Redbone in 1971
|Origin||Fresno, Los Angeles, California, United States|
|Genres||Rock, R&B, Cajun, funk|
|Years active||1969–1977, 1997-present|
|Associated acts||Pat and Lolly Vegas
|Past members||Lolly Vegas
Robert Lame Bull McDonald
Redbone is a Native American/Mexican American rock group that was mostly active in the 1970s. They reached the Top 5 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1974 with the million-selling gold-certified single, "Come and Get Your Love", and achieved minor hits with "The Witch Queen of New Orleans" and "Maggie". They were the first Native American rock group to have a #1 single in the US and overseas.
Originally born in Coalinga, California, near Fresno CA, brothers Patrick (bass and vocals) and Candido "Lolly" Vasquez-Vegas (guitar and vocals) moved to Los Angeles in 1969 to form the group Redbone with mere cents in their pockets due to Pat winning one of the first singing competitions held by Coca-Cola. He won a recording contract and travel to create a career which he then put off to move to Los Angeles with his brother Lolly. They began playing local shows on Hollywood and Sunset Blvd, at local clubs like Gazzari's, as well as playing guitar and bass on legendary records from Elvis Presley, Tina Turner, Sonny and Cher, plus many more.
The name Redbone itself is a Cajun term for a mixed-race person ("half-breed"), the band's members being of mixed blood ancestry. The band referenced Cajun and New Orleans culture many times in their lyrics and performing style. Patrick and Lolly Vasquez - Vegas were a mixture of Yaqui, Shoshone Indian and Mexican heritage. The brothers began by performing and recording surf music as the Vegas Brothers, "because their agent told them that the world was not yet ready to embrace a duo of Mexican musicians playing surfing music". First as the Vegas Brothers(Pat and Lolly Vegas), then later as the Crazy Cajun Cakewalk Band, they performed throughout the 1960s at venues on the Las Vegas Strip and appeared on Shindig!
According to Pat Vegas, it was Jimi Hendrix - himself part Cherokee - who talked the musicians into forming an all-Native American rock group, and they signed as the band "Redbone" to Epic Records in 1969. Jimi Hendrix also stated that Lolly Vegas was his favorite guitar player and biggest influence in music. The band then consisted of Pat Vegas, Lolly Vegas, Peter DePoe and Robert Anthony Avila, a Yaqui-Mexican American, better known by his stage name Tony Bellamy. Their debut album Redbone was released in 1970.
Prior to forming Redbone, Pat and Lolly Vegas released an album in the mid-1960s entitled Pat & Lolly Vegas at the Haunted House (Mercury MG 21059/SR 61059). Of the twelve songs on the album, six were originals by the Vasquez-Vegas brothers which gained them huge initial success. Pat and Lolly also appeared religiously on the 60's hit show "Shindig" and reoccurring performers! They also released several singles from 1961 to the mid-1960s. One of them was titled "Robot Walk" / "Don't You Remember" (Apogee Records A-101) and more making a name for themselves in early years. In 1967 P.J. Proby recorded his only Top 30 hit "Niki Hoeky" by Jim Ford, Lolly Vegas and Pat Vegas. The next year, Bobbie Gentry performed the Cajun-influenced song on The Summer Smothers Brothers Show.
Redbone played primarily rock music with R&B, Cajun, Jazz, tribal, and Latin roots. Their first commercial success came with the single "Maggie" from their second album, Potlatch, in 1970, and two other hit singles followed - "The Witch Queen of New Orleans" (1971, #21 on the Billboard Hot 100) and "Come and Get Your Love" (1974, #5 on the Billboard Hot 100). "Come and Get Your Love", written by Lolly Vegas, remained on the chart for 24 weeks, and was certified gold by the R.I.A.A. on April 22, 1974.
Lolly was one of the first guitarists to make extensive use of the distinctive Leslie rotating speaker effect in his electric guitar amplification set-up. Vegas played improvised, jazz-influenced guitar. Drummer Peter DePoe (born 1943, Neah Bay, Washington) is credited with pioneering the "King Kong" style of drumming, which features sharply accented polyrhythms involving the bass and snare drums and is similar to funk styles of drumming. The band referred to DePoe's "King Kong Beat" in their lyrics to the song "Prehistoric Rhythm" on their debut album. Pat Vegas' style of Bass playing is still coveted by bass players in the world, even taught in college courses of music due to the level of creativity each member held.
