1953
John Belcher, 1949 (scandal)
Tom Williamson, 1948
Noel Mason-Macfarlane, 1946
John Boyd Orr, 1946
Clarice Shaw, 1946 (terminally ill)

Former and future Commonwealth heads of government[edit]

Several former heads of government have settled in Britain after their service and served in one of the Houses.

Australia:
Sir Robert Torrens, Premier of South Australia (September 1857); MP for Cambridge 1868-74
Sir George Reid, Prime Minister of Australia (1904-05), previously Premier of New South Wales (1894-99); MP for St George, Hanover Square 1916-18
Stanley Melbourne Bruce, 1st Viscount Bruce of Melbourne, Prime Minister of Australia (1923-29); in House of Lords 1947-67
Canada:
Richard Bedford Bennett, 1st Viscount Bennett, Prime Minister of Canada (1930-35); in House of Lords 1941-47

Several United Kingdom MPs have become a Prime Minister in another part of the Commonwealth:

Australia:
Sir Charles Gavan Duffy, Premier of Victoria (1871-72), had been MP for New Ross in Ireland in 1852-56
Sir Bryan O'Loghlen, Premier of Victoria (1881-83), had been MP for County Clare, Ireland in 1877-79 (but did not sit)[10]
Irish Free State (within Commonwealth to 1948 - subsequently seceded as the Republic of Ireland):
W. T. Cosgrave, President of the Executive Council (1922-32), had been the last MP for Kilkenny City in 1917-18 although never sat at Westminster because of imprisonment.
Éamon de Valera, President of the Executive Council (Taoiseach) (1932-48) while the Irish Free State was within the Commonwealth. (Later Taoiseach in the Republic of Ireland government in 1951-54 and 1957-59, and President of the Republic 1959-73.) He had been MP for East Clare 1917-22 and East Mayo 1918-22, although never sat at Westminster.

Women[edit]

The first woman elected to the House of Commons was Constance Markievicz who was elected on 14 December 1918 to the constituency of Dublin St Patrick's, but she refused to take her seat as she was a member of Sinn Féin.

The first woman to take her seat as an MP was Conservative Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, elected 28 November 1919.[11]

The only female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom was Margaret Thatcher who served as PM from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. Thatcher is the only woman to have held either post and is currently one of only three women ever to be the Leader of one of the three major political parties in the UK, Margaret Beckett and Harriet Harman having each briefly assumed the leadership of the Labour Party following the death of John Smith and the resignation of Gordon Brown respectively. Margaret Thatcher was also the first woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State.

Ethnic Minorities[edit]

Name Party Elected Lost Seat or Retired/Stood down MP's Seat Honours
Dadabhai Naoroji Liberal Party 1892 1895 (Lost) Finsbury Central First Asian MP, First Parsi MP
Sir Mancherjee Bhownagree Conservative Party 1895 1906 (Lost) Bethnal Green North East The 2nd Asian MP, First Asian Conservative MP
Shapurji Saklatvala Communist Party of Great Britain 1922–23,1924 1929 (Lost) Battersea North The 3rd Asian MP, First Asian Communist MP
Diane Abbott Labour Party 1987 Hackney North and Stoke Newington First Black Female MP and First Black Female Labour MP
Paul Boateng Labour Party 1987 2005 (Stood down) Brent South Was the First black Cabinet Minister in May 2002, when he was appointed as Chief Secretary to the Treasury and later created Baron Boateng
Bernie Grant Labour Party 1987 2000 (Died whilst an MP) Tottenham First Black MP
Keith Vaz Labour Party 1987 Leicester East Chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee First Asian MP for seat outside London
Ashok Kumar Labour Party 1991–92,1997 2010 (Died whilst an MP) Langbaurgh, Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland First ethnic minority win/gain in a by-election
Nirj Deva Conservative Party 1992 1997 (Lost Seat) Brentford and Isleworth Now Member of the European Parliament for South East England since 10 June 1999; First Sri Lanka-born Asian MP
Piara Khabra Labour Party 1992 2007 (Died whilst an MP) Ealing Southall First Sikh MP, Last sitting MP to have served in Second World War
Marsha Singh Labour Party 1997 2012 (Stood down) Bradford West
Oona King Labour Party 1997 2005 (Lost Seat) Bethnal Green and Bow Second Black Female MP
Mohammad Sarwar Labour Party 1997 2010 (Retired) Glasgow Central First Muslim MP, First British Pakistani MP, and First Ethnic Minority MP elected in Scotland.
David Lammy Labour Party 8 April2000 Tottenham A former Minister of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills
Mark Hendrick Labour Party 23 November 2000 Preston Former Member of the European Parliament for Lancashire Central, and Labour Whip, First Black MP for seat outside London
Khalid Mahmood Labour Party 2001 Birmingham Perry Barr
Parmjit Dhanda Labour Party 2001 2010 (Lost) Gloucester A former Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
Parmjit Singh Gill Liberal Democrat 15 July 2004 5 May 2005 (Lost) Leicester South First ethnic-minority Liberal Democrat MP and List of United Kingdom MPs with the shortest service
Sadiq Khan Labour Party 2005 Tooting A former Minister of State for Transport
Shahid Malik Labour Party 2005 2010 (Lost Seat) Dewsbury Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and the First Muslim Minister
Dawn Butler Labour Party 2005 2010 (Lost Seat) Brent South A former Minister for Young Citizens and Youth Engagement and so became the first black woman to speak from the Despatch Box in the House of Commons
Adam Afriyie Conservative Party 2005 Windsor First Black Conservative MP
Shailesh Vara Conservative 2005 North West Cambridgeshire Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Justice, First Hindu MP
Virendra Sharma Labour Party 2007 (By-election) Ealing Southall
Helen Grant Conservative 2010 Maidstone and The Weald First Black Female Conservative MP
Sam Gyimah Conservative 2010 East Surrey
Sajid Javid Conservative 2010 Bromsgrove One of first two Muslims to be Conservative MP's
Dr Kwasi Kwarteng Conservative 2010 Spelthorne
Priti Patel Conservative 2010 Witham First Female Asian Conservative MP
Paul Uppal Conservative 2010 Wolverhampton South West
Nadhim Zahawi Conservative 2010 Stratford-on-Avon First Kurdish Asian MP
Rushanara Ali Labour Party 2010 Bethnal Green and Bow First Bangladeshi Origin MP and one of first three Muslim women MPs
Shabana Mahmood Labour Party 2010 Birmingham Ladywood One of first three Muslim women MPs
Lisa Nandy Labour Party 2010 Wigan
Chi Onwurah Labour Party 2010 Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Yasmin Qureshi Labour Party 2010 Bolton South East One of first three Muslim women MPs
Anas Sarwar Labour Party 2010 Glasgow Central Son of Mohammed Sarwar - 1st father-son set of Muslim MPs.
Chuka Umunna Labour Party 2010 Streatham
Valerie Vaz Labour Party 2010 Walsall South Sister of Keith Vaz MP

First general election victors by religious affiliation[edit]

When the UK Parliament was established in 1801, non-Anglicans were prevented from taking their seats as MPs under the Test Act 1672. However, Methodists took communion at Anglican churches until 1795, and some continued to do so, and many Presbyterians were prepared to accept Anglican communion, thus ensuring that members of these creeds were represented in the Parliament.[12] Some Unitarians were also elected.

The first Roman Catholic general election victors in the UK Parliament were at the 1830 general election. They included Daniel O'Connell and James Patrick Mahon in Clare.

The first Quaker general election victor was Joseph Pease, at the 1832 general election.

Lionel de Rothschild was the first Jewish general election victor, at the 1847 general election. He was not permitted to take his seat until 1858.

The first declared atheist to win a general election was Charles Bradlaugh at the 1880 general election. He was not permitted to take the oath until January 1886, although he sat briefly in 1880-81 when permitted to affirm allegiance; a legal action later held that affirmation had no effect.

Dadabhai Naoroji was the first Parsi general election victor at the 1892 general election.

Piara Khabra became the first Sikh general election victor, at the 1992 general election.

Terry Rooney became the first Mormon general election victor at the 1992 general election, after being initially elected for his seat at a by-election in 1990.

The first Muslim general election victor was Mohammed Sarwar at the 1997 general election.

The first Hindu general election victor was Shailesh Vara at the 2005 general election.

Physical attributes[edit]

The heaviest MP of all time is believed to be Sir Cyril Smith, MP for Rochdale between 1972 and 1992, who weighed 189.6 kg (nearly 30 stone) at his peak in 1976.

The tallest MP of all time is believed to be Daniel Kawczynski at 6 feet 8½ inches (204 cm).[13] Before Kawczynski's election in 2005, the record was held by Louis Gluckstein, MP for Nottingham East between 1931 and 1945, who measured 2.02m (6' 7.5").

Among pre-20th century MPs, Sir John Cheyne (c1442-1499), known among contemporaries as the "Vigorous Knight" and MP for Wiltshire between 1471 and 1481, has been estimated to have been 6 feet 8 inches tall, based on analysis of his thighbone (measuring 21 inches) found in his tomb.[14]

Physically disabled MPs[edit]

Sir Francis Bryan, MP for Buckinghamshire in 1529, 1539, 1542 and 1545, who lost an eye in a tournament in 1526.

William Page, MP for Bridport in 1559, Oxford 1562-71, and Saltash 1571-81, who had a hand cut off in lieu of execution for distributing a political pamphlet in 1579.

John Hewson, MP for Guildford 1656-58, who lost an eye in action in Ireland in 1650.

Sir Frescheville Holles, MP for Grimsby 1667-72, who lost an arm in a sea battle in 1666.

Thomas Erle, MP for Wareham 1679-98 and 1701–18, and Portsmouth 1698-1702 and 1708, who lost his right hand (by some reports) at Battle of Almanza in 1707.

Sir James Lowther, MP for Carlisle 1694-1702, Appleby 1723-27, and Cumberland 1708-22 and 1727–55, who had his right leg amputated due to gout in 1750.

John Mordaunt, Viscount Mordaunt, MP for Chippenham 1701-05 and 1705–08, who lost his left arm at the Battle of Blenheim in 1704.

William Windham, MP for Sudbury 1720-27 and Aldeburgh 1727-30, who lost a leg at the Battle of Blenheim.

Charles Stewart, MP for Malmesbury 1723-27 and Portsmouth 1737-41, who lost his right hand in a sea battle in 1697.

Isaac Barré, MP for Wycombe 1761-74 and Calne 1774-90, who became blind in one eye at the Battle of Quebec in 1759.

John Sawbridge, MP for Hythe 1768-74 and City of London 1774-80 and 1780–95, who was paralysed from about 1792.

James Murray, MP for Perthshire 1773-94, who was permanently disabled in 1761 by a battle wound that left him unable to lie down.

Pinckney Wilkinson, MP for Old Sarum 1774-84, who was incapacitated by a stroke from 1782.

Sir William Middleton, MP for Northumberland 1774-95, who was lame for life after severe wounding at Battle of Minden in 1759.[15]

Brook Watson, MP for the City of London 1784-93, who lost his right leg after a shark attack while swimming at Havana in 1749.

Francis Mackenzie, MP for Ross-shire 1784-90 and 1794–96, who became deaf and almost dumb from scarlet fever at about age of 12.

Sir John Call, MP for Callington 1784-1801, who became blind in about 1794.

Banastre Tarleton, MP for Liverpool 1790-1806 and 1807–12, who sustained a crippled right hand, losing two fingers, in action during the American War of Independence in 1781.

John Theophilus Rawdon, MP for Appleby 1791-96, and Launceston 1796-1802, who lost a leg at the Battle of Brandywine during the American War of Independence in 1777.

Robert Haldane Bradshaw, MP for Brackley 1802-32, who lost use of his left limbs after a stroke in 1831.

James Mingay, MP for Thetford 1806-07, who lost his right hand in childhood accident at a mill.

Thomas Thompson, MP for Rochester 1807-18, who lost a leg at the Battle of Copenhagen (1801).

Coningsby Waldo-Sibthorpe, MP for Lincoln 1814-22, who was left paralysed in his lower back in carriage accident in 1821.

Fitzroy Somerset, MP for Truro 1818-20 and 1826–29, who lost his right arm at the Battle of Waterloo.

Lord John Hay, MP for Haddingtonshire 1826-31 and Windsor 1847-50, who lost his left arm in a sea battle in 1807.

William Ewart Gladstone, MP for Newark 1832-45, Oxford University 1847-65, South Lancashire 1865-68, Greenwich 1868-80, and Midlothian 1880-95, four times Prime Minister between 1868 and 1894, who lost the forefinger of his left hand in a shotgun accident in 1842.

Henry Fawcett, MP for Brighton 1865–74 and Hackney 1874–84, who was blind since he was 25.

Arthur MacMorrough Kavanagh, MP for County Wexford 1866-68 and County Carlow 1868-80, who was born with rudimentary limbs without hands and feet.

Joseph Chamberlain, MP for Birmingham 1876-85 and Birmingham West 1885-1914, whose sight, speech and use of right hand were impaired by a stroke in 1906.

Arthur Elliot, MP for Roxburghshire 1880-92 and City of Durham 1898-1906, who had a leg amputated at age of four after a fall.

Michael Davitt, MP for Meath in 1882, North Meath in 1892, North East Cork in 1893, and South Mayo 1895-99, who lost his right arm in an industrial accident at a textile mill in 1857 aged 11.

Sir William Tindal Robertson, MP for Brighton 1886-89, who became blind from glaucoma in 1873.

William Archibald Macdonald, MP for Queen's County Ossory 1886-92, who was totally blind from age of 13.

Sir William Hornby, MP for Blackburn 1886-1910, who became deaf in 1908.

Philip Snowden, MP for Blackburn 1906-18 and Colne Valley 1922-31, who was paralysed by illness from waist down in 1891 and walked with aid of sticks.

Edward Wood, MP for Ripon 1910-25, who was born with a withered left arm and without a left hand.

Duncan Frederick Campbell, MP for North Ayrshire 1911-16, who lost an arm at the First Battle of Ypres in 1914.

Aubrey Herbert, MP for South Somerset 1911-18 and Yeovil 1918-23, who was near blind from youth.

Dan Irving, MP for Burnley 1918-24, who had lost a leg in an industrial accident as a railway worker.

Jack Cohen, MP for Liverpool Fairfield 1918–31, who lost both legs at the Third Battle of Ypres.

Douglas Pielou, MP for Stourbridge 1922-27, who was severely disabled by wounds at the Battle of Loos in 1915.

John Jacob Astor V, MP for Dover 1922-45, who lost his right leg in battle in World War I in 1918.

Ian Fraser, MP for St. Pancras North 1924–29, 1931–7 and for Lonsdale 1940–58, who was blinded at the Battle of the Somme.

Robert Bourne, MP for Oxford 1924-38, who lost sight of one eye in schooldays game of rounders and sustained a crippled hand at Suvla Bay during World War I.

Richard Austen Butler, MP for Saffron Walden 1929-65, who was left with a poorly functioning right hand after a childhood riding accident.

Joseph Leckie, MP for Walsall 1931-38, who became increasingly deaf in office.

Cecil Manning, MP for Camberwell North 1944-50, who lost his right arm serving in World War I.

Richard Wood, MP for Bridlington 1950-79, who lost both legs in battle in the Middle East in World War II.

William Rupert Rees-Davies, MP for Isle of Thanet 1953-74 and Thanet West 1974-83, who lost his right arm in action in World War II.

William Yates, MP for The Wrekin 1955-66, who lost a leg at the knee in the First Battle of El Alamein.

Jack Ashley, MP for Stoke-on-Trent South 1966–92, who became profoundly deaf in 1967 after a routine operation.

Terry Dicks, MP for Hayes and Harlington 1983–97, who has cerebral palsy.

Gordon Brown MP for Dunfermline East 1983-2005 and Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath since 2005, Prime Minister 2007-2010. Blind in left eye since a rugby accident in 1967.

Emma Nicholson, MP for Devon West and Torridge 1987-97, who was deaf since age 16.

David Blunkett, MP for Sheffield Brightside 1987-2010 and Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough since 2010, who has been blind since birth.

Anne Begg, MP for Aberdeen South since 1997, who has used a wheelchair for many years due to a degenerative disease.

Paul Maynard, MP for Blackpool North and Cleveleys since 2010, who has cerebral palsy.

