Reedsville Formation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Reedsville Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Ordovician
Reedsville Formation 522.jpg
Outcrop of Reedsville Formation on south side of U.S. Route 522, Blacklog Gap, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania.
Type sedimentary
Unit of Chickamauga Group (TN only)[1]
Underlies Bald Eagle Formation
Overlies Coburn Formation in PA, Trenton Limestone in TN and WV
Lithology
Primary shale
Other sandstone
Location
Region Appalachian Mountains
Extent Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, eastern Tennessee
Type section
Named for Reedsville, Pennsylvania
Named by E. O. Ulrich[2]

The Ordovician Reedsville Formation is a mapped surficial bedrock unit in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and Tennessee, that extends into the subsurface of Ohio. This rock is a slope-former adjacent to (and stratigraphically below) the prominent ridge-forming Bald Eagle sandstone unit in the Appalachian Mountains. It is often abbreviated Or on geologic maps.

Description[edit]

The Reedsville Formation is an olive-gray to dark-gray siltstone, shale, and fine-grained sandstone.[3] In Central Pennsylvania along the Nittany Arch, and extending into the subsurface of northern West Virginia, the base of the Reedsville formation includes the black calcareous Antes Shale formation.[4]

Etched section of carbonaceous sandstone bed of Reedsville Formation from along Rt. 36 near Loysburg, Bedford Co., PA. Soft-sediment deformation evident. Contains sparse fossils (black in section image) - probably brachiopods and bryozoans.

Type section[edit]

The type locality is at Reedsville, Pennsylvania.

Age[edit]

Relative age dating of the Reedsville places it in the Upper Ordovician. It rests conformably atop the Upper Ordovician Coburn Formation at the top of the Trenton Group limestone and conformably below the Bald Eagle Formation.[5]

Isotopic dating of shale mylonite in Pennsylvania reveals a K-Ar age of 372+/-8 Ma.[6]

Economic uses[edit]

The Reedsville is quarried locally in borrow pits for road material and fill.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harris, L.D., 1965, Geologic map of the Wheeler quadrangle, Claiborne County, Tennessee, and Lee County, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map, GQ-435, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000 http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_903.htm
  2. ^ Ulrich, E.O., 1911, Revision of the Paleozoic systems: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 22, p. 281-680.
  3. ^ Berg, T.M., Edmunds, W.E., Geyer, A.R. and others, compilers, (1980). Geologic Map of Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geologic Survey, Map 1, scale 1:250,000.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey (1991). Stratigraphic Framework of Cambrian and Ordovician Rocks in the Central Appalachian Basin From Richland County, Ohio, To Rockingham County, Virginia (Map). http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i-2264/IMAP_2264.pdf.
  5. ^ Gold, David P. and Doden, Arnold G. "Geological Report on the Skytop Road Cuts". Geosciences: Feature Article. Pennsylvania State University College of Earth and Mineral Sciences. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  6. ^ Lapham, D.M., and Root, S.I., 1971, Summary of isotopic age determinations in Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geological Survey Information Circular, 4th series, no. 70, 29 p.
  7. ^ Doden, Arnold G. and Gold, David P. (2008). "Bedrock Geologic Map of The Mc Alevys Fort Quadrangle, Huntingdon, Centre, and Mifflin Counties, Pennsylvania" (pdf). Pennsylvania Geological Survey. 

See also[edit]