Redding, California

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Redding, California
City
City of Redding
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay
Flag of Redding, California
Flag
Official seal of Redding, California
Seal
Nickname(s): "Jewels of Northern California"
Location of Redding in Shasta County, California.
Location of Redding in Shasta County, California.
Coordinates: 40°35′N 122°22′W / 40.583°N 122.367°W / 40.583; -122.367Coordinates: 40°35′N 122°22′W / 40.583°N 122.367°W / 40.583; -122.367
Country United States of America
State California
County Shasta
Incorporated October 4, 1887[1]
Founded by Pierson B. Reading
Government
 • Mayor Rick Bosetti[2]
 • City Council Patrick H. Jones
Gary Cadd
Missy McArthur
Francie Sullivan
 • City Manager Kurt Starman
Area[3]
 • Total 61.175 sq mi (158.442 km2)
 • Land 59.647 sq mi (154.485 km2)
 • Water 1.528 sq mi (3.957 km2)  2.50%
Elevation[4] 564 ft (172 m)
Population (January 1, 2014)
 • Total 91,207
 • Density 1,500/sq mi (580/km2)
  California Department of Finance estimate
Demonym Reddingite
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Codes 96001, 96002, 96003, 96049, 96099
Area code(s) 530
FIPS code 06-59920
GNIS feature IDs 277582, 2411531
Website ci.redding.ca.us

Redding, officially the City of Redding, is the county seat of Shasta County, California. Located on Interstate 5 in Northern California, the Sacramento River courses through the city, which has a population of 89,861.[6] Redding is the largest city in the Shasta Cascade region and is the fourth largest city in the Sacramento Valley behind Sacramento, Elk Grove, and Roseville.

History[edit]

Redding from outer space in April 1994.

Situated along the Siskiyou Trail, Redding was a trade and travel route connecting California's Central Valley and the Pacific Northwest. The site of Redding was settled by Native Americans of the Wintu tribe around the year 1000. During the early 19th century, Hudson's Bay Company trappers and members of the American Settlers passed through the site of Redding while traveling along the Siskiyou Trail.[citation needed]

The first settler in the area was Pierson B. Reading, an early California pioneer. Reading was an admirer of John Sutter, and in 1844, Reading received the Rancho Buena Ventura Mexican land grant for the area occupied by today's Redding and Cottonwood, California, along the Sacramento River. At the time it was (by more than 100 miles) the northernmost nonnative settlement in California.[citation needed]

Later, when the Southern Pacific Railroad built its rail line through the Sacramento Valley, it decided that the cost of making a small westerly detour to reach the preexisting mining town of Shasta was not in its interest. Instead the railroad routed the tracks through an area with the inauspicious name of Poverty Flats, and what was to become the town of Redding was born. Named by the Southern Pacific after railroad man Benjamin B. Redding, the town was respelled "Reading" in 1874, to honor local pioneer Pierson B. Reading. However, the railroad would not recognize the change, and the original spelling, "Redding", was restored in 1880.[citation needed]

Redding was incorporated in 1887 with 600 people. By 1910, Redding had a population of 3,572 supported by a significant mineral extraction industry, principally copper and iron. However, with the decline of these industries, which also produced significant amounts of pollution damaging to local agriculture, the population dropped to 2,962 in 1920. By 1930 the population had recovered to 4,188 and then boomed during the 1930s with the construction of nearby Shasta Dam. The building of the dam, which was completed in 1945, caused the population to nearly double to 8,109 by 1940 and spurred the development of the commuter towns of Central Valley, Summit City, and Project City (all now called Shasta Lake City) -- together named after the Central Valley Project.[citation needed]

In 1892 Brothers John and Charles Ruggles thought that they could make some easy money by robbing a stagecoach. On May 10, 1892, the brothers robbed the Weaverville stage, but the take was small. Later, on May 12, the brothers stopped the stage and everything went according to plan until Charles was hit with buckshot fired by a guard riding inside the coach. The brothers were later arrested, and then on July 24, 1892, a group of masked men entered the jail and took the brothers out of their cell. They were hanged together from a derrick, known as the Lynching of the Ruggles brothers.[citation needed]

In the 1950s the city continued to grow with the expansion of the lumber industry, the building of Whiskeytown and Keswick Dams, and the completion of Interstate 5 in the late 1960s. By 1970, Redding had grown to 16,659 people.[citation needed]