Members of Parliament who died on wartime active service[edit]

Pre-World Wars[edit]

Rank in Military Name Born Killed/Died Where/How Political Party MP's Seat Honours
Sir Peter de Montfort 1215 1265 Killed at the Battle of Evesham Baronial Forces Unknown 1st Speaker of the House of Commons
Sir Richard de Caverswall c1255 1297 Believed killed at Battle of Falkirk[16] Staffordshire (1295)
Sir Robert de Mauveysin c1295 1346/47 Died during Siege of Calais in the Hundred Years War[17] Staffordshire (1336)
Sir Robert de Swynnerton c1355 1386 Died during attack on Brest during Hundred Years War[18] Staffordshire (1378)
Sir Thomas Blenkinsop c1336 By April 1388 Died a war prisoner in Scotland Cumberland (1383), Westmorland (February 1388-death)
Sir Robert Whitney 1402 Killed at Battle of Bryn Glas during Glyndŵr Rising Herefordshire (1377–80, 1391) High Sheriff of Herefordshire 1377
Sir Kynard de la Bere 1402 Killed at Battle of Bryn Glas Herefordshire (1384, 1386, 1390, 1399) High Sheriff of Herefordshire 1387, 1396, 1401
Sir Walter Devereux c1361 1402 Mortally wounded at Battle of Bryn Glas Herefordshire 1401 High Sheriff of Herefordshire 1401
Royal Standard Bearer of England Sir Walter Blount 1403 Killed on royal side at the Battle of Shrewsbury Derbyshire (1399-1400)
Sir Nicholas Burdon 1403 Killed on royal side at Battle of Shrewsbury Nottinghamshire (1395)
Sir John Calveley 1403 Killed on royal side at Battle of Shrewsbury Rutland (1383, 1390), Leicestershire (1385, 1397) Sheriff of Rutland 1384, 1389; Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire 1389, 1402
Sir John Clifton 1403 Killed on royal side at Battle of Shrewsbury Nottinghamshire (1402) Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, 1402-death
Sir Hugh Shirley c1362 1403 Killed on royal side at Battle of Shrewsbury Leicestershire (1393)
Sir Thomas Wensley c1343 1403 Killed on royal side at Battle of Shrewsbury Lancastrian Derbyshire (1382, 1384, 1386, 1390, 1394)
Sir Hugh Browe 1346 1403 Believed to have died fighting on rebel Henry Percy (Hotspur)'s side at Battle of Shrewsbury[19] Rutland (1388 and 1390)
Sir Reynold Braybrooke c1356 1405 Died of wound during expedition to Flanders Kent (1404-death)
Sir William Boteler 1415 Died during Siege of Harfleur in Hundred Years War Lancashire (1406)
Sir Thomas Clinton 1415 Died of disease during Siege of Harfleur Warwickshire (1397), Kent (1404, 1406 and 1414)
Sir Nicholas Longford before 1373 1415 Killed or died of disease during Siege of Harfleur Derbyshire (1404) Sheriff of Lancashire 1414
Sir John Phelip 1415 Died of fever during Siege of Harfleur Worcestershire (1413) English Ambassador to France 1414-15
Nicholas Broomford c1362 1415 Died after invaliding home after Siege of Harfleur Cornwall (1406), Barnstaple (1411) Coroner of Cornwall 1411
William Brokesby 1416 Believed to have died of effects of service Agincourt-Harfleur campaign Leicestershire (1404) Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire 1404 and 1409
Sir Richard Arches 1417 Died on service in Normandy during Hundred Years War Buckinghamshire (1402)
Ralph Green c1379 1417 Believed to have died on service in Normandy during Hundred Years War Northamptonshire (1404, 1410) Sheriff of Northamptonshire 1404, 1407 and 1414; Sheriff of Wiltshire 1406; son of Sir Henry Green (executed).
Sir John Greyndore c1356 1417 Believed to have died at Harfleur during Hundred Years War Herefordshire (1401, 1404) Sheriff of Glamorganshire 1404, 1405 and 1411; Justice Itinerary in South Wales 1415
Marshal Sir James Haryngton 1417 Killed in siege of Caen in Hundred Years War Lancashire (1404) Constable of Liverpool Castle 1404-death, Ambassador in Scotland 1415
Sir Brian Stapleton 1417 Killed in advance on Alençon in Hundred Years War Yorkshire (1416)
Sir Edmund Thorpe 1418 Died at siege of Louviers in Hundred Years War Norfolk (1397, 1407) Mayor of Bordeaux 1400-02
Sir Robert Plumpton 1383 1421 Believed killed at Siege of Meaux in Hundred Years War Yorkshire (1411 and 1416), Nottinghamshire (1414)
Sir Robert Poynings c1419 1461 Killed during Second Battle of St Albans Yorkist Sussex (1450, 1451)
Sir William Bonville, later 1st Baron Bonville c1392/93 1461 Beheaded after capture in Second Battle of St Albans Yorkist Somerset (1421), Devon (1422, 1425, 1427) KG, High Sheriff of Devon (1423)
Sir John Wenlock, later 1st Baron Wenlock 1471 Killed during Battle of Tewkesbury Lancastrian Bedfordshire (1433–55) KG, Speaker of the House of Commons in 1459
Sir Gervase Clifton 1471 Beheaded after capture in Battle of Tewkesbury Lancastrian Kent (1455) Treasurer of the Household and Treasurer of Calais (1450–60), High Sheriff of Kent 1439, 1450, 1458
Sir John Delves c1418 1471 Beheaded after capture in Battle of Tewkesbury Lancastrian[20] Staffordshire (1467–68) Joint Warden of the Mint 1471
Sir Thomas Tresham 1471 Beheaded after capture at Battle of Barnet Lancastrian Buckinghamshire (1447–49), Huntingdonshire (1449), Northamptonshire(1453–59) Speaker of the House of Commons in 1455
Walter Devereux, later 7th Baron Ferrers of Chartley c1431 1485 Killed at Battle of Bosworth Yorkist Herefordshire (1450–55) KG
Sir William Catesby 1450 1485 Beheaded after capture at Battle of Bosworth Yorkist Northamptonshire (1484-death) Speaker of the House of Commons and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1484
Sir Edward Bayntun 1480 1544 Died of wounds in France during the Italian War of 1542-46 Wiltshire (1529, 1539–42), Wilton (1542-death) Vice-Chamberlain to the Queen Consort
Sir Ralph Eure by 1510 1545 Killed at Battle of Ancrum Moor in War of the Rough Wooing Scarborough (1542–44) Warden of the Middle Marches (1542-death)
Vice-Admiral Sir George Carew c1504 1545 Lost in sinking of the Mary Rose off Spithead during the Italian War Devon 1529
Marshal of the Army in France Sir Ralph Ellerker 1546 Killed in battle at Boulogne during Italian War Yorkshire (1542–45)
Vice-Admiral Sir John Clere c1511 1557 Drowned in sea battle in command of English naval expedition against the Scots in Orkney Islands[21] Bramber (1542–44, 1545–47), Thetford (1553), Norfolk (1555)
Sir William Courtenay, de jure 8th Earl of Devon 1529/30 1557 Died of disease after Siege of St Quentin, France Plympton Erle (1555)
Captain (British Army) The Honourable Francis Somerset By 1532 1571 Killed in attack on Le Havre Monmouthshire (1558) Son of Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester hence Honourable
Captain William Norreys c1545 1579 Died of fever on arrival in Ireland Berkshire (1576-death)
Henry Knollys c1542 1582 Died of wounds or disease in Netherlands during Eighty Years' War Reading (1562–72), Oxfordshire (1572-death)
William Thomas 1551 1586 Killed at Battle of Zutphen during Eighty Years' War Caernarvonshire (1572-death) High Sheriff of Anglesey 1578 and Caernarvonshire 1580
General Sir Philip Sidney 1554 1586 Died from wound received at Battle of Zutphen Shrewsbury (1572–84), Kent (1584-85) Governor of Flushing (1585–death)
Admiral Sir Richard Grenville 1542 1591 Died of wounds received in Battle of Flores during Anglo-Spanish War Cornwall left Commons 1586
Admiral Sir John Hawkins 1532 1595 Died of sickness off Puerto Rico during Anglo-Spanish War Plymouth (1571–84) Treasurer of the Navy (1578-death)
Vice-Admiral Sir Francis Drake c1540 1596 Died of dysentery at sea off Panama, on same expedition as Hawkins. Bossiney (1584–85), Plymouth (1593)
Colonel Sir John Wingfield 1596 Killed in attack on Cadiz during Anglo-Spanish War Lichfield (1593-death)
General Sir Thomas Baskerville 1597 Died of fever on expedition in Picardy Carmarthen borough (1593-death)
General Sir John Norreys c1547 1597 Died of wounds received in Ireland Oxfordshire (1589) President of Munster; brother of Captain William Norreys
Marshal of the Army in Ireland Sir Henry Bagenal c.1556 1598 Killed at the Battle of the Yellow Ford Anglesey (1586–88) Chief Commissioner for Ulster, PC
Sergeant-Major-General Sir Conyers Clifford 1599 Killed in Battle of Curlew Pass Pembroke (1593–97) President of Connaught (1597-death)
Colonel-General Sir Henry Norreys c1554 1599 Mortally wounded at Finniterstown in Ireland Berkshire (1589 and 1597–98) KG; brother of William and Sir John Norreys, also died in Ireland
Captain The Honourable James, Lord Wriothesley 1605 5 November 1624 Died of fever in Netherlands during Eighty Years' War Callington (1621–22), Winchester (February 1624-death) Eldest son of Earl of Southampton, hence Lord; KB
Colonel Sir John Ratcliffe 1582 1627 Killed in France in Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré Tewkesbury (1614), Lancashire (1621–26), Tavistock (1626)
Robert Pooley c1600 1627 Killed in France in Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré Queenborough (1624–25 and 1626-death)
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Edward Vere 1581 1629 Died of wounds at siege of s'-Hertogenbosch during Thirty Years War Newcastle-under-Lyme (February–April 1624)
Sir Arthur Tyringham c1585 1642 Died of disease or wounds received commanding defence of Lisburn during Irish rebellion Brackley (1614) Also Member of Parliament of Ireland, PC (Ire), Governor of Newry, Custos Rotulorum of Anglesey 1640-death
Royal Standard-Bearer of England Sir Edmund Verney 1590/1596 1642 Killed during the Battle of Edgehill during the Civil War Royalist Buckingham (1624–25), New Romney (1625–26), Aylesbury (1629), Wycombe (1640-death) Knight Marshal
Lieutenant Colonel William Herbert 1642 Killed during the Battle of Edgehill Royalist Cardiff (1640-death)
Colonel Sir Oliver St John, later 5th Baron St John of Bletso 1603 1642 Died of wounds after Battle of Edgehill Civil War Roundhead Bedfordshire (1624–29) KB
Sir Richard Buller 1578 1642 Died after retreat from Launceston in Civil War Roundhead St Germans (1621), Saltash (1625–29), Cornwall (1640), Fowey (1640-death) High Sheriff of Cornwall 1637
Colonel Thomas Smith or Smyth 1609 1642 Died while serving with Royalist army at Cardiff Royalist Bridgwater (1628–29 and 1640-August 1642), Somerset (1640)
General Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke 1607 1643 Killed by a sniper in Lichfield during the Civil War Roundhead Warwick (1628)
General Spencer Compton, Lord Compton, later 2nd Earl of Northampton 1601 1643 Killed during Battle of Hopton Heath during the Civil War Royalist Ludlow (1621–29) KB; Master of the Robes to Prince of Wales Charles II
Lieutenant-General Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull 1584 1643 Captured by Roundheads at Gainsborough, then killed by friendly fire when boat transporting him to Hull was fired on by Royalist artillery Civil War Royalist Nottinghamshire (1601–04) High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire 1613
Colonel Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610 1643 Killed during the First Battle of Newbury during the Civil War along with The Earl of Carnarvon and the Earl of Sunderland Parliamentarian, then Royalist from 1642 Newport (Isle of Wight) (1640–42) Scottish peer so could sit in English Commons; PC; Secretary of State (1642-death)
Colonel William Brooke, 12th Baron Cobham 1601 1643 Died of wounds received on Roundhead side at First Battle of Newbury Rochester (1628–29) KB
Colonel The Hon. Ferdinando Stanhope 1643 Killed at Bridgeford during the Civil War Royalist Tamworth (1640-death)
Colonel Sir Bevil Grenville 1596 1643 Killed during the Battle of Lansdowne during the Civil War Royalist Cornwall (1621–25 and 1640–42), Launceston (1625–29 and 1640)
Colonel Nicholas Kendall c1577 1643 Killed at siege of Bristol during the Civil War. Royalist Lostwithiel (1625 and 1640) Recorder of Lostwithiel
Colonel Sir Nicholas Slanning 1606 1643 Killed at siege of Bristol Royalist Plympton Erle (1640), Penryn (1640–42) Governor of Pendennis Castle 1635, Recorder of Plympton St Maurice 1640
John Trevanion 1613 1643 Killed at siege of Bristol Royalist Grampound (1640), Lostwithiel (1640-death)
Trooper Sidney Godolphin 1610 1643 Killed at Chagford during Civil War Royalist Helston (1628–29 and 1640-death)
Colonel John Hampden c1595 1643 Killed at Battle of Chalgrove Field during Civil War Roundhead Grampound (1621), Wendover (1624–29), Buckinghamshire (1640-death)
Colonel Henry Bulstrode 1578 1643 Died serving in Roundhead army in Civil War Helston (1614), Buckinghamshire (1625) Governor of Aylesbury and Henley-on-Thames 1643
Colonel Arthur Goodwin c.1593/94 1643 Died of 'camp fever' after campaign in Buckinghamshire in Civil War Roundhead High Wycombe (1621–24), Aylesbury (1626), Buckinghamshire (1640-death) Parliamentary Commander-in-Chief, Buckinghamshire, 1643
Colonel Sir William Pennyman, 1st Baronet 1607 1643 Died of plague in Oxford during Civil War Royalist Richmond, Yorkshire (1640–42) Governor of Oxford
Sir Edward Noel, later 2nd Viscount Campden 1582 1643 Died in the Royalist garrison at Oxford during Civil War Civil War Royalist Rutland (1601)
Colonel John Fenwick 1644 Killed during Battle of Marston Moor during the Civil War Royalist Morpeth (1640–1644)
Colonel Sir John Mill c1608 1644 Died after capture by Roundhead forces at Christchurch, Hampshire Civil War Royalist Lymington (1625)
Sir William Savile, 3rd Baronet 1612 1644 Killed in action near York during Civil War Royalist Yorkshire 1640, Old Sarum 1641-42 Royalist Governor of Sheffield and York.
Michael Warton 1593 1645 Killed during Great Siege of Scarborough Castle during the Civil War Royalist Beverley (1640–1644)
Colonel Sir Richard Hutton 1594 1645 Killed as Royalist in battle at Sherburn-in-Elmet during the Civil War Knaresborough (1626–29) Governor of Knaresborough Castle 1642
Sir Richard Cave c1593 1645 Killed at Battle of Naseby during Civil War Royalist Lichfield (1641–42)
Colonel Sir Thomas Aston, 1st Baronet 1600 1645 Struck on head attempting to escape Roundhead captivity in Stafford and died of fever it and other wounds caused in the Civil War Royalist Cheshire (1640) High Sheriff of Cheshire (1635)
Colonel Thomas Lowther 1602 1645 Died of tuberculosis at Newark during the Civil War Civil War Royalist Berwick-upon-Tweed (1626–28), Appleby (1628-29) Governor of Pontefract Castle 1644-45
Thomas Leedes 1645 Killed at Oxford during the Civil War Royalist Steyning (1640–1642)
Sir William Croft c1595 1645 Killed after attempted raid on Stokesay Castle in Civil War Civil War Royalist Launceston (1614), Malmesbury (1626–29)
Colonel Sir Marmaduke Roydon 1583 1646 Died of illness in command in Berkshire during the Civil War Civil War Royalist Aldeburgh (1628–29) Governor of Faringdon (1645-death)
Colonel John Ramsden 1594 1646 Killed at the Siege of Newark in the Civil War Royalist Pontefract (1628, 1640)
Colonel Mr Nicholas Kemeys, later Sir Nicholas, 1st Baronet by 1593 1648 Killed leading defence of Chepstow Castle in Civil War Civil War Royalist Monmouthshire (1628–29) High Sheriff of Monmouthshire 1631, High Sheriff of Glamorganshire 1638, Royalist Governor of Cardiff.
Colonel Sir Francis Thornhagh 1617 1648 Killed near Chorley after Battle of Preston (1648) during the Civil War Roundhead East Retford (1646–death)
Colonel Thomas Rainsborough 1610 1648 Killed at siege of Pontefract during Civil War Roundhead Droitwich (1647-death)
Colonel Ralph Sneyd 1650 Shot while fighting on the Isle of Man during Civil War Royalist Stafford (1640–1642)
Colonel John Moore 1599 1650 Died of fever in Ireland during Irish Confederate Wars Roundhead Liverpool (1640-death) Governor of Dublin 1649-death
Lieutenant-General the Duke of Hamilton William Hamilton, Earl of Lanark, later 2nd Duke of Hamilton 1616 1651 Died of wounds at Battle of Worcester Royalist Portsmouth, 1640 Scottish Peer so could sit in English House of Commons; KG, Secretary of State, Scotland (1641–49)
General Henry Ireton 1611 1651 Died of fever after Siege of Limerick Roundhead Appleby (1645-death) Lord Deputy of Ireland (1651-death)
General at Sea Edward Popham 1610 1651 Died of fever in naval command at Dover during Civil War Roundhead Minehead (1645–48)
General at Sea Robert Blake 1598 1657 Died at sea from wounds received in Anglo-Spanish War en route to Plymouth Roundhead Bridgwater (1640, 1645, 1654) Taunton (1656-death)
Lieutenant-Colonel Francis White 1657 Lost at sea on Goodwin Sands returning from Flanders Roundhead Tewkesbury (1656-death)
Captain (naval) Charles Berkeley, 1st Earl of Falmouth 1630 1665 Killed during the Battle of Lowestoft along with Earl of Marlborough and the Earl of Portland when a chain shot decapitated them Royalist New Romney (1661–1664)
Captain-Lieutenant The Honourable Edward Montagu c1636 1665 Died at Bergen, Norway in Battle of Vågen Royalist Sandwich (1661-death) Son of 2nd Baron Montague of Boughton, hence Honourable; master of horse to the Queen.
Vice-Admiral Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich 1625 1672 Battle of Solebay Roundhead to 1660, then Royalist Huntingdonshire (1645–60), Dover (1660) KG, English Ambassador to Spain (1666); cousin of namesake died at Vagen.
Captain Sir Frescheville Holles 1642 1672 Battle of Solebay Royalist Grimsby (1667-death) FRS, Mayor of Grimsby 1669
Admiral Sir Edward Spragge 1629 August 1673 Fourth Battle of Texel Royalist Dover (February 1673-death, but did not sit)
Captain John Trelawny c1646 1680 Killed in Tangier West Looe (1677-death)
Wadham Strangways 1646 1685 Killed by rebel musketeer on duty with West Dorset Militia in Bridport during the Monmouth Rebellion Bridport (1677–79) Governor of Portland Castle 1679-death
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles FitzWilliam c1646 September 1689 Died during Williamite War in Ireland Whig Peterborough (1685–87 and January 1689-death) Son of 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam, hence Honourable
Colonel Philip Babington c1632 1690 Died of fever during Williamite War in Ireland Berwick-upon-Tweed (1689) Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed 1689-death
Colonel Sir Francis Edwardes, 1st Baronet 1643 1690 Died during Williamite War in Ireland Shrewsbury (1685–87 and 1689-death) Mayor of Shrewsbury 1685
Lieutenant-General Percy Kirke c1646 1691 Died at Brussels on service during War of the Grand Alliance Tory West Looe (1689–90) Keeper of Whitehall Palace 1687-death
Lieutenant-General Thomas Tollemache c1651 1694 Died at Plymouth of wounds received in attack on Brest during War of the Grand Alliance Malmesbury (1689–90), Chippenham (1692-death) Governor of Portsmouth (1690-death)
Captain William Bokenham 1702 Died at sea after Battle of Vigo Bay during War of the Spanish Succession Whig Rochester (1701–02)
Lewis Oglethorpe 1681 1704 Died of wounds received at Battle of Schellenberg Haslemere (1702-death)
Colonel Thomas Stringer 1660 1706 Died in Flanders during War of the Spanish Succession Clitheroe (1698-death)
Lieutenant-Colonel George Dashwood 1669 1706 Died aboard ship at Torbay embarking with his regiment to Spain during War of the Spanish Succession Tory Sudbury (1703–05)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Cloudesley Shovell 1650 1707 Died at sea in Scilly naval disaster of 1707 returning from the Mediterranean during War of the Spanish Succession (drowned or murdered by civilian robber onshore) Rochester (1695-1701 and 1705-death)
Brigadier-General William Nassau de Zuylestein, Viscount Tunbridge, later 2nd Earl of Rochford 1682 1710 Killed at Battle of Almenara in War of the Spanish Succession Whig Steyning (1708–09) Also Member of the Parliament of Ireland
Colonel Lord James Cavendish 1701 November 1741 Died in West Indies during War of Jenkins's Ear. Whig Malton (May 1741-death) Son of 2nd Duke of Devonshire, hence Lord.
Captain Lord Augustus Fitzroy 1716 1741 Died in West Indies during War of Jenkins's Ear Whig Thetford (1739-death) Son of 2nd Duke of Grafton, hence Lord.
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Campbell c1695 1741 Died in Jamaica during War of Jenkins's Ear. Argyllshire (1736-death)
Captain James Cornewall 1698 1744 Killed at Battle of Toulon during War of the Austrian Succession Weobley (1732–34, 1737–41)
Lieutenant-General Sir James Campbell c1680 1745 Died of wounds received at Battle of Fontenoy in War of the Austrian Succession Whig Ayrshire (1727–41) KB; Governor of Edinburgh Castle 1738-death
Colonel The Honourable Robert Douglas c1703 1745 Killed at Battle of Fontenoy Whig Orkney and Shetland (1730-death) Son of 13th Earl of Morton, hence Honourable
Captain Charles Ross 1721 1745 Killed at Battle of Fontenoy Ross-shire (1741-death)
Colonel Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet 1684 1746 Killed at Battle of Falkirk during Jacobite Rebellion Whig Tain Burghs (1710–41)
Captain Lord George Graham 1715 1747 Died of illness contracted at sea during War of the Austrian Succession Whig Stirlingshire (1741-death) Son of 1st Duke of Montrose, hence 'Lord'
Captain Thomas Grenville 1719 1747 Mortally wounded in First Battle of Cape Finisterre (1747) during War of the Austrian Succession Whig Bridport (1746-death)
Brigadier-General William Douglas 1688 1747 Died in Flanders during War of the Austrian Succession Whig Kinross-shire (1715–22)
Brigadier-General George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe 1725 1758 Battle of Carillon Tory Nottingham (1747–death) Irish peer so could sit in the Commons
Major John Rutherfurd 1712 1758 Killed serving with Royal Americans at Battle of Carillon Roxburghshire (1734–42)
Colonel Sir John Armytage, 2nd Baronet 1732 1758 Battle of Saint Cast Tory York (1754–death)
Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pleydell Dawnay, 3rd Viscount Downe 1727 1760 Wounds received at Battle of Campen Tory Yorkshire (1750–death) Irish peer so could sit in the Commons
Rear-Admiral Charles Holmes 1711 1761 Died in command at Jamaica during Seven Years' War Newport (Isle of Wight) (1758-death)
Captain Sir William Peere Williams, 2nd Baronet c1730 1761 Killed in Capture of Belle Île New Shoreham (1758-death)
Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Townshend 1736 1762 Killed at Battle of Wilhelmsthal Eye (1758–60, 1760-death)
Captain Lord William Campbell 1731 1778 Died from effects of wound received in attack on Fort Moultrie in American War of Independence Argyllshire (1764–66) Governor of Nova Scotia (1766-73), Governor of South Carolina (1775)
Lieutenant-Colonel The Honourable John Maitland 1732 1779 Died of fever after Siege of Savannah in American War of Independence Haddington Burghs (1774-death) Son of 6th Earl of Lauderdale, hence Honourable.
Colonel James Dundas 1721 1780 Died of fever en route to Jamaica Linlithgowshire (1770–74)
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet 1741 3 October 1780 Died in Jamaica commanding expedition against Nicaragua Tregony (1774-June 1780)
Major-General William Phillips 1731 1781 Died of disease in Virginia during American War of Independence Boroughbridge (1775–80)
Rear-Admiral Lord Robert Manners 1758 1782 Battle of the Saintes Tory Cambridgeshire (1780-death)
Lieutenant-GeneralRight Honourable Sir Eyre Coote 1726 1783 Died of illness at Madras in command during Second Anglo-Mysore War Leicester (1768–74), Poole (1774-80) KB, Commander-in-Chief, India (1779-death); previously Member of Parliament of Ireland
Captain Right Honourable Richard Barry, 7th Earl of Barrymore 1769 1793 Accidentally killed with own gun when escorting French prisoners of war to Dover during French Revolutionary Wars Heytesbury (1791-death) Irish peer, so could sit in the Commons.
Major-General Thomas Dundas 1750 1794 Died of Yellow Fever after capture of Guadaloupe in French Revolutionary Wars Orkney and Shetland (1771–80) Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey 1793, Governor of Guadaloupe 1794
Captain The Honourable William Paget 1769 1794 Died at sea of reopened wound during French Revolutionary Wars Whig Anglesey (1790-death)
Brigadier-General Stephens Howe 1758 1796 Died of Yellow Fever in Jamaica in French Revolutionary Wars Great Yarmouth (1795-death)
Major Alexander Telfer Smollett c1764 1799 Killed at Battle of Alkmaar in French Revolutionary Wars Dunbartonshire (1797-death)
Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Abercromby 1734 1801 Died of wounds after Battle of Alexandria in French Revolutionary Wars Clackmannanshire left Commons 1786 KB Governor of Trinidad 1797
Vice-Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour 1759 1801 Died of yellow fever off Jamaica during French Revolutionary Wars. Newport (Isle of Wight) (1784–86), Tregony (1788-90), Wendover (1790–96), Portsmouth (1796-death)
Rear-Admiral John Willett Payne 1752 1803 Died in Greenwich naval hospital of illness sustained at sea during French Revolutionary Wars Huntingdon (1787–96)
Captain William Proby, Lord Proby 1779 1804 Died of yellow fever at Suriname during Napoleonic Wars Whig Buckingham (1802-death) Son of Earl of Carysfort hence Lord Proby.
Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Troubridge c1758 1807 Lost in sinking of HMS Blenheim in cyclone off Madagascar during Napoleonic War Great Yarmouth left Commons 1806
Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Honyman c1781 1808 Died of Yellow Fever in Jamaica during Napoleonic War Orkney and Shetland (1806–07)
Major-General John Randall Mackenzie c1763 1809 Killed at Battle of Talavera during the Peninsular War Tain Burghs (1806–08), Sutherland (1808-death) Governor of Alderney 1806
Lieutenant-General Alexander Mackenzie-Fraser 1758 1809 Died in London of fever contracted in Walcheren Campaign Cromartyshire (1802–06), Ross-shire (1806-death)
Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore 1761 1809 Fatally wounded at the Battle of Corunna during the Peninsular War Tory Lanark Burghs (1784–1790) KB
Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Symes 1761 1809 Died on homeward voyage after Battle of Corunna Carlow Borough (1806), Heytesbury (1807) FRS
Major-General Robert Craufurd 1764 1812 Mortally wounded at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo and died four days later Tory East Retford (1802–1806)
Major Edward Charles Cocks 1786 1812 Killed at Siege of Burgos in Peninsular War Reigate (1806-death)
Lieutenant-Colonel Cecil Bisshopp 1783 1813 Died of wounds received in Raid on Black Rock during Anglo-American War Newport (Isle of Wight) (1811–12)
Vice-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood, 1st Baronet 1762 1814 Died at Madras in command of East Indies Station during Napoleonic War Westminster (1806–07), Bridport (1807-12) KB
Captain Sir Peter Parker, 2nd Baronet 1785 1814 Killed at Battle of Caulk's Field during Anglo-American War Tory Wexford Borough (1810–11)
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Sullivan, 2nd Baronet 1785 1814 Killed at Battle of Toulouse Tory Lincoln (1812-death)
Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Picton 1758 1815 Killed at the Battle of Waterloo Pembroke (1813-death) GCB Governor of Trinidad (1797-1802) Governor of Tobago (1803)
Major-General The Hon. Sir William Ponsonby 1772 1815 Killed at the Battle of Waterloo Tory Londonderry (1812–death) KCB
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Byam Martin 1773 1854 Died in command at Portsmouth during Crimean War Plymouth (1818–32) GCB; Comptroller of the Navy (1816–31)
Lieutenant-Colonel Lauderdale Maule 1807 1854 Died at Constantinople of cholera contracted in Crimean War Forfarshire (1852-death)
Lieutenant-Colonel Edward William Pakenham 1819 1854 Killed Battle of Inkerman in Crimean War Conservative Antrim (1852-death)
Field-Marshal The Hon FitzRoy Somerset, later 1st Baron Raglan 1788 1855 Died of dysentery during the Crimean War Tory Truro left Commons 1829 PC GCB
Major-General James Bucknall Bucknall Estcourt 1803 1855 Died of cholera in the Crimea Devizes (1848–52)
Major-General The Honourable George Anson 1797 1857 Died of cholera during Siege of Delhi Conservative Great Yarmouth (1818–35), Stoke-on-Trent (1836-37), Staffordshire South (left Commons 1853) Son of Viscount Anson hence 'Honourable: CB, Commander-in-Chief, India (1856-death)
Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Havelock-Allan, 1st Baronet 1830 1897 Killed at Khyber Pass, Afghanistan Liberal Unionist Sunderland (1874–81), South East Durham (1885–92 and 1895–death) VC GCB DL

