|Founded||June 23, 2005|
|Headquarters||San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|Key people||Ellen Pao (Interim CEO) |
|Slogan(s)||"The front page of the internet"|
|Alexa rank||29 (May 2015[update])|
|Type of site||Social news|
|Advertising||Banner ads, promoted links|
|Registration||Optional (required to submit, comment, or vote)|
|Available in||Multilingual, primarily English|
Reddit //, stylized as reddit, is an entertainment, social networking, and news website where registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links, making it essentially an online bulletin board system. Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits." The subreddit topics include news, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and photosharing, among others.
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder. Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014 Snoop Dogg and Jared Leto bought a stake in Reddit worth $50 million which valued the company at $500 million.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Subreddits
- 3 History
- 4 Technology
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Community and culture
- 7 Awards
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it," i.e., "I read it on Reddit." The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 50 such categories, or "default subreddits," are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2014[update], these include:
|Educational||News, Science, Space, TodayILearned (TIL) and WorldNews|
|Entertainment||Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television and Videos|
|Discussion-based||AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, IAmA and TwoXChromosomes|
|Humor/light-hearted||DataIsBeautiful, Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, StandUpShots, TIFU and UpliftingNews|
|Image sharing||Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, Pics and PhotoshopBattles|
|Self-improvement||DIY, Fitness, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy and WritingPrompts|
|Technology||Futurology, Gadgets and Technology|
|Meta||Announcements and Blog|
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, users (redditors) can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count. Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. Users are referred to as "redditors". When logged in, users have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015[update], the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers. Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" - indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content). Users earn "link karma" and "comment karma" for submitting popular links and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high quality content. This is also known as gilding. Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts do not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but they can still be voted on like other content.
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a killer whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.
Within the site, Redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.
Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services.
The Reddit community also socializes at local parks and bars around the world, and many localized subreddits for local meetings exist.
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Historically, the front page was the main subreddit, and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no main subreddit. Instead, there are multiple default subreddits dealing with topics such as books, television, and music. Any registered user may create a subreddit, although a link to do so does not appear on the user's homepage until after thirty days. There are over 5,400 active subreddits to peruse, with a default set of 50 subreddits as of May 2014[update].
Users may customize what is shown on their personal front page by subscribing to individual subreddits through a page that shows all subreddits available. The site's general front page is also accessible via a link to "all" at the top of the individual user's customized front page.
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Erik Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".
IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" ( for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference, but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl, Madonna, Chris Hadfield (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates, Ron Paul, Stephen Colbert, Psy, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye, Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole, Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz, Amanda Palmer, Tim Ferriss, Gordon Ramsay, Peter Dinklage, and Neil deGrasse Tyson. As of April 2015[update], Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site; the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting. In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.
Other than Woody Harrelson, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage, best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting “This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material... I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.“
In June 2005, Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia. The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug. Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco. In January 2007, Swartz was fired.
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg, David King, and Mike Schiraldi. In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe and King shortly thereafter. In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year. Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private subreddit /r/lounge, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications. On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act. The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.
On October 29, 2014, Reddit comes to the crowdfunding field with Redditmade, a service that allows moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade was later closed in February 2015. In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Alexis Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005. The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Aaron Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project. With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.As of November 10, 2009[update], Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.
As of November 10, 2009[update], Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.As of July 12, 2012[update], Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun, Andreddit, F5, BaconReader, Reddit Sync and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita. There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub and Reddit To Go!. An unofficial desktop application Reditr exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Alien Blue, Karma, Upvote, iReddit, and iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit.In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.As of October 2014, Alien Blue is now the official iOS Reddit app.
According to Google Ad Planner's estimate, as of May 2013[update], the median Reddit user is male (59%), 18–29 years of age, and is connecting from the United States (68%). Pewinternet.org has stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit before.
Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content. Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom," at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist. The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts, embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness.
In recent history, Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
- In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition, cross-promoting fundraising drives for Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000. Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber. A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.
- In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user.
- Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs. In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.
- Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.
- Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.
- Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, Omari, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.
- In October 2012, Shitty Watercolour, a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website, streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 cm by 5 cm (2 in×2 in) square section of large sheets of paper. The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.
- In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.
- Reddit continued this policy for 2015. $82,765 was donated to each of the following: Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect is when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic due to Reddit. It is also affectionately called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website.
"Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C. The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness" was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.
He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000 was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Alexis Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting". In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."
Controversies involving Reddit
The website has a strong culture of free speech and very few rules about the types of content that may be posted. This has led to the creation of several communities that have been perceived as offensive, including forums dedicated to jailbait (since banned) and pictures of dead bodies; several such subreddits were the focus of an edition of Anderson Cooper 360 in September 2011. However, "Suggestive or sexual content featuring minors" was not explicitly banned until February 2012.
Following some controversial incidents of internet vigilantism, Reddit introduced a strict rule against the publication of non-public personally-identifying information via the site (colloquially known on Reddit and elsewhere as doxxing). Those who break the rule are subject to a site-wide ban, and their posts and even entire communities may be removed for breaking the rule.
On December 16, 2010, a Redditor named Matt posted a link describing how he has donated a kidney, and included a JustGive link to encourage users to give donations to the American Cancer Society. After an initially positive reaction, Reddit users began to become suspicious of Matt's intentions, and suggested that he was keeping the donations for himself. Users telephoned his home and he received death threats. Matt eventually proved that he was genuine by uploading his doctor's records.
On September 10, 2011, a Reddit user posted a link to a photograph on Imgur of a bruise on her face in a thread titled: "I was sexually assaulted in the early evening while wearing jeans and a T-shirt in a 'safe' residential neighbourhood in Toronto. This is what he did to my face. Only rapists cause rape." Reddit users accused her of faking the bruise using make-up, speculated that she might be an "anti-rape activist resorting to a false account of attempted rape in order to further her cause", and sent her death and rape threats. The user eventually proved her innocence by uploading a video of herself rubbing a wet cloth over her wounds.
On October 18, 2011, IT manager nyan_all_the_links submitted a post to the subreddit r/gameswap offering Redditors to trade one of 312 codes he had been given for the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution. A group of users obtained nyan_all_the_links's personal details, and began to blackmail him for the codes. The Monday after uploading the post, he received 138 threatening phone calls both at home and at his job, and by the end of the day he had been fired.
Following the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, Reddit faced criticism after users wrongly identified a number of people as suspects. Notable among misidentified bombing suspects was Sunil Tripathi, a student reported missing before the bombings took place. A body reported to be Sunil's was found in Rhode Island's Providence River on April 25, 2013 as reported by the Rhode Island Health Department. The cause of death was not immediately known, but authorities said they did not suspect foul play. The family later confirmed Tripathi's death was a result of suicide. Reddit general manager Erik Martin later issued an apology for this behavior, criticizing the "online witch hunts and dangerous speculation" that took place on the website. The incident was later referenced in the season 5 episode of the CBS TV series The Good Wife titled "Whack-a-Mole".
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users. 
In late October 2013, the moderators of the /r/politics subreddit banned a large group of websites. Many were left wing news websites, such as Mother Jones, The Huffington Post, Salon, Alternet, Rawstory, The Daily Kos, Truthout, Media Matters, and ThinkProgress as well as some popular progressive blog sites, such as Democratic Underground and Crooks and Liars. They also banned a number of right wing sites—Drudge Report, Breitbart, The Daily Caller, Dailypaul, Power Line, and Reason. Salon reported that "the section's moderators explained in a post on Tuesday, the goal is 'to reduce the number of blogspam submissions and sensationalist titles.' The purge, the moderators explained, is also aimed at sites that provide lots of "bad journalism." The December 2013 list of banned websites has been modified since late October, and sites with original content, such as Mother Jones and The Huffington Post, are allowed. Reddit also banned the News Network RT at that time, because it was Kremlin sponsored, according to RT. The ban was not received well by Reddit's site category r/news and its 1.1 million users. They believed it was unjustified news media censorship despite moderators' explanation that it was due to spam.
In January 2014, Mother Jones published a story describing the sale of guns on the site. The report suggested that sellers were doing so to exploit a loophole in federal law. Nearly 100 AR-15s were engraved with the Reddit logo as part of licensing deal made with the page in 2011.
