Records of members of the Oireachtas

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This is a list of records relating to the Oireachtas (National Parliament of Ireland).[1] The First Dáil Éireann consisted of the Sinn Féin MPs who were elected in the United Kingdom general election of 14 December 1918. They refused to attend the British House of Commons and instead assembled for the first time on 21 January 1919 in the Mansion House in Dublin as the revolutionary unicameral Dáil Éireann.

1118 Teachtaí Dála (TDs) served in the Dáil between 1919 and 2003. The title Father of the Dáil is usually and unofficially conferred on the longest-serving member.

Longest-serving former TDs[edit]

This is a list of former TDs who have served at least 30 years in the Dáil. Unless otherwise specified, start and end dates given are those of the relevant general election. It can be assumed unless stated otherwise that the member did not stand in the end-date election, as opposed to standing and failing to be elected.

Name Party Elected
b = by-election
Vacated seat Yrs/Mnths Notes
Paddy Smith Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1923 1977 53y 11m Former cabinet minister
Frank Aiken Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1923 1973 49y 6m Longest-serving cabinet minister (1932–1948,1951–1954,1957–1969)
Neil Blaney Fianna Fáil/ Independent Fianna Fáil 1948 b Died on 8 November 1995 46y 11m Former cabinet minister
Thomas McEllistrim Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1923 1969 45y 10m
Séamus Pattison Labour Party 1961 2007 45y 8m Former Ceann Comhairle
Seán MacEntee Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1918 1969 45y 6m Did not serve between the general elections of 1922 and June 1927
James Ryan Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1918 1965 45y 2m Long-serving cabinet minister. Did not serve between the general elections of 1922 and 1923 (1y 2m)
Seán Lemass Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1924 b 1969 44y 7m Taoiseach from 1959 until 1966
James Everett Labour Party/ National Labour Party 1923 Died on 18 December 1967 44y 4m Former cabinet minister; leader of the breakaway National Labour Party 1944–50
Oliver J. Flanagan Fine Gael 1943 1987 43y 8m Former cabinet minister
Martin Corry Fianna Fáil June 1927 1969 41y 10m
Patrick McGilligan Cumann na nGaedheal/ Fine Gael 1923 b 1965 41y 5m Attorney General from 1954 until 1957
Richard Mulcahy Sinn Féin/ Cumann na nGaedheal/ Fine Gael 1918 1961 41y Did not serve between general elections of 1937 and 1938, nor between those of 1943 and 1944
Éamon de Valera Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1918 Elected President in 1959 40y 6m Former Taoiseach and President of Ireland; first elected to Westminster at the June 1917 by-election
Cormac Breslin Fianna Fáil 1937 1977 40y Ceann Comhairle from 1967 until 1973
Patrick Hogan Labour Party 1923 Died on 24 January 1969 39y 8m Did not serve between the general elections of 1938 and 1943, nor between those of 1944 and 1948
Gerald Boland Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1923 1961 38y 2m Long-serving cabinet minister
Liam Cosgrave Fine Gael 1943 1981 38y Taoiseach from 1973 until 1977
Dan Spring Labour Party/ National Labour Party 1943 1981 38y Member of the breakaway National Labour Party 1944-50
Michael Kennedy Fianna Fáil June 1927 1965 37y 10m
Seán Brady Fianna Fáil September 1927 1965 37y 7m
Bob Briscoe Fianna Fáil September 1927 1965 37y 7m
James Dillon Centre Party/ Fine Gael 1932 1969 37y 4m Leader of Fine Gael from 1959 until 1965
David Andrews Fianna Fáil 1965 2002 37y 1m
Ben Briscoe Fianna Fáil 1965 2002 37y 1m
Bobby Molloy Fianna Fáil/ Progressive Democrats 1965 2002 37y 1m Joined Progressive Democrats in 1986; previously Fianna Fáil
Brendan Corish Labour Party 1945 b February 1982 36y 2m Tánaiste from 1973 until 1977
Dan Breen Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1923 1965 35y 11m Did not serve between the general elections of June 1927 and 1932
Paddy Harte Fine Gael 1961 1997 35y 8m Former Father of the Dáil
Charles Haughey Fianna Fáil 1957 1992 35y 8m Taoiseach on three occasions
Seán Treacy Labour Party/ Independent 1961 1997 35y 8m Ceann Comhairle from 1987 until 1997
John A. Costello Fine Gael 1933 1969 35y 7m Did not serve between the general elections of 1943 and 1944. Taoiseach on two occasions.
Vivion de Valera Fianna Fáil 1945 b 1981 35y 7m Son of Éamon de Valera
John Bruton Fine Gael 1969 Resigned on 31 October 2004 35y 4m Taoiseach from 1994 until 1997. Resigned as TD to become EU Ambassador to the United States
Erskine H. Childers Fianna Fáil 1938 Elected President in 1973 35y Former Tánaiste and President of Ireland
Frank Fahy Sinn Féin/ Fianna Fáil 1918 Died on 14 July 1953 34y 10m Former Ceann Comhairle
Micheál Ó Móráin Fianna Fáil 1938 1973 34y 8m Former cabinet minister
Maurice E. Dockrell Fine Gael 1943 1977 34y 1m
Desmond O'Malley Fianna Fáil/ Progressive Democrats 1968 b 2002 34y Founder of the Progressive Democrats and former cabinet minister
Bertie Ahern Fianna Fáil 1977 2011 33y 8m Former Taoiseach
Rory O'Hanlon Fianna Fáil 1977 2011 33y 8m Former Ceann Comhairle
Jim O'Keeffe Fine Gael 1977 2011 33y 8m Former cabinet minister
Michael Woods Fianna Fáil 1977 2011 33y 8m Former cabinet minister
Daniel Morrissey Cumann na nGaedheal/ Fine Gael 1923 1957 33y 7m Former cabinet minister
Jack Lynch Fianna Fáil 1948 1981 33y 4m Taoiseach on two occasions
Gerald Bartley Fianna Fáil 1932 1965 33y 2m Former cabinet minister
Seán Mac Eoin Cumann na nGaedheal/ Fine Gael 1932 1965 33y 2m Former cabinet minister
Noel Davern Fianna Fáil 1969 2007 32y 4m Did not serve 11 June 1981 to 17 February 1987 (5y 8m)
Addendum
Mary Harney Fianna Fáil/ PD/ Independent 1981 2011 29y 8m Former Tánaiste and longest ever serving female TD. Also served in the Seanad from 1977–81