In the 1970s, the town of Enterprise on the eastern bank of the Sacramento River was annexed into Redding and the city's acquisition of other county areas ultimately increased the population to around 35,000. A major reason the residents of Enterprise supported this annexation was the prospect of less expensive electricity provided by Redding's municipal utility, which receives power from the dam. However, the 1970s also saw difficult times for the lumber industry as housing construction plummeted during the 1973-75 recession and Unemployment in Shasta County peaked at over 20%. Also, largely unrestricted logging over the previous hundred years eventually led to an increase in environmental regulations to protect both flora and fauna as well as degraded watersheds, rivers, and streams. In part due to these restrictions and also due to the depletion of virgin forest as well as automation in remaining mills, employment levels in the forest products industry would never again see the levels of the post-war timber boom. The city of Redding, as well as much of forested (primarily rural) Northern California, began a slow, painful transition to a service-based economy. The majority of the once plentiful blue-collar jobs, typical in the timber industry economy for decades, were permanently lost.[citation needed]

Around the time of the annexation of Enterprise or shortly thereafter in the mid-1970s, Redding became the largest city in the Northstate north of the San Francisco Bay Area and the Sacramento metropolitan area and has remained the largest city in the vast region for well over 30 years, having taken that position from the once vital California timber capital of Eureka located 150 miles to the west on the coast. By the time of the 1980 Census, the city's total population had grown to 41,995.[citation needed]

After a retail and housing boom of the late 1980s, the city grew to 66,462 in 1990. This boom continued until the mid-1990s, and then a slight slowdown occurred, bringing the population to 80,865 in 2000. As of 2010, the population was 89,861, but as of a 2005 estimate, there were 89,641 people, which means that Redding's growth stagnated in the 5–10 years before 2010.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Redding is located at 40°34′36″N 122°22′13″W / 40.57667°N 122.37028°W / 40.57667; -122.37028 (40.576606, -122.370325).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 61.2 square miles (159 km2). 59.6 square miles (154 km2) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it (2.50%) is beneath water.

Redding is nestled at the very northwestern end of the Central Valley, which transitions into the Cascade foothills. The city is surrounded by mountains to the north, east, and west; and fertile farm land to the south. Outermost parts of the city are actually part of the Cascade foothills, whereas southern and central areas are in the Sacramento Valley.

The elevation in Redding is 495 feet (151 m) on average, whereas anywhere to the north, east, or west of downtown ranges between 550–800 feet. Southern portions range between 400 and 500 feet (150 m).

The Shasta Dam on the Sacramento River provides a considerable level of flood protection for Redding. The dam is capable of controlling flows up to 79,000 cubic feet (7,300 cubic meters) per second. Flow rate exceeded this threshold in both 1970 and 1974.[8]

Soils in and around Redding are mostly of loam or gravelly loam texture, well drained, with red or brown mineral horizons. They are slightly or moderately acidic in their natural state.[9]

Climate[edit]

Redding has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa), with hot dry summers and mild wet winters. Winter (October–April) provides the most precipitation of any season in Redding—the weather tends to be either rainy or foggy and at times snow occurs. Summers are hot and dry, but rain is possible, usually with a thunderstorm. The average daily maximum temperature in July stays near 100 °F (38 °C). The highest official recorded temperature in Redding, CA was 118 °F (48 °C) on July 20, 1988. That was recorded at the Redding airport which is a few miles away from Redding. Some people in town, however, recorded as high as 122 °F (50 °C) that same day. Redding has an average possible sunshine of 88%, the second-highest percentage (after Yuma, Arizona) of any US city.[10] While snow in Redding is uncommon, Redding does receive an average of 4.8 inches (12 cm) of wet snow annually.[11] Redding rarely gets sleet and freezing rain. Frost occurs commonly in December through February, less often in March or April. Redding can have chilly to cold winters like the rest of the Central Valley, of which Redding is in the northernmost part. In spring, rain is common. Tornadoes are extremely rare; flooding occurs only around the area near the Sacramento river. The coldest temperature recorded in Redding was 7 °F (−14 °C).

Climate data for Redding, California (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 57.3
(14.1)
61.3
(16.3)
62.5
(16.9)
69.9
(21.1)
80.5
(26.9)
90.4
(32.4)
98.3
(36.8)
95.7
(35.4)
89.3
(31.8)
77.6
(25.3)
62.1
(16.7)
54.7
(12.6)
74.97
(23.86)
Daily mean °F (°C) 45.5
(7.5)
50.7
(10.4)
52.5
(11.4)
58
(14)
66.4
(19.1)
76.1
(24.5)
81.5
(27.5)
79.5
(26.4)
74.1
(23.4)
63.5
(17.5)
51.8
(11)
45
(7)
62.05
(16.64)
Average low °F (°C) 35.7
(2.1)
40
(4)
41.7
(5.4)
46
(8)
52.3
(11.3)
61.8
(16.6)
64.7
(18.2)
63.1
(17.3)
58.8
(14.9)
49.2
(9.6)
41.4
(5.2)
35.2
(1.8)
49.16
(9.53)
Precipitation inches (mm) 6.06
(153.9)
4.45
(113)
4.38
(111.3)
2.08
(52.8)
1.27
(32.3)
0.56
(14.2)
0.17
(4.3)
0.46
(11.7)
0.91
(23.1)
2.24
(56.9)
5.21
(132.3)
5.51
(140)
33.3
(845.8)
Avg. precipitation days 13.1 8.7 12.3 7.9 7.2 4.0 0.6 0.9 2.1 4.1 6.8 10.2 77.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226 256 312 351 395 423 451 421 338 314 251 204 3,942
Source: [12]

Ecology[edit]

Keswick Dam, just upstream of Redding, marks the end of the free-flowing reach of the Sacramento River, and thus the highest point upstream at which salmon and steelhead spawn. Fall-, late-fall-, and winter-run chinook salmon spawn in the river's gravel beds.