In August 2014, Reddit users began sharing a large number of photos of naked celebrities stolen from their private Apple iCloud accounts. A subreddit called "/r/TheFappening" was created as a hub to share these photos, and contained links to most if not all of the criminally obtained explicit images. Victims of "The Fappening" included high profile names such as Jennifer Lawrence and Kate Upton. Some images of Liz Lee and McKayla Maroney from the leak were identified by Reddit users and outside commentators as child pornography because the photos were taken when the women were underage. The subreddit was banned on September 6. The scandal led to wider criticisms concerning the website's administration from The Verge and The Daily Dot.
In 2015, a subreddit called "thebutton" was created for April Fools' Day. It contains a button and a countdown timer above the posts section. Whenever someone clicks the button the timer will reset to 60 seconds, and upon the button's click, the user's "flair" (an icon next to their username) changes color based on the time remaining when the button was clicked. The timer will run out eventually: users can only click the button once, and only accounts that were created before April 1 can click the button. Accounts that can't click the button receive a white flair, while users who are eligible to click the button but haven't done so can receive gray flair. Those who click receive purple between 60s and 52s, blue between 51s and 42s, green between 41s and 32s, yellow between 31s and 22s, orange between 21s and 12s, and red between 11s and 0s.
Reddit has not disclosed what will happen when the timer runs out. Some people consider the button a social experiment.
In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.
- "Reddit on June23-05". Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- "Reddit Blog: Coming home". Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "reddit.com: about the Reddit team". Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- steve [spez] (December 5, 2005). ""On lisp" blog post by Reddit founder "spez", detailing the reasons for switching to python from lisp". Blog.reddit.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Reddit.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- "Frequently Asked Questions: What does the name "reddit" mean?". Reddit. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Reddit myth busters". Reddit. August 6, 2013.
- "myth: Condé Nast owns Reddit.". Reddit. August 6, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Alden, William (2014-10-01). "With Reddit Deal, Snoop Dogg Moonlights as a Tech Investor". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2014-10-25.
- Cheredar, Tom (8 September 2014). "Reddit reportedly raising $50M at a $500M valuation". Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- Kafka, Peter; Swisher, Kara (7 September 2014). "Reddit Raising a Big Round, and Some Y Combinator Players Are in the Mix". Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "Reddit Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- Angel, Alex. "What's that, Lassie? The old defaults fell down a well?". Reddit blog. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- "Reddit algorithm". seomoz.
- "Full list – Subreddits by comments per day – stattit – Reddit statistics". stattit. September 1, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- "reddit.com/r/Wikipedia – The most interesting pages on Wikipedia". reddit.com. November 24, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- "Reddit Terms and Abbreviations". Moreadvertising.com. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
- "We've Got Mail!". Reddit.com. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
- Feature story – 10 December 2007 (2007-12-10). "Mister Splashy Pants the whale – you named him, now save him | Greenpeace International". Greenpeace.org. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Enjoy your complimentary karma". Reddit.com. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Reddit Worldwide Meetups". Reddit.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Re: Can I make my own subreddit?". May 28, 2011.
- "Browse the Future of Reddit: Re-Introducing Multireddits". June 7, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- "Active" is defined as "subreddits that had at least 5 posts or comments in the past day", according to /u/chromakode who is an admin
- Atagana, Michelle (22 August 2014). "Creating a more curious generation through memes: Q&A with Reddit GM". Memeburn.com. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
- Madrigal, Alexis C. (January 7, 2014). "'Ask Me Anything': How a Weird Internet Thing Became a New Form of Media". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Barack Obama AMA". Reddit.
- "President Obama makes online appearance on Reddit". The Telegraph. August 29, 2012. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
- "I Am Dave Grohl AMA : IAmA". Reddit.com. 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Madonna AMA". Reddit.
- "Chris Hadfield AMA". Reddit.
- "Bill Gates AMA". Reddit.
- "Congressman Ron Paul Answers Your Questions". Reddit Blog. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Stephen Colbert AMA". Reddit. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Bill Nye AMA"
- "hi, i'm J. Cole AMA : hiphopheads". Reddit. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- "Julie Benz AMA". Reddit.com. June 18, 2014.
- "Amanda Palmer AMA". Reddit.com. August 27, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "Tim Ferriss answers your questions". Reddit. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "I am Gordon Ramsay. AMA.". Reddit. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "I am Peter Dinklage. You probably know me as Tyrion Lannister from Game of Thrones. AMA!". Reddit. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "I am Neil deGrasse Tyson -- AMA". Reddit. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "top scoring links : IAmA". Reddit. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- Alabaster, Jay (August 29, 2012). "Obama makes appearance on Reddit, briefly crashes site". IDG News Service. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
- "I'm Woody Harrelson, AMA". Reddit.