Shortest-serving former TDs[edit]

This is a list of former TDs who served for less than 1 year in the Dáil. Unless otherwise specified, start and end dates given are those of the relevant general election.

Name Party Elected
b = by-election
Vacated seat Months Notes
Kieran Doherty Anti H-Block 1981 Died on 2 August 1981 2m Died after 73 days on hunger strike
Pierce McCan Sinn Féin 1918 Died on 6 March 1919 3m The Westminster election was on 14 December 1918, but the First Dáil did not sit until 21 January 1919
Patrick Gaffney Farmers' Party 1922 Resigned September 1922 3m Resigned after refusing to take the Oath of Allegiance[2]
Michael Carter Farmers' Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Arthur Clery Independent June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Denis Cullen Labour Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
William Duffy National League Party June 1927 Did not contest September 1927 3m
Thomas Falvey Farmers' Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Hugh Garahan Farmers' Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
John Gill Labour Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Gilbert Hewson Independent June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
John Horgan National League Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
John Jinks National League Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Gilbert Lynch Labour Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Eugene Mullen Fianna Fáil June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
David O'Gorman Farmers' Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Timothy Quill Labour Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
James Shannon Labour Party June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Thomas Tynan Fianna Fáil June 1927 Lost seat in September 1927 3m
Frank Drohan Sinn Féin 1921 Resigned on 5 January 1922 7m Returned unopposed on 24 May 1921; the Second Dáil convened on 16 August 1921.
George Lee Fine Gael June 2009 b Resigned on 8 February 2010 8m
Carrie Acheson Fianna Fáil 1981 Lost seat in February 1982 9m
Paddy Agnew Anti H-Block 1981 Did not contest February 1982 9m
Carey Joyce Fianna Fáil 1981 Lost seat in February 1982 9m
Seán Dublin Bay Loftus Independent 1981 Lost seat in February 1982 9m
Hugh Kennedy Cumann na nGaedheal October 1923 b Resigned on 25 June 1924 9m Resigned to become Chief Justice of the Irish Free State
Thomas Bellew Fianna Fáil February 1982 Lost seat in November 1982 10m
Gerry Brady Fianna Fáil February 1982 Lost seat in November 1982 10m
Ned Brennan Fianna Fáil February 1982 Lost seat in November 1982 10m
Jim Corr Fine Gael February 1982 Did not contest November 1982 10m
Henry Coyle Cumann na nGaedheal 1923 Disqualified on 9 May 1924 10m Sentenced to three years' imprisonment for bouncing cheques
Alexis FitzGerald, Jnr Fine Gael February 1982 Lost seat in November 1982 10m
Patrick Gallagher Sinn Féin (Workers Party) February 1982 Lost seat in November 1982 10m
Thomas O'Mahony Cumann na nGaedheal 1923 Died on 20 July 1924 11m
Richard Stapleton Labour Party 1943 Lost seat in 1944 11m

The following were eligible for membership of the Dáil, but as Unionists, they did not recognise it. Those elected to Westminster in 1918 were eligible for the First Dáil.[3]

Name Party Elected Vacated Westminster seat Months Notes
Hugh Anderson Irish Unionist Alliance 1918 Resignation in 1919 < 3m By-election was held on 4 March 1919
Robert McCalmont Irish Unionist Alliance 1918 Appointment as Commander of the Irish Guards in 1919 < 6m By-election was held on 27 May 1919
Arthur Warren Samuels Irish Unionist Alliance 1918 Appointment to the King's Bench in 1919 < 8m By-election was held on 28 July 1919

Current office-holders, longest service in the Oireachtas[edit]

This is a list of current members of the Oireachtas who have served for at least 20 years, with continuous or broken service. Unless otherwise specified, start dates given are those of the relevant election.

