# Redheffer matrix

In mathematics, a Redheffer matrix, studied by Redheffer (1977), is a (0,1) matrix whose entries aij are 1 if i divides j or if j = 1; otherwise, aij = 0.

The determinant of the nxn square Redheffer matrix is given by the Mertens function M(n).

## Example

The matrix below is the 12 × 12 Redheffer matrix.

$\left(\begin{smallmatrix} 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{smallmatrix}\right)$

## References

• Redheffer, Ray (1977), "Eine explizit lösbare Optimierungsaufgabe", Numerische Methoden bei Optimierungsaufgaben, Band 3 (Tagung, Math. Forschungsinst., Oberwolfach, 1976), Basel, Boston, Berlin: Birkhäuser, pp. 213–216, MR 0468170