- Huff, Steve (February 4, 2012). "Woody Harrelson and the No-Good, Very Bad Reddit AMA". The Observer. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Hernandez, Brian Anthony (December 11, 2012). "Snoop's Reddit AMA Is 2nd Biggest, Behind Only Obama's". Mashable. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Simpson, Connor (December 5, 2012). "How High Was Snoop Dogg During His Reddit AMA?". Atlantic Wire. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- "I'm Priyanka Chopra, AMA". Reddit.
- "I am Peter Dinklage, AMA". Reddit.
- Macale, Sherilynn "Cheri". "A rundown of Reddit's history and community [Infographic]". The Next Web Social Media. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
- Adams, Richard (December 8, 2005). "reddit.com". London: The Guardian. Retrieved December 23, 2006.
- Singel, Ryan (July 19, 2011). "Feds Charge Activist as Hacker for Downloading Millions of Academic Articles". Wired. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
- Swartz, Aaron (February 27, 2006). "Introducing Infogami". Infogami. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved January 6, 2007. (archive.org link)
- Arrington, Michael (October 31, 2006). "Breaking news: Condé Nast/Wired Acquires Reddit". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 6, 2007.
- "A Chat with Aaron Swartz". Blogoscoped.com. May 7, 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- alexis [kn0thing] (March 20, 2007). "welcome, jedberg". blog.reddit. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- alexis [kn0thing] (April 17, 2008). "welcome, david". blog.reddit. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- alexis [kn0thing] (December 9, 2008). "Welcome, Mike Schiraldi (a.k.a. raldi)". blog.reddit. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Kincaid, Jason (November 1, 2010). "Reddit Chief Takes Flight To Hipmunk, Explains Why He's Leaving Now". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Welcome, Ketralnis!". Blog.hipmunk.com. March 12, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- mike [raldi] (July 19, 2010). "What's new on Reddit: Three new features for Reddit gold: Choose-your-own ads, Userpage sorting, and Friends with Benefits". blog.reddit. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
It's time for Reddit gold to make the shift from a one-week experiment to a true service with a clear pricing structure and at least a few whistles and bells.
- "reddit.com: gold". Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "blog.reddit – what's new online: Independence". Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Reddit Plans SOPA 'Blackout' Protest Jan. 18". Entertainment Consumers Association. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "The Internet Defense League - Protecting the Free Internet since 2012". internetdefenseleague.org.
- Olanoff, Drew. "Reddit Starts Accepting Bitcoin for Reddit Gold Purchases Thanks To Partnership With Coinbase". Techcrunch. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "Reddit Gets Into Crowdfunding With Redditmade". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- "Reddit CEO Wong resigns, co-founder Ohanian to return". Investing.com. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Official web.py site". Webpy.org. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- steve [spez] (June 17, 2008). "Reddit goes open source". Blog.reddit.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Reddit GitHub". Retrieved June 5, 2011.
- Sites Using Pylons – Pylons Community – PythonWeb
- jeremy [jedberg] (November 10, 2009). "Moving to the cloud". Blog.reddit.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- What's new on Reddit: Reddit now powered by jQuery – Posted by Chris Slowe (keysersosa) (Friday, January 30, 2009) – blog.reddit
- "A better mobile Reddit for all". reddit.com. June 9, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- "Reddit Blog post announcing the use of IndexTank search engine".
- "Does Reddit using Amazon Cloud Search?". July 17, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "Reddit is fun – Android Application on the Android market". Appbrain.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Download andreddit for your Android phone on AppBrain". Appbrain.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "A tasty new Reddit app". baconreader. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Sync apps. "Reddit Sync – Android Apps on Google Play". Google Inc. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Reddita – Android Market". Market.android.com. November 15, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Windows Store – Reddit on ReddHub". Reddit Anonymous. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- "Reddit To Go! app for Windows in the Windows Store". ross456. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- Pot, Justin. "Reditr: A Desktop Client For Reddit With Embedded Content". MakeUseOf. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- Joshua Lockhart On 2 (May 26, 2013). "The 5 Best Free Reddit Apps for iOS". Makeuseof.com. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
- "Announcing the official reddit AMA app".
