Red-breasted Merganser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Red-breasted merganser)
Jump to: navigation, search
Red-breasted Merganser
Male in winter at New Jersey, USA
Female, Thun, Switzerland
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Subfamily: Merginae
Genus: Mergus
Species: M. serrator
Binomial name
Mergus serrator
Linnaeus, 1758
Red-breasted Merganser range     Breeding range     Year-round range     Wintering range
Synonyms

Merganser serrator

The Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) is a diving duck, one of the sawbills.

Taxonomy[edit]

The Red-breasted Merganser was originally described under its current scientific name by Linnaeus in his 18th-century work, Systema Naturae.[2]

Juvenile, Florida

Description[edit]

The adult Red-breasted Merganser is 51–62 cm (20–24 in) long with a 70–86 cm (28–34 in) wingspan.[3] It has a spiky crest and long thin red bill with serrated edges. The male has a dark head with a green sheen, a white neck with a rusty breast, a black back, and white underparts. Adult females have a rusty head and a greyish body. The juvenile is like the female, but lacks the white collar and has a smaller white wing patch.

Voice[edit]

The call of the female is a rasping prrak prrak, while the male gives a feeble hiccup-and-sneeze display call.

Behaviour[edit]

Food and feeding[edit]

Red-breasted Mergansers dive and swim underwater. They mainly eat small fish, but also aquatic insects, crustaceans, and frogs.

Breeding[edit]

Its breeding habitat is freshwater lakes and rivers across northern North America, Greenland, Europe, and Asia. It nests in sheltered locations on the ground near water. It is migratory and many northern breeders winter in coastal waters further south.

Conservation[edit]

The Red-breasted Merganser is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Mergus serrator". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Linnaeus, Carl (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata (in Latin). Holmiae. (Laurentii Salvii). p. 62. 
  3. ^ Jonsson, Lars (1992). Birds of Europe with North Africa and the Middle East. Princeton University Press. p. 118. ISBN 0-691-03326-9. 

External links[edit]