Red sky at morning

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Red sky at morning, during sunrise
Red sky at night, with dust and clouds moving away to the west

The common phrase "Red sky at morning" is a line from an ancient rhyme often repeated by mariners:[1]

Red sky at night, shepherd's delight.
Red sky at morning, shepherd take warning;[2][3][4]

The rhyme is a rule of thumb used for weather forecasting during the past two millennia. It is based on the reddish glow of the morning or evening sky, caused by haze or clouds related to storms in the region.[2][3][5]

Because of different prevailing wind patterns around the globe, the traditional rhyme is generally not correct at lower latitudes of both hemispheres, where prevailing winds are from east to west. The rhyme is generally correct at mid-latitudes where, due to the rotation of the Earth, prevailing winds travel west to east.

A reddish sunrise, caused by the diffraction of light through particles suspended in the air, often foreshadows a storm arriving within the day. Conversely, a reddish sunset often indicates that a storm system is on the east side (opposite the sunset), travelling away from the observer.

There are occasions where a storm system might rain itself out before reaching the observer (who had seen the morning red sky). For ships at sea however, the wind and rough seas from an approaching storm system could still be a problem, even without rainfall.

History[edit]

In the Bible at Matthew 16:2-3, Jesus is quoted as saying:

When it is evening, you say, “It will be fair weather; for the sky is red.”
And in the morning, “It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.”

A similar adage appears in a poem by William Shakespeare. He said something similar in his Venus and Adonis (1593):[5][6]

“Like a red morn that ever yet betokened,
Wreck to the seaman, tempest to the field,
Sorrow to the shepherds, woe unto the birds,
Gusts and foul flaws to herdmen and to herds.”

The perils are foreshadowed using the archaic word "betokened"; some versions use the archaic term "Wrack" (for the word "Wreck").

Other versions[edit]

Red sky at morning, at sea

There are other variations of the wording, including the following version using the plural word "sailors":

Red sky at morning, sailors take warning;
Red sky at night, sailors' delight.[1]

Another version uses the word "shepherds":

Red sky at night, shepherds' delight;
Red sky in the morning, shepherds' warning.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kentucky Weather, by Jerry D. Hill, 2005, p.139, web: Books-Google-ikC
  2. ^ a b "GuideLines - Buoy & Marker Messages", Paddling.net, 2009, webpage: PN-297
  3. ^ a b "Weathervanes and Weather Wisdom. - Weather Station Channel", www.usedweatherstation.com, 2009, webpage: UsedWeath-6300
  4. ^ The Complete Sea Kayaker's Handbook, Shelley Johnson, 2001, p.171, weblink: Books-Google-IC
  5. ^ a b "Everyday Mysteries", Library of Congress, February 12, 2009, webpage: LOC-wsailor
  6. ^ "Folk Lore Weather Forecasting", Cartage.org, 2008, webpage: Cartage-Lore

External links[edit]

Media related to Sunrises at Wikimedia Commons