First World War[edit]

Rank in Military Name Born Killed/Died Where/How Political Party MP's Seat Honours
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Duncombe, 2nd Earl of Feversham 1879 1916 Killed during the Battle of Flers-Courcelette Conservative Thirsk and Malton (1906–1915)
Lieutenant-Colonel The Hon. Guy Victor Baring 1873 1916 Killed during the Battle of the Somme Conservative Winchester Mentioned in Despatches, Queen's South Africa Medal with three clasps, also a younger son of Alexander Baring, 4th Baron Ashburton so styled The Honourable
Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Ninian Crichton-Stuart 1883 1915 Killed while leading the 6th Welsh in a night attack on the Hohenzollern Redoubt, near La Bassée Liberal Unionist Party Cardiff JP, the second son of John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute so styled Lord
Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Clive 1873 1918 Killed in action when attached to the 1/5th Lancashire Fusiliers, 5 April 1918 at Bucquoy Liberal Unionist Party Ross DSO, DL, FGS, Legion of Honour, Croix de Guerre, and was twice Mentioned in Despatches
Lieutenant-Colonel Duncan Frederick Campbell 1876 1916 Wounded by a mine on the Western Front and died of his wounds at Southwold Unionist North Ayrshire DSO
Major The Hon. Charles Henry Lyell 1875 1918 Died of pneumonia while serving as Assistant Military Attaché to the USA Liberal East Dorset (1904–10), Edinburgh South (1910-17) The only son and Heir of Leonard Lyell, 1st Baron Lyell so styled The Honourable
Major Lord Alexander Thynne 1873 1918 Killed in action in France Conservative Bath DSO, Younger son of John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath so styled Lord
Major Valentine Fleming 1882 1917 Killed by German bombing in Gillemont Farm area, Picardy, France Conservative Henley DSO
Major Philip Glazebrook 1880 1918 Killed in action on 7 March 1918 at Bireh, near Jerusalem Conservative Manchester South DSO
Major Francis Bennett-Goldney 1865 1918 Died in US hospital in Brest after car accident in France Independent Unionist Canterbury Athlone Pursuivant of the Order of St Patrick
Captain William Hoey Kearney Redmond 1861 1917 Died from wounds at the Battle of Messines Irish Parliamentary Party Clare East
Captain Dr. John Joseph Esmonde 1862 1915 Died of pneumonia and heart failure consequent on the strain of overwork Irish Parliamentary Party North Tipperary LRCSI
Captain The Hon. Thomas Agar-Robartes 1880 1915 Wounded in the Battle of Loos on 28 September and killed by a sniper Liberal St Austell Division Eldest son and Heir of Thomas Agar-Robartes, 6th Viscount Clifden so styled The Honourable
Captain The Hon. Harold Thomas Cawley 1878 1915 Killed in the Battle of Gallipoli Liberal Heywood The second son of Frederick Cawley, 1st Baron Cawley so styled The Honourable
Captain The Hon. Oswald Cawley 1882 1918 Killed in action near Merville Liberal Prestwich (31 January 1918-death) The fourth and youngest son of Frederick Cawley, 1st Baron Cawley so styled The Honourable
Captain The Hon. Arthur O'Neill 1876 1914 Killed in action at Klein Zillebeke ridge Ulster Unionist Party Mid Antrim Second but eldest surviving son and Heir of Edward O'Neill, 2nd Baron O'Neill so styled The Honourable
Captain The Rt. Hon Neil James Archibald Primrose 1882 1917 Killed in Gezer during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign while leading his squadron against Turkish positions on the Abu Shusheh ridge during the Third Battle of Gaza Liberal Wisbech MC, Second son of the former Prime Minister Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery so styled the Honourable, however was created a Privy Counsellor so styled The Right Honourable
Captain Michael Hugh Hicks-Beach, Viscount Quenington 1877 1916 Died as a result of wounds received at Katia, Egypt Conservative Tewkesbury Eldest son of the former Chancellor, Michael Hicks-Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn so held the courtesy title of Viscount Quenington which was a subsidiary title held by his father
Lieutenant The Hon. Francis Walter Stafford McLaren 1886 1917 Died following a flying accident during training at RAF Montrose Liberal Spalding Younger son of Charles McLaren, 1st Baron Aberconway so styled The Honourable
Lieutenant The Hon. Charles Thomas Mills 1887 1915 Killed in action 6 October 1915 at Hulluch Conservative Uxbridge Division Baby of the House, also eldest son and Heir of Charles William Mills, 2nd Baron Hillingdon so styled The Honourable
Lieutenant The Hon. William Walrond 1876 1915 Died from wounds Conservative Tiverton Eldest Son and Heir of William Walrond, 1st Baron Waleran so styled The Honourable
Lieutenant Thomas Michael Kettle 1880 1916 Killed in action in the Battle of the Somme Conservative East Tyrone (1906–10) Professor of National Economics at University College Dublin
Lieutenant William Glynne Charles Gladstone 1885 1915 Killed in action in France Liberal Party Kilmarnock Burghs Grandson of William Ewart Gladstone
2nd Lieutenant Gerald Archibald Arbuthnot 1872 1916 Killed in action in France Conservative Burnley (1910-1910)

Died after end of hostilities but listed as First World War casualty by Commonwealth War Graves Commission:[22]

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Mark Sykes, 6th Baronet (5th Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment); born 1879: died 1919 of Spanish influenza at Paris while attending peace negotiations. MP (Conservative Party) for Hull Central (1911-death).

Second World War[edit]

Rank in Military Name Born Killed/Died Where/How Political Party MP's Seat Honours
Brigadier John Whiteley 1898 1943 Killed in plane crash in Gibraltar while escorting General Sikorski Conservative Party Buckingham OBE
Colonel Lionel Beaumont Thomas 1893 1942 Lost at sea during gale after torpedoeing of MV Henry Stanley off the Azores while on mission travel Conservative Birmingham King's Norton (1929–35) MC
Colonel Victor Cazalet 1896 1943 Killed in plane crash in Gibraltar while escorting General Sikorski Conservative Party Chippenham MC
Colonel Edward Orlando Kellett 1902/03[23] 1943 Killed in action fighting in North Africa Conservative Party Birmingham Aston DSO
Colonel John Macnamara 1905 1944 Killed in action fighting in Italy Conservative Party Chelmsford
Colonel James Baldwin-Webb 1894 1940 Drowned when the SS City of Benares was torpedoed Conservative Party The Wrekin TD
Lieutenant-Colonel Frank Heilgers 1892 1944 Killed in the Ilford rail crash Conservative Bury St Edmunds
Lieutenant-Colonel The Hon. Somerset Maxwell 1905 1942 Died of wounds received at the Battle of El Alamein Conservative Party King's Lynn Eldest son and Heir of Arthur Kenlis Maxwell, 11th Baron Farnham so styled The Honourable
Commander Rupert Brabner 1911 1945 Killed in a plane crash near the Azores, while leading a delegation to Canada Conservative Party Hythe DSO, DSC, was Under-Secretary of State for Air when he died
Lieutenant-Colonel James Despencer-Robertson 1886 1942 Died suddenly, apparently from overwork as military secretary at Southern Command Headquarters Conservative Party Salisbury OBE
Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony Muirhead 1890 1939 Committed suicide owing to his fear that a leg-injury might prevent his service in the war Conservative Party Wells MC & Bar TD, was also Parliamentary Under-Secretary for India and Burma when he died
Major Lord Apsley 1895 1942 Killed in action in a plane crash in the Middle-East Conservative Party Bristol Central DSO, MC, TD, DL, also Eldest son and Heir of Seymour Bathurst, 7th Earl Bathurst so stled Lord Apsley
Major Ronald Cartland 1907 1940 Killed in action during the retreat to Dunkirk Conservative Party Birmingham King's Norton
Captain Richard Porritt 1910 1940 Killed in action fighting in Belgium Conservative Party Heywood and Radcliffe
Captain Stuart Russell 1909 1943 Died of fever on active service in Egypt Conservative Party Darwen
Captain Hubert Duggan 1904 1943 Died of tuberculosis contracted on active service Conservative Party Acton
Captain George Charles Grey 1918 1944 Killed in action fighting in Normandy Liberal Party Berwick-upon-Tweed
Captain John Dermot Campbell 1898 1945 Killed in a plane crash in Italy during a fact-finding mission Ulster Unionist Antrim High Sheriff of Antrim in 1942
Lieutenant Dudley Joel 1904 1941 Killed in action while serving with the Royal Navy Conservative Party Dudley
Flight Lieutenant John Rathbone 1910 1940 Killed in action on bombing operations over Germany Conservative Party Bodmin
Lieutenant Peter Eckersley 1904 1940 Accidentally killed in a plane crash near Eastleigh while serving with the Fleet Air Arm Conservative Party Manchester Exchange
Lieutenant Robert Bernays 1902 1945 Killed in a plane crash in Italy during a fact-finding mission Liberal Party Bristol North
Pilot Officer Sir Arnold Wilson 1884 1940 Killed in action over northern France while a gunner in RAF Bomber Command Conservative Party Hitchin KCIE CSI CMG DSO
Private Patrick Munro 1883 1942 Died while taking part in an exercise for the Home Guard at Westminster Conservative Party Llandaff and Barry