- Kumparak, Greg (2014-10-15). "Reddit Acquires Alien Blue, The Most Popular Unofficial Reddit App". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 2014-10-25.
- Duggan, Maeve; Smith, Aaron (2013-07-03). "6% of Online Adults are Reddit Users". Pew Research Internet Project. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 2014-10-25.
- "The University of Reddit". UReddit. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
- "Could Reddit be the world's most influential website?". BlueGlass. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- "Reddit.com Site Info". Alexa.com. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- "If every member of r/Christianity donates just $4.45, we can build a health clinic in an impoverished area that desperately needs one. Let's do it!". December 9, 2010.
- "OK, Battle stations everybody. Tonight we show r/Christianity what we are made of...". December 9, 2010.
- "Dogs and cats living together! Mass hysteria! r/atheism and r/Christianity have a friendly competition up for a holiday charity drive that is spilling over into other subreddi". Reddit.com. December 10, 2010. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Miles, Tom (December 12, 2011). "Irreverent atheists crowdsource charitable giving". Reuters. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Levy, Piet (December 16, 2010). "Christians and Atheists Square Off In Online Battle To Raise Money For Charity". Huffington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Winston, Kimberly (December 21, 2011). "Atheists aim to change image of penny-pinching Scrooges". USA Today. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- "Toy Store Shopping Spree for Kathleen Edward". Myfoxdetroit.com. October 12, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Stryker, Cole (2010-12-10). Kathleen Edward, Harassed Girl with Huntington's Diseas, Thanks Reddit. Urlesque. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- Boitnott, John (December 23, 2010). "Secret Santa success caps banner year for Reddit". VentureBeat Interpreting Innovation. VentureBeat. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- "The Biggest Secret Santa Gift Exchange in the World". Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- "Statistics for Secret Santa 2010". Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- "Nearly 1,000 Reddit Ottawa users signed up for gift exchange". CBC News. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Restoring Truthiness Giving Page". Donorschoose.org. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Direct Relief International: Support Us – Tributes:". Dri.convio.net. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "How Reddit Saved an Orphanage". Reddit.com. January 27, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
- Watercutter, Angela (June 12, 2012). "Reddit's (Best) Worst Painter Turns Comment Threads Into Art". Wired. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- Alfonso III, Fernando (February 21, 2012). "He turns posts into paintings on Reddit". The Daily Dot. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- "40 Really Bad Watercolor Interpretations Of Photos On Reddit". BuzzFeed. April 26, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- Hickey, Walter; Lubin, Gus (March 13, 2012). "Meet The Redditors Who Rule The Internet". Business Insider. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- Alfonso III, Fernando (October 4, 2012). "Reddit's shitty_watercolour launches charity paint-a-thon". The Daily Dot. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- "Watercolour Fundraising". JustGiving. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- "Decimating Our Ads Revenue". February 8, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- "Announcing the winners of Reddit Donate!". February 26, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- abc blog (August 31, 2012). "The Reddit effect". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Archived from the original on November 1, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Friedman, Megan (September 14, 2010). "Reddit Campaign for Colbert Rally Breaks Donation Record". Time NewsFeed. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- mrsammercer (August 31, 2010). "I've had a vision and I can't shake it: Colbert needs to hold a satirical rally in DC". Reddit.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Restoring Truthiness donor page". Donorschoose.org. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Schiraldi, Mike (November 12, 2010). "Buy Shirts, Remember the Rally, Question Colbert, and Smile". blog.reddit. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Rally to Restore Sanity – Press Conference – Video Mediaite. October 30, 2010.
- "Stephen Colbert has answered your questions : IAmA". Reddit.com. November 30, 2010. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Rules of Reddit". Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- Anderson Cooper 360, September 29, 2011.
