Red-legged thrush

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Red-legged thrush
Turdus plumbeus in Dominica-a01a.jpg
Red-legged thrush in Dominica
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Turdus
Species: T. plumbeus
Binomial name
Turdus plumbeus
Linnaeus, 1758
In Puerto Rico

The red-legged thrush (Turdus plumbeus) is a species of bird in the Turdidae family. It is found in the Bahamas, Cayman Brac, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Puerto Rico. It formerly occurred on the Swan Islands, Honduras. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest. This species may be considered the Caribbean counterpart of the American robin, as it has similar habits, including being a common visitor to gardens and lawns.

This large thrush measures 27 cm (11 in)[2] and weighs approximately 75 g (2.6 oz), depending on subspecies.[3] It is is mainly bluish-grey above and lighter-grey below with a white and black throat with a striped appearance. The legs, bill and eye ring are bright orange-red. There is notable variation in plumage between the subspecies.

Six subspecies are described:[4][3]

  • T. p. plumbeusLinnaeus, 1758: nominate, found in the northern Bahamas islands.
  • T. p. schistaceus(Baird, S.F., 1864): found in eastern Cuba. Has beige-orange color on rear flanks and vent area. Bill is dark red with dusky tip.
  • T. p. rubripesTemminck, 1826: found in central and western Cuba and on Isle of Pines. Has more white in throat and malar area. It also has orange lower flanks, belly and vent.
  • T. p. coryi(Sharpe, 1902): found in the Cayman Islands. Paler and with less orange on underparts than T. p. rubripes.
  • T. p. ardosiaceusVieillot, 1822: found on Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. Has darker underparts and less white in the undertail.
  • T. p. albiventrisSclater, PL, 1889: found on Dominica. Has orange bill, feet and eye ring.

Its food is mostly fruits, but a third of its diet is animal matter: insects (caterpillars, beetles, ants, crickets, wasps), plus occasional snails, frogs, lizards and birds' eggs.[5]

In Puerto Rico, the red-legged thrush is known as zorzal de patas coloradas.

External audio
Red-legged thrush call
Red-legged thrush call

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Turdus plumbeus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Garrido, Orlando H.; Kirkconnell, Arturo (2000). Field Guide to the Birds of Cuba. Ithaca, NY: Comstock, Cornell University Press. pp. 179–180. ISBN 978-0-8014-8631-9. 
  3. ^ a b Larsen, Niels (2011). Schulenberg, T.S., ed. "Red-legged Thrush (Turdus plumbeus)". Neotropical Birds Online. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Gill, F.; Donsker, D., eds. (2014). "IOC World Bird List". IOC World Bird List (v 4.2). doi:10.14344/IOC.ML.4.2. 
  5. ^ Oberle, Mark W. (2000). Puerto Rico's Birds in Photographs. p. 102. ISBN 0-9650104-1-4. LCCN 00-109190. 

External links[edit]