Died after end of hostilities but listed as Second World Casualty by Commonwealth War Graves Commission:[24]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes, 1st Baronet, later 1st Baron Keyes of Zeebrugge (Royal Navy); born 1872; died 1945 of pneumonia sustained from war service and travel on government goodwill tour over 1944-45. MP (Conservative Party) for Portsmouth North (1934–43). Honours: GCB KCVO CMG DSO

Members of Parliament who died as wartime civilian casualties[edit]

Title Name known by while in Commons Born Killed/Died When/How Political Party MP's Seat Honours
Mr Matthew Wren 1629 1672 Died at Greenwich from wounds sustained as accompanying Secretary to the Duke of York at Solebay during Third Anglo-Dutch War Royalist Mitchell (1661-death) FRS, Secretary to the Duke of York (1667-death)
The Hon Coulson Wallop 1774 1807 Died in enemy captivity at Verdun during Napoleonic War Whig Andover (1796-1802) Son of Earl of Portsmouth, hence 'Honourable'
Mr Alfred Baldwin Raper 1889 1941 Drowned when SS Nerissa was torpedoed in Second World War Conservative Party Islington East (1918–22)
Rt Hon The Earl of Kimberley John Wodehouse, Lord Wodehouse 1883 1941 Killed in air raid on London, Second World War Liberal Party Mid Norfolk (1906–10) CBE MC
Sir Percy Alden 1865 1944 Killed by German V1 flying bomb attack on London, Second World War Liberal, after 1918 Labour Tottenham (1906–18), Tottenham South (1923-24)

Members of Parliament who have been accidentally killed[edit]

Title/Rank Name known by while in Commons Born Killed Political Party MP's Seat Offices Held
Sir Ralph Carminowe before 1339 1386 (pulled over cliff by hounds when hunting) Cornwall (1383, 1384, and 1386 but died before taking seat) High Sheriff of Cornwall 1378
Sir Thomas Rempston 1406 (drowned in River Thames near London Bridge) Nottinghamshire (1381–86, 1393–94, 1395–99) KG PC; Sheriff of Nottinghamshire 1393, Constable of the Tower 1399-death
Mr Edward Burnebury 1432 (drowned in well) Launceston (1410–11, 1413, 1414, 1417, 1419, 1422) Coroner of Cornwall 1423
Mr Francis Yaxley 1565 (lost in shipwreck in North Sea) Stamford (1555–58), Saltash (1558)
Sir Humphrey Gilbert c1539 1583 (lost in storm on HMS Squirrel returning from Newfoundland) Plymouth (1571–72), Queenborough (1580-death)
Sir John Glanville 1542 1600 (fall from horse while travelling on judicial circuit) Launceston (1584–85), Tavistock (1586-87), St Germans (1593) Recorder of Launceston 1590, Justice of the Common Pleas 1598-death.
Mr Thomas Warre c1576 1617 (drowned in River Severn) Bridgwater (1614) Recorder of Bridgwater 1610-death
Sir Robert Knollys 1547 1619 (after fall) Reading (1572–86), Breconshire (1589-1611) KB
Mr John Whitson c1558 1629 (fall from horse) Bristol (1605–21 and 1625–28) High Sheriff of Bristol 1589, Mayor of Bristol 1616
Sir Miles Hobart 1595 1632 (carriage accident) Marlow 1628-29
Sir Walter Long c1594 1637 (fall from horse when drunk)[25] Westbury (1621–24 and 1625–28)
Sir Thomas Lucy 1583/86 8 December 1640 (fall from horse) Warwickshire (1614–28 and 1640), Warwick (November 1640-death)
Rt Hon Lord Fairfax of Cameron (Ferdinando Fairfax to 1640) 1584 1648 (accident unspecified causing gangrene in leg) Roundhead Boroughbridge (1614–29, 1640), Yorkshire (1640-death) Scottish peer so able to sit in English parliament. Governor of Hull (1643–44), Governor of York (1644)
Sir Richard Onslow 1601 1664 (allegedly struck by lightning)[26] Roundhead before 1660, Royalist since Surrey (1628–29, 1640–48, 1654, 1656-57), Guildford (1660-death)
Mr Thomas Robinson 1608 1665 (gored by pet bull) Royalist Helston (1660-death)
Sir Robert Brooke 1637 1669 (drowned bathing in River Rhone in Avignon, France) Aldeburgh (1660-death)
Sir Henry Marten 1602 1680 (choked on supper in prison) Roundhead Berkshire (1640–43, 1646–53)
Mr Edmund Waring c1620 1682 (drowned in pond after drinking)[27] Roundhead Bridgnorth (1656, 1658) High Sheriff of Shropshire (1657-59), Governor of Shrewsbury (1659–60)
Most Honourable The Marquess of Worcester Charles Somerset, styled Lord Herbert of Raglan to 1682, Marquess of Worcester from 1682 1660 1698 (coach accident) Monmouth (1679–80). Gloucester (1681-85), Monmouthshire (1685–87 and 1689–95), Gloucestershire (1685–89) Eldest son of Henry Somerset, 3rd Marquess of Worcester, hence titled Lord Herbert of Raglan, until 1682 when his father was created Duke of Beaufort, when the Marquessate of Worcester became courtesy title of eldest son.
Sir John Aubrey, 2nd Baronet c1650 1700 (fall from horse) Brackley (1698-death) High Sheriff of Glamorganshire 1685
Mr Legh Banks 1666 1703 (drowned crossing River Dee near Chester) Newton (1695–98)
Sir John Cordell, 3rd Baronet 1677 1704 (fall from horse) Sudbury (1701)
Mr Irby Montagu c1656 1704 (fall from horse riding in Enfield Chase) Whig Maldon (1695-1701)
Sir David Ramsay, 4th Baronet After 1673 1710 (fall from horse) Tory Kincardineshire (1708-death) Previously MP Parliament of Scotland
Mr James Herbert 1721 (drowned falling off footbridge into River Thames at Thame) Tory Queenborough (1710–13), Amersham (1714-15) and Oxfordshire (1715-death)
Sir William Strickland, 3rd Baronet 1665 1724 (fall from hunting horse) Whig Malton (1689–98, 1701–08, 1722-death), Yorkshire (1708–10), Old Sarum (1716-22)
Sir John Curzon, 3rd Baronet 1672 1727 (fall from horse hunting) Tory Derbyshire (1701-death)
Lord William Powlett 1666 1729 (fall from horse) Whig Winchester (1689-1710 and 1715-death), Lymington (1710–15) Son of 1st Duke of Bolton, hence 'Lord'; Mayor of Lymington 1701-03, 1724, 1728; Recorder of Grimsby 1699-death
Mr Exton Sayer c1691 1731 (riding accident) Whig Helston (1726–27), Totnes (1727-death) Judge Advocate, Court of Admiralty (1726-death)
Sir Mr John Stapylton c1683 1733 (fall from horse) Boroughbridge (1705–08)
Sir William Keyt, 3rd Baronet 1688 1741 (house fire caused by himself when insane) Tory Warwick (1722–35)
Sir Erasmus Philipps c1700 1743 (drowned in River Avon near Bath) Haverfordwest (1726-death)
Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 3rd Baronet 1692 1749 (fall from hunting horse) Tory Denbighshire (1716–41 and 1742-death), Montgomeryshire (1741–42)
The Honourable William Howard, Viscount Andover 1714 1756 (fall from carriage) Anti-Walpole Whig Castle Rising (1737–47) Son of Earl of Suffolk, hence Viscount Andover
Sir John Lade, 1st Baronet c1731 1759 (unsuccessful amputation after fall from hunting horse)[28] Camelford (1755-death)
Lieutenant-General John Stanwix 1690 1766 (lost in sinking of The Eagle crossing Irish Sea) Whig Carlisle (1741–42 and 1746–61), Appleby (1761-death) Lieutenant-Governor Isle of Wight
Most Honourable Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock 1739 1767 (fall from hunting horse) Whig Bedfordshire (1761-to death) Eldest son of John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford so titled Marquess of Tavistock.
Right Honourable The Lord Sandys Mr Samuel Sandys 1695 1770 (overturning of post-chaise) Whig Worcester (1718–43) PC; Chancellor of the Exchequer (1742–43), Speaker of the House of Lords (1756)
Lord William Manners 1697 1772 (fall from horse) Tory Leicestershire (1719–34), Newark left Commons 1754
Mr Francis Owen 1745 16 November 1774 (collapse of bridge over which he was riding) Helston (11 October 1774-death)
Mr Lauchlan Macleane c1727 1778 (lost as passenger in foundering of HMS Swallow (1769) en route home from India) Arundel (1768–71) Governor of St Vincent (1766), Under Secretary of State (1766–68)
Right Honourable The Earl Temple Richard Grenville, Viscount Cobham 1711 1779 (fall from phaeton) Whig Buckingham (1734–41 and 1747–52), Buckinghamshire (1741–47) KG PC; First Lord of the Admiralty (1756–57), Lord Privy Seal (1757-61), Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (1758–63)
Captain The Honourable Robert Boyle-Walsingham 1736 1780 (lost in sinking of HMS Thunderer in hurricane off Jamaica) Knaresborough (1758–60 and 1768-death), Fowey (1761–68) Son of Earl of Shannon, hence 'Honourable'; FRS
Mr Henry Howorth c1746 1783 (drowned in boating accident when yachting) Abingdon (1782-death) KC; Recorder of Abingdon 1780
Sir Herbert Mackworth, 1st Baronet 1737 1791 (blood poisoning from pricked finger) Cardiff (left Commons 1790)
Colonel George Onslow 1731 1792 (after carriage accident) Tory Guildford (1760–84)
Lord Richard Barry, 7th Earl of Barrymore 1769 1793 (accidentally shot himself while escorting French prisoners of war) Heytesbury (1791–death)
The Hon John Stuart, Lord Mount Stuart 1767 1794 (after fall from horse) Tory Cardiff (1790-death) Son of Marquess of Bute, hence Lord Mount Stuart; Lord Lieutenant of Glamorganshire (1793-death)
Mr Thomas Whitmore c1743 1795 (drowned in well in own garden)[29] Tory Bridgnorth (1771-death)
The Hon Thomas Francis Wenman 1745 1796 (drowned in River Cherwell) Westbury left Commons 1780
The Hon James Bruce 1769 1798 (drowned crossing River Don, South Yorkshire on horseback) Marlborough (1796–97) Son of 5th Earl of Elgin, hence 'Honourable'
Mr William Jolliffe 1745 1802 (fall into home cellar) Petersfield (1768-death) Lord of Trade 1772-79 and of Admiralty 1783
Mr John Bagwell c1780 1806 (fall from horse) Cashel (1801–02)
Sir Lionel Copley, 2nd Baronet 1767 1806 (leg fracture from fall from ladder in home) Whig Tregony (1796-1802)
Right Honourable The Marquess of Thomond Rt Hon The Earl of Inchiquin 1726 1808 (fall from horse) Richmond, Yorkshire (1784–96), Liskeard (1796-1800) Irish peer so could sit in English House of Commons. KP PC (Ire)
The Hon Philip Yorke, Viscount Royston 1784 1808 (lost in sinking of Agatha of Lubeck off Memel) Reigate (1806-death) Son of Earl of Hardwicke hence Viscount Royston
Mr George Knapp 1754 1809 (fall from gig) Whig Abingdon (1807-death) Mayor of Abingdon 1792, 1797, 1799, 1807
Mr William Eden 1782 1810 (found drowned in River Thames, London) Woodstock (1806-death)
General Sir James Murray-Pulteney, 7th Baronet c1755 1811 (mortally wounded by exploding gunpowder flask) Tory Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (1790-death) PC, Secretary at War (1807–09)
Mr Richard Fleming Worsley Holmes 1792 1814 (drowned in capsize of rowing boat in River Hamble) Tory Newport (Isle of Wight) (1812-death)
Mr Ayscoghe Boucherett 1755 1815 (carriage accident) Great Grimsby (1796-1803) High Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1796
Sir Alexander Macdonald Lockhart, 1st Baronet c1776 1816 (carriage accident) Berwick-upon-Tweed (1807–12)
Mr Richard Meyler 1791 1818 (fall from horse when hunting) Winchester (1812-death)
Right Honourable The Duke of Richmond and Gordon Mr Charles Lennox 1764 1819 (died of rabies from fox bite) Conservative Sussex left Commons 1806 PC KG Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1807–13), Lord Lieutenant of Sussex (1816-death), Governor General of British North America (1818-death)
Mr William Shipley 1778 1820 (accidentally shot when hunting) Whig St Mawes (1807 and 1812–13), Flint Boroughs (1807–12)
Mr John Attersoll c1784 1822 (fall from horse) Whig Wootton Bassett (1812–13)
Mr William Shepherd Kinnersley 1780 1823 (fall from horse) Newcastle-under-Lyme (1818-death) Mayor of Newcastle-under-Lyme 1810
Sir John Stewart c1758 1825 (carriage accident) Tory County Tyrone (1802–06 and 1812-death) PC (Ire), KC (Ireland); Solicitor General of Ireland (1798-1800), Attorney General of Ireland (1800-03); former Member of Parliament of Ireland.
Mr William Huskisson 1770 1830 (killed by train) Conservative Morpeth (1796-1802), Liskeard (1804-07), Harwich (1807–12), Chichester (1812–23), Liverpool (1823–death) PC; President of the Board of Trade (1823–1827) Secretary of State for War (1827–1828)
Mr John Pringle 1796 1831 (thrown out of carriage) Lanark Burghs (1819–20)
Admiral Sir Joseph Yorke 1768 1831 (drowned in yacht capsize) Reigate (1790-1806 and 1818-death), Saint Germans (1806–10), Sandwich (1812-18) KCB
Sir James Mackintosh 1765 1832 (effects of choking on chicken bone) Whig Nairn (1813–18), Knaresborough (1818-death)
Right Honourable The Earl of Darnley Edward Bligh, Lord Clifton 1795 1835 (tetanus from axe injury when felling timber) Whig Canterbury (1818–30) Son of 4th Earl of Darnley, hence Lord Clifton; FRS, Lord Lieutenant of County Meath (1831-death)
Right Honourable The Baron Suffield The Honourable Edward Harbord 1781 1835 (fall from horse) Radical Great Yarmouth (1806–12), Shaftesbury (1820-21)
Sir Mr Thomas Tyrwhitt-Jones, later 2nd Baronet 1793 1839 (accidentally shot on hunt)[30] Tory Bridgnorth (1818–20)
Right Honourable Thomas Courtenay 1782 1841 (drowned while sea bathing) Conservative Totnes (1811–32) PC; Vice-President of the Board of Trade 1828-30
Right Honourable The Baron Sydenham Mr Charles Thomson 1799 1841 (fall from horse) Whig Dover (1826–32), Manchester (1832-39) PC GCB; President of the Board of Trade (1834, 1835–39), Governor-General of Canada (1839-death)
Mr James Barlow-Hoy c1794 1843 (died of tetanus after accidentally shooting himself in Pyrenees) Conservative Southampton (1830–31, 1832–33, 1835–37)
Mr Paulet St John-Mildmay 1791 1845 (died of tetanus after breaking leg in altercation with horse) Liberal Winchester (1818–34 and 1837–41)
Right HonourableThe Earl of Powis Edward, Viscount Clive 1785 1848 (accidentally shot on hunt) Conservative Ludlow left Commons 1839 KG, Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire (1830-death)
Right Honourable Sir Sir Robert Peel, Baronet 1788 1850 (fall from horse) Conservative Cashel (1809–12), Chippenham (1812-17), Oxford University (1817–29), Westbury (1829-30), Tamworth (1830-death) Prime Minister (1834–35 and 1841–46), Leader of the Conservative Party (1834-46),

Chancellor of the Exchequer (1834–35), Home Secretary (1822–27 and 1828–30), Chief Secretary for Ireland (1812-17)

