Sagittal section of the lower part of a female trunk, right segment. (Excavatio recto-uterina labeled at bottom right.)
Median sagittal section of female pelvis. (Rectouterine excavation labeled at center left.)
|Latin||excavatio rectouterina, cavum douglassi, fossa douglasi|
The rectouterine pouch (or rectouterine excavation, rectovaginal, Ehrhardt-Cole Recess, cul-de-sac, cavum Douglasi or Pouch of Douglas) is the extension of the peritoneal cavity between the rectum and the posterior wall of the uterus in the female human body.
Structure and physiology
In women it is the deepest point of the peritoneal cavity, posterior to (behind) the uterus and anterior to (in front of) rectum. (The pouch on the other side of the uterus is the vesicouterine excavation.) It is near the posterior fornix of the vagina.
Naming and etymology
It is also known by the names Douglas pouch, Douglas cavity, Douglas space and Douglas cul-de-sac.
It is named after the Scottish anatomist Dr. James Douglas (1675–1742) who extensively explored this region of the female body. Three other nearby anatomical structures are also named for him - the Douglas fold, the Douglas line and the Douglas septum.
A culdotomy incision or needle puncture of this "cul-de-sac" pouch by way of the vagina.
As it is the furthest-most point of the abdominopelvic cavity in women, it is a site where infection and fluids typically collect.
The rectouterine pouch is used in the treatment of end-stage renal failure in patients who are treated by peritoneal dialysis. The tip of the dialysis catheter is placed into the deepest point of the pouch.
- Ovary and ultrasound: from physiology to disease. F.M. Severi, C. Bocchi, S. Vannuccini, F. Petraglia. Archives of Perinatal Medicine 18(1), 7-19, 2012.
- synd/2937 at Who Named It?
- Drake, RL (2010). Gray's Anatomy for Students. Churchill Livingstone. p. 460.
- rectouterine+pouch at eMedicine Dictionary
- Anatomy photo:43:02-0300 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Distribution of the Peritoneum in the Female Pelvis"
- SUNY Anatomy Image 9610
- SUNY Anatomy Image 9737
- Douglas' Pouch at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- peritoneum at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University)
- figures/chapter_35/35-8.HTM - Basic Human Anatomy at Dartmouth Medical School
- Anatomy diagram: 03281.000-2 at Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, Elsevier