Redmond, Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Redmond
City
Redmond, Oregon
Business Highway 97 in Redmond
Business Highway 97 in Redmond
Official seal of Redmond
Seal
Nickname(s): The Hub
Motto: The Heart of Central Oregon
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°16′8″N 121°11′1″W / 44.26889°N 121.18361°W / 44.26889; -121.18361Coordinates: 44°16′8″N 121°11′1″W / 44.26889°N 121.18361°W / 44.26889; -121.18361
Country United States
State Oregon
County Deschutes
Incorporated 1910
Government
 • Type Municipal
 • Mayor George Endicott
 • Chief of Police Dave Tarbet
Area[1]
 • City 16.79 sq mi (43.49 km2)
 • Land 16.79 sq mi (43.49 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,077 ft (938 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 26,215
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 27,427
 • Density 1,561.3/sq mi (602.8/km2)
 • Urban 83,794
 • Metro 165,954
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97756
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-61200[4]
GNIS feature ID 1125912[5]
Website City of Redmond

Redmond is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. Incorporated on July 6, 1910, the city is on the eastern side of Oregon's Cascade Range, in the High Desert, and is the geographical heart of Central Oregon.[citation needed] From Redmond there is access to recreational opportunities, including mountain biking, fishing, hiking, camping, rock climbing, white-water rafting, skiing, and golf. Redmond is a full-service municipality and one of the fastest-growing industrial and residential communities in Oregon. Redmond had a population of 26,215 in 2010,[6] and the population continues to grow at a rate of about 8% each year.

The city encompasses 15.5 square miles (40 km2) and is on a plateau, at an elevation of 3,077 feet (938 m). Redmond is 15 miles (24 km) north of Bend—the county seat of Deschutes County—144 miles (232 km) from Portland, 129 miles (208 km) from Salem—the capital of Oregon—and 126 miles (203 km) from Eugene.

History[edit]

Oregon had been a state for 45 years by the time Redmond came into existence. It was named after Frank T. Redmond and platted by an irrigation company building a canal. Electrification and the Oregon Trunk Railway reached Redmond in 1911. The rail link opened markets for farmers and merchants. By 1930, the town had grown to 1,000 and by 1940 had nearly doubled. In the 1940s, Redmond was a U.S. Army Air base and commercial air service was established at Roberts Field after World War II. In the 1950s, 60s, 70s) and most of the 80s, the population remained relatively static, growing slowly around a small commercial/retail center and manufacturing industry. However, during the 1990s, the population began to grow along with most of Deschutes County. Between 2000 and 2006, Redmond's population grew 74.3%, making it among Oregon's fastest-growing cities each year. This growth continued through 2006, increasing the population to 23,500. Its growth is fueled by employment and a lower cost of living.

Geography[edit]

Redmond's elevation is 3,077 feet (938 m).

Redmond is 15 miles (24 km) north of Bend on U.S. Highway 97, and 2 miles (3 km) south of Smith Rock. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.79 square miles (43.49 km2), all of it land.[1] Because of its elevation, Redmond's climate is high desert.

The Horse Lava Tube System enters the city at the point of the Redmond Caves. The lava flow that created the system continues into the Redmond Canyon and beyond.[7][8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 216
1920 585 170.8%
1930 994 69.9%
1940 1,876 88.7%
1950 2,956 57.6%
1960 3,340 13.0%
1970 3,721 11.4%
1980 6,452 73.4%
1990 7,163 11.0%
2000 13,481 88.2%
2010 26,215 94.5%
Est. 2013 27,427 4.6%
[6][9][4]
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 26,215 people, 9,947 households, and 6,789 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,561.3 inhabitants per square mile (602.8 /km2). There were 10,965 housing units at an average density of 653.1 per square mile (252.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.0% White, 0.4% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 5.4% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.5% of the population.

There were 9,947 households of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the city was 33.9 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.8% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the census[4] of 2000, there were 13,481 people, 5,260 households, and 3,618 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,316.7 per square mile (508.3/km²). There were 5,584 housing units at an average density of 545.4 per square mile (210.5/km²). The racial makeup was 93.72% White, 0.09% African American, 1.16% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.48% of the population.

There were 5,260 households, of which 38.1% had children under 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size 3.02.

In the city the population was 29.6% under 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household was $33,701, and the median income for a family $41,481. Males had a median of $31,940 versus $23,508 for females. The per capita income was $16,286. About 6.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under 18 and 7.5% of those 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

A major employer is Redmond Air Center, at the Redmond Airport. This is a Forest Service smoke-jumping, firefighting and training installation.

PCC-Schlosser is one growing manufacturing sector in Redmond, employing over 200 in the manufacture of titanium castings for the aerospace and medical markets.[citation needed]

T-Mobile USA had a call center in Redmond which employed more than 700.[11] T-Mobile made plans to close this facility in June 2013,[12] but Oregon-based Consumer Cellular moved to sublease the call center and rehire some of T-Mobile’s past employees.[13] The Consumer Cellular call center currently employs more than 200 people, with plans to grow the facility to 650 employees.[14][15]

The Redmond Spokesman newspaper is the city's oldest continuously operating business, printing its first issue July 14, 1910. Publishers Henry and Clara Palmer moved their press for the Laidlaw Chronicle to Redmond, competing with the existing Oregon Hub and Enterprise newspapers, now defunct.[16]

The Eagle Crest Resort, 6 miles (10 km) west of Redmond, is one of eight destination resorts as defined by Oregon's Department of Land Conservation and Development. Eagle Crest is one of Redmond's major employers, and one of Deschutes County's largest corporate tax payers.[17]

Education[edit]

Redmond School District encompasses 556 square miles (1,400 km2) and operates 11 schools: 7 elementary schools along with 2 middle schools, 2 high schools (Redmond and Ridgeview), and 1 private Christian school serving grades Prek-12th. Redmond's total enrollment on September 26, 2006 was 6,892. Redmond is also home of the Redmond Proficiency Academy, a 6-12 charter school serving students from Redmond and the greater Central Oregon area. Redmond School District elementary schools serve grades K-5, middle school grades 6-8 and high school 9-12.