Right Honourable The Earl of Harewood The Honourable Henry Lascelles 1797 1857 (hunting accident) Conservative Northallerton (1826–31) Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire West Riding (1846-death)
Mr Henry Porcher 1795 1857 (fall from horse) Tory Clitheroe (1822–26) Director of the Bank of England 1825-42
Right Honourable The Marquess of Queensberry Viscount Drumlanrig 1818 1858 (explosion of shotgun) Conservative Dumfriesshire left Commons 1857 PC, Lord Lieutenant of Dumfriesshire (1850-death)
Mr Herbert Ingram 1811 1860 (drowned in sinking of the Lady Elgin after collision in Lake Michigan). Liberal Boston (1856-death)
Mr Robert Aglionby Slaney 1791 1862 (effects of fall at London International Exhibition) Liberal, ex Whig Shrewsbury (1826–35, 1837–41, 1847–51, 1857-death) High Sheriff of Shropshire 1854
Dr Thomas Wakley 1795 1862 (after fall while ill with TB) Liberal Finsbury (1835–52)
The Hon George Hay, Earl of Gifford 1822 1862 (injured by falling tree)[31] Liberal Totnes (1855-death) Son of George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale, hence Earl of Gifford
Sir Cresswell Cresswell 1794 1863 (fall from horse) Conservative Liverpool (1837–42) PC KC
Lieutenant-General William Augustus Johnson 1777 1863 (following fall at home) Conservative Boston (1821–26), Oldham (1837–47) Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1830
The Most Honourable The Marquess Townshend Mr John Townshend 1798 1863 (fall from horse) Liberal Tamworth (1847–55)
Sir Mr Alexander Bannerman 1788 1864 (Downstairs fall at home when ill) Whig Aberdeen (1832–47) Provost of Aberdeen 1837, Governor of the Bahamas (1854–57), Governor of Newfoundland (1857–64)
Right Honourable John Cuffe, 3rd Earl of Desart 1818 1865 (fall during attack of paralysis) Conservative Ipswich (1842) Irish peer so could sit in the Commons; Under Secretary for War and the Colonies (1852)
Mr William Williams 1788 1865 (fall from horse) Radical Coventry (1835–47), Lambeth (1850-death)
Lieutenant-General The Earl of Cardigan James, Lord Brudenell 1797 1868 (fall from horse) Conservative Marlborough (1818–29), Fowey (1830-32), North Northamptonshire left Commons 1837 KCB
Rt Hon The Lord Farnham Hon Henry Maxwell 1799 1868 (petroleum fire in Abergele rail disaster) Conservative County Cavan left Commons 1838 KP
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, 2nd Baronet 1799 1869 (hunting accident) Whig to 1836, Conservative 1836-57, Liberal from 1857 Yorkshire (1830–32), Scarborough (1837–41, 1841-death)
Sir George Burrard, 4th Baronet 1805 1870 (drowned bathing at Lyme Regis) Lymington (1828–32)
Sir James Colquhoun, 4th Baronet 1804 1873 (drowned in Loch Lomond)[28] Dunbartonshire (1837–41) Lord Lieutenant of Dunbartonshire (1837)
Right Honourable the Lord Marjoribanks Mr David Robertson 1797 1873 (knocked down by horse drawn cab) Liberal Berwickshire (1859–73)[32] Lord Lieutenant of Berwickshire (1860-death)
Mr John Cunliffe Pickersgill-Cunliffe 1819 1873 (struck by train) Conservative Bewdley (March–April 1869)
Mr John Laird 1805 1874 (fall from horse) Conservative Birkenhead (1861-death)
The Honourable Reginald Greville-Nugent 1848 1878 (fall off horse in steeplechase) Liberal Longford (1869–70) Son of 1st Baron Greville, hence Honourable
Mr Richard Wingfield-Baker 1802 1880 (hunting accident) Liberal South Essex (1857–59, 1868–74)
Sir William Payne-Gallwey 1807 1881 (fall on turnip while shooting) Conservative Thirsk left Commons 1880
The Hon Gilbert Leigh 1851 1884 (hunting accident) Liberal Warwickshire South (1880-death) Son of 2nd Baron Leigh, hence Honourable
The Hon Guy Cuthbert Dawnay 1848 1889 (killed by buffalo in East Africa) Conservative North Riding of Yorkshire (1882–85) Son of 7th Viscount Downe so titled Honourable.
Mr William Beckett-Denison 1826 1890 (fell under train) Conservative East Retford (1876–80), Bassetlaw (1885-death)
Sir Edward Grogan, 1st Baronet 1802 1891 (fall from house window) Irish Conservative Party Dublin City (1845–65)
Rt Hon The Viscount Combermere The Hon Wellington Stapleton-Cotton 1818 1891 (run over by horsedrawn cab) Conservative Carrickfergus left Commons 1847
Mr Alexander Brogden 1825 1892 (burns from fall into hearth) Liberal Wednesbury (1868–85)
Mr William McCullagh Torrens 1813 1894 (knocked down by hansom cab) Liberal Dundalk (1848–52), Finsbury (1865-85)
Mr Garrett Byrne 1829 1897 (run over by Hackney carriage) Irish Parliamentary Party Wexford County (1880–83), West Wicklow (1885-92)
Rt Hon The Lord Herschell Mr Farrer Herschell 1837 1899 (fall in street in Washington D.C.) Liberal City of Durham (1874–85) GCB PC QC FRS; Solicitor General for England and Wales (1880–85), Lord Chancellor (1886 and 1892–95)
Mr John Edmund Severne 1826 1899 (knocked down by van horse) Conservative Ludlow (1865–68) and South Shropshire left Commons 1885
Rt Hon Mr William Wither Beach 1826 1904 (run over by cab) Conservative North Hampshire (1857–85), Andover (1885-death) PC
Mr Alexander William Black 1859 1906 (Elliot Junction rail accident) Liberal Banffshire (1900-death)
Rt Hon Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet 1832 1907 (killed in earthquake in Jamaica) Conservative Ayrshire (1854–57, 1859–68), Manchester North East left Commons 1906 PC GCSI Under-Secretary of State for India (1866–67), Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department (1867-68), Governor of South Australia (1868–73), Governor of New Zealand (1873-74), Governor of Bombay (1880–85), Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1886-91), Postmaster-General (1891–92)
Mr James Tomkinson 1840 1910 (fall from horse in House of Commons Steeplechase) Liberal Crewe (1900-death) PC
Mr Edward Brodie Hoare 1841 1911 (car crash) Conservative Hampstead left Commons 1902
Sir Henry Seton-Karr 1853 1914 (drowned in sinking of Empress of Ireland, Canada) Conservative St Helens left Commons 1906 CMG
Lieutenant The Hon Francis McLaren 1886 1917 (fatally injured in Royal Flying Corps training flight in Scotland) Liberal Spalding (1910-death)
Major Francis Bennett-Goldney 1865 1918 (car accident in France) Independent Unionist Canterbury (1910-death) Athlone Pursuivant of the Order of St Patrick
Sir Alfred Bird 1849 1922 (run over by motor car) Conservative Wolverhampton West (1910-death)
Mr Frank Lawless 1870 1922 (injured in upset pony trap) Sinn Féin Dublin North (1918-death but did not sit) Later Irish Teachta Dála
Right Honourable Commodore Douglas King 1877 1930 (drowned in yacht capsize off Cornwall). Conservative North Norfolk (1918–22), Paddington South (1922-death) CB OBE DSO VD PC Financial Secretary to the War Office (1924–28), Secretary for Mines (1928-29)
Mr John Joseph Clancy c1891/92 1932 (drowned in River Shannon at Limerick) Sinn Féin Sligo North (1918-22 but did not sit) Later Irish Teachta Dála
Viscount Antony Bulwer-Lytton, Viscount Knebworth 1903 1933 (plane crash) Conservative Hitchin (1931–death)
Sir Sir Frank Meyer 1886 1935 (hunting accident) Conservative Great Yarmouth (1924–29)
Mr Anthony Crossley 1903 1939 (plane crash) Conservative Stretford (1935–death)
Right Honourable The Lord Tweedsmuir Mr John Buchan 1875 1940 (head injury in fall during stroke) Unionist Party (Scotland) Combined Scottish Universities left Commons 1935 PC GCMG GCVO CH Governor-General of Canada (1935-death)
Right Honourable Mr Herbert Fisher 1865 1940 (knocked down by lorry) Liberal Sheffield Hallam (1916–18), Combined English Universities (1918-26) OM PC FRS; President of the Board of Education (1916–22)
Lieutenant Peter Eckersley 1904 1940 (killed in plane crash in England while serving with Fleet Air Arm) Conservative Manchester Exchange (1935-death)
Mr Luke Thompson 1867 1941 (killed by winch) Conservative Sunderland (1931–1935)
Sir Harold Hales 1868 1942 (drowned in River Thames) Conservative Hanley (1931–35)
Mr John Jagger 1872 1942 (motorcycle accident) Labour Manchester Clayton (1935–death)
Mr Emil Pickering 1882 1942 (thrown from horse) Conservative Dewsbury (1918–22) DSO TD
Brigadier John Whiteley 1898 1943 (killed in aircraft crash in Gibraltar)[33] Conservative Buckingham (1937-death) OBE
Colonel Victor Cazalet 1896 1943 (killed in same aircraft crash as Whiteley)[33] Conservative Chippenham (1924-death) MC
Lieut-Col Frank Heilgers 1892 1944 (train crash) Conservative Bury St Edmunds (1931–death)
Mr Alfred Dobbs 1882 1945 (car accident - killed day after election) Labour Smethwick (1945-death) Chairman of Labour Party (1943–1943)
Lord Cecil Manners 1868 1945 (hit by train) Conservative Melton left Commons 1906 Son of Duke of Rutland, hence 'Lord'
Mr Francis Beattie 1885 1945 (Car accident) Unionist Party (Scotland) Glasgow Cathcart (1942–death)
Mr James Walker 1883 1945 (road accident) Labour Motherwell(1935–death)
Sir William Allen 1866 1947 (Hit by lorry) Ulster Unionist Party Armagh (1922–death)
Doctor Richard Clitherow 1902 1947 (accidental barbiturate overdose) Labour Liverpool Edge Hill (1945-death)
Mr Evan Durbin 1906 1948 (drowned) Labour Edmonton (1945–death) Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Works, 1947–1948
Rt Hon Joseph Westwood 1884 1948 (car accident) Labour Stirling and Falkirk (1935–death) Secretary of State for Scotland 1945–1947
Sir Norman Lamont, 2nd Baronet 1869 1949 (gored by bull kept on Trinidad estate) Liberal Buteshire (1905–10)
Reverend James Godfrey MacManaway 1898 1951 (fall) Ulster Unionist Belfast West (February–October 1950) MBE
Mr Vyvyan Adams 1900 1951 (drowned swimming on Cornwall coast) Conservative Leeds West left Commons 1945
Mr John Emlyn-Jones 1889 1952 (plane crash) Liberal Dorset North (1922–24)
Mr Thomas Cook 1908 1952 (car crash) Labour Dundee (1945–50), Dundee East (1950-death)
Lieutenant-General Sir Noel Mason-MacFarlane 1889 1953 (effects of fall) Labour Paddington North (1945–46) KCB DSO MC & 2 Bars
Sir Walter Smiles 1883 1953 (lost in sinking of MV Princess Victoria off Larne Lough in the Great Storm) Conservative 1931-45, Ulster Unionist from 1945 Blackburn (1931–45), County Down (1945-50), North Down (1950-death) CIE DSO
Mr John Peto 1900 1954 (accidentally shot himself) Conservative Birmingham King's Norton (1941–45)
Sir Mr Leslie Orme Wilson 1876 1955 (hit by truck) Conservative Reading (1913–22), Portsmouth South left Commons 1923 GCSI GCMG GCIE PC Parliamentary Secretary Ministry of Shipping (1919–21), Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury (1921–22, 1922–23), Governor of Bombay (1923-28), Governor of Queensland (1932–46)
Sir Richard Stokes 1897 1957 (heart attack following car overturn) Labour Ipswich (1938-death) MC and bar; Minister of Materials 1951
Mr Sidney Dye 1900 1958 (car crash) Labour South West Norfolk (1945–51 and 1955-death)
Mr Wilfred Fienburgh 1919 1958 (car crash) Labour Islington North (1951-death) MBE
Mr Richard Fort 1907 1959 (car accident) Conservative Clitheroe (1950-death)
Sir Peter Macdonald 1895 1961 (following riding accident) Conservative Isle of Wight (1924–59) KBE
Mr John Henry (Jack) Jones 1894 1962 (road accident) Labour Bolton (1945–50), Rotherham (1950-death)
Mr David Webster 1923 1969 (skiing accident in Austria) Conservative Weston-Super-Mare (1958-death)
Rt Hon The Lord Grant Mr William Grant 1909 1972 (road accident) Conservative Glasgow Woodside left Commons 1962 PC Solicitor General for Scotland (1955–60), Lord Advocate (1960-62)
Sir Dingle Foot 1905 1978 (choked on chicken bone in sandwich) Liberal to 1956, then Labour Dundee (1931–45), Ipswich (1957-70) PC QC
Mr Thomas Henry Swain 1911 1979 (road accident) Labour Chesterfield (1959-death)
Mr Thomas McMillan 1919 1980 (fall from bus) Labour Glasgow Central (1966-death)
Mr Keith Wickenden 1932 July 1983 (killed in air crash) Conservative Dorking (1979-June 1983)
Rt Hon Viscount Boyd of Merton Alan Lennox-Boyd 1903 1983 (knocked down by car) Conservative Mid-Bedfordshire left Commons 1959 PC CH, Minister of Transport 1952-54, Colonial Secretary 1954-59
Rt Hon The Lord Maelor Thomas William Jones 1898 1984 (house fire) Labour Meirionnydd left Commons 1966
Rt Hon Baron Harlech The Hon David Ormsby-Gore 1918 1985 (car crash) Conservative Oswestry left Commons 1961 PC KCMG, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1956–57), Minister of State for Foreign Affairs (1957-61), British Ambassador to the United States (1961–65)
Mr David Penhaligon 1944 1986 (car accident) Liberal Truro (1974-death) President of Liberal Party, 1985-death
Mr Robert Maxwell 1923 1991 (drowned falling off yacht off Canary Islands) Labour Buckingham (1964–70) MC
Mr Stephen Milligan 1948 1994 (autoerotic asphyxiation) Conservative Eastleigh (1992-death)
Mr Bob Cryer 1934 1994 (car accident) Labour Bradford South (1987-death)
Mr Gordon Matthews 1908 2000 (following fall) Conservative Meriden (1959–64) CBE
Mr Michael Colvin 1932 2000 (house fire) Conservative Romsey (1997-death)
Rt Hon Mr Donald Dewar 1937 2000 (following fall) Labour Aberdeen South (1966–70), Glasgow Garscadden (1978-97), Glasgow Anniesland (1997-death) Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland (1983-92), Shadow Secretary of State for Social Security (1992–95), Opposition Chief Whip (1995-97), Secretary of State for Scotland (1997–99), inaugural First Minister of Scotland (1999-death)
Rt Hon The Lord Merlyn-Rees Mr Merlyn Rees 1920 2006 (effects of falls) Labour Leeds South (1963–83), Morley & Leeds South left Commons 1992 PC, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1974–76), Home Secretary (1976-79), Shadow Home Secretary (1979–80), Shadow Secretary of State for Energy (1980-82)

Members of Parliament who have been killed in a duel[edit]

Title/Rank Name known by while in Commons Born Killed Political Party MP's Seat Offices Held, Honours
Sir Sir William Drury 1550 1590 Suffolk (1584) Governor of Bergen-op-Zoom (1588)
Sir Sir Matthew Browne 1553 1603 Gatton (1601–death)
Sir Sir John Townsend 1564 1603 Orford (1601–death)
Mr George Wharton 1583 1609 Westmorland(1601–1604)
Mr Peter Legh c.1622/23 1642 Newton(1640–death)
Mr Charles Price 1645 Royalist Radnor (1621–1629)
Radnorshire (1640–1642)
Sir Henry Belasyse c.1639 1667 Royalist Grimsby (1666-death) KB
Mr Walter Norbonne 1655 1684 Calne (1679, 1681–1684)
Mr Sharington Talbot 1656 1685 Chippenham (March 1685-death)
Sir Bourchier Wrey, 4th Baronet 1653 1696 Liskeard (1678–79 and 1689-death), Devon (1685–87)
Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Baronet c.1657 1698 Whig King's Lynn (1681), Beeralston (1694–95), Norfolk (1689–90 and 1695–death) Vice-admiral of Norfolk (1691–after 1696)
Sir John Hanmer, 3rd Baronet 1701 Flint (1685–1690)
Mr Thomas Dodson c1666 1707 Tory Liskeard (1701-death)
Mr Owen Buckingham 1674 1720 Whig Reading (1708–13, 1716-death)
Sir Cholmeley Dering, 4th Baronet 1679 1711 Kent (1705-death)
Mr Charles Aldworth 1677 1714 Tory New Windsor (1712-death)
Mr George Lockhart 1673 1731 Tory Wigtown Burghs (May–December 1708)
Mr John Colclough 1767 1807 County Wexford (1806–07)[34]
Sir Alexander Boswell, 1st Baronet 1775 1822 Tory Plympton Erle (1816–21)

Members of Parliament who have been murdered[edit]

