Map of Redland City in South East Queensland
|• Density||270.594/km2 (700.84/sq mi)|
|Area||537.1 km2 (207.4 sq mi)|
|Region||South East Queensland|
Redland City is a local government area of South East Queensland, spread along the southern coast of Moreton Bay covering 537.1 square kilometres (207.4 sq mi). Between the cities of Brisbane to the north, Logan to the west, and the Gold Coast to the south, it is part of the fastest growing area in Queensland and one of the fastest growing in Australia.
The City had an estimated population of 127,627 in 2006, four times the number of residents it had as a rural community 25 years earlier. An increasing proportion of these new residents are retirees from the southern states of Australia.
On 11 November 1879, under the Divisional Boards Act 1879, the Tingalpa Division was created to govern the area to the east of metropolitan Brisbane. On 30 May 1885, the area around Cleveland split away to form the Cleveland Division. Under the Local Authorities Act 1902, both became Shires on 31 March 1903. The Tingalpa council met at Mount Cotton.
On 1 October 1925, a sizable portion of the Shire of Tingalpa (including the suburbs of Upper Mount Gravatt and Rochedale) became part of the new City of Brisbane along with 20 other local governments.
On 9 December 1948, as part of a major reorganisation of local government in South East Queensland, an Order in Council renamed the Shire of Cleveland to be Shire of Redland and amalgamated part of Shire of Tingalpa into it (the other part of Tingalpa amalgamated to form the Shire of Albert). On 15 March 2008, Redland was granted City status.
Although most of the population resides on the main urban conglomeration based around the centres of Capalaba, Cleveland and Victoria Point, over 6,000 people live on islands in Moreton Bay that are part of the City. These are South Stradbroke, Coochiemudlo and the Southern Moreton Bay Islands of Karragarra, Lamb, Russell and Macleay.
Redland City has many immediately recognisable animals and plants such as koalas, migratory shorebirds, flying foxes and scribbly gum forests. It is also home to over 1,700 other recorded native species, many of which are under threat from population growth and its associated effects such as habitat clearing and fragmentation, roads, pollution and expanding development.
The City's koala population has declined significantly in recent years. In 2010 it was estimated that there were only 2,000 koalas left, a 65% decline since 1999. Figures from a count in 2012 have not yet been released by the Queensland Government.
The City boundaries include internationally significant coastal wetlands within the Moreton Bay Ramsar site. Tidal flats, mangroves and seagrass beds provide important habitats for fish, crustaceans and:
- large numbers of the nationally threatened Green Turtle as well as the Loggerhead Turtle
- the Internationally vulnerable Dugong a large sea mammal from the order Sirenia which also includes Manatee species
- 43 species of shorebirds including 30 migratory bird species listed by international migratory bird conservation agreements. These migratory bird species, including the vulnerable Eastern Curlew and the Grey-tailed Tattler, use this area in their journey through the East Asian–Australasian Flyway  
Freshwater systems in the Redlands catchment do not meet set ecosystem health values according to the 2013 Healthy Waterways Report Card. The 2013 score was F down from D- a year earlier.
Culture And Heritage
Redland City has a number of important cultural facilities including:
- Redland Art Gallery
- Redland Museum
- Redland Performing Arts Centre
The External links section of this article includes a link to a search of the Queensland Heritage Register which gives a complete list of all Heritage Listed places in Redland City.
Redland City has a range of industrieson the mainland including food and beverage processing, white goods and specialist manufacturing.In primary production, the Redlands hosts 30% of Queensland's poultry industry production and produces 18.9% of its sweet potatoes. It has a number of large plant nurseries geared to the export market and a significant cultivation of cut flowers. With the increasing proportion of retirees, retirement and aged care facilities, professional and general services have become major employment businesses. Other industries include local government, government department regional offices, and government services such as those associated with health and education.
Tourism is rapidly becoming a key industry. North Stradbroke Island, one of the world's largest sand islands is a major drawcard for visitors despite most of the south of the island being tied up in sand mining leases and water catchments. Toondah Harbour in Cleveland is the location of the Stradbroke Island Ferry Terminal used by water taxis and vehicular ferries to provide access to North Stradbroke Island.
Secret plans for a 400 berth marina, foreshore development and multi-level residential, retail and commercial developments were discussed by the Redland City Council in 2007 under former Mayor Don Secombe.
On 10 January 2004 the Queensland Government released a proposed development scheme for the Toondah Harbour Priority Development Area in Cleveland which would allow development of a large marina up to 800 berths in southern Moreton Bay between Toondah Harbour, G.J. Walter Park and Cassim Island. This proposal has been opposed by marine planning experts and various environmentally concerned community groups including the Bay Wilderness Society.