In 1973, Redbone released the politically oriented "We Were All Wounded at Wounded Knee", recalling the massacre of Lakota Sioux Indians by the Seventh Cavalry in 1890. The song ends with the subtly altered sentence "We were all wounded 'by' Wounded Knee". It charted in several European countries and reached the #1 position in The Netherlands but did not chart in the U.S. where it was initially withheld from release due to lyrical controversy and then banned by several radio stations due to its confrontation of a sore subject. DePoe had left this band in 1972, and was eventually replaced by Bellamy's Filipino-Chicano cousin, Butch Rillera around that point. Following this the band achieved much of their commercial success. Tony Bellamy (guitar, piano and vocals) left the band in 1977, with Rillera leaving shortly after. Bellamy died, at age 63 in a Las Vegas hospital on December 25, 2009, as the result of liver failure.
The band's current remaining membership is led by Pat Vegas, although new members have joined Redbone in 1996 due to Lolly Vegas suffering a stroke that left him unable to tour with the band. Redbone has had some limited activity in recent years, but Pat Vegas continues to tour in Canada and the US. A proposed reunion tour in 2003 did not occur. There is evidence suggests the existence of an "imposter band", (one of many who try to gain recognition) was illegally touring the United States and posing as Redbone under the name (or alias) "Denny Freeman". Freeman - who Pat Vegas confirmed to be unaffiliated with Redbone in an interview with the Montana Standard - defrauded the county fair board of the Butte Silver-Bow County Fair in Butte, Montana, under pretenses of being a co-founding member of Redbone, yet he was never a band member.
Their third album, Message from a Drum, was released in Europe (except Spain) with the title The Witch Queen of New Orleans and different cover than the one released in the U.S. and Canada.
Redbone was inducted into the Native American Music Association Hall of Fame in 2008, as well as the NY Smithsonian in 2013. They were also honored with vein painted on the largest mural in the US in Fresno CA. On August 30, 2014 Pat Vegas was honored with the Lifetime Achievement "Legend" Award from the "West Coast American Indian Music Awards."
On December 25, 2009, Tony Bellamy died from liver failure at a hospital in his hometown of Las Vegas, and less than three months later, Lolly Vegas succumbed to lung cancer at his family home in Reseda, California on March 4, 2010.
In 2014, "Come And Get Your Love" experienced a resurgence in popularity when it was featured in the Marvel Studios film Guardians of the Galaxy, as one of the songs on a mixtape made for the protagonist, Peter Quill. It was also included on the film's soundtrack album, which reached the top spot on the Billboard 200 chart.
- Current members
- Pat Vegas - bass, vocals (1969–1977, 1997–present)
- Fernando Verdialez - guitar, vocals (1997-present)
- Vini Mars - guitar, vocals (1997-present)
- Carlos Perez - guitar, vocals (1997-present)
- Lee Wilson - drums, vocals (1997-present)
- Former members
- Lolly Vegas - guitars, vocals (1969–1977, 1997; died 2010)
- Tony Bellamy - guitars, vocals (1969–1977, 1997–1998, 2008; died 2009)
- Peter DePoe - drums, percussion (1969–1972)
- Robert Howard - saxophone (1969-1970)
- Arturo Perez - drums, percussion (1972–1973)
- George Spanos - drums, percussion (1973)
- Butch Rillera - drums, percussion (1973–1977)
- Jack White - drums, percussion (1977)
- Aloisio Aguiar - keyboards (1977)
- Eddie Summers - drums, percussion (1977)
- Joe Gonzales - drums (1977, 1999)
- Garrett Saracho - keyboards (1977)
- Raven Hernandez - guitars, vocals (1977)
- Robert Lame Bull McDonald, MD - guitars, vocals (2011-2014)
- Harlan Spector Keyboards '87-'90. and 2014 to present
- Redbone (1970) as Epic EGP-501
- Potlatch (1970) US #99 as Epic E-30109
- Message from a Drum (1971) US #75 as Epic KE-30815
- Already Here (1972) as Epic KE-31598
- Wovoka (1973) US #66 as Epic KE-32462
- Beaded Dreams Through Turquoise Eyes (1974) US #174 as Epic KE-33053
- Cycles (1977) as RCA AFL1-2352
- One World (2005); later re-edited and re-titled as Peace Pipe (2009)
- Redbone Live (recorded 1977; released 1994) as Avenue/Rhino 71632
