Redwick, Newport

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For the village in South Gloucestershire, see Redwick, South Gloucestershire.
Redwick
Redwick is located in Newport, Wales
Redwick
Redwick
 Redwick shown within Newport
Population 194  (2001 census[1])
OS grid reference ST421841
Principal area Newport
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CALDICOT
Postcode district NP26 3
Dialling code 01633
Magor exchange
Police Gwent
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Newport East
List of places
UK
Wales
Newport

Coordinates: 51°33′10″N 2°50′11″W / 51.55280°N 2.83648°W / 51.55280; -2.83648

Redwick (Welsh: Y Redwig) is a small village and community parish to the south east of the city of Newport, in Wales, United Kingdom. It lies within the Newport city boundaries, in the historic county of Monmouthshire and the preserved county of Gwent.

Location[edit]

Redwick is located six miles south east of the city of Newport and some four miles south west of Caldicot, Monmouthshire on the flat coastal lands reclaimed from the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel and part of the Caldicot and Wentloog Levels.

The Church[edit]

Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Redwick

The ancient parish church of St. Thomas the Apostle is a Grade I listed building.[2] It is notable for many unusual features.[3][4] An earlier dedication, when it belonged to Tintern Abbey, appears to have been to St. Michael. It is held with Magor.

The church is unusually large for a parish church on the Caldicot and Wentloog Levels, perhaps second only in its grandeur to that at Peterstone.[5] The church has a full-immersion baptisty, unique medieval stone carvings and a fine Victorian pipe organ salvaged from two previous churches. On the ancient south porch is a distinctive 'scratch post' or "Mass sundial" and (like the church at nearby Goldcliff) has a mark indicating the flood level of the water inundation caused by the Bristol Channel flood, 1607. The handsome font originates from the 13th century and may have been an original feature.

Its embattled and pinnacled central tower contain six bells, the fourth and fifth of which are pre-Reformation bells from the Bristol foundry, dated circa 1350-80 [6] making them some of the oldest church bells working anywhere in the country. Most unusually, following their lowering in the tower in the 1990s, the bells are rung from the chancel in full view of the congregation, although a number of old unused rope bosses suggest that this must have also been the case at some time in the past. The newest bell is the treble (lightest bell) which was added in celebration of Queen Elizabeth II's 40 years on the throne.[citation needed]

The fine East window, which contains some painted glass from about 1870, unlike the roof and the other windows, escaped the nearby German Luftwaffe bomb blast of 1942. The restoration and re-modelling on the church, including the attractive raised tiled floor, in 1875, was by John Norton who later also participated in the building of the exquisite chapel at Tyntesfield in Somerset.

Notable features[edit]

The Rose Inn, Redwick

The village pub is the Rose Inn, a free house situated on South Row.[7] In May 2011, after a four-year wait, a grant of £316,323 from the Big Lottery Fund was confirmed, alongside £200,000 from the Welsh Assembly, for the replacement of the existing 60-year-old Village Hall.[8]

Whitehall Farm/Redbrick House[edit]

The earliest church records show that there was a house, then called Whitehall Farm, on the site since 1450. The main Georgian façade was built around 1795, by MP William Phillips. Phillips, built the Brick House ready for his son's return to Britain from the American Colonies. The son, also named William, never returned, however, as the ship carrying him home was wrecked in a storm before reaching Britain and he was drowned.[9] The house is now a guest house.

Archaeology[edit]

Insects from samples of Bronze Age timber buildings on the foreshore at Redwick have been examined by Smith and colleagues.[10] Four rectangular buildings of middle Bronze Age date have also been excavated on inter-tidal peat at Redwick - such buildings appear to have been used during seasonal pastoral activity on the wetland.[11] Martin Bell and colleagues from the University of Reading have studied Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change at Redwick.[12]

History[edit]

The church registers, which date from 1787, contain an unpleasant reminder of legal processes of not so very long ago. The last man to be hanged for sheep stealing in Monmouthshire was charged before local magistrates assembled at The Great House in the village.[13]

Salem Baptist Chapel was erected in 1832. By 1851, when the minister was Thomas Leonard, morning attendance was 21, with 13 scholars, and evening attendance was 68.[14] In 1994 the building was converted into a private residence.[1]

Government[edit]

The area is governed by the Newport City Council and the Redwick, Newport community council.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics Parish Headcounts: Redwick
  2. ^ "Church of St Thomas, Redwick". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Redwick, St Thomas's Church at geograph.org
  4. ^ "Church of St Thomas". newport.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  5. ^ St Thomas's Church, Redwick at geograph.org
  6. ^ Dove's Guide: Redwick
  7. ^ Rose Inn, Redwick, Monmouthshire:: OS grid ST4184 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!
  8. ^ "Joy as Redwick village hall funding approved" by Melissa Jones at southwalesargus.co.uk
  9. ^ Brick House Country Guest House history
  10. ^ Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity, University of Birmingham
  11. ^ The Archaeologist Winter 2006
  12. ^ University of Reading Archeological Science (Geoarchaeology & Bioarchaeology)
  13. ^ Evans, C.J.O., (1953) Monmouthshire, Its History and Topography, Cardiff.
  14. ^ Jones, I.G. and Williams, D. (1976( (eds) Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851: A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales, Cardiff, UWP.

External links[edit]