Title/Rank Name known by while in Commons Born Murdered Political Party MP's Seat Offices Held Honours
Mr Philip de Lutley c1300 1352[35] Staffordshire (1332)
Mr Hugh Snel c1315 1380[36] Stafford (1337–38, 1354, 1360, 1362–63, 1365–66, 1368–69, 1371, 1373, 1376–77) Bailiff of Stafford 1337
Mr Richard Lyons 1381 Essex (1380) Sheriff of London 1375, Warden of the Mint PC
Sir John Ipstones c1345 1394 (on arrival for session in London)[37] Staffordshire (1388, 1394-death)
Mr William Soulby 1394 Appleby (1382, 1385, 1388, 1391)
Sir Thomas Colville 1405 Yorkshire (1402)
Mr John Tregoose 1406 Helston (1379), Truro (1383, 1385–86), Bodmin (1395), Liskeard (1397) Coroner of Cornwall 1400-death
Mr Thomas Moyle 1413 Lostwithiel (1388)
Mr Robert Crackenthorpe 1438 Westmorland (1413, 1416, 1419, 1427), Appleby (1427)
Sir Sir William Tresham 1404 1450 Northamptonshire (1423-till death) Speaker of the House of Commons (1449 till death)
Mr Nicholas Radford 1455 Lyme Regis (1421), Devon (1435) Recorder of Exeter, 1442-death
Sir Thomas Thorpe 1461 Northamptonshire (1449-50), Essex (1453–55) Speaker of the House of Commons (1453–1454)
Mr William Chetwynd c1450 1494[38] Staffordshire (1491–92)
Mr Robert Pakington c1489 1536 City of London (1533-death)
Mr William Trewynnard By 1495 1549 Helston (1542)
Mr Thomas Ardern By 1516 1551 Sandwich (1547)
Mr Lewis ap Owen by 1522 1555 Merioneth (1547–53, 1554-death) Chamberlain of North Wales, High Sheriff of Merionethshire 1545 and 1554, custos rotulorum of Merioneth (1553-death)
Sir Francis Russell, Baron Russell c1554 1585 Northumberland (1572-84) Son of Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford, hence Baron Russell
Mr Edward Aglionby 1599 Carlisle (1584–85, 1593) Mayor of Carlisle several times
Rt Hon the Lord Brooke Sir Fulke Greville 1554 1628 Southampton (1581), Warwickshire (1592–1621) Treasurer of the Navy (1596–1604) Chancellor of the Exchequer (1614–1621) KB PC
Sir John Lisle 1610 1664 Roundhead Winchester (1640, 1659–60), Southampton (1654, 1656)
Mr Thomas Thynne 1648 1682 Wiltshire (1670 till death)
Sir William Estcourt, 3rd Baronet 1654 1684 Malmesbury (1679–81)
Mr Henry Goring 1646 1685 New Shoreham (1673–1678)
Bramber (1679–1685) Steyning (1685-death)
High Sheriff of Sussex 1681–82
Mr Ferdinand Foster 1670 22 August 1701 Tory Northumberland (January 1701-till death)
Lord Charles Townshend 1769 1796 (2 days after election) Great Yarmouth (1796 – 2 days) Son of 1st Marquess Townshend, hence Lord.
The Right Honourable Spencer Perceval 1762 1812 Conservative Party Northampton (1796-death) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1809 till death), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1807 till death), Leader of the House of Commons (1807 till death) and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1807 till death) KC
Sir Charles Bampfylde, 5th Baronet 1753 1823 Exeter (1774–90 and 1796-1812) High Sheriff of Somerset 1820
Mr Nathaniel Sneyd c1767 1833 Tory Cavan (1801–24) High Sheriff of Cavan 1795 Previously Member of Parliament of Ireland
Lord Lord William Russell 1767 1840 Whig Surrey (1789-1807), Tavistock (1807–1819 and 1826–1831) Lord of the Admiralty (1806–07) Son of Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock, hence Lord
The Right Honourable The Earl of Mayo Lord Naas 1822 1872 Conservative Party Cockermouth (1857–1868) Viceroy of India (1869 till death) KP, GMSI, PC
The Right Honourable The Earl of Leitrim William, Viscount Clements 1806 1878 Liberal County Leitrim left Commons 1847
The Right Honourable Lord Lord Frederick Cavendish 1836 1882 Liberal West Riding of Yorkshire North (1865 till death) Chief Secretary for Ireland (1882 till death) PC
Field Marshal Sir Henry, 1st Baronet Field Marshal Sir Henry Hughes Wilson 1864 22 June 1922 Conservative Party North Down (February 1922 till death) Chief of the Imperial General Staff (1918–22) GCB, DSO
General Michael Collins 1890 1922 Sinn Féin South Cork (1918-death, but did not sit) later Chairman of the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland and Minister for Finance (Ireland), and Commander-in-Chief, Irish National Army
Mr Kevin Christopher O'Higgins 1892 1927 Sinn Féin Queen's County (1918–22, though did not sit) Later Minister for Justice and Equality in Irish Free State government 1927
The Right Honourable Lord Moyne Walter Guinness 1880 1944 Conservative Party Bury St Edmunds (1907–1931) Leader of the House of Lords (1941–1942), Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords (1941–1942) and Secretary of State for the Colonies (1941–1942) DSO & Bar PC
Sir Sir Richard Sharples 1916 1973 Conservative Party Sutton and Cheam (1954–1972) Governor of Bermuda (1972 till death) KCMG OBE MC
Captain Walter Scott-Elliot 1895 1977 Labour Party Accrington (1945–1950) Parliamentary Private Secretary to Financial Secretaries to the War Office
Mr Airey Neave 1916 1979 Conservative Party Abingdon (1953-death) Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland DSO, OBE, MC
Reverend Robert Bradford 1941 1981 Ulster Unionist Party South Belfast (1974–death)
The Hon. Sir Sir Anthony Berry 1925 1984 Conservative Party Enfield Southgate (1983 till death) Government Whip
Mr Ian Gow 1937 1990 Conservative Party Eastbourne (1974 till death) Parliamentary Private Secretary to Margaret Thatcher the Prime Minister TD

Members of Parliament who have committed suicide[edit]

Title/Rank Name known by while in Commons Born Died Political Party MP's Seat Offices Held
Mr John Darras c1355 1408 Shropshire (1393, 1404–06) High Sheriff of Shropshire 1401
Mr Thomas Rymour 1408 Bath (1406)
The Right Honourable The Earl of Northumberland Henry Percy 1532 1585 Morpeth 1554-55, Northumberland left Commons 1572
Mr William Dodington 1600 Penryn (1571), Boston (1572)
Baron Clifton Gervase Clifton c.1579 1618 Huntingdonshire (1597–98, 1601)
Sir George Southcote 1572 1638 Plympton Erle (1597) High Sheriff of Devon 1616
Sir John Suckling 1609 1641?[39] Royalist Bramber (30 April-5 May 1640)
Mr Thomas Hoyle 1587 1650 Roundhead City of York (1628–29 and 1640-death) Lord Mayor of York 1632 and 1644
Sir Henry Vane 1589 1655[40] Roundhead from 1641 Lostwithiel (1614), Carlisle (1621–26), Wilton (1640-53), Kent (1654-death) PC, Treasurer of the Household (1639–41), Secretary of State (1640-41), Lord Lieutenant of Durham (1642)
Sir William Morley c.1586 1658 Royalist Chichester (1640–42)
The Right Honourable Baron Clifford of Chudleigh Sir Thomas Clifford 1630 1673 Unknown Totnes (1660–72) Comptroller of the Household (1666–1668), Treasurer of the Household (1668–1672), Lord High Treasurer (1672-till death) and PC
Mr Thomas Wyndham c1647 1689 Tory Wells (1685-death)
Mr John Lamotte Honywood 1647 1694 Essex (1679–85 and 1693-death) Gentleman of the Privy Chamber
The Right Honourable The Viscount Teviot The Hon Robert Spencer 1629 1694 Great Bedwyn (1660), Brackley (1661–79)
Mr John Hampden 1653 1696 Buckinghamshire (1679–81), Wendover (1681–85 and 1689–90)
Sir Sir John Brownlow 1659 1697 Tory Grantham (1689-death) High Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1688
The Right Honourable Earl of Bath Charles Granville, Lord Lansdown 1661 1701 Unknown Cornwall left Commons 1686 Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall and Devon (1691–1693), Lord of the Bedchamber (1692), also Count of the Holy Roman Empire
Mr Charles Bonython c1653 1705 Tory Westminster (1685–86)
Mr Thomas Price 1680 1706[41] Tory Weobley (1702–05)
Mr Peter Gott 1653 1712 Hastings (1690–95 and 1698-1701), Sussex (1708–10), Lewes (1710-death)
Sir George Newland c.1646 1714 Tory City of London (1710-death)
Mr James Milner After 1658 1721 Minehead (1717-death)
Mr Humphry Morice c1671 1731[42] Newport (Cornwall) (1713–22), Grampound (1722-death) Governor of the Bank of England (1727–29)
Mr Abraham Blackmore c1677 1732 Tory Mitchell (1710–13), Newton (1713-15)
The Right Honourable Baron Herbert of Chirbury The Honourable Henry Herbert c1678 1738 Whig Bewdley left Commons 1709
The Right Honourable Earl of Scarbrough Richard Lumley, Viscount Lumley 1686 1740 Unknown Arundel left Commons 1715 Colonel of the Coldstream Guards (1722 until death), Vice-Admiral of Durham (1710 until death), Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland (1722 until death), Custos Rotulorum of Northumberland (1722 until death) and KG, PC
Sir Danvers Osborn, 3rd Baronet 1715 12 October 1753 Bedfordshire (1747-June 1753) Governor of Province of New York (June 1753-death)
Sir John Bland, 6th Baronet 1722 1755 Ludgershall (1754-death)
The Right Honourable Baron Montfort Mr Henry Bromley 1705 1755 Cambridgeshire (1727–41) Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire (1729-42)
His Grace the Duke of Bolton Charles Powlett, Marquess of Winchester 1718 1765 Whig Hampshire left Commons 1759 Lieutenant of the Tower of London 1754–1760, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire 1758–1763 and Vice-Admiral of Dorset and Hampshire (1759 until death) and KCB, PC
Sir Herbert Lloyd, 1st Baronet c1719 1769 Cardigan Boroughs (1761-68)
Mr Peter Delmé 1710 1770 Ludgershall (1734–41), Southampton left Commons 1754
The Right Honourable Charles Yorke 1722 1770 Whig Reigate (1747–68), University of Cambridge (1768-death) Lord Chancellor (1770), also PC
Mr Jenison Shafto c1728 1771 Leominster (1761-68) and Castle Rising (1768-death)
Mr William Fitzherbert 1712 1772 Derby (1762-death)
Right Honourable The Duke of Atholl Mr John Murray 1729 1774 Tory Perthshire left Commons 1764 KT PC
The Right Honourable Baron Clive of Plassey 1725 1774 Tory Mitchell (1754–55), Shrewsbury (1762-death) Irish peer so could sit in Commons; KB FRS; Commander-in-Chief, India (1756–60, 1765–67), Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire (1772-death)
The Honourable John Damer 1744 1776 Gatton (1768–74) Son of 1st Baron Milton, hence Honourable
Sir George Hay 1715 1778 Stockbridge (1754–56), Calne (1757-61), Sandwich (1761–68), Newcastle-under-Lyme (1768-death) Lord of Admiralty (1756–57, 1757–65), Judge of High Court of Admiralty (1774-death)
Mr Hans Stanley 1721 1780 Southampton (1754-death) Governor of the Isle of Wight (1764–1766) and (1770–1780) Vice-Admiral of the Isle of Wight (1765–1767) and (1771–1780) PC
Mr Robert Mayne 1724 1782 Gatton (1774-death)
Mr William Skrine 1721? 1783 Callington (1771–80)
Mr John Pardoe c1756 1796 Camelford (1780-84), Plympton Erle (1784–90), West Looe (1790-death)
Mr Richard Muilman Trench Chiswell c.1735 1797 Aldborough (1790-death) High Sheriff of Essex 1776
Colonel William Crosbie c1740 1798 Newark (1790-96) Lieutenant Governor of Portsmouth 1798
Sir Sir Godfrey Webster (surnamed Vassall 1795-97) 1747 1800 Seaford (1786–90), Wareham (1796-death)
The Right Honourable Arthur Hill, 2nd Marquess of Downshire 1753 1801 Lostwithiel (1774–1780), Malmesbury (1780–83) PC, FRS; Irish peer so could sit in House of Commons, also member Parliament of Ireland; High Sheriff of County Down 1785
Mr James Paull 1770 1808 Newtown (Isle of Wight) (1805–06)
Major-General Sir William Erskine, 2nd Baronet 1770 1813 Fife (1796-1800 and 1801–06)
Mr Samuel Whitbread 1764 1815 Whig Bedford (1790-1800, 1801-death)
Sir Sir Samuel Romilly 1757 November 1818 Whig Horsham (1807–08), Wareham (1808-12), Arundel (1812–18), Westminster (July 1818-death) KC, Solicitor General 1806-07
Admiral Sir George Campbell 1759 1821 Carmarthen borough (1806–13) GCB Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth 1818-death
The Most Honourable Marquess of Londonderry Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh 1769 1822 Conservative Party Tregony (1794–96), Orford (1796–97 and 1821-death), Down (1801–05 and 1812–21), Boroughbridge (1806), Plympton Erle (1806–12) and Clitheroe (1812) Irish Peer so could sit in House of Commons; Foreign Secretary (1812-death), Leader of the House of Commons (1812-death) and KG, GCH, PC, PC (Ire); previously Member of Parliament of Ireland
The Right Honourable The Viscount Newcomen The Honourable Thomas Gleadowe-Newcomen 1776 1825 County Longford (1802–06) Son of 1st Viscount Newcomen, hence Honourable; High Sheriff of Longford 1801
Colonel the Honourable James Hamilton Stanhope 1788 1825 Buckingham (1817-18), Fowey (1818-19), Dartmouth (1822-death) Son of 3rd Earl Stanhope, hence Honourable.
The Right Honourable Baron Graves The Right Honourable Thomas, Baron Graves 1775 1830 Conservative Okehampton (1812–18), Windsor (1819-20), Milborne Port (1820–27) Irish Peer so could sit in Commons.
The Right Honourable Mr John Calcraft 1765 11 September 1831 Whig, but Conservative 1828-30 Wareham (1786–90, 1800–06, 1818–31), Rochester (1806–18), Dorset (June 1831-death) PC, Clerk of the Ordnance (1806–07), Paymaster of the Forces (1828-30)
Mr James Bradshaw 1786 1833 Conservative Brackley (1825–32)
General Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin 1773 1841 Whig Berwick-upon-Tweed (1832–37), Sandwich (1839-death) GCH KCB
Rt Hon The Baron Congleton Sir Henry Brooke Parnell, Baronet 1776 1842 Whig Queen's County (1802 and 1806–32), Portarlington (1802), Dundee (1832–41) PC; Secretary at War (1831–33), Paymaster-General (1836-41)
Right Honourable Sir Mr Augustus Foster, later 1st Baronet 1780 1848 Cockermouth (1812–13) GCH PC; British Minister to the United States (1811–12), Minister to Denmark (1814-24), Minister at Turin (1824–40)
Sir Henry St John Carew St John-Mildmay, 4th Baronet 1787 1848 Winchester (1807–18)
Mr George Spence 1787 1850 Conservative Reading (1826–27), Ripon (1829-32) KC
Mr Charles Russell 1786 1856 Reading (1830–37 and 1841–47)
Mr John Sadleir 1813 1856 Independent Irish Party Carlow (1847–53), Sligo Borough (1853-death) Junior Lord of the Treasury (1853–54)
Vice-Admiral Captain Robert Fitzroy 1805 1865 Conservative Durham left Commons 1843 Governor of New Zealand (1843–45)
The Right Honourable The Lord Glenalmond Mr George Patton 1803 1869 Conservative Bridgwater (1865–66) PC, Solicitor-General for Scotland 1859, Lord Advocate of Scotland 1866
Sir Mr Robert Harvey, later 1st Baronet 1817 1870 Conservative Thetford (1865–68)
Lord Arthur Clinton 1840 1870 Liberal Newark left Commons 1868
The Right Honourable Earl of Shaftesbury Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Lord Ashley 1831 1886 Liberal Cricklade left Commons in 1865
Mr John Kynaston Cross 1832 1887 Liberal Bolton left Commons 1885 Under-Secretary of State for India (1883–85)
Sir William Tindal Robertson 1825 1889 Conservative Brighton (1886-death)
The Right Honourable The Duke of Bedford Francis Russell 1820 1891 Liberal Bedfordshire left Commons in 1872 KG
The Right Honourable the Marquess of Waterford John Beresford, Earl of Tyrone 1844 1895 Conservative County Waterford (1865–66) KP, PC (GB and Ire);Lord Lieutenant of Waterford 1874-death
Sir Sir Edward Hulse, 6th Baronet 1859 1903 Conservative Salisbury (1886–97)
The Right Honourable Viscount Harcourt Lewis Harcourt 1863 1922 Liberal Rossendale left Commons in 1916 Secretary of State for the Colonies (1910–1915) and PC
Sir John Norton-Griffiths, 1st Baronet 1871 1930[43] Conservative Wednesbury (1910–18), Wandsworth Central (1918-24) KCB DSO
Mr Edward Marjoribanks 1900 1932 Conservative Eastbourne (1929-death)
Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony Muirhead 1890 1939 Conservative Party Wells (1929-death) Parliamentary Under-Secretary for India and Burma (1938-till death) and MC & Bar TD
Sir Charles Cayzer 1896 1940 Conservative Party City of Chester (1922–death)
Mr John Edmondson Whittaker 1897 1945 Labour Party Heywood and Radcliffe (1945–death)
The Right Honourable Ellen Wilkinson 1891 1947 Labour Party Jarrow Minister of Education (1945-till death), also PC
Mr Thomas William Stamford 1882 1949 Labour Party Leeds West (1923–31) (1945–death)
Sir Albert Braithwaite 1893 1959 Conservative Party Buckrose (1926–45), Harrow West (1951-death) DSO
Right Honourable Arthur, The Earl Castle Stewart 1889 1961 Conservative Harborough (1929–33) MC
Mr Bernard Floud 1915 1967 Labour Party Acton (1964-death) Not in office but was classified as a traitor to the UK for being a secret KGB Russian Spy
Mr Alan Grahame Brown 1913 1972 Labour Party, had joined the Conservative Party by time of death Tottenham left Commons in 1964
Mr Desmond Donnelly 1920 1974 Labour Party, had joined the Conservative Party by time of death Pembrokeshire left Commons in 1970
Mr Jocelyn Cadbury 1946 1982 Conservative Party Birmingham Northfield (1979-death)
Mr John Heddle 1943 1989 Conservative Party Lichfield and Tamworth (1979–83), Mid Staffordshire (1983-death)
Mr Gordon McMaster 1960 1997 Labour Party Paisley South (1990-death)
Sir Peter Smithers 1913 2006 Conservative Party Winchester (1950–64) Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Foreign Office (1962–64); Secretary General of the Council of Europe (1964-69)

Members of Parliament who have disappeared[edit]

Title/Rank Name known by while in Commons Born Disappeared Political Party MP's Seat Offices Held Honours
Mr George Robinson before 1727 1732[44] Great Marlow (1731–32)
Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 2nd Baronet 1678 1738 (about 5 months[45]) - died 1746 Whig Dunwich (1734–38) Commissioner of the Board of Trade, Governor of Barbados (1737–38)
Mr Henry Vansittart 1732 1769[46] Reading (1768-death) Governor of Bengal (1759-64)
Sir Montagu Chapman, 3rd Baronet 1808 1852 Whig Party Westmeath (1832–41) High Sheriff of Westmeath 1844
Mr Walter Powell 1842 1881 Conservative Party Malmesbury (1868–death)
Mr Victor Grayson 1881 1920 Independent Labour Colne Valley (1907–1910)
Mr Henry Newton Knights 1872 1921 (some 2 weeks[47]) - died 1959 Conservative Party Camberwell North (1918–21) Mayor of Camberwell 1913, Sheriff of the City of London 1920 MBE
Mr John Stonehouse 1925 1974 (34 days) - died 1988 Labour Party Walsall North (1974–1976) Postmaster-General (1968–1969)

Members of Parliament who were executed, died in prison or escaped justice[edit]