There are several rare and endangered species in Redding and its immediate vicinity. The Redding Redevelopment Plan EIR notes the California State listed endangered species, slender Orcutt grass (Orcuttia tenuis), occurs in eastern Redding near the municipal airport, where vernal pools are known to exist. This endemic grass is a Federal Candidate for listing and is endangered throughout its range, confined to several populations, and seriously threatened by agriculture, overgrazing, and residential development. Vernal pools provide the preferred habitat for this plant, which the California Native Plant Society considers as a rare and endangered species. An ecology park at Turtle Bay in Redding has been created to allow study of native flora and fauna of the local area.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 600
1890 1,821 203.5%
1900 2,946 61.8%
1910 3,572 21.2%
1920 2,962 −17.1%
1930 4,188 41.4%
1940 8,109 93.6%
1950 10,256 26.5%
1960 12,773 24.5%
1970 16,659 30.4%
1980 41,995 152.1%
1990 66,462 58.3%
2000 80,865 21.7%
2010 89,861 11.1%
Est. 2014 92,328 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
[1]

The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that Redding had a population of 89,861. The population density was 1,468.9 people per square mile (567.2/km²). The racial makeup of Redding was 77,117 (85.8%) White, 1,092 (1.2%) African American, 2,034 (2.3%) Native American, 3,034 (3.4%) Asian, 156 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,307 (2.6%) from other races, and 4,121 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7,787 persons (8.7%).

The Census reported that 87,841 people (97.8% of the population) lived in households, 1,138 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 882 (1.0%) were institutionalized.

There were 36,130 households, out of which 11,012 (30.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,001 (44.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,806 (13.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,984 (5.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,570 (99.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 204 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,344 households (28.6%) were made up of individuals and 4,622 (12.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43. There were 22,791 families (63.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.94.

The population was spread out with 20,518 people (22.8%) under the age of 18, 9,436 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 21,725 people (24.2%) aged 25 to 44, 23,424 people (26.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,758 people (16.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

There were 38,679 housing units at an average density of 632.3 per square mile (244.1/km²), of which 19,968 (55.3%) were owner-occupied, and 16,162 (44.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.9%. 48,179 people (53.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 39,662 people (44.1%) lived in rental housing units.

Economy[edit]

Redding has a diversified service economy with employment spread across a wide range of professional services, including health care services, retail, and tourism.

As of April 2014, the employment rate in Redding was 90.5 percent with the majority of Redding citizens being employed in the Educational and Health Services industry. Other notable categories of employment includes the Shasta County and Redding Municipal Government, the Trade, Transportation and Utilities industry, as well as the Leisure and Hospitality Industry.[14]

Since the late 1990s, Redding's economy has diversified away from timber mills and other wood-products industries.[15]

Through much of the post-World War II era, Redding's economy was supported by timber mills and other wood-products industry fed by lumber from the forests, public and private, in the surrounding mountains. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, environmental restrictions, most notably the listing of the northern spotted owl as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act, led to a dramatic reduction in timber harvests on the national forest. That in turn caused a major reduction in that industry, though industrial logging on private lands continues. Sierra Pacific Industries, the largest private landowner in California, has its headquarters and several mills in the greater Redding area.

The city is the medical hub of rural far northern California, with two major general hospitals, Mercy Medical Center, and Shasta Regional Medical Center, as well as other specialty hospitals. It is also the major retail center of the North State and the headquarters for many regional government operations. The Black Bear Diner restaurant chain is headquartered in Redding.

Part of the American engineering company CH2M Hill started in Redding when CH2M merged with Clair A. Hill & Associates in 1971.[16]

Redding is a popular retirement community. Bethel Church, Simpson University, and Shasta College draw new residents to Redding. The city's population has grown in recent decades even as other timber-dependent parts of rural California have seen population declines.[17]

In recent years, Redding has become a growing hub of startups and startup outsourcing with over 40 startups, including You Caring (third largest crowd funding platform), TechniSoil (natural paving product used in 2014 Winter Olympics), and AirCover (Drones). It continues to be a great place for startups with many resources available locally. There are emerging investment groups as well as a unique concentration of creative agencies specializing in branding, marketing and other necessary steps to launching or growing a business.