Name Party Office First elected/appointed
b = by-election
Years/Months
(as of 27 August 2014)
Notes
Michael P. Kitt Fianna Fáil TD / Senator 1975 b 39 years, 5 months Senator from 1977 to 1981, and from 2002 to 2007
Enda Kenny Fine Gael TD 1975 b 38 years, 9 months Current Taoiseach and Father of the Dáil
Ruairi Quinn Labour Party Senator / TD 1976 38 years, 1 month Senator from 1976 to 1977, and from 1981 to February 1982
Michael D. Higgins Labour Party Senator / TD /
President
1973 36 years, 2 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Current President of Ireland
Did not hold office between 1977 and 1981, and February and November 2011
Michael Noonan Fine Gael TD 1981 33 years, 2 months
Bernard Durkan Fine Gael TD / Senator 1981 33 years, 2 months Senator from February 1982 to November 1982
Richard Bruton Fine Gael Senator / TD 1981 32 years, 10 months Senator from October 1981 to February 1982
Shane Ross Independent Senator / TD 1981 32 years, 10 months Senator from 1981 to 2011
Dinny McGinley Fine Gael TD February 1982 32 years, 6 months
Willie O'Dea Fianna Fáil TD February 1982 32 years, 6 months
John Browne Fianna Fáil TD November 1982 31 years, 9 months
Séamus Kirk Fianna Fáil TD November 1982 31 years, 9 months Former Ceann Comhairle
Jimmy Deenihan Fine Gael Senator / TD 1983 31 years, 6 months Senator from 1983 to 1987
Brendan Howlin Labour Party Senator / TD 1983 31 years, 6 months Senator from 1983 to 1987
Seán Barrett Fine Gael TD 1981 27 years, 11 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Current Ceann Comhairle
Did not hold office between 2002 and 2007
Alan Shatter Fine Gael TD 1981 27 years, 11 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Did not hold office between 2002 and 2007
Emmet Stagg Labour Party TD 1987 27 years, 6 months
Michael Lowry Independent TD 1987 27 years, 6 months
Terry Leyden Fianna Fáil TD / Senator 1977 27 years, 3 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Did not hold office for 9y, 9m between December 1992 and September 2002
Paul Bradford Fine Gael Senator / TD 1987 27 years, 4 months Senator from 1987 to 1989, and from 2002 to present
Phil Hogan Fine Gael Senator / TD 1987 27 years, 4 months Senator from 1987 to 1989
David Norris Independent Senator 1987 27 years, 4 months
Eamon Gilmore Labour Party TD 1989 25 years, 2 months Current Tánaiste and leader of the Labour Party
Pat Rabbitte Labour Party TD 1989 25 years, 2 months
Micheál Martin Fianna Fáil TD 1989 25 years, 2 months Leader of Fianna Fáil
Dan Neville Fine Gael Senator / TD 1989 24 years, 10 months Senator from 1989 to 1997
Joe Costello Labour Party Senator / TD 1989 24 years, 10 months Senator from 1989 to 1992 and from 1997 to 2002
Éamon Ó Cuív Fianna Fáil Senator / TD 1989 24 years, 10 months Senator from 1989 to 1992
Paschal Mooney Fianna Fáil Senator 1987 24 years, 7 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Did not hold office between July 2007 and January 2010
Charles Flanagan Fine Gael TD 1987 22 years, 4 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Did not hold office between 2002 and 2007
Tommy Broughan Independent TD 1992 21 years, 9 months
Willie Penrose Independent TD 1992 21 years, 9 months
Róisín Shortall Independent TD 1992 21 years, 9 months
Brendan Smith Fianna Fáil TD 1992 21 years, 9 months
Billy Kelleher Fianna Fáil Senator / TD 1993 21 years, 6 months Senator from 1993 to 1997
Jack Wall Labour Party Senator / TD 1993 21 years, 6 months Senator from 1993 to 1997
Paddy Burke Fine Gael Senator 1993 21 years, 6 months Current Cathaoirleach
Feargal Quinn Independent Senator 1993 21 years, 6 months
Jan O'Sullivan Labour Party TD / Senator 1993 20 years, 7 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Senator from 1993 to 1997
Did not hold office between June 1997 and March 1998

Longest-serving Senators[edit]

This is a list of current and former Senators who have served for at least 20 years in the Seanad, including both the Free State Seanad and the Seanad established under the 1937 Constitution. There was a 22-month gap between the abolition of the Free State Seanad in 1936 and the inauguration in 1938 of the 2nd Seanad, the first incarnation of the new body.