On 23 February approximately 300 people attended a rally to protest against the Government's plans to "carve up" the G.J. Walter Park as part of its Toondah Harbour redevelopment proposal. On 4 March 2014 a petition with 1,211 signatures calling for the Government's plans to be withdrawn was tabled in the Queensland Parliament.
Redland City Council has a Mayor, and a councillor for each of its 10 divisions. Elections are held every four years and voting is compulsory.
Karen Williams was elected Mayor at the 2012 elections. Issues discussed during the election campaign included the the amount and source of funding for candidates and the rate at which the area's "urban footprint" should be expanded.
Redland City consists of the following suburbs and localities:
- Alexandra Hills
- Amity Point
- Coochiemudlo Island
- Karragarra Island
- Lamb Island
- Macleay Island
- Mount Cotton
- North Stradbroke Island
- Point Lookout
- Raby Bay
- Redland Bay
- Russell Island
- Victoria Point
- Wellington Point
Redland City also includes a number of uninhabited or sparsely populated islands in Moreton Bay, including
- Peel Island
- Cassim Island near Cleveland is a low-lying area of mangroves with seagrass around it which provides a high value habitat for wading birds and other fauna. It is named after William Cassim, an early Cleveland hotel keeper.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 March 2011). "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 20011". Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Biodiversity Strategy 2008-2012, Redland City Council, May 2008: http://indigiscapes.redland.qld.gov.au/PlansStrategies/Biodiversity/Pages/default.aspx, Retrieved on 5 February, 2014
- Tony Moore, "State Government's go-slow on Koala Coast population figures", Brisbane Times, 9 December 2013: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/state-governments-goslow-on-koala-coast-population-figures-20131208-2yzaa.html#ixzz2vRMYAQmF, Retrieved on 9 March 2014
- Moreton Bay (Ramsar Site) Overview, Australian Government, Department of The Environment : http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/wetlands/ramsardetails.pl?refcode=41 , Retrieved on 5 February 2014
- Migratory waterbirds, Australian Government, Department of The Environment http://www.environment.gov.au/node/14284#flyway, Retrieved 13 February 2014
- James Kelly, "Moreton Bay's grade falls in Healthy Waterways report", ABC News, 23 October 2013: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-10-23/moreton-bays-grade-falls-in-healthy-waterways-report/5040700, Retrieved on 8 March 2014
- Judith Kerr, "Fire ants on the march in Redlands", Bayside Bulletin, 20 June 2013: http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/1585809/fire-ants-on-the-march-in-redlands/, Retrieved on 9 March 2014
- "Cleveland Lighthouse (former) (entry 15547)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- Invest Australia (2002). "Redland Shire, Queensland" Inside Intelligence: Regional Profile". Redland City. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Sustainable Stradbroke". Sibelco Australia. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Daniel Hurst, "Secret council plan for Cleveland marina", Brisbane Times, 20 November 2007: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/news/queensland/secret-council-plan-for-cleveland-marina/2007/11/20/1195321743201.html, Retrieved 4 March 2014
- "Marina plan for Cleveland revamp", Brian Hurst, Bayside Bulletin, 13 January 2014 http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/2017300/marina-plan-for-cleveland-revamp/, Retrieved 15 February 2014
- Judith Kerr, "Toondah proposals unviable say experts", Bayside Bulletin, 17 February 2014: http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/2093169/toondah-proposalsunviable-say-experts/?cs=213, Retrieved 19 February 2014
- "Future of GJ Walter Park defines Toondah debate", Bayside Bulletin, 24 February 2014, http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/2106953/future-of-gj-walter-park-defines-toondah-debate/?cs=213, Retrieved on 25 February 2014
- Judith Kerr, "Petition calls on state to can Toondah scheme", Bayside Bulletin, 4 March 2014: http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/2127473/petition-calls-on-state-to-can-toondah-scheme/?cs=213, Retrieved on 4 March 2014
- Daniel Hurst, "Redland voters ponder change at the top", Brisbane Times, 26 April 2012: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/redland-voters-ponder-change-at-the-top-20120425-1xla3.html , Retrieved 21 February 2014
- "Our Suburbs". Redland City Council. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Redland (C)". Queensland Local Government Areas (LGA), 2011. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- Peter Davie et al, "Wild Guide To Moreton Bay", Queensland Museum, 1998, p 376
- Joshua Peter Bell, "Moreton Bay And How To Fathom It", Queensland Newspapers, 1984, p 52
- Redland City Council
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Redland City
- Queensland Government Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Results of Search for Queensland Heritage Listed Places in Redland City