Recovery of loans

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In finance the term recovery refers to collection of amount due. The normally recovery depends on the purpose, time and condition, business running process etc.

Normally loan amount will be recovered on installment basis. The manager can fix installment period on the basis of nature of their business.

Example:

  1. Installment fixes on salaried person on the monthly basis.
  2. In agriculture sector installment fixes on half yearly.
  3. Business person normally 1 year per installment.

Recovery is different from one loan to another.

  • In short term loan is recovery is less than 36months.
  • In medium term loan recovery from 36 months to 84 months.
  • In long term loan normally recovery from 84months and above.

The repayment period can extend up as per the STC act in exceptional cases, normally bank recover the loan amount from customer, easily do not give the trouble to them.

Interest earned is the income for the corporation, this should payments, the entire expenses and plough back requirement therefore, recovery of money is one of the major source of funds for the corporation. The health of the corporation is judged by the extent of recovery that it can affect. All source of funds carry cost, if the cost of borrowings is higher, it reduces the margin profit, further the profit are subject to payment of income tax as per applicable laws. The corporation also is bound by minimum dividend obligation irrespective, whether it makes profit or not out of the post tax and post dividend income. The memos are retained in the corporation by way of reserves. Plough back of finds into system is emerging as one of the very important source funds in the total resource mix, if the corporation has to retain sufficient money for the business operations; it has to generate more income. More income obviously improving the recovery. Therefore systematic follow-up recovery of loan plays a significant role in our operations. In fact, is not exaggeration of the state that effective recovery of loans is the backbone of any financial institutions.