Name Party First elected Vacated seat Years/Months Notes
Henry Barniville Fine Gael 6 December 1922 23 September 1960 35 years, 11 months Service interrupted by the abolition of the Free State Seanad
Margaret Mary Pearse Fianna Fáil 27 April 1938 7 November 1968 30 years, 6 months
Eoin Ryan, Snr Fianna Fáil 22 May 1957 3 April 1987 29 years, 10 months
Liam Ó Buachalla Fianna Fáil 7 October 1939 24 July 1969 29 years, 9 months
Shane Ross Independent 8 October 1981 26 February 2011 29 years, 4 months
James G. Douglas Independent 6 December 1922 16 September 1954 28 years, 9 months Service interrupted by the abolition of the Free State Seanad;
Did not serve in 4th Seanad
Rory Kiely Fianna Fáil 27 October 1977 22 July 2007 28 years, 9 months Did not serve in 16th Seanad
Patrick McGowan Fianna Fáil 23 June 1965 3 October 1999 28 years, 5 months Did not serve in 15th, 16th and 17th Seanad
Des Hanafin Fianna Fáil 5 November 1969 26 June 2002 27 years, 10 months Did not serve in 20th Seanad
William Ryan Fianna Fáil 14 December 1961 5 July 1989 27 years, 6 months
David Norris Independent 25 April 1987 Incumbent 27 years, 4 months
Michael Hayes Fine Gael 27 April 1938 28 April 1965 27 years
Charles McDonald Fine Gael 14 December 1961 17 December 1992 26 years, 4 months Did not serve in 13th Seanad
John Counihan Independent 6 December 1922 25 July 1951 26 years, 3 months Did not serve in 2nd Seanad
Thomas Ruane Fianna Fáil 6 December 1934 28 April 1965 25 years, 9 months Service interrupted by the abolition of the Free State Seanad;
Did not serve in 4th and 6th Seanad
Patrick O'Reilly Fianna Fáil 18 August 1944 24 July 1969 24 years, 11 months
Seán O'Donovan Fianna Fáil 27 April 1938 24 July 1969 24 years, 10 months Did not serve in 6th and 8th Seanad
Paschal Mooney Fianna Fáil 25 April 1987 Incumbent 24 years, 7 months
(as of Jul. 2014)
Did not serve 2y, 6m from July 2007 to January 2010
Mick Lanigan Fianna Fáil 27 October 1977 26 June 2002 24 years, 7 months
Joe O'Toole Independent 25 April 1987 29 April 2011 24 years
Donie Cassidy Fianna Fáil 13 May 1982 29 April 2011 24 years Did not serve in 22nd Seanad from 2002 to 2007
James Parkinson Cumann na nGaedheal 6 December 1922 31 July 1947 22 years, 9 months Service interrupted by the abolition of the Free State Seanad
Patrick Baxter Clann na Talmhan 6 December 1934 3 April 1959 22 years, 5 months Service interrupted by the abolition of the Free State Seanad
John Butler Labour Party 27 April 1938 28 April 1965 22 years, 3 months Did not serve in 9th Seanad
Seán Hayes Fianna Fáil 27 April 1938 28 April 1965 22 years, 2 months Did not serve in 4th and 6th Seanad
William O'Callaghan Independent 27 April 1938 1 September 1961 22 years, 2 months Did not serve in 4th Seanad
James Tunney Labour Party 27 April 1938 1 September 1961 22 years, 2 months Did not serve in 4th Seanad
Thomas Foran Labour Party 28 November 1923 12 March 1948 22 years Did not serve in 2nd Seanad
Patrick Fitzsimons Independent 21 April 1948 30 March 1973 22 years Did not serve in 8th Seanad
Peter Lynch Independent 7 September 1938 1 September 1961 22 years
Sir John Keane Independent 6 December 1922 12 March 1948 21 years, 10 months Did not serve in 1934–36 Seanad
Francis O'Brien Fianna Fáil 1 October 1989 29 April 2011 21 years, 7 months
Paddy Burke Fine Gael 17 February 1993 Incumbent 21 years, 6 months
Feargal Quinn Independent 17 February 1993 Incumbent 21 years, 6 months
William Quirke Independent 6 December 1931 5 March 1955 21 years, 4 months Service interrupted by the abolition of the Free State Seanad
William Bedell Stanford Independent 21 April 1948 24 July 1969 21 years, 3 months
Michael Yeats Fianna Fáil 14 August 1951 12 March 1980 21 years Did not serve in 8th and 9th Seanad
James Dooge Fine Gael 14 December 1961 3 April 1987 20 years, 10 months Did not serve in 14th Seanad
Micheál Prendergast Fine Gael 22 July 1954 26 May 1977 20 years, 9 months Did not serve from March 1973 to April 1975
Brian Mullooly Fianna Fáil 8 October 1981 26 June 2002 20 years, 8 months
Brendan Ryan Independent 13 May 1982 22 July 2007 20 years, 5 months Did not serve in 20th Seanad
Eddie Bohan Fianna Fáil 25 April 1987 22 July 2007 20 years, 2 months
Don Lydon Fianna Fáil 25 April 1987 22 July 2007 20 years, 2 months
Bernard McGlinchey Fianna Fáil 14 December 1961 21 December 1982 20 years, 2 months Did not serve in 15th Seanad
Patrick Quinlan Independent 22 May 1957 26 May 1977 20 years

Serving senator

Oldest living former office-holders[edit]

Aged 85 or older:

Name Office(s) held Date of birth Age
Eddie Filgate TD 16 September 1915 98 years, 11 months
T. K. Whitaker Senator 8 December 1916 97 years, 8 months
Liam Cosgrave Taoiseach 13 April 1920 94 years, 4 months
Jack Harte Senator 10 December 1920 93 years, 8 months
Joseph Dowling TD / Senator 2 February 1922 92 years, 6 months
Thomas Finlay TD / Chief Justice 17 September 1922 91 years, 11 months
Seán Treacy Ceann Comhairle 23 September 1923 90 years, 11 months
Peter Sands Senator 1 May 1924 90 years, 3 months
Donal Creed TD 7 September 1924 89 years, 11 months
Patrick Byrne TD 2 April 1925 89 years, 4 months
Hugh Conaghan TD 6 May 1926 88 years, 3 months
Patrick Lalor TD 21 July 1926 88 years, 1 month
Tom Fitzpatrick TD 29 July 1926 88 years
Tom O'Donnell TD 30 August 1926 87 years, 11 months
John A. Murphy Senator 17 January 1927 87 years, 7 months
Jimmy Leonard TD 5 June 1927 87 years, 2 months
Maurice Hayes Senator 8 July 1927 87 years, 1 month
Jackie Fahey TD 23 January 1928 86 years, 7 months
Joan Burke TD 8 February 1928 86 years, 6 months
William J. Murphy TD 17 May 1928 86 years, 3 months
Peter Barry TD 10 August 1928 86 years
Patrick Norton TD / Senator 1928 85 years, 7 months+
Brian Friel Senator 9 January 1929 85 years, 7 months
Richie Ryan TD / MEP 27 February 1929 85 years, 6 months

Oldest ever office-holders[edit]

Office holders aged 75 or older:

Name Office Age Year
Éamon de Valera President Retired aged 90 1973
Gerald Boland Senator Retired aged 84 1969
Seán MacEntee TD Retired aged 80 1969
Maurice Hayes Senator Retired aged 80 2007
Charles Fagan TD Retired aged 80 1961
Jackie Healy-Rae TD Retired aged 79 2011
James Everett TD Died aged 78 1967
Feargal Quinn Senator In office aged 77 years, 9 months
James Ryan Senator Retired aged 77 1969
Seán T. O'Kelly President Retired aged 77 1959
P. J. Sheehan TD Retired aged 77 2011
Rory O'Hanlon TD Retired aged 77 2011
Paddy Smith TD Retired aged 76 1977
Ann Ormonde Senator Lost seat aged 76 2011

Youngest ever office-holders[edit]

Name Office Age on election Year elected
William J. Murphy TD 21y 1m 1949
Joseph Sweeney TD 21y 6m 1918
Lorcan Allen TD 21y 6m 1961
Kathleen O'Connor TD 21y 7m 1956
Ivan Yates TD 21y 8m 1981
Mary Coughlan TD 21y 9m 1987
John Bruton TD 22y 1m 1969
Paddy Smith TD 22y 2m 1923
Miriam Kearney Senator 22y 3m 1981
Myra Barry TD 22y 4m 1979
Síle de Valera TD 22y 6m 1977
Kathryn Reilly Senator 22y 7m 2011
Oliver J. Flanagan TD 23y 1m 1943
Liam Cosgrave TD 23y 2m 1943

Longest surviving cabinet members[edit]

Government Members
Brugha (1919) Richard Mulcahy (died 1971)
De Valera (1919–21) Éamon de Valera (died 1975)
De Valera (1921–22)
Griffith (1922) Michael Hayes (died 1976)
Collins (1922)
Cosgrave (1922) Ernest Blythe (died 1975)
Cosgrave (1922–23)
Cosgrave (1923–27) Patrick McGilligan (died 1979)
Cosgrave (1927)
Cosgrave (1927–30)
Cosgrave (1930–32)
De Valera (1932–33) Seán MacEntee (died 1984)
De Valera (1933–37)
De Valera (1937)
De Valera (1937–38)
De Valera (1938–43)
De Valera (1943–44)
De Valera (1944–48)
Costello (1948–51) Noël Browne (died 1997)
De Valera (1951–54) Seán MacEntee (died 1984)
Costello (1954–57) Liam Cosgrave
De Valera 1957–59) Kevin Boland (died 2001)
Lemass (1959–61) Patrick Hillery (died 2008)
Lemass (1961–66)
Lemass (1965–66)
Lynch (1966–69) Pádraig Faulkner (died 2012)
Lynch (1969–73) Gerry Collins, Patrick Lalor, Bobby Molloy, Michael O'Kennedy, Desmond O'Malley
Cosgrave (1973–77) Peter Barry, Richard Burke, Patrick Cooney, Liam Cosgrave, Tom O'Donnell, Richie Ryan
Lynch (1977–79) Gerry Collins, Bobby Molloy, Martin O'Donoghue, Michael O'Kennedy, Desmond O'Malley

Longest surviving Dáil members[edit]