Title/Rank Name Born Executed/Died Crime accused of MP's Seat Offices Held, Honours/Political Party
Sir Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle c1270 1323 (Hanged, drawn and quartered) High Treason in making treaty with Scotland Cumberland (1312) Sheriff of Cumberland 1311 and 1319, Lord Warden of the West Marches 1322
Adam de Peshall c1300 1346 (Killed resisting arrest, having escaped from prison in Stafford)[48] Cause of imprisonment unspecified Staffordshire 1341 Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire 1341
Sir James Berners 1361 1388 (Beheaded) Put to death by Merciless Parliament for 'exploiting' Richard II Surrey (1386)
Sir Nicholas Brembre 1388 (Hanged) High Treason, corruption and executions without trial City of London (1383) Sheriff of London 1372, Lord Mayor of London 1377 and 1383
Sir Robert Tresilian 1388 (Hanged) High Treason, corruption, misuses of judicial office (under Merciless Parliament) Cornwall (1369) Chief Justice of the King's Bench 1381-87
Sir Roger Perwych October 1388 (prosecuted but died before judgement brought) Armed assault Leicestershire (1379, 1382, 1383, September 1388-death) Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire (1377)
Sir John Bussy 1399 (Beheaded at Bristol) High Treason (under Henry IV having supported Richard II) Lincolnshire (1383–85, 1388–97), Rutland (1391–93) Speaker of the House of Commons (1394-98), High Sheriff of Lincolnshire (1383, 1385, 1390)
Sir Henry Green c1347 1399 (Beheaded, with Bussy) High Treason (same cause as Bussy) Huntingdonshire (1390), Northamptonshire (1394–97), Wiltshire (1397-death)
Sir Thomas Blount 1400 (Hanged, drawn and quartered at Oxford) Participation in Epiphany Rising against Henry IV Oxfordshire (1381–82)
Sir Thomas Shelley 1400 (Hanged at Tyburn) Treason, implicated in Epiphany Rising Buckinghamshire (1397)
Mr Thomas Wintershall c1364 1400 (beheaded) Treason, joined in Epiphany Rising Surrey (1397)
Roger Cheyne 1362 1414 (Died in the Tower) Lollard Oldcastle Rising Buckinghamshire (1404)
Sir John Cornwall c1366 1414 (indicted but died before trial) Harbouring murderer Shropshire (1402, 1407) High Sheriff of Shropshire 1399, 1403, 1405
Sir John Oldcastle 1417 (Hanged and burnt) Heresy as Lollard rebel Herefordshire (1404) High Sheriff of Herefordshire 1406
John Ninezergh 1420 (Died in exile in France having abjured the English realm) Homicide in 1414 Appleby 1406
Sir William Tresham 1404 1450 (Indicted but murdered before trial) High Treason concerning Jack Cade rebellion Northamptonshire (1423-death) Speaker of the House of Commons (1449-death)
Sir Sir Thomas Browne 1402 1460 (Hanged) High treason Dover (1439–1444), Kent (1445–1446), Wallingford 1449–1450 Chancellor of the Exchequer (1440–1450), High Sheriff for Kent in 1443-4 and JP for Surrey from 20 July 1454 till death
Sir William Bonville c1392/93 1461 (Beheaded after capture in Second Battle of St Albans) Somerset (1421), Devon (1422, 1425, 1427) KG, High Sheriff of Devon (1423)
Sir Thomas Tuddenham 1401 1462 (Beheaded at the Tower) High Treason implicated in plot to murder Edward IV Suffolk (1431–32), Norfolk (1432, 1435, 1442) Lancastrian; High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk 1432, Master of the Great Wardrobe (1446–50), Treasurer of the Household (1458–60)
Sir Sir Thomas Tresham 1471 (Beheaded) High treason Northamptonshire Speaker of the House of Commons (1459) & PC
Sir Gervase Clifton 1471 (Beheaded) High Treason Kent (1455) Treasurer of the Household and Treasurer of Calais (1450–60), High Sheriff of Kent 1439, 1450, 1458
Sir John Delves c1418 1471 (Beheaded) High Treason Staffordshire (1467–68) Warden of the Mint 1471
Sir Thomas Vaughan c1410 1483 (Executed at Pontefract) Put to death in Richard III's coup Cornwall (1478–83) High Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex 1464, Master of the King's Jewels 1465
Sir George Browne 1440 1483 (Beheaded at the Tower) High Treason for part in Buckingham's rising against Richard III Guildford (1472), Surrey (1478), Canterbury (1483-death) Son of Sir Thomas Browne and stepson of Sir Thomas Vaughan (above); Yorkist to 1483, then Lancastrian; High Sheriff of Kent 1480
Sir William Catesby 1450 1485 (Beheaded after capture in Battle of Bosworth) Put to death after Lancastrian victory over Richard III Northamptonshire (1484-death) Yorkist; also Speaker of the House of Commons and Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sir James Tyrrell c1455 1502 (Executed) High Treason Cornwall (1483) Yorkist in parliament. Governor of Guînes 1486-1501
Sir Sir Richard Empson 1510 (Beheaded) High treason Northamptonshire Speaker of the House of Commons (1510) & PC
Sir Sir Edmund Dudley 1462 1510 (Beheaded) High treason Sussex Speaker of the House of Commons (1503) & PC
Sir Robert Sheffield Before 1462 1518 (Died in the Tower) Complaints against Cardinal Wolsey and falsely obtaining pardon City of London (1495, 1497, 1504), Lincolnshire (1512–15) Speaker of the House of Commons 1512; Recorder of the City of London 1495-1508
Saint The Right Honourable Sir Sir Thomas More 1478 1535 (Beheaded) High treason Middlesex Speaker of the House of Commons (1523), Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1525–1529), Lord Chancellor (1529–1532) and Master of Requests (1517) & PC
Mr John Rastell c.1475 1536 (Died in gaol) Anti-church statements Launceston
Sir Francis Bigod 1507 1537 (Hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn) High Treason, led Catholic rising against Henry VIII Seats unknown (1529 and 1536)
The Rt Hon the Lord Hussey of Sleaford Sir John Hussey 1465/66 1536/37 (Beheaded at Lincoln) Conspiracy, implicated in Pilgrimage of Grace Lincolnshire (1515–29) High Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1493, custos rotulorum of Lincolnshire by 1513
Sir Richard Tempest c1480 1537 (died awaiting trial at Fleet Prison Implicated in Pilgrimage of Grace) Appleby (1529–36) High Sheriff of Yorkshire 1516
Mr Thomas Moigne c.1509 1537 (Hanged, drawn and quartered at Lincoln) High Treason, involved in Lincolnshire Rising Lincoln (1536–death)
Sir Nicholas Carew c1496 1539 (Beheaded at the Tower) High Treason, implicated in Exeter Conspiracy Surrey (1529-1536) KG, Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex 1519, Master of the Horse (1522-death)
Right Honourable The Earl of Essex Mr Thomas Cromwell c1485 1540 (Beheaded at the Tower) High Treason and heresy Unknown English seat (1523), Taunton (1529–36) KG PC; Secretary of State (1533–36), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1533-40), Master of the Rolls (1534–36), Lord Privy Seal (1536–40), Lord Great Chamberlain 1540
Mr Giles Heron by 1504 1540 (Hanged at Tyburn) High Treason Thetford (1529)
Right Honourable The Lord Seymour of Sudeley Sir Thomas Seymour c1509 1547 (Executed at the Tower) High Treason Wiltshire (left Commons 1547) KG, Master General of the Ordnance (1544–47), Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (1545), Lord High Admiral of England (1547–49)
Sir Thomas Arundell c1502 1552 (Beheaded) High Treason Dorset (1545 and 1547) KB, Receiver-General of the Duchy of Cornwall, High Sheriff of Dorset and Somerset (1531)
Sir Michael Stanhope by 1508 1552 (Beheaded) Conspiracy to murder in same plot as Arundell Nottinghamshire (1545-death)
Sir Ralph Vane By 1510 1552 (hanged) High Treason, conspiracy to murder Unknown seat (recorded 1549)
Right Honourable The Duke of Northumberland Sir John Dudley c1504 1553 (Beheaded) High treason in placing Jane Grey on throne and attempted arrest of Mary Tudor Kent (1534–36), Staffordshire (1542) KG, PC; Lord High Admiral (1543–47), Lord Great Chamberlain (1547-50), Lord President of the Council, Warden General of the Scottish Marches and Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire (1550–53)
Sir Sir John Gates by 1504 1553 (Beheaded) High treason Essex (1547–death) KB, PC; Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Sir Thomas Wyatt 1521 1554 (Hanged, drawn and quartered) High Treason, rebellion against Mary I Kent (1547–53)
Mr William Thomas by 1524 1554 (Hanged, drawn and quartered) High Treason, accused of plotting assassination of Mary I Old Sarum (1547), Downton (1553) Clerk of the Privy Council to 1553
Sir Anthony Kingston c1508 1556 (Arrested but died before justice could be brought) Conspiracy to place Princess Elizabeth on throne. Gloucestershire (1539–53, 1555-death) High Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1533 and 1550, Constable of the Tower of London 1546, Provost Marshal 1549, Knight Marshal of Parliament 1555
Mr Edward Lewkenor 1516/17 1556 (died in the Tower pending execution) Treason in plotting to murder Queen Mary Tudor Horsham (1553)
Mr Henry Peckham by 1526 1556 (Hanged) High Treason for plotting rising against Queen Mary Tudor Wycombe (1553–55)
Sir Edward Waldegrave c1516 1561 (died in the Tower) Allowing Mass celebration at home Wiltshire (1553), Somerset (1554), Essex (1558–59) PC, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1554–58), Master of the Great Wardrobe to 1558
The Blessed Mr John Story c1504 1571 (hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn) High Treason for complicity in Rising of the North Salisbury (1545–47), Hindon (1547-49), East Grinstead (1553–54), Bramber (April–November 1554), Bath (1554–55), Ludgershall (1555–58), Downton (1559-62) Commissioner of heresy 1558
The BlessedRight Honourable the 7th Earl of Northumberland Mr Thomas Percy 1528 1571 (Beheaded in York) High Treason for complicity in Rising of the North Westmorland (1554–55) KG
Mr Leonard Dacre by 1533 1573 (died in exile at Brussels) Evaded arrest for part in the Rising of the North Cumberland (1558–70)
Right Honourable the 8th Earl of Northumberland Mr Henry Percy 1532 1585 (died in the Tower-possible suicide) High Treason Morpeth (1554–55), Northumberland (left Commons 1572) Brother of 7th Earl of Northumberland, above
Mr William Parry 1585 (expelled from Parliament and beheaded) High Treason for considering assassination of Elizabeth I Queenborough (1584–85)
Brian Fowler c1520 1587 (died at home on parole) Recusancy Staffordshire (1558)
Sir Thomas Fitzherbert 1518 1591 (died in the Tower) Recusancy Staffordshire (1545–47) High Sheriff of Staffordshire 1544 and 1555
Sir John Perrot 1528 1592 (died in the Tower) Treason Carmarthenshire (1547), Sandwich (1553, 1555), Wareham (1559), Pembrokeshire (1563), Haverfordwest (1588-death) PC, Lord Deputy of Ireland (1584–88)
Sir Francis Englefield c1522 1596 (died in exile in Spain) Outlawed in absence for Treason over Catholic plot against Elizabeth I in 1578 Berkshire (1553–58) PC, High Sheriff of Oxfordshire and Berkshire 1547, Master of the Court of Wards
Sir Sir Peter Wentworth 1524 1597 (Died in the Tower) For claiming Parliamentary privileges Northampton (1586–1597)
Sir Gelly Meyrick c1556 1601 (hanged at Tyburn) Participation in Earl of Essex's rising Carmarthen borough (1588–93), Pembrokeshire (1597-98)
Sir Sir Christopher Blount c1556 1601 (Beheaded) High treason (Essex rising) Staffordshire (1593–98)
Sir Charles Danvers 1568 1601 (Beheaded) High treason (Essex rising) Cirencester (1586–1593)
Mr John Lyttelton 1561 1601 (Reprieved from execution but died in the Queen's Bench Prison) High treason (Essex rising) Worcestershire (1584, 1586, 1597)
Sir Walter Leveson 1550 1602 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor (arising from piracy lawsuits) Shropshire (1584, 1586–87, 1588–89), Newcastle-under-Lyme (1597–98)
Mr Thomas Ryvett 1553 1610 (Died in King's Bench Prison) Debtor Orford (1597), Aldeburgh (1604-death)
Sir Sir Walter Raleigh c.1554 1618 (Beheaded) High treason (participation in Main Plot against King James I) Devonshire (1584–87), Mitchell (1593-97), Dorset (1597–98), Cornwall (1601) Warden of the Stannaries (1585), Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall (1585), Vice-admiral of Devon and Cornwall, (1585)
Right Honourable Lord Clifton Gervase Clifton c1579 1618 (committed suicide in Fleet Prison) Threatening Attorney-General Sir Francis Bacon over survey of his estates. Huntingdonshire left Commons 1604
Right Honourable The Earl of Castlehaven Sir Mervyn Tuchet aka Audley c1588 1631 (beheaded on Tower Hill) Sodomy and rape Dorset (1614)
Sir Sir John Eliot 1592 1632 (Died in the Tower) For claiming parliamentary privileges against the King's order and King's Bench Court St Germans 1614, Newport (Isle of Wight) 1628-29 Vice-Admiral of Devon (1618)
The Right Honourable Earl of Strafford Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford 1593 1641 (Beheaded) High treason Yorkshire Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire (1628 until death), Custos Rotulorum of the West Riding of Yorkshire (1630 until death) and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1640 until death), KG, PC
Sir John Suckling 1609 1641? (committed suicide in exile in Paris) High Treason, implicated in First Army Plot, found guilty in absence Bramber (30 Apr-5 May 1640)
Mr Nathaniel Tomkins 1584 1643 (Hanged) Joining Royalist "Waller Plot" against Parliament Carlisle (1614–21), Christchurch (1621-29)
Mr Henry Benson c1578/79 1643 (died in prison) Debtor Knaresborough (1626–29 and 1640–41) Royalist
The Right Honourable Baron Montagu of Boughton Sir Edward Montagu 1563 1644 (Died prisoner of Parliament at Savoy Hospital) For being a Royalist Bere Alston (1584–86), Tavistock (1597-1601), Brackley (1601–04), Northamptonshire (1604–21) KB
Sir Sir Alexander Carew, 2nd Baronet 1609 1644 (Beheaded) For being a Royalist Cornwall (1640–43) Brother of Regicide John Carew
Sir John Bankes 1589 1644 (Died before impeachment by Parliament) High Treason Wootton Bassett (1624), Morpeth (1626–29) PC, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (1640-death)
Sir Sir John Hotham, 1st Baronet the Elder c1589 1645 (Beheaded) For betraying the Parliamentarians to the Royalists Beverley
Sir Sir John Hotham the Younger 1610 1645 (Beheaded) For betraying the Parliamentarians to the Royalists Scarborough
Sir Alexander Denton 1596 1645 (died in Tower of London) Royalist in Civil war Wendover (1624–25), Buckingham (1625–26, 1640–44)
Sir Mr Richard Baker c1568 1645 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Arundel (1593–97), East Grinstead (1597-1601) High Sheriff of Oxfordshire 1620
Mr Edward Bridgeman after 1588 1646 (died prisoner of Parliament while being escorted to London) Being a Royalist Wigan (1625 and 1628–29), Liverpool (1626)
Sir Robert Heath 1575 1649 (Died in exile at Calais evaded impeachment by Parliament) High Treason City of London (1621–22), East Grinstead (1624-25) Solicitor General (1621–25), Attorney General (1625-31), Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (1631–34), Lord Chief Justice (1642-45)
Sir Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland 1590 1649 (Beheaded at Tower of London) High treason in leading rising against Parliament Leicester (1610–14) KG KB PC
Mr John Blakiston 1603 1649 (Died before justice could be brought - Estate confiscated) Regicide of Charles I Newcastle upon Tyne (1640-death) Mayor of Newcastle
Sir Sir Peregrine Pelham 1650 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Hull Mayor of Hull 1649
Colonel John Moore 1599 1650 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Liverpool (1640-death) Parliamentary Governor of Liverpool 1645, Governor of Dublin 1649-death
Mr John Venn 1586 1650 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I City of London (1640-death) Governor of Windsor Castle 1642-45
The Right Honourable James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby 1607 1651 (Beheaded in Bolton) High Treason for being a Royalist Liverpool (1625) KG KB
Mr Clement Walker 1651 (died in Tower without trial) High Treason (dissident Parliamentarian) Wells (1645–48)
Colonel John Alured 1607 1651 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Hedon
General Henry Ireton 1611 1651 (posthumous execution of hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Appleby Lord Deputy of Ireland (1650 until death)
Sir Sir Gregory Norton, 1st Baronet 1603 1652 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Midhurst
Mr Robert Jones c.1596 1653 (last recorded as prisoner in the Marshalsea) debtor Caernarvon Boroughs (1625–26) and Flintshire (1628–29) Sheriff of Caernarvonshire 1643, Royalist Governor of Caernarvon Castle 1643-46
Sir Sir William Constable, 1st Baronet 1590 1655 (Died before justice could be brought; body exhumed from Westminster Abbey and reburied in a communal burial pit after the Restoration) Regicide of Charles I Scarborough
Sir Sir Thomas Mauleverer, 1st Baronet 1599 1655 (Died before justice could be brought, though his son fought for the Royalists and was allowed to keep the Baronetcy) Regicide of Charles I Boroughbridge JP
Colonel Anthony Stapley 1590 1655 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Sussex Governor of Chichester and Vice-Admiral of Sussex
Sir Sir John Danvers 1588 1655 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Malmesbury Brother of Sir Charles Danvers (executed 1601)
Lord Grey of Groby Thomas, Lord Grey of Groby 1623 1657 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Leicester
Mr John Fry 1609 1657 (Died before justice could be brought - estate confiscated) Regicide of Charles I but did not sign death warrant Shaftesbury (1647–51)
Lord General Oliver Cromwell 1599 1658 (Posthumous execution of hanged and beheaded) Regicide of Charles I Huntingdon (1628–29), Cambridge (1640-49), Cambridgeshire (1653) Roundhead; Lord Protector (1653-death); great-great nephew of Thomas Cromwell, father-in-law of Henry Ireton above.
Mr Francis Allen c1583 1658 (Died before justice could be brought - Estate confiscated) Regicide of Charles I but did not sign death warrant Cockermouth (1642–53)
Mr Humphrey Edwards 1582 1658 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Shropshire Chief Usher of the Exchequer (1650) and Commissioner of South Wales (1651)
Sir Sir Henry Slingsby, 1st Baronet 1602 1658 (Beheaded) For being a Royalist Knaresborough
Mr John Bradshaw 1602 1659 (posthumous execution of hanged and beheaded) Regicide of Charles I Stafford (1654 but did not sit), Cheshire (1654 - but did not sit - and 1659) Roundhead; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1649–54 and 1658–59)
Mr William Purefoy 1580 1659 (Died before justice could be brought – Estate confiscated) Regicide of Charles I Warwick
Sir Sir John Bourchier c1595 1660 (Too ill to be tried and died soon after the Restoration in 1660) Regicide of Charles I Ripon (1647–53) JP
Major-General Thomas Harrison 1606 1660 (hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Wendover
Mr John Carew 1622 1660 (hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I, also brother of Sir Alexander Carew, 2nd Baronet Tregony
Mr Gregory Clement 1594 1660 (hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Fowey
Mr Thomas Scot 1660 (hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Wycombe
Mr James Chaloner 1602 1660 (Died before justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Aldborough (1648–53) Governor of the Isle of Man (1655-death)
Colonel John Jones c1597 1661 (Hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Merionethshire (1647–53 and 1656–59) Brother-in-law of Oliver Cromwell
Mr Isaac Penington 1584 1661 (Life imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign City of London
Mr Valentine Walton 1594 1661 (Escaped to Germany) Regicide of Charles I Huntingdon
Mr Simon Mayne 1612 1661 (Died in the Tower of London) Regicide of Charles I Aylesbury
Sir Henry Vane the Younger 1613 1662 (Beheaded at the Tower) Regicide of Charles I, High Treason against Charles II Hull (1640–53, 1659–60) Roundhead; Governor of Massachusetts 1636-37; son of Henry Vane the Elder (suicide)
Major-General Sir Sir John Barkstead 1662 (hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Middlesex Governor of Reading and Steward of Cromwell's Household
Colonel John Okey 1606 1662 (hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Bedfordshire
Mr Miles Corbet 1595 1662 (hanged, drawn and quartered) Regicide of Charles I Great Yarmouth Clerk of the Court of Wards
Mr Peter Temple c1599 1663 (died in the Tower) Regicide of Charles I Leicester (1645–53)
Sir Sir John Hutchinson 1615 1664 (Imprisoned in Sandown Castle, Kent where he died on 11 September 1664) Regicide of Charles I, implication in Yorkshire Plot Nottingham
Sir Sir John Lisle 1610 1664 (Escaped but then murdered) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Southampton
Mr Augustine Garland 1603 Last reported 1664 (Confiscation and imprisonment, later sentenced to transportation)[49]) Regicide of Charles I Queenborough (1648–53, 1654–56, 1659)
Sir Sir Henry Mildmay 1593 1664 (Stripped of knighthood and died whilst being transported to Tangier) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Maldon Master of the Kings Jewel House (1620)
Colonel Robert Lilburne 1613 1665 (Life imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I East Riding of Yorkshire Governor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Sir Sir Michael Livesay, 1st Baronet 1614 Unknown - last reported 1665 (Fled to Netherlands before Justice could be brought) Regicide of Charles I Queenborough High Sheriff of Kent (1643, 1655 & 1656)
Colonel John Downes 1609 1666 (Life imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I Arundel
Colonel Thomas Wogan 1620 Last reported 1666 (Escaped to the Netherlands) Regicide of Charles I Cardigan Governor of Aberystwyth Castle
Mr Gilbert Millington c1598 1666 (Life imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I Nottingham
Mr William Say 1604 1666 (Escaped to Switzerland) Regicide of Charles I Camelford
Mr Robert Wallop 1601 1667 (Life imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Andover
Mr Francis Lascelles 1612 1667 (Forbidden to hold office again) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Northallerton
Mr William Cawley 1602 1667 (Escaped to Switzerland) Regicide of Charles I Midhurst
Sir Sir Gilbert Pickering, 1st Baronet 1611 1668 (Banned from holding offices for life) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Northamptonshire Lord Chamberlain to Oliver Cromwell (1657)
Mr Thomas Lister (Regicide) 1597 1668 (Forbidden from holding office again) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Lincolnshire
Colonel Thomas Waite 1668 (Life Imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I Rutland Governor of Burley-on-the-Hill High Sheriff of Rutland
Mr Daniel Blagrave 1603 1668 (Escaped to Germany) Regicide of Charles I Reading Recorder of Reading from 1645 to 1656 and again from 1658
Lord John Hewson 1620 1668 (Escaped to Amsterdam) Regicide of Charles I Guildford (1656–58)
Mr Henry Smith 1620 Last recorded 1668 (Died in prison on Jersey) Regicide of Charles I Leicestershire (1640–53)
Mr Augustine Skinner c1594 1672 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Kent (1642–59)
Major-General Sir Sir George Fleetwood 1623 1672 (Life imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I Buckingham
The Right Honourable Viscount Monson William Monson, 1st Viscount Monson c1672 (Believed died in Fleet Prison; Stripped of all honours and titles) Regicide of Charles I though did not actually sign Reigate
Colonel Edmund Harvey c1601 1673 (Life imprisonment, died in Pendennis Castle) Regicide of Charles I but did not sign, High Treason Great Bedwyn (1646–48, 1659), Middlesex (1654–55)
Mr William Heveningham 1604 1678 (Imprisoned) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Stockbridge
Major-General William Goffe c1605 c1679 (escaped to New England where he died) Regicide of Charles I Great Yarmouth 1654, Hampshire 1656
Colonel James Temple 1606 1680 (Life imprisonment) Regicide of Charles I Bramber
Sir Sir James Harrington, 3rd Baronet 1607 1680 (Exiled and stripped of Baronetcy for life) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Middlesex
Sir Sir Henry Marten 1602 1680 (Died prisoner in Chepstow Castle) Regicide of Charles I Berkshire (1640–43 and 1646–53)
Mr Nicholas Love 1608 1682 (Escaped to Switzerland) Regicide of Charles I though did not sign Winchester
Sir Robert Tichborne c1604 1682 (Died in the Tower of London) Regicide of Charles I City of London (1653) Roundhead; Sheriff of London 1650, Lord Mayor of London 1656
The Right Honourable Lord Russell William Russell, Lord Russell 1639 1683 (Beheaded) High treason and the Rye House Plot Bedfordshire PC, forerunner of the Whig Party
Colonel Algernon Sidney 1623 1683 (Beheaded) High treason and the Rye House Plot Cardiff (1645–53) Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (1648-51)
Mr George Bowerman c1646 1683 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Bridport (1677–79)
Sir Thomas Armstrong 1633 1684 (Beheaded) High treason and the Rye House Plot Stafford (1679–81)
Major-General John Lambert 1619 1684 (died in prison on Drake's Island) High treason as Roundhead leader West Yorkshire (1654, 1656), Pontefract (1659)
Sir George Pudsey 1688 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Oxford (1685-death) Tory; Recorder of Oxford 1683-death
Mr John Dixwell 1607 1689 (Escaped to America) Regicide of Charles I Dover
Admiral of the Fleet Right Honourable Baron Dartmouth George Legge c1647 1691 (died in the Tower) Detained as Jacobite loyal to King James II Ludgershall (1673–79), Portsmouth (1679-85) PC, Governor of Portsmouth (1673–82), Master-General of the Ordnance (1682-88), Governor of Tangier (1683–84), Constable of the Tower of London (1685-88)
Lieutenant-General Edmund Ludlow 1617 1692 (Surrendered then escaped - died in exile in Switzerland) Regicide of Charles I Wiltshire Lord Deputy of Ireland (1659–1660)
Mr John Friend c1641 1696 (Hanged at Tyburn) High treason, implicated in Jacobite assassination plot against William III Great Yarmouth (1685)
Sir Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet 1645 1697 (Beheaded) High treason and for being a Jacobite Northumberland
Mr John Bennet c1656 1712 (died in gaol) debtor Newton (1691–95)
Mr Edmund Dummer 1651 1713 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Arundel (left Commons 1708) Surveyor of the Navy (1692–99)
Sir Alexander Rigby c1663 1717 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Wigan (1701–02) High Sheriff of Lancashire 1690
Sir Thomas Tipping, 1st Baronet 1653 1718 (died in prison in Southwark) debtor Whig to 1713, Tory since Oxfordshire (1685), Wallingford (1689–90 and 1695-1701)
Mr John Essington 1689 1729 (died at Newgate Prison) debtor New Romney (1727-death) Whig; High Sheriff of Surrey 1724
Mr Abraham Blackmore c1677 1732 (committed suicide in Fleet Prison) debtor Mitchell (1710–13), Newton (1713-15) Tory
Mr George Robinson before 1727 after 1732 (absconded, and expelled from Parliament) fraud Great Marlow (1731–32)
Mr Matthew Jenison 1654 1734 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Newark (1701-1705)
Mr William Beaw c1676 1738 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Mitchell (February–November 1701)
Mr Anthony Hammond 1668 1738 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Huntingdonshire (1695–98), Cambridge University (1698-1702), Huntingdon borough (1702–08), New Shoreham (1708) Deputy Paymaster of the Forces 1711
Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 2nd Baronet 1678 1746 (died in Gloucester gaol) Debtor Coventry (1707–10), Calne (1715-22), Lostwithiel (1724–27), Bletchingley (1727-34), Dunwich (1734–38) Governor of Barbados (1737-38), Whig
Admiral The Honourable John Byng 1704 1757 (shot, after court martial, aboard HMS Monarch) Cowardice and disaffection, in failing to prevent capture of Minorca by the French. Rochester (1751-death) Son of Viscount Torrington, hence Honourable; Commodore-Governor of Newfoundland (1742)
Right Honourable George Pigot, 1st Baron Pigot 1718 1777 (died in detention near Fort St George, India) Misconduct in office, corruption Wallingford (1765–68), Bridgnorth (1768-death) Irish peer so could sit in Westminster; Governor of Madras (1775-death)
Mr Robert Paris Taylor c1741 1792 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Berwick-upon-Tweed (1768–74) Whig; Deputy Paymaster in Germany (1759–63)
Lord George Gordon 1751 1793 (died in Newgate Prison) defamation Ludgershall (1774–80) Son of Duke of Gordon hence Lord
Sir William Congreve 1772 1828 (died in exile in France) avoiding prosecution for business fraud (found guilty) Gatton (1812–18), Plymouth (1818-death) KCH FRS: Tory
Mr Andrew Cochrane-Johnstone 1767 1833 (died in exile in France) fled prosecution for Stock Exchange fraud Stirling Burghs (1791–97), Grampound (1807–08 and 1812–14) Tory; Governor of Dominica 1797-1803
Mr John Mytton 1796 1834 (died in King's Bench Prison) debtor Shrewsbury (1819–20) Tory; Sheriff of Merionethshire 1821, Sheriff of Shropshire 1823, Mayor of Oswestry 1824
The Honourable Edward King, Viscount Kingsborough 1795 1837 (died of typhus in Sheriff's Prison, Dublin) debtor County Cork (1818–26) Son of 3rd Earl of Kingston, hence Viscount Kingsborough; Whig
Mr John Wharton 1765 1843 (died in Fleet Prison) debtor Beverley (1790–96 and 1802–26) Whig
Mr Frederick William Mullins (from 1841 De Moleyns) 1804 1854 (died in Fleet Prison) Forgery of signature with intent to defraud bank Kerry (1831–37) Whig, later Liberal
Mr William John Bankes 1786 1855 (died in exile Venice) avoiding prosecution for sodomy[50] in 1841. Truro (1810), Cambridge University (1822–26), Marlborough (1829-32), Dorset (1832–35) Conservative; FRS
Mr William Smith O'Brien 1803 1864 (Sentenced to death but exiled and later pardoned) High Treason for promoting Irish rebellion in 1848 County Limerick (1835–1848)
Mr Pierce McCan 1882 1919 (Died of Spanish influenza in Gloucester Prison) Uncharged but implicated in so-called "German Plot" East Tipperary (1918-death but did not sit) Sinn Féin; also Irish Teachta Dála but unable to sit.
Mr Terence Joseph McSwiney 1879 1920 (Died after hunger strike in Brixton Prison) Possession of seditious articles and documents (in Irish republican cause) Mid Cork (1918-death, though did not sit) Sinn Féin; Lord Mayor of Cork 1920
Mr Harry Boland 1887 1922 (Died in hospital after wounding when arrested by Irish Free State Army) Anti-Anglo-Irish Treaty IRA member South Roscommon (1918-death but did not sit) Sinn Féin; later Irish Teachta Dála
Mr Liam Mellows 1895 1922 (Executed by firing squad at Mountjoy Prison) Reprisal during Irish Civil War[51] Galway East (1918-22 but did not sit) Sinn Féin; later Irish Teachta Dála
Mr Joseph MacDonagh 1883 1922 (Died after hunger strike in prison under Irish Free State) Political - opponent of Anglo-Irish Treaty Tipperary North (1918-22 but did not sit) Sinn Féin; also Irish Teachta Dála
Mr Seán Etchingham 1870 1923 (Died of sickness in prison under Irish Free State) Political detainee during Irish Civil War Wicklow East (1918-22 but did not sit) Sinn Féin; also Irish Teachta Dála and Secretary for Fisheries in Free State government.
Mr Bobby Sands 1954 5 May 1981 (Died after hunger strike in Maze Prison) Unlawful possession of arms, membership of PIRA Fermanagh and South Tyrone (9 April 1981-death, but unable to sit) Anti H-Block

