Red Castle Museum
|Red Castle Museum
also known as:
• Assaraya Alhamra Museum
The Red Castle Museum or Assaraya Alhamra Museum (Arabic: متحف السرايا الحمراء), or Archaeological Museum of Tripoli, is Libya's national museum. It is located in the historic building known as the "Red Castle" or "Red Saraya".
Designed in conjunction with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the museum covers 5,000 years from prehistory to the independence revolution (1953) era. It is located in Tripoli's Assaria al-Hamra or Red Castle fortress, on the promontory above and adjacent to the old-town district with medina Ghadema. The museum has an entrance on historic As-Saha al-Kradrah, the Martyrs' Square.
The museum was established in 1919, when the colonial Italians converted a section of the castle to a museum to house many of the archaeological artifacts scattered across the country since prehistoric times. When the British occupied Libya during World War II, the museum occupied the entire complex of the castle and in 1948 was renamed The Libyan Museum. The museum reopened to the public in 1988, renamed the Assaraya Alhamra Museum–Red Castle Museum, with 'state-of-the-art' facilities.
- Prehistory of the Libyan region
- Ancient Libya tribes and traditions – the Maghreb Berbers: Garamentes, Tuareg, and others
- Libyan culture during the Phoenican–Punic–Greco–Roman Libya–Byzantine–Ottoman Libya-era traditions
- Islamic architecture
- Italian Libya, World War II, Libyan independence, and 20th-century Libyan heritage
- Natural History of the Libyan region
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- History of Islamic Tripolitania and Cyrenaica
- History of Libya
- Leptis Magna
- List of museums in Libya
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