Dáil Election Members
1st Dáil 1918 Seán MacEntee (died 1984)
2nd Dáil 1921 Tom Maguire (died 1993)
3rd Dáil 1922
4th Dáil 1923
5th Dáil 1927 (June) Seán MacEntee (died 1984)
6th Dáil 1927 (Sep)
7th Dáil 1932 James Dillon (died 1986)
8th Dáil 1933 James McGuire (died 1989)
9th Dáil 1937 James Dillon (died 1986)
10th Dáil 1938
11th Dáil 1943 Liam Cosgrave
12th Dáil 1944
13th Dáil 1948 Liam Cosgrave, William J. Murphy
14th Dáil 1951 Liam Cosgrave
15th Dáil 1954 Patrick Byrne, Liam Cosgrave, Thomas Finlay, Kathleen O'Connor
16th Dáil 1957 Patrick Byrne, Liam Cosgrave, Brigid Hogan, Richie Ryan
17th Dáil 1961 Lorcan Allen, Patrick Byrne, Liam Cosgrave, Paddy Harte, Brigid Hogan-O'Higgins, Patrick Lalor, Tom O'Donnell, Séamus Pattison, Richie Ryan, Seán Treacy

Longest lived former office-holders[edit]

Aged 90 or more at time of death:

Name Date of birth Date of death Age
Tom Maguire 28 March 1892 5 July 1993 101y 4m
Eddie Filgate 16 September 1915 98 years, 11 months
Seán Ó Ceallaigh 17 April 1896 15 June 1994 98y 1m
Domhnall Ua Buachalla 5 February 1866 30 October 1963 97y 8m
T. K. Whitaker 8 December 1916 97 years, 8 months
Philip Brady 10 June 1898 6 January 1995 96y 7m
George Noble Plunkett 3 December 1851 12 March 1948 96y 3m
Séamus Dolan 10 December 1914 10 August 2010 95y 8m
Kathleen Clarke 11 April 1878 29 September 1972 94y 6m
Robert Barton 4 March 1881 10 August 1975 94y 5m
Joseph Farrell 1 July 1905 24 November 1999 94y 5m
Seán MacEntee 22 August 1889 10 January 1984 94y 5m
Liam Cosgrave 13 April 1920 94 years, 4 months
Pádraig Faulkner 12 March 1918 1 June 2012 94y 2m
Tony Herbert 1920 6 March 2014 94y+
Richard Barry 4 September 1919 28 April 2013 93y 7m
Jack Harte 10 December 1920 93 years, 8 months
Patrick Finucane 5 December 1890 10 April 1984 93y 4m
Thomas Tynan 1859 24 September 1953 93y 3m+
Peadar O'Donnell 22 February 1893 13 May 1986 93y 3m
Denis Cullen 23 September 1878 26 November 1971 93y 2m
Sam McAughtry 24 March 1921 28 March 2014 93y
Kit Ahern 13 January 1915 27 December 2007 92y 11m
Éamon de Valera 14 October 1882 29 August 1975 92y 10m
William Sheldon 18 January 1907 1 November 1999 92y 9m
Charles Fagan 1 October 1881 8 May 1974 92y 7m
Ted Russell 1 April 1912 28 November 2004 92y 7m
Joseph Dowling 2 February 1922 92 years, 6 months
Patrick Shanahan 10 March 1908 1 February 2000 91y 11m
Thomas Finlay 17 September 1922 91 years, 11 months
Hugh Gibbons 6 July 1916 13 November 2007 91y 4m
Conor Cruise O'Brien 3 November 1917 18 December 2008 91y 1m
Seán Treacy 23 September 1923 90 years, 11 months
Bryan Cusack 2 August 1882 24 May 1973 90y 9m
Thomas Johnson 17 May 1872 17 January 1963 90y 8m
Patrick McGilligan 12 April 1889 15 November 1979 90y 7m

Shortest lived office-holders[edit]

Aged 40 or younger at time of death:

Name Date of birth Date of death Age Cause of death
Kieran Doherty 16 October 1955 2 August 1981 25y Hunger strike
Liam Mellows 25 May 1895 8 December 1922 27y 6m Execution during the Irish Civil War
Michael Collins 16 October 1890 22 August 1922 31y 10m Shot during the Irish Civil War
Don Davern 4 March 1935 2 November 1968 33y 7m Sudden illness
Michael Derham 1889 20 November 1923 34y 10m- Sudden illness
Kevin O'Higgins 7 June 1892 10 July 1927 35y 1m Assassinated by former Civil War opponents
Billy Fox 3 January 1939 12 March 1974 35y 2m Shooting
Harry Boland 27 April 1887 31 July 1922 35y 3m Shot during the Irish Civil War
Frank Carney 25 April 1896 19 October 1932 36y 5m Ill-health
Hugh Colohan 30 September 1894 15 April 1931 36y 6m
Pierce McCan 2 August 1882 6 March 1919 36y 7m Influenza epidemic
Séamus Ryan 6 December 1895 30 June 1933 37y 6m Sudden illness
Thomas A. Finlay 11 October 1893 22 November 1932 39y 1m Typhoid fever
Alfred P. Byrne 1913 26 July 1952 39y 6m-
Sir Osmond Esmonde 4 April 1896 22 July 1936 40y 3m Sudden illness
Clement Coughlan 14 August 1942 1 February 1983 40y 5m Traffic accident
Séamus Dwyer c.1882 20 December 1922 40y 11m- Assassinated during the Irish Civil War
Joseph Hannigan 1904 1944 40y 11m-

Longest-serving cabinet ministers (in same office)[edit]