Climate[edit]

Redmond's climate is typical of the high desert with cool nights and sunny days. Annual precipitation averages between 8 in (200 mm) and 10 inches (250 mm), with an average annual snowfall of 24 in (610 mm). The winter season in Redmond provides typical daytime temperatures between 10 °F (−12 °C) and 40 °F (4 °C). Average nighttime temperatures range anywhere from 0 °F (−18 °C) to 40 °F (4 °C). According to the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map,[18] the average annual minimum temperature in Redmond is −5 °F (−21 °C) to −10 °F (−23 °C).[19]

A typical Central Oregon summer is marked with daily temperatures around 75 °F (24 °C) to 100 °F (38 °C) during the day, and around 40 °F (4 °C) to 60 °F (16 °C) during the night.[citation needed] Hard frosts happen on occasion during the summer months. Autumn usually brings warm, dry days and cooler nights. According to the Western Regional Climate Center of the Desert Research Institute, the mean of the monthly average maximum temperatures in July, the hottest month in Redmond, between 1928 and 2006 was 82.09 °F (27.83 °C).[20]

Redmond's growing season is short. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Resources Conservation Service, in half of the years between 1971 and 2000, the USDA weather station in Redmond recorded the last below-freezing temperatures after July 3 and the first below-freezing temperatures before August 31.[21]

Transportation[edit]

Passenger Terminal

Air[edit]

Redmond is the operator of the region's only commercial airline service airport, Roberts Field. Carriers include Alaska Airlines, American Airlines and Delta Air Lines. These carriers provide direct service to Portland, Seattle, Denver, Salt Lake City, Los Angeles and San Francisco. The U.S. Forest Service operates an air base and training center for firefighting, and Butler Aircraft, a fixed-base operator, flies DC-7 aircraft for firefighting efforts.

Highways[edit]

Redmond lies at the intersection of U.S. Route 126 and U.S. Route 97. The latter runs on an expressway alignment through the city known as the Redmond Parkway.

Rail[edit]

A BNSF mainline runs north-south through the city; there are numerous spurs off of the mainline which serve industrial rail customers. The closest Amtrak service is in the town of Chemult, approximately 75 miles (121 km) to the south; this station is served by the Coast Starlight route.

Points of interest[edit]

Natural history[edit]

Some of Redmond's landmark desert flora include:

  • The Juniper tree, which dots the surrounding brush/desert.
  • The Sagebrush, a medium high bush which is abundant in undeveloped areas.

Notable people[edit]

Sam Johnson, a longtime member of the Oregon House of Representatives, was elected mayor of Redmond in 1979 and served in that capacity until his death in 1984.[22]

Les AuCoin, a nine-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oregon's First District, grew up in Redmond, attending the city's public schools from the first grade until graduation from Redmond Union High School (as it was called then) in 1960.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-26. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Population by City, 2000 and 2010". Population Research Center. Portland State University. Retrieved 2011-07-28. 
  7. ^ Skeels (2009-02-13). "Horse Lava Tube System". Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  8. ^ Champion, Duane E. (2002-05-14, abstract). "Mapping Newberry Volcano's Extensive North Flank Basalts". Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  9. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 215.
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ Governor Ted Kulongoski (August 29, 2003). "T-Mobile to open customer service center in Redmond". State of Oregon. Archived from the original on November 15, 2010. 
  12. ^ "T-Mobile Announces The Closing Of Seven Call Centers Around The Country | TmoNewsTmoNews". Tmonews.com. 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  13. ^ "Consumer Cellular will take over T-Mobile's call center in Redmond, saving it from closure". OregonLive.com. 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  14. ^ "Consumer Cellular hooks up seniors". Oregonbusiness.com. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  15. ^ "Consumer Cellular opens Redmond call center - Portland Business Journal". Bizjournals.com. 2012-08-07. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  16. ^ Leslie Pugmire Hole; Trish Pinkerton (2009). Images of America: Redmond. Chicago: Arcadia. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-7385-7089-1. 
  17. ^ Williams, Steve, "The Expansion of Oregon’s Destination Resorts", WorkSource Oregon, www.qualityinfo.org, Oregon Employment Department, Salem, Oregon, 29 March 2007.
  18. ^ "Washington USDA Hardiness Zone Map". Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  19. ^ Ramon Jordan (2012-01-24). "USNA - USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map: North-West US". Usna.usda.gov. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  20. ^ "Monthly Average Maximum Temperature, BEND, OREGON". Wrcc.dri.edu. 2006-07-25. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  21. ^ "National Water & Climate Center - Climate Information". Wcc.nrcs.usda.gov. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  22. ^ Church, Foster (June 21, 1984). "Former legislative leader dies". The Oregonian, p. B1.

External links[edit]