Driven by its natural resources, Redding is home to several recreational startups and manufacturers such as Sea Breacher, Jetovator, Sky Ski, True Rec, The Fly Shop, Skyway Wheels, Paddleboards, and climbing gear. Startup outsourcing is also a growing trend due to the low cost of business, a tech savvy work force, and relative close proximity to San Francisco. Startups such as Axcient, NComputing, and Citelighter.[18]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[19] these are the top employers in the city:

# Employer # of employees
1 Shasta County 1,838
2 Mercy Medical Center 1,600
3 City of Redding 773
4 Shasta Regional Medical Center 700
5 Shasta College 650
6 Oakdale Heights 580
7 Wal-Mart 500
8 Blue Shield of California 470
9 Redding Rancheria 310
10 United States Postal Service 300

Philanthropic entities[edit]

The philanthropic landscape in Redding includes community foundations like the Shasta Regional Community Foundation and Redding Rancheria Community Fund, collective giving groups like The Women's Fund, corporate giving through Sierra Pacific Foundation, Mercy North Foundation, and more.

The McConnell Foundation, a private philanthropic organization endowed from the estate of Redding residents Carl and Leah McConnell, plays a major role in the city's economy. It was a major funder of tourism amenities including Turtle Bay Exploration Park and the Sundial Bridge, and has helped finance the construction of a large part of Redding's popular recreational trail network. The foundation is also a major local landowner, built the new campus of Redding School of the Arts, and runs a large college scholarship program for regional high school graduates.

Government[edit]

In the state legislature Redding is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[20] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[21]

Federally, Redding is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[22]

Politics[edit]

The city council is composed of Rick Bosetti (mayor),[2] Francie Sullivan (vice mayor), Missy McArthur, Patrick H. Jones, and Gary Cadd. The city manager is Kurt Starman.

The city operates under the council-manager form of government.

Culture and contemporary life[edit]

Annual events[edit]

Redding has a diverse number of annual events that appeal to all likes and ages. Market Street Faire[23] is Redding's downtown summer community event located in the Promenade Thursday evenings from 5 to 8:30pm. This event includes a farmer's market, live music, performances, food vendors, brewers, wineries, crafts and more. The Sundial Film Festival[24] is Redding's annual film festival, and awards professional and novice film makers and photographers. Two programs are shown each year; student, animated and assorted films are in the afternoon and the premier films along with photography awards in the evening show. Each fall TEDxRedding[25] brings together community minded individuals with ties to Redding and who have "ideas worth spreading". Also monthly TEDxRedding Salons are presented to view pre-recorded TED Talks and create ongoing conversation. The Redding Rodeo[26] happens every May, the Asphalt Cowboys[27] host a pancake breakfast every year with over 10,000 attendees enjoying breakfast in the streets of downtown. Champions Challenge as well as the PRCA make the Redding Rodeo a tour stop. The Lemurian Shasta Classic Mountain Bike Race[28] takes place the last weekend of April, includes a long course, intermediate course and short course in the gnarly terrain west of Redding. The Whole Earth Watershed Festival[29] is a day of events focused on the environment, offering vendors, performances and live music and educational opportunities for the entire family. Recycling education, fun-run and farmers market, are just a few of the additional opportunities the festival offers. Redding Beer Week[30] is an annual celebration of local beers. The event begins with an opening ceremonies and beer tasting followed by a week of 30+ events hosted by local vendors, the closing ceremonies are full of more beer food and live music. The Fourth of July Freedom Festival[31] takes place at the Redding Civic Center and includes a family friendly day of picnics, food vendors, live entertainment and a large fireworks display set to patriotic music. Kool April Nites[32] boasts more than 25 years of classic car excitement. This week long event attracts participants from all over the country and is full of show and shines, The Friday Nite Cruise, music, dances and the car show at the civic center. Banff Mountain Film Festival highlights outdoor adventure and sports and as part of the international world tour and the Redding event showcases local outdoor sports with a Banff Street Fair on the demonstration block in front of the Cascade Theatre and spotlights local vendors and experts in outdoor fun.

Attractions[edit]

In 2004, the Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay was completed. The dramatic pedestrian span was designed by the noted Spanish architect-engineer-artist Santiago Calatrava and links the north and south campuses of the 300-acre (1.2 km2) (1,200,000 m²) Turtle Bay Exploration Park. The pylon holds up the bridge support cables and also acts as a sundial (which is accurate only on the summer solstice—June 21 or 22).

Turtle Bay Exploration Park, located along the banks of the Sacramento River, contains a museum and 20-acre (81,000 m2) gardens. The campus features permanent and changing exhibitions highlighting art, history, horticulture, forestry and natural science.