Name Office Years
Seán Lemass Minister for Industry and Commerce 19 years, 2 months
Éamon de Valera Minister for External Affairs 15 years, 11 months
Frank Aiken Minister for External Affairs 15 years, 3 months
James Ryan Minister for Agriculture 14 years, 10 months
Thomas Derrig Minister for Education 14 years, 1 month
Gerald Boland Minister for Justice 11 years, 4 months
Oscar Traynor Minister for Defence 11 years, 4 months
Seán MacEntee Minister for Finance 10 years, 5 months

People appointed to cabinet at the start of their first term as TD[edit]

Name Date
Noël Browne February 1948
Kevin Boland March 1957
Martin O'Donoghue July 1977
Alan Dukes June 1981
Niamh Bhreathnach January 1993

Oldest person currently in office[edit]

Politicians born before 1945:

Name Office Date of birth Age as of 27 August 2014
Feargal Quinn Senator 27 November 1936 77 years, 9 months
Labhrás Ó Murchú Senator 14 August 1939 75 years
Michael D. Higgins President 18 April 1941 73 years, 4 months
Seán Kenny TD 1 October 1942 71 years, 10 months
Terry Brennan Senator 24 May 1942 72 years, 3 months
Michael Noonan TD 21 May 1943 71 years, 3 months
Paul Coghlan Senator 1 June 1944 70 years, 3 months
David Norris Senator 1 July 1944 70 years, 1 month
Seán Barrett TD 9 August 1944 70 years
Michael Conaghan TD September 1944 69 years, 10 months
Emmet Stagg TD 1 October 1944 69 years, 10 months
Mary White Senator 7 October 1944 69 years, 10 months
Sean Barrett Senator 1944 69 years, 7 months+

Youngest person currently in office[edit]

Politicians born since 1976:

Name Office Date of birth Age as of 27 August 2014
Kathryn Reilly Senator 17 September 1988 25 years, 11 months
Helen McEntee TD 1987 26+
Simon Harris TD 17 December 1986 27 years, 8 months
Derek Nolan TD October 1982 31 years, 9 months+
Eoghan Murphy TD April 1982 32 years, 3 months+
Brendan Griffin TD March 1982 32 years, 4 months+
Paul Connaughton, Jnr TD January 1982 32 years, 6 months+
Robert Troy TD January 1982 32 years, 6 months+
Ciara Conway TD 13 August 1980 34 years
Lucinda Creighton TD 20 January 1980 34 years, 7 months
James Heffernan Senator 3 October 1979 34 years, 10 months
Lorraine Higgins Senator 3 August 1979 35 years
Leo Varadkar TD 18 January 1979 35 years, 7 months
John Paul Phelan TD 27 September 1978 35 years, 11 months
Martin Heydon TD 9 August 1978 36 years
Averil Power Senator 26 July 1978 36 years, 1 month
Damien English TD 21 February 1978 36 years, 6 months
Hildegarde Naughton Senator 1977 36 years, 7 months+
Alan Farrell TD 29 December 1977 36 years, 7 months
Charlie McConalogue TD October 1977 36 years, 9 months+
Brian Ó Domhnaill Senator 18 October 1977 36 years, 10 months
Pearse Doherty TD 6 July 1977 37 years, 1 month
John Lyons TD June 1977 37 years, 1 month+
Thomas Byrne Senator 1 June 1977 37 years, 2 months
Patrick O'Donovan TD 21 March 1977 37 years, 5 months
Michael McCarthy TD 15 November 1976 37 years, 9 months
Michael McGrath TD 23 August 1976 38 years
Aodhán Ó Ríordáin TD July 1976 38 years+
Catherine Noone Senator 24 June 1976 38 years, 2 months

Members of the current Government by age[edit]

Name Date of birth Age as of 27 August 2014
Michael Noonan 21 May 1943 71 years, 3 months
Joan Burton 1 February 1949 65 years, 6 months
Frances Fitzgerald 1 August 1950 64 years
Jan O'Sullivan 6 December 1950 63 years, 8 months
Enda Kenny 24 April 1951 63 years, 4 months
Richard Bruton 15 March 1953 61 years, 5 months
James Reilly 16 August 1955 59 years
Brendan Howlin 9 May 1956 58 years, 3 months
Charles Flanagan 1 November 1956 57 years, 9 months
Alex White 3 December 1958 55 years, 8 months
Simon Coveney 16 June 1972 42 years, 2 months
Paschal Donohoe 19 September 1974 39 years, 11 months
Alan Kelly 13 July 1975 39 years, 1 month
Leo Varadkar 18 January 1979 35 years, 7 months
Heather Humphreys N/A N/A

Longest service (cumulative)[edit]

Name Office(s) Years
Éamon de Valera TD / President 55
Paddy Smith TD 54
Frank Aiken TD 50
James Ryan TD / Senator 50
Neil Blaney TD / MEP 47
Gerald Boland TD / Senator 46

Married couple in the same Oireachtas[edit]

Married couple Oireachtas
Michael O'Higgins Brigid Hogan-O'Higgins 16th Dáil, 17th Dáil and 18th Dáil
Alexis FitzGerald, Jnr Mary Flaherty 23rd Dáil
Joe McHugh Olwyn Enright 30th Dáil
Paul Bradford Lucinda Creighton 24th Seanad and 31st Dáil
Martin McAleese Mary McAleese 24th Seanad and President of Ireland