- Morris, Kevin (February 12, 2012). "Reddit bans "suggestive or sexual content" of minors". The Daily Dot. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- BadgerMatt (December 16, 2010). "My story as an anonymous kidney donor and my plea for your help". Reddit. Archived from the original on December 20, 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Coscarelli, Joe (December 19, 2010). "The Dangers of Going Viral: Kidney Donor Attacked by Reddit For Plugging Charity". The Village Voice. Voice Media. Archived from the original on December 22, 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- theoculus (September 10, 2011). "I was sexually assaulted in the early evening while wearing jeans and a t-shirt in a "safe" residential neighbourhood in Toronto. This is what he did to my face. Only rapists cause rape.". Reddit. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- North, Anna (September 12, 2011). "Reddit Users Find New Way To Be Assholes". Jezebel. Gawker. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Watson, Rebecca (March 11, 2013). "SXSW and Reddit's Introspection Problem". Skepchick. Archived from the original on March 15, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- nyan_all_the_links (July 15, 2014). "[H] Deus Ex: Human Revolution (300+ copies) [Steam], [W] Any and all steam offers". Reddit. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- Morris, Kevin (October 28, 2011). "A sweet deal on Reddit gets IT exec fired". The Daily Dot. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Morris, Kevin (October 29, 2011). "Game swap leads to harassment, firing, apology". The Daily Dot. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Innocents accused in online manhunt". 3 News NZ. April 22, 2013.
- Buncombe, Andrew. "Family of Sunil Tripathi - missing student wrongly linked to Boston marathon bombing - thank well-wishers for messages of support". The Independent. Archived from the original on 17 January 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
The cause of the student's death has still be determined but the medical examiner said no foul play was suspected.
- Nark, Jason. "The Boston bombing's forgotten victim". Philadelphia Daily News. Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
Akhil spent the most time with Sunny before his suicide, weekends at Brown where he tried to help his youngest child foresee a future.
- Martin, Erik. "Reflections on the Recent Boston Crisis". Reddit.com. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Harnick, Chris. "'The Good Wife' Recap: Alicia Takes on Anonymous Posters in 'Whack-A-Mole'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- . Holiday, Ryan (February 21, 2013). "Hail Corporate: The Increasingly Insufferable Fakery of Brands on Reddit". Betabeat. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014.
- Oremus, Will (November 1, 2013). "Reddit politics: r/politics mods ban Mother Jones, others for "bad journalism."". Slate. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
- "filtereddomains – politics". Reddit.com. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Reddit moderator pushed for RT ban 'simply because it's Kremlin'". Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- "Reddit's r/news bans RT.com for alleged spamming". The Daily Dot. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Follman, Mark (January 8, 2014). "How Reddit Became a Gun Market—and Authorized Its Logo on Assault Rifles". Mother Jones. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
- Nocera, Joe (January 9, 2014). "The Gun Report: January 9, 2014". New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
- "Say hello to men who hate NSA spying but blame women for being spied on". The Verge. September 1, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Is Apple's iCloud safe after leak of Jennifer Lawrence and other celebrities' nude photos?". The Independent. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Celebrity Naked Photos Leaked – #theFappening – So You Have A Girlfriend". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "The Fappening Is Being Broadcast Live On Reddit With 100,000+ Viewers". Business 2 Community. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Anthony Johnston, Metro World News (October 10, 2014). "Security expert weighs in on 'The Fappening' and the iCloud". Metro. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- "Man who leaked celebrity nude photos admits he is running from authorities". Daily Mail. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Hunt begins for hacker behind Jennifer Lawrence nude photo theft". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Jennifer Lawrence nude photos leaked: Hacker posts explicit pics". NewsComAu. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Price, Rob. "There's child porn in the massive celebrity nudes hack". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- Geller, Eric. "Reddit just banned the subreddit at the center of Celebgate". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
- Sottek, T.C. (2014-09-08). "Reddit is a failed state". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- Sankin, Aaron. "Is Reddit broken beyond repair?". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Goldman, David (December 29, 2014). "Reddit takes down Sony hack forum". Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- Lee, Timothy (April 14, 2015). "The button: the fascinating social experiment driving Reddit crazy". Vox. Vox Media. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- Koerber, Brian (April 2, 2015). "Reddit taunts users with a simple button for April Fools' Day". Mashable. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards". Lead411.com. May 18, 2010. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
|Wikinews has related news: Helen Thomas probes White House on torture; online community sends flowers|
- Official website
- Reddit's official blog
- Reddit's source code (hosted by GitHub)
- Old Alien Logo Archive, New Alien Logo Archive
- Redditmetrics, Statistics on the site's subreddits
- The Culture of Reddit, Documentary produced by Off Book (web series)
- Internet's Own Boy: The story of Aaron Swartz, Documentary produced by Brian Knappenberger