The historic Cascade Theatre [2], which opened in 1935, has been restored and now operates as a multiuse performance venue. The theater is an example of Art Deco architecture of the period. It was listed on the California Register of Historic Resources on November 5, 1999, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places on January 17, 2002. The Cascade Theatre was also the recipient of an Art Deco Society of California Preservation Award on March 18, 2000.

The Hotel Lorenz is a prominent feature of downtown Redding. Built in 1902, The Hotel Lorenz is one of the oldest buildings still standing in Redding. This four-story inn was built with the intent to rival the then-thriving Temple Hotel.[33]

A postcard depicting the Lorenz, c. 1902

Redding is the largest city in the northern Sacramento Valley as well as the largest city on the 470 mi (760 km) stretch of Interstate 5 between Sacramento, California, and Eugene, Oregon; however, in 2010, Redding’s metropolitan population of 177,223 was substantially smaller than Medford, Oregon’s population of 203,206. Both Redding and its neighbor to the south, Red Bluff, are popular with tourists, who use the cities as bases to explore Lassen Volcanic National Park, Lake Shasta, Mount Shasta, Trinity Mountains other natural attractions.

Redding is served by the Redding Municipal Airport and has two major hospitals.

Library Park, in downtown Redding, is the spot where the old Carnegie library building once stood. Built in 1903, the library was torn down in 1962 to make room for a parking lot. That lot was reclaimed in 1990 and now serves as a park with an open air stage.

Also downtown is Old City Hall, home of the Shasta County Arts Council and site for many community events, including TEDxRedding, held for the first time in February 2012.[34][35][36]

Food and drink[edit]

Restaurants of historical significance.

Jack's Grill was built in 1935 as a 2nd hand store. In 1938, World War I ace pilot Jack Young established Jack’s Bar & Grill. The business catered mostly to the hard working men who were building Shasta Dam. The 2nd floor was used as a house of prostitution briefly in the 1940s.[citation needed] The décor hasn't changed and still contains the same paintings on the walls. Jack’s Grill is the only remaining bar of that era still in business today.

Black Bear Diner: The company is based in Redding, California. It now claims 62 locations in eight states. It is a restaurant chain in the western United States which serves homestyle and "old-fashioned" comfort foods. The first restaurant was opened in Mount Shasta, California in 1994, by Bob and Laurie Manley and Bruce Dean.

Damburger: Established in 1938 by Bud Pennington and wife Babe who operated it until 1977. Since then has been owned by Ron and Kathy Dickey. Since their retirement, their daughter Juliet Malik has managed the restaurant.

Gene's Drive In: This popular old-fashioned drive-in is located at 2515 S. Market Street. It was built in 1954 by Gene Nash and still displays the original neon sign. It serves hamburgers and is a hangout for vintage cars on Thursday evenings.

Active living lifestyle[edit]

Redding has a long history of outdoor active living. Formation of the [3] Shasta Wheelman was announced in the San Francisco Call on May 6, 1896 with 100 members, the group continues today with rides and events weekly. In the 1900s the Wright Brothers, James and Albert, had a bicycle shop in downtown Redding. They eventually sold bicycles and cars from the same shop and photos show them taking ladies in long skirts on bicycle rides from Redding to the nearby town of Palo Cedro.

One of the first organized Mountain Bike Races in the world, the Whiskeytown Downhill, was organized by Gary of Chain Gang in 1981, as a promotion for his bicycle shop. Gary Fisher was the winner. Local Mountain Biking continues today as a very popular activity for locals. The annual Mountain Biking race, the Lemurian Shasta Classic occurs on the last weekend in April.

The local manufacturer Skyway Wheels reinvented the wheel for the BMX bicycle and one of their Tuff Wheels has been entered into the Smithsonian Museum. A local manufacturer in Redding for more than forty years, they now make wheels for all types of vehicles and ship all over the world.

The extensive Redding trail system is a part of a lifestyle that attracts people. The city built the first piece of that Sacramento River Trail in 1983, and by 1991 had completed the 5.7-mile loop from the Diestelhorst Bridge to the Ribbon Bridge. Today, the paved pathway stretches for more than 20 miles, takes several names, crosses the river in four places, and includes spur trails to Old Shasta and half a dozen Redding neighborhoods. Key connections came with the Stress Ribbon Bridge ‹ the first bridge of its kind in North America; it opened in 1990 and the Sundial Bridge, which was completed in 2004.

Although the Sacramento River Trail is by far the most popular multi-use trail in the area, and one of the few paved pathways, it is only the beginning of an approximately 220-mile trail system in the Redding area, that continues to be extended west of Redding, with connections being added to neighborhoods to improve local access west. With few exceptions, the trails are open to people on foot, bicycle or horseback.

