Rees, Germany

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Rees
Coat of arms of Rees
Coat of arms
Rees is located in Germany
Rees
Rees
Coordinates: 51°46′0″N 6°24′0″E / 51.76667°N 6.40000°E / 51.76667; 6.40000Coordinates: 51°46′0″N 6°24′0″E / 51.76667°N 6.40000°E / 51.76667; 6.40000
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Kleve
Subdivisions 8
Government
 • Mayor Christoph Gerwers (CDU)
Area
 • Total 109.66 km2 (42.34 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 21,303
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 46459
Dialling codes 0 28 51
0 28 50 (Haldern)
0 28 57 (Mehr / Haffen)
Vehicle registration KLE
Website www.stadt-rees.de

Rees is a town in the district of Cleves in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the right bank of the Rhine, approx. 20 km east of Cleves. Population (2005): 22,559. Founded in 1228, Rees is the oldest town in the lower Rhine area.

Organization and neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Rees is administratively organized in eight communities:

  • Community of Bienen
  • Community of Empel
  • Community of Esserden
  • Community of Haffen
  • Community of Haldern
  • Community of Mehr
  • Community of Millingen
  • Community of Rees

The neighbouring municipalities are Oude IJsselstreek (province of Gelderland, NL) and Isselburg (district of Borken) in the North, Hamminkeln and Wesel in the East, Xanten in the South (all district of Wesel), and Kalkar and Emmerich in the West.

History[edit]

The origin of the town is a Frankish settlement established between 500-800 AD. The name Rees most probably goes back to the Franconian term "Rys", which means "willow grove".

The Lower Rhine area was Christianized by the Irish missionary Willibrord between 657-739. Around 1000 the nearby monastery of Aspel was first mentioned.

On 14 July 1228 Rees was granted municipal rights by Heinrich I von Müllenark, Archbishop of Cologne. At that time it had about 600 inhabitants. In 1289/90 the works on a fortified city wall began, which was completed in 1350. In 1392 Rees and the monastery of Aspel became parts of the County of Cleves.

During the Eighty Years War, the town was captured by Spanish troops in 1598. After the death of the last duke of Cleves in 1609 the town belonged to the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Between 1616 and 1625 Rees was occupied by Dutch troops who transformed the town into a huge fortress. In 1701 Rees became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia.

In 1816 Rees became capital of the newly founded Rees District within Regierungsbezirk Kleve. The railway line from Oberhausento Arnhem was inaugurated in 1856 and a railway station was built near Rees. At the beginning of the 20th century Rees had 4.096 inhabitants of whom 330 were Protestants and 52 were Jews.[2]

During the Nazi period, many Jewish inhabitants were deported. Today the only reminders on Jewish culture in Rees are two historic Jewish cemeteries. The city was almost completely destroyed by an Allied air raid on February 16, 1945 during World War II. It became part of North Rhine-Westphalia after the war.

The Rhine bridge of Rees was completed in 1967.

Culture, Tourism and Points of Interest[edit]

Mühlenturm tower of the medieval city wall
  • In the Middle Ages Rees was surrounded by a city wall which was built from 1289 - 1307.[3] Several parts of the wall are well-preserved and can be visited, e.g. the "White Tower" (Weißer Turm) built in 1410 which was used as a prison until the 18th century. The watch tower (Wachturm)near the Jewish cemetery dates from 1480. It was destroyed by bombs in 1945 and rebuilt in 1993. Mühlenturm, the tallest tower, was built in 1470 and used as a windmill. It suffered comparatively little bomb damage and was renovated in 1984. Near the river bank there are further remains of the ancient city fortification. Several casemates have been restored and are open to the public. One of them (Bastei) was built in 1583 and transformed into a war memorial after 1945.
  • The municipal Koenraad-Bosman-Museum houses various exhibitions explaining the history of Rees and pieces of art.
  • The catholic church "Saint Mary's Ascension" (Sankt Mariä Himmelfahrt) was built from 1820-1828 in a classicist style. It was destroyed in 1945 and rebuilt from 1956-1964.
  • The small Protestant church in the Market Place was built in 1624, destroyed in 1945 and reconstructed after the war.[4]
  • In the town center, there are many carefully restored wells and water pumps that have become recognizable landmarks. An annual Pumpenkirmes (Ger., "pump fair") celebrates their former role as places for work and gossip.
  • The Jewish cemetery of Rees was founded at the beginning of the 18th century.[5] As Jews in medieval Rees were forbidden from being buried in the city their cemetery was laid out on the medieval wall which was 8 metres broad. Thus the graves were safe in case of a Rhine flood. In 1872 the cemetery was closed because it was fully occupied and a new Jewish cemetery was founded in the outskirts of the town on Wesel Road. On 8 of November 1938 the cemetery was desecrated by the Fascists and heavily damaged by bombs on 16 February 1945. Today 24 graves can be seen on the cemetery with the oldest gravestone dating from 1788. The cemetery is not open to the public but the graves on the wall can be seen from the outside.
Sculpture Park
War memorial Bastei
  • The sculpture park of Rees was founded in 2003. Pieces of art by German und Dutch artists are exhibited.
  • In Millingen, a former village which became a part of Rees in 1974, catholic Saint Quirin's Church dating from the 15th and 16th century is worth a visit.
  • Rees has one of the most beautiful Rhine promenades in Germany with restaurants and cafes arranged along the riverbank. Most visitors come from the nearby Netherlands, the Münsterland, and the urban Ruhr Area, from where Rees can be easily accessed via the Autobahn A3 in approx. 30 minutes. Boat tours on the Rhine river (e.g. to Nijmegen, Netherlands) can be taken from the small shipping pier. The town offers a motorhome park, as well as three campsites and many bicycling routes.
  • The facilities of the SV (Sportverein) Rees have been used by several national and international soccer teams, most memorably playing host to the national team of Cameroon in 2002.
  • Haldern is venue of the Haldern Pop festival, which takes place every August and attracts indie music artists from all over the world as well as thousands of enthusiastic fans.

Traffic connections[edit]

Railway[edit]

The train station Empel-Rees, located about 4 km from the city center, is connected northbound to Emmerich and southbound to Wesel-Oberhausen-Duisburg-Düsseldorf-Cologne-Bonn-Koblenz. From the station, there is a bus line downtown. There stations in Millingen and Haldern as well.

Major roads[edit]

Rees has major road access to the Autobahn A3 and the federal roads B8 (North-South) and B67 (East-West).

Inland waterways[edit]

For pedestrians and bicyclists, transfer across the Rhine is provided by two ferries from Easter holidays through October.

Nearest airports[edit]

Distance to Düsseldorf International Airport: ca. 75 km

Distance to Airport Weeze (low cost carriers only): ca. 35 km

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Wilhelm Keil: Neumanns Orts- und Verkehrslexikon, vol. 2, p. 875. Leipzig 1905
  3. ^ Wilhelm Voss-Gerling: Nordrhein-Westfalen, p. 60. München 1983
  4. ^ Dr. Erdmann Werner Böhme: Der Rhein von Mainz bis Emmerich, p. 81. München 1972
  5. ^ Wilhelm Voss-Gerling: Niederrhein und Ruhrgebiet, p. 39. München 1986
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.