- Come And Get Your Redbone: The Best Of Redbone (1975) as Epic PG-33456
- The Best Of Redbone (1976) as Dominion/K-Tel 833
- The Very Best Of Redbone (1991) as Sony Music Distribution 4679362 [import]
- Greatest Songs (Come And Get Your Love) (1995) as Curb 77746
- Golden Classics (1996) as Collectables 5802 [note: this is a 2LP-on-1CD reissue of Potlatch and Message From A Drum plus two singles]
- To The Bone (1998) as Sony Music Special Products 28581
- Wet Willie and Redbone: Take 2 (2002) as Sony Music Special Products 52777 [five songs by each band]
- The Essential Redbone (2003) as Epic/Legacy 86072
- Its Your World: Redbone's Greatest Hits (2009)
- Peacepipe (2012)
- Already Here (2014)
- Guardians of the Galaxy: Awesome Mix Vol. 1 (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (2014) [features "Come and Get Your Love"]
- Maggie b/w New Blue Sermonette (1971) US #45 as Epic 5-10670
- The Witch Queen Of New Orleans b/w Chant: 13th Hour (1971) US #21 as Epic 5-10749, UK #2
- When You Got Trouble b/w Jerico (1972) US #111 as Epic 5-10839
- Come and Get Your Love b/w Day To Day Life (1974) US #5, US R&B #75 as Epic 5-11035
- Wovoka b/w Clouds In My Sunshine (1974) US #101 as Epic 5-11131
- Suzie Girl b/w Interstate Highway 101 (1974) US #108 as Epic 8-50015
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London, UK: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 349. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- "Posts Tagged 'Redbone'". themusicsover.com (WordPress blog site). 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Lipsitz, George (2007). Footsteps in the Dark: The Hidden Histories of Popular Music. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 130–131. ISBN 978-0-8166-5019-4. OCLC 486905750. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "In Memoriam: Lolly Vegas of Redbone". wcbsfm.cbslocal.com. New York, NY: WCBS-FM. 2010-03-07. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Noland, Claire (2010-03-05). "Redbone singer and guitarist Lolly Vegas dies at 70". http://latimesblogs.latimes.com. Los Angeles, CA, USA: Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "NAMA 10". nativeamericanmusicawards.com. New York, NY: Native American Music Awards. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Allmusic.com discography
- "Bobbie Gentry - Niki Hoeky". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
- "The Summer Brothers Smothers Show: Season 1, Episode 6". IMDb.com. 28 July 1968. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
- "Redbone Biography". Musician Guide. 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "Redbone-History". 20gp.ovh.net. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
- "Claire Voyant - Las Vegas Gossip". Lvol.com. Retrieved 2014-18-22. Check date values in:
- Emeigh, John Grant (2006-08-11). "Fake band scams fair". The Montana Standard (Butte, MT: Lee Enterprises). Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Emeigh, John Grant (2006-08-16). "Musician says he'll pay back 'every dime'". The Montana Standard (Butte, MT: Lee Enterprises). Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "IT'S A SAD DAY TO DAY, JUST GOT SOME BAD NEWS, WE JUST LOST A ROCK LEGEND van Redbone Official Myspace op Myspace". Blogs.myspace.com. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
- "Meet Redbone, the Native American Rock Band Behind That Guardians of the Galaxy Song". Vulture. 2014-08-06.
- Foundas, Scott (July 24, 2014). "Film Review: ‘Guardians of the Galaxy’". Variety.
- Official Redbone and Pat Vegas website
- MySpace - Redbone (Unofficial Redbone website)
- Redbone (Unofficial site with information about Redbone, in English and French)
- Cajun Funk with a Touch of Latin Soul. - Redbone history on Mark Guerrero's site
Selected video clips
- Come And Get Your Love ( 1 ) on YouTube
- MAGGIE (REDBONE LIVE) on YouTube
- The Witch queen of New Orleans 1971 on YouTube
- Redbone - Wounded Knee (in Brussel in Belgium) on YouTube
- The Story of Pat and Lolly Vegas on YouTube
- La Bamba & Twist and Shout (Shindig! 1964) Artist:Pat & Lolly Vegas (Redbone) on YouTube
- Pat and Lolly Vegas on Hollywood A Go Go on YouTube
- "RonsRockschool Redbone playlist". on YouTube.