The trail system was built with a collaboration of groups and individuals, including: City of Redding, Shasta County, Bureau of Land Management, McConnell Foundation, Redding Foundation, Whiskeytown, Bureau of Reclamation and many others. Friends of the Redding Trails is a local program supporting improvements and facilities for the trails. Local long-boarders from Skate Movement can be seen frequently on the trails with their long skateboards and paddles.

The trails organization, American Trails, held their symposium in Redding in 2000 to support development of the local trails, and then chose to relocate to the area. Their offices are now in downtown Redding on Park Marina Drive along the Sacramento River. Shasta Living Streets is a local organization hosting events and activities and working to build walkable cities and better bikeways in Redding and Shasta County. Redding received a Bicycle Friendly Community bronze status in 2012 from the League of American Bicyclists.

Public art[edit]

Architecture[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Dance[edit]

  • Redding City Musical Theatre Company (Including The Redding Arts Project and The Redding City Ballet) [4]
  • Redding Arts Project (Official training school for The Redding City Ballet) [5]
  • Redding City Ballet [6]
  • Redding Dance Centre [7]

Youth productions[edit]

Kids Unlimited Institute of the Arts [8]

Redding also features a number of annual high school productions that range from musicals to dinner theatre. Shasta High School presents a yearly, renaissance-themed Madrigal Dinner in addition to a full-length musical performed on the stage of the David Marr Theatre [9]. Enterprise High School holds a Victorian Dinner each year, and also features Enterprise Starship, an award-winning, traveling variety show. Foothill High School hosts Club Cougar, a murder mystery dinner theatre event set in the roaring twenties. All schools also perform seasonal concerts at Davis Marr.

Venues[edit]

  • The Redding Civic Center [10] accommodates over 2,000 guests and hosts a number of live, touring music and entertainment acts.
  • Cascade Theatre
  • Riverfront Amphitheatre
  • Old City Hall [11]

Many other food and drink venues in town also feature live music. Vintage Wine Bar and Restaurant in downtown redding hosts local and touring groups for regular dinner hours. Vintage also holds occasional concerts on the stage in their back room in collaboration with The Bridge House Bed and Breakfast. Other venues that feature live music include The Post Office, Kelly's Wine Bar, Bombay's, Maxwell's, and more.

Performing arts[edit]

  • Riverfront Playhouse
  • Redding Improv Players

As a project of the Shasta County Arts Council’s, the Redding Improv Players group was formed in 1998. In the years following the inception of the group, they have performed regular shows an Old City Hall.[12] [13]

Organizations (non political/non religious)[edit]

McConnell Foundation[edit]

The McConnell Foundation is an independent foundation located in Redding, California. As a broad-based funder, it has awarded grants to 501(c)(3) nonprofit organizations, public education institutions, and government entities located primarily in Shasta, Siskiyou, Trinity, Tehama, and Modoc Counties in rural Northern California. Individuals and for-profit businesses are not eligible for funding, nor do we make general donations.[14]

Catalyst Redding Young Professional[edit]

Catalyst Redding Young Professionals was formed in 2010 as a social network to connect young professionals who wanted to help create, promote and stimulate new and existing culture in Redding. [15]

In 2011 Catalyst Redding Young Professionals produced the first ever TEDxRedding event and has subsequently produced a number of TEDxRedding Salons as well as another main event in 2012.

Other Catalyst Redding Young Professional events include: Banff Mountain Film Festival World Tour [16], a production of The Banff Centre, hosted annually at the Cascade Theatre. Proceeds from the event are donated to local charities. Redding Beer Week [17] - A celebration of local (400 mile radius) craftbeer. Indie Element Events - Various events organized to promote independent art, music, and cuture.

Arts Council[edit]

The Shasta County Arts Council, located in Old City Hall in Downtown Redding, exists to make the arts accessible to all members of the local community through a number of programs and projects. A gallery, located on the first floor, has rotating displays that feature local artists.

Additionally, the Shasta County Arts Council’s mission is to provide avenues for social exchange that promote learning and cultural understanding.[18]

RADD[edit]

Redding Area Developers & Designers monthly meet up has a focus on bringing Redding's web development and designer minds together to create an awesome blend of like-minded people in pursuit of exploring and expanding skill sets.[19]

The Active 20/30[edit]

The Active 20 30 Club of Redding, as a part of the national Active 20-30 Club, is a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide young adults with an opportunity for personal growth, friendships and leadership development while improving the quality of life for the special needs of children in their community.[20]

The Active 20-30 Club in Redding hosts a number of events in Redding, including the Sundial Film Festival and in 2013 the Redding Lighted Christmas Parade.