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Before 1832 minors could be elected; precise information on those MPs is often unclear.
  2. ^ a b c d e McWhirter, Norris (1996). Guinness Book of Records. Guinness Publishing. pp. 185–6. ISBN 0-85112-646-4. 
  3. ^ [1] History of Parliament Online article on Warren Lisle by J.A. Cannon.
  4. ^ Davies officially claimed to be 85, but appears to have been older.
  5. ^ The Times, 24 Mar 1924; pg. 15.
  6. ^ He was recorded as aged 16 when he matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford, on 25 January 1638/39.
  7. ^ [2] History of Parliament article
  8. ^ [3] History of Parliament Online article on Edward Mainwaring. Dates calculated from those given in Lists of Parliaments of England.
  9. ^ [4] History of Parliament Online article on Sir William Killigrew.
  10. ^ Elected in absentia to succeed deceased brother while remaining resident in Australia.
  11. ^ "Women in the House of Commons" (PDF). UK Parliament. 
  12. ^ Chris Pond, Parliament and Religious Disabilities
  13. ^ "Conservative MP 'is tallest ever'", BBC News, 21 June 2005. Accessed 3 April 2007.
  14. ^ Ford, David Nash (2010). "John Cheney (c.1442-1499)". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  15. ^ [5] History of Parliament article by Sir Lewis Namier.
  16. ^ Wedgwood, Josiah C. (1917). Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. William Salt Archaeological Society. p. 13. 
  17. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 68. 
  18. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 125. 
  19. ^ [6] History of Parliament Online article. He was reported on 17 July 1403 to have defected, with his men under him, to the Percy side when serving in Wales. It is not reported he died in the battle (on 21st July) or was executed or imprisoned, but he was dead by 16th August when his estates were forfeit to the Crown as a traitor and awarded to a loyalist Lancastrian knight.
  20. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 250. 
  21. ^ [7] History of Parliament article.
  22. ^ For purposes of CWGC commemoration, the period is 4 August 1914 to 31 August 1921, if the casualty was serving in the military at death or died post-discharge from effects of service in the war.
  23. ^ Based on stated death age of 40 as per CWGC casualty record.
  24. ^ Period for commemoration by CWGC covers 3 September 1939 to 31 December 1947.
  25. ^ According to account given in 1645.
  26. ^ [8] History of Parliament Online article. Recorded by wife of Regicide John Hutchinson, and widely believed in the Onslow family although his death was officially announced as being due to an ague which caused gangrene.
  27. ^ Weyman, Henry T. (1915). "Members of Parliament for Bridgnorth". Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society, 4th Series, Volume V. pp. 60–61. According to Weyman, Waring had been carousing celebrating anniversary of Charles I's execution.
  28. ^ a b Cokayne, G.E. (Editor) (1906). The Complete Baronetage, Volume V. William Pollard & Co. p. 109. 
  29. ^ "Members of Parliament for Bridgnorth". Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society, Series 4, Volume V. p. 69. According to Weyman, aged 52.
  30. ^ Weyman, Henry T. "Members of Parliament for Bridgnorth". Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeologial Society, Series 4, Volume V. p. 71. 
  31. ^ He was attempting to save an estate worker from being killed in same incident.
  32. ^ He died only a few days after elevation to his peerage, qualifying him for House of Lords.
  33. ^ a b Although officially established as accident, there were suspicions in Polish quarters the plane was sabotaged in attempt to assassinate General Sikorski, one of the passengers.
  34. ^ Duel took place while he was standing at General Election but he was not re-elected to his seat.
  35. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 60. While serving a distraint on an outlaw.
  36. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 74. Killed by two men, later prosecuted by his widow, outside Stafford.
  37. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 145. 
  38. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 279. 
  39. ^ Poisoned himself in exile, according to John Aubrey's second-hand account in Brief Lives (begun 1680), a later second-hand report by Alexander Pope stated he died from a wound infection caused by a nail in his boot, while a pamphlet alleged he died in the hands of the Spanish Inquisition.
  40. ^ According to Royalist sources.
  41. ^ [9] History of Parliament Online article by D.W. Hayton. He was found dead with gunshot wounds to head in Genoa; by one account murdered by a vengeful husband, but the Genoese senate judged him a suicide, seizing his effects and arranging his burial at sea instead of in consecrated ground.
  42. ^ Announced to have died suddenly but believed to have taken poison to avoid discovery of defrauding Bank of England and embezzlement.
  43. ^ According to coroner verdict in Alexandria, Egypt, having been found dead in sea with bullet wound to head - although it was also rumoured he had been murdered possibly by Romanians.
  44. ^ Absconded twice, second time permanently. Bankruptcy proceedings in absence until 1748.
  45. ^ He had been missing "for some weeks" when a body was found on 10 June 1738 wrongly identified as his. He was arrested in October same year.
  46. ^ Last reported at Cape Town en route for India on 27 December 1769.
  47. ^ His family reported him missing a week after failing to return home, then he was found a week later having had nervous breadown and lost memory of his movements.
  48. ^ Staffordshire Parliamentary History, Volume I. p. 85. 
  49. ^ Garland was on list of men sentenced to transportation to Tangier in 1664 but no evidence the sentence was carried out.
  50. ^ Then a criminal offence.
  51. ^ http://historical-debates.oireachtas.ie/D/0002/D.0002.192212080006.html