Red Cloud, Nebraska
|Red Cloud, Nebraska|
Willa Cather's childhood home, 2010
Location of Red Cloud within Webster County and Nebraska
|• Mayor||Gary Ratzlaff|
|• Total||1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)|
|• Land||1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,716 ft (523 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||992|
|• Density||1,000.0/sq mi (386.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0832484|
The region of present-day Red Cloud was intermittently occupied and used as hunting grounds by the Pawnees until 1833. In that year, a treaty was signed in which the Pawnees surrendered their lands south of the Platte River. According to George Hyde, it is likely that the Pawnees did not realize that they were thereby giving up their lands, and that they were led to believe that they were only granting the Delawares and other relocated tribes permission to hunt in the area.
In 1870, the area that is now Webster County was opened to homesteaders. In that year, Silas Garber and other settlers filed claims along Crooked Creek, just east of the present-day city. In 1871, the town, named after the renowned Oglala Lakota leader Red Cloud, was voted county seat of the newly formed county. The city was platted in 1872.
The author Willa Cather lived in Red Cloud for several years with her family, starting in 1884 at age nine. She used the town as inspiration for several in her novels, including Black Hawk in My Ántonia. Several 19th-century buildings described in her books are included in the Willa Cather Historic District, the largest district dedicated to an author that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Her family house is part of the district.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,020 people, 480 households, and 267 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,000.0 inhabitants per square mile (386.1 /km2). There were 594 housing units at an average density of 582.4 per square mile (224.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 0.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.
There were 480 households of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.4% were non-families. 40.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.04 and the average family size was 2.73.
The median age in the city was 50.5 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 31.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.8% male and 54.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,131 people, 520 households, and 302 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,108.5 people per square mile (428.1/km²). There were 618 housing units at an average density of 605.7 per square mile (233.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 0.18% African American, 0.97% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.
There were 520 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.78.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 30.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $26,389, and the median income for a family was $34,038. Males had a median income of $26,364 versus $17,232 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,772. About 8.4% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Willa Cather - Pulitzer Prize-winning writer 
- Silas Garber - Governor of Nebraska
- William A. McKeighan - U.S. Representative
- William Norris - computer pioneer
- Les Seiler, Nebraska legislator
- Robert T. Smith, flight leader and ace with the American Volunteer Group
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Webster County, Nebraska
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Hyde, George E. Pawnee Indians. University of Denver Press, 1951. p. 135.
- "Nebraska Historic Buildings Survey–Webster County". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
- "Red Cloud 1871–1971". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
- "Red Cloud - Webster County", Nebraska Towns, University of Nebraska - Lincoln, accessed 10 Aug 2010
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Red Cloud Swimming Pool, City of Red Cloud. Accessed 2008-08-05.
- About Red Cloud Golf Course, City of Red Cloud. Accessed 2008-08-05.
- "Red Cloud 1871-1971". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-08-11.