Lachnanthes

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"Redroot" redirects here. For the species of dogwood, see red-rood.
Lachnanthes caroliniana
Lachnanthes caroliniana.jpg
Lachnanthes caroliniana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): angiosperms
(unranked): monocots
(unranked): commelinids
Order: Commelinales
Family: Haemodoraceae
Tribe: Haemodoreae
Genus: Lachnanthes
Ell.
Species: L. caroliniana
Binomial name
Lachnanthes caroliniana
(Lam.) Dandy
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Anonymos tinctoria Walter
  • Dilatris caroliniana Lam.
  • Dilatris heritiera Pers.
  • Dilatris tinctoria (Walter ex J.F. Gmel.) Pursh
  • Gyrotheca tinctoria (Walter ex J.F. Gmel.) Salisb.
  • Heritiera gmelinii Michx.
  • Heritiera tinctorum Walter ex J.F. Gmel.
  • Lachnanthes tinctoria (Walter ex J.F. Gmel.) Elliott
  • Lachnanthes tinctoria var. major C. Wright ex Griseb.

Lachnanthes is a genus of monocotyledonous plants in the bloodwort family containing only one species, namely Lachnanthes caroliniana,[3] commonly known as redroot or bloodroot.[4] The plant is native to eastern North America, from southeastern Nova Scotia (especially the Molega Lake area)[5] and Massachusetts in the north, south to Florida and Cuba, and west along the Gulf of Mexico to Louisiana. It prefers wet, acidic, usually sandy soils, restricting it to various wetland habitats such as bogs, pinelands, hammocks and pocosins, among others.

The plant's common name is based on its red roots and rhizomes. Its flowers, consisting of six pale yellow tepals, emerge from mid to late summer. The plant is sometimes a significant weed in commercial cranberry bogs.[6]

Taxonomy[edit]

The generic name "Lachnanthes" is a conserved name in botany. This means that the name has been granted a special exemption to the ordinary priority rules, allowing a newer name to be used instead of an older one. Three names are relevant here:[7]

Heritiera Aiton, Hortus Kewensis 3: 546. 1789.

Heritiera J.F. Gmelin, Systema Naturae, ed. 13 2: 113. 1791.

Lachnanthes S. Elliott, Sketch of the Botany of South-Carolina and Georgia 1: 47. 1816.

The first is a different plant, a tropical tree. This makes the second name an illegitimate homonym, unusable. The conservation decree allows the third name to be used in place of the second to refer to the plant now called Lachnanthes caroliniana.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tropicos
  2. ^ The Plant List
  3. ^ Dandy, James Edgar. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 70: 329. 1932.
  4. ^ "Encyclopedia of Life". 
  5. ^ Ware, Beverley (2007), "Knox on Wood", The Novascotian, retrieved 10 April 2011 
  6. ^ Robertson, Kenneth R. (2003), "Lachnanthes caroliniana", in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+, Flora of North America online 26, New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 47–48, retrieved 2008-11-17 
  7. ^ Rare and Endangered Plant Seed Bank, Missouri Botanical Garden

External links[edit]