Viva Downtown Redding[edit]

Viva Downtown, a National Main Street Organization, is a volunteer, non-profit group dedicated to enhancing the cultural, social and economic development of Downtown Redding. Viva Downtown has four standing committees that work on enhancement projects in Downtown Redding: Organization, Design, Business Improvement and Promotion.[21]

Rotary Clubs[edit]

Lion's Clubs[edit]

  • Redding Host Lions Club [22]
  • Enterprise Lions Club [23]

Tourism[edit]

Education[edit]

Of Redding's population over the age of 25, 89.8% holds a high school education or higher (versus the California average of 81.0%), and 22.8% hold a bachelors degree or higher (vs. California's average of 30.5%).[37] The City of Redding is served by eight different school districts and hosts a variety of public and private schooling options ranging from pre-kindergarten to college graduate programs. Redding's school districts are supported by the Shasta County Office of Education which provides administrative services as well as early childhood programs, special education, alternative education for at-risk students, after school programs, and independent study.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Redding is home to five colleges and universities:

Schools[edit]

High School

  • Shasta Union High - most of the city of Redding is served by this district. Students attend Redding School District and Grant School District if they are on the Westside and Enterprise School District if they are in the southeast or Boulder Creek areas (except where noted below). They attend K-8 in the Columbia district if they are in the northeastern portion of the city.
  • Anderson Union High - the southeast portion of Redding south of the Clover Creek Preserve and east of Alta Mesa Drive is served by this district. Students attend Pacheco School District for grades K-8.
  • Gateway Unified - students in some of the far northern areas of Redding (including Tierra Oaks) attend school in Shasta Lake City's Gateway Unified School District for grades K-12

Much of the city is served by the Shasta Union High School District for grades 9-12. As for elementary school districts, on the westside of the river they include the Redding School District and the Grant Elementary School District. Most of the eastside is served by the Enterprise Elementary School District while the far eastside is served by the Columbia Elementary School District. A good portion of Southeast Redding is served by the Anderson Union High School District and the Pacheco School District. The only portions of Redding not served by the Shasta Union High School District and one of its feeder districts are some areas in the far northern area of the city (including Tierra Oaks) which are served by the Gateway Unified School District for grades K-12.

There are 6 middle schools, 46 elementary schools, 6 charter schools, and 30 private schools in Redding. Redding has three major high schools including:

Other high schools in this area include:

Charter schools in this area include:

Alternative education[edit]

Redding has a variety of schools that offer technical training. Redding's Institute of Technology offers training for vocational programs including Nursing, criminology, and Medical Office Administration. Shasta School of Cosmetology and Marinello Schools of Beauty offer training in cosmetology, massage therapy and more. While businesses such as Code IT (for adults) and Build It (for children) offer training in coding, web design, and engineering.

Libraries[edit]

The main library in the Shasta County public library system is located in Redding. It is housed in a 55,000 sq-ft, two story building that was constructed in 2007. The building incorporates views of Mount Shasta along with sustainable design elements such as a 7,000-sq.-ft. vegetated green roof section, photo voltaic panels and a thermal energy storage system that uses ice to maintain cool temperatures during peak summer hours. Patrons also receive state-of-the-art library services including ebooks, a computer center, genealogy research, and self-checkout.[40]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

The Redding Record Searchlight is the main newspaper circulated daily throughout Shasta County.

After Five, a monthly newspaper magazine focusing on local entertainment, was founded October 28, 1986 in Redding.

Television[edit]

Channel Call sign Network
7.1 KRCR-DT ABC
9.1 KIXE-DT PBS
9.2 KIXE-DT2 Create
9.3 KIXE-DT3 PBS World
12.1 KHSL-DT CBS
12.2 KHSL-DT2 The CW
17.1 KXVU-LD Telemundo
20.1 KCVU-DT Fox
20.2 KCVU-DT2 ThisTV
21.1 KRVU-LD MyNetworkTV
23.1 KRDT-LD Religious
23.2 KRDT-LD2 HSN
24.1 KNVN-DT NBC
26 KGEC-LD Religious
27.1 KUCO-LD Univision
33 K33HH 3ABN
35.1 KKTF-LD Telefutura
41 KRHT-LP Azteca America

Radio[edit]

FM radio[edit]

Call letters MHz Format
KKRN 88.5 Community Radio[41]
KFPR 88.9 FM Public Radio[41]
KNNN 87.7 Country[41][not in citation given]
K211CO (KHRI translator) 90.1 Air 1 Christian Contemporary[41]
K225AJ (KAWZ translator) 92.9 Religious[41]
KHRD 93.3 Classic Rock[41]
KKLC 93.7 Christian Contemporary[41]
KEWB 94.7 Top 40[41]
KALF 95.7 Hot Country[41][not in citation given]
KNCQ 97.3 Country[41]
KQMS 99.3 NEWS/TALK[41]
KWCA 101.1 Hot AC/Mix (licensed to suburb Palo Cedro) [42]
K268AJ 101.5 Translator of KHAP Religious[41]
KSHA 104.3 Adult Contemporary[41]
KRDG 105.3 Classic Hits[41]
KRRX 106.1 Rock[41]
K298AF (KAWZ translator) 107.5 Religious (licensed to nearby Shasta, CA) [41]