Members of both the British Parliament and of the Oireachtas[edit]

Name British Parliament Oireachtas
P. J. Brady MP 1910–18 Senator 1927–28
Alfred Byrne MP 1915–18 TD 1922–28, 1932–56, Senator 1928–31
James Campbell, later Lord Glenavy MP 1898–1900, 1903–17, Peer 1921–31 Senator 1922–28
Bryan Cooper MP 1910 TD 1923–30
James Cosgrave MP 1914–18 TD 1923–27
William Duffy MP 1900–18 TD 1927
Sir John Esmonde MP 1915–18 TD 1937–44
Sir Thomas Esmonde MP 1885–1918 Senator 1922–34
Laurence Ginnell MP 1906–18 TD 1918–23
Benjamin Guinness, 3rd Earl of Iveagh Peer 1967–92 Senator 1973–77
Edward Haughey, later Lord Ballyedmond Peer 2004–14 Senator 1994–2002
Hugh Law MP 1902–18 TD 1927–32
Seamus Mallon MP 1986–2005 Senator 1982
James O'Mara MP 1900–18 TD 1918–21, 1924–27
Earl of Kerry, later Marquess of Lansdowne MP 1908–18, Peer 1927–36 Senator 1922–29
Horace Plunkett MP 1892–1900 Senator 1922–25
William Redmond MP 1910–22 TD 1923–32

First-time records[edit]

Women[edit]

Religion[edit]

  • First Jewish TD – Robert Briscoe, Fianna Fáil TD for Dublin South (1932–48) and Dublin South–West (1948–61)
  • First Muslim TD – Moosajee Bhamjee, Labour Party TD for Clare from 1992–97
  • First Quaker Senator – James G. Douglas, independent Senator from 1922–36 and 1938–57

LGBT people[edit]

  • First male Senator to publicly identify as gay – David Norris, independent Senator for University of Dublin since 1987.
  • First TDs to publicly identify as gay – John Lyons (Labour Party TD for Dublin North–West) and Dominic Hannigan (Labour Party TD for Meath East), both elected in 2011.
  • First Senator to publicly identify as lesbian – Katherine Zappone, independent Senator since 2011.
  • First member of the Oireachtas to be in a recognised same-sex relationship – Katherine Zappone, who married Ann Louise Gilligan in British Columbia, Canada in 2003.
  • First serving member of the Oireachtas to come outJerry Buttimer, first elected in 2007, came out in 2012.

Party leaders[edit]

Party leaders serving 10 years or more are:

Leader Tenure Party Period Constituency
Ruairí Ó Brádaigh 39y Sinn Féin 1970–83 Longford–Westmeath
Republican Sinn Féin 1986–2009
Éamon de Valera 33y Fianna Fáil 1926–59 Clare
Gerry Adams 31y Sinn Féin 1983– Belfast West / Louth
William Norton 28y Labour Party 1932–60 Kildare
Tomás Mac Giolla 26y Sinn Féin 1962–70 Dublin West
Official Sinn Féin 1970–77
Sinn Féin the Workers Party 1977–82
Workers' Party 1982–88
Joseph Blowick 21y Clann na Talmhan 1944–65 Mayo
W. T. Cosgrave 20y Cumann na nGaedheal 1923–33 Carlow–Kilkenny
Fine Gael 1934–44
Seán MacBride 19y Clann na Poblachta 1946–65 Dublin County
John Redmond 18y Irish Parliamentary Party 1900–18 Waterford City
Brendan Corish 17y Labour Party 1960–77 Wexford
Richard Mulcahy 15y Fine Gael 1944–59[4][5] Tipperary
Dick Spring 15y Labour Party 1982–97 Kerry North
Bertie Ahern 14y Fianna Fáil 1994–2008 Dublin Central
Mary Harney 14y Progressive Democrats 1993–2006,
2007–08
Dublin Mid–West
Jack Lynch 13y Fianna Fáil 1966–79 Cork City
Charles Haughey 13y Fianna Fáil 1979–92 Dublin North–Central
Margaret Buckley 13y Sinn Féin 1937–50 None
Liam Cosgrave 12y Fine Gael 1965–77 Dún Laoghaire
Enda Kenny 12y Fine Gael 2002– Mayo
John Bruton 11y Fine Gael 1990–2001 Meath
Garret FitzGerald 10y Fine Gael 1977–87 Dublin South–East

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The two Houses of the Oireachtas are: Dáil Éireann (lower) and Seanad Éireann (upper).
  2. ^ Laffan, Michael (1999). The Resurrection of Ireland: The Sinn Féin Party, 1916–1923. Cambridge University Press. p. 391. ISBN 0-521-65073-9. 
  3. ^ "Dáil Éireann – Volume 1 – 21 January 1919, An Rolla". Dáil Éireann Parliamentary Debates (in Irish). Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  4. ^ While Mulcahy was a member of the Seanad in 1944, Tom O'Higgins acted as parliamentary party leader.
  5. ^ Between 1948 and 1959, John A. Costello served as parliamentary leader.