AM radio[edit]

Call letters kHz Format
KVIP 540 Religious[41]
KLXR 1230 Nostalgia[41]
KQMS 1400 News/Talk[43][44]
KCNR 1460 Talk[41]
KNRO 1670 Sports[41]


Transportation[edit]

Restored Dodge Power Wagon at a Redding car show, 2010

Major highways[edit]

  • I-5 (CA).svg Interstate 5 runs through the east central portion of this city.
  • California 299.svg CA 299, formerly US 299 (CA).svg U.S. 299, runs through the western, central, and northeastern parts of the city.
  • California 44.svg CA 44 runs through the middle and eastern part of town. Its western terminus is at Market Street (California 273) in downtown Redding.
  • California 273.svg CA 273, was formerly the Interstate 5 Business Route, and also formerly the US 99 (CA).svg U.S. 99, directly through the city.

Rail transportation[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Redding, operating its Coast Starlight daily in both directions between Seattle, Washington and Los Angeles, California. Amtrak California also provides Thruway Motorcoach service to Stockton or Sacramento for connections to the San Joaquins, which serve the San Francisco Bay Area, San Joaquin Valley and the Los Angeles area via bus connections.

Redding provides a city bus transportation system called RABA (Redding Area Bus Authority). RABA provides routes throughout the city of Redding and also provides transportation throughout Redding's suburbs.

Air transportation[edit]

Air Transportation for the Redding area is provided by two general aviation airports. Redding Municipal Airport, located south of Redding, has four scheduled flights from SkyWest (United Express). The smaller Benton Airpark is located on the western side of Redding. First Class Shuttle also offers shuttle service from the Oxford Suites hotel on Hilltop Dr. to the Sacramento International Airport seven days a week.

City districts/neighborhoods[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people who were born in or lived in Redding include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Mayor - Rick Bosetti". City of Redding. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Redding". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  5. ^ "E-1 Current Population Estimates for Cities, Counties, and the State: January 1, 2013 and 2014". California Department of Finance. May 1, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Redding city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Environmental Impact Report for the Redding Redevelopment Plan, Earth Metrics, City of Redding and California State Clearinghouse Report (1990)
  9. ^ http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov/app/WebSoilSurvey.aspx Web Soil Survey -- select Shasta County, California
  10. ^ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Sunshine - average percent (%) possible, accessed 2 March 2010.
  11. ^ "Redding, CA Climate". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved June 20, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Average Weather for Redding, CA - Temperature and Precipitation". Retrieved December 2009. 
  13. ^ Kim A. O'Connell, Ecology Park at Turtle Bay, Architecture Week, September, 2002
  14. ^ http://www.calmis.ca.gov/file/lfmonth/redd$pds.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/CALIFORNIA-S-RURAL-ECONOMY-Boom-times-long-2660338.php
  16. ^ http://www.ch2m.com/corporate/about_us/history.asp
  17. ^ http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/demographic/
  18. ^ http://www.shastaedc.org/recent-news/redding-on-radar-for-silicon-valley-tech-firms
  19. ^ City of Redding CAFR
  20. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  22. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  23. ^ vivadowntownredding.org/market-street-faire. 
  24. ^ sundialfilmfestival.com. 
  25. ^ tedxredding.com. 
  26. ^ reddingrodeo.com. 
  27. ^ asphalt-cowboys.com. 
  28. ^ shastalemurian.com. 
  29. ^ wholeearthandwatershedfestival.org. 
  30. ^ reddingbeerweek.com. 
  31. ^ reddingcivic.com. 
  32. ^ koolaprilnites.com. 
  33. ^ "Poverty Flats". Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  34. ^ Old City Hall
  35. ^ Shasta County Arts Council
  36. ^ TEDxRedding
  37. ^ US Census Bureau. "S1501 - Education Attainment: Redding City, CA". Retrieved June 1, 2014. 
  38. ^ http://www.ups.suhsd.net/ University Preparatory School
  39. ^ http://stellar.echalk.com/home.aspx
  40. ^ Shasta Public Libraries. "The New Library". www.shastalibraries.org. Retrieved June 1, 2014. 
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Redding California, US Stations by location, Radio Locator, accessed July 22, 2013
  42. ^ http://radio-locator.com/cgi-bin/locate?select=city&city=redding%2C+ca&x=0&y=0&sid=
  43. ^ "Newstalk 1400", Radio Locator, accessed July 22, 2013
  44. ^ United States. Congress (1969). Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress. U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  45. ^ O'Neill, Janet (2010-11-10). "Myriad band member dies of cancer". Redding Record Searchlight. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 

External links[edit]