Reeve Aleutian Airways

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Reeve Aleutian Airways
ReeveAleutianairways.jpg
IATA
RV
ICAO
RVV
Callsign
REEVE
Founded March 24, 1947
Ceased operations December 5, 2000
Hubs Anchorage International Airport
Fleet size 7 (in 1990)
Destinations Aleutian Islands, Seattle.
Headquarters Anchorage, Alaska, USA
Key people Robert C Reeve (founder & 1st President)
Richard D Reeve 2nd President.
Website reeveair.com

Reeve Aleutian Airways was an airline headquartered in Anchorage, Alaska, United States.[1][2] It ceased operations on December 5, 2000.[3]

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

In February 1946, Bob Reeve received a call informing him that some ex USAAF C-47s and Douglas DC-3s were for sale. Reeve bought his first DC-3 for $20,000 with $3,000 down and the balance payable over 3 years. The cost of conversion to civilian standard was quoted at $50,000 but Reeve did the work himself at a cost of $5,000.[4]

A strike by sailors on steamships operating between Seattle and Anchorage started on April 6, 1946. Reeve, along with Merritt Boyle and Bill Borland began flying between Seattle and Anchorage, with stops at Juneau, Yakutat or Annette Island. Each trip carried a full load of 21 passengers and took an average of 9-1/2 hours. In 53 days, 26 round trips were made. Reeve would work all night on inspections and maintenance of the plane at Spokane, and then fly back to Anchorage having had very little sleep. Reeve earned $93,000 from this activity, enough to pay for the DC-3 and buy three more.[4]

In July 1946 another DC-3 was purchased from the USAF. In the winter of 1946–47, Reeve filed with the CAA for a license to operate on the 1,783 miles (2,869 km) run between Anchorage and Attu, and in the summer of 1947 he was making weekly flights down the chain. Within a year, he was running a twice-weekly service, keeping all four DC-3s busy. It was during this time that Reeve Aleutian suffered its first accident. DC-3 N46567 being damaged in an accident during take-off at Merrill Field. The aircraft was insured, and Reeve bought a twin-engined Beechcraft and a Lockheed Electra 10-B to replace the DC-3, which subsequently repaired and eventually sold[4]

On March 24, 1947, Reeve Aleutian Airways was incorporated. The company was running scheduled and charter services all over Alaska, despite not having a formal CAA certificate. About this time, Reeve was ordered to get authorization to use the wartime Chain bases he was using. Reeve flew to Washington and leased Dutch Harbor field and acquired landing permits for Kodiak, Adak and Attu. Electra NC14994 was traded in during 1947, going to Continental Airlines.[4]

In April 1948, Reeve Aleutian Airways was granted a temporary, five-year airline certificate. With the need to run the business on proper business lines (maintain an office, publish schedules and tariffs etc.), the Beechcraft and Electra were traded in for two Sikorsky S-43 amphibians. In October 1948, Port Heiden was de-activated, followed by Dutch Harbor, Attu and Umnak. Reeve took over Umnak and conceded Attu, which was not vital to his operations. About this time, the Naval Air Transport Service began selling tickets to Adak in competition with Reeve. Reeve went to Washington and met with Louis Johnson, who granted all the business in the area to Reeve. In 1948 another DC-3, a Sikorsky S-43 and a Grumman G-21 Goose were purchased.[4]

Grumman Goose of Pen-Air. Reeve sold two of these aircraft to Peninsula Airways (PenAir) in 1977.

In March 1949, four days' notice was given that Shemya was to close. This base was vital to Reeve, as it was an all-weather alternative to Adak, Amchitka and Attu. Northwest also needed the base on its run to the Orient. Reeve and Croil Hunter (President of Northwest) flew to Washington to plead their case without success, but on their way back to the hotel, Reeve met Major General Sam Anderson, who had served with Reeve's brother Richard, and explained their predicament with the result that the military were persuaded to pronounce the field "militarily desirable" and thus Shemya was saved.[4]

S-43 N15062 was purchased in March 1950. In late 1950, the bank was reluctant to loan Reeve any more capital. Reeve flew to Seattle in an effort to get a loan, but was turned down. He ran into Elmer Rasmusson, an Anchorage banker whilst in Seattle, with the result that Rasmusson loaned him $125,000 to get going again. On the day he got the loan, Reeve heard that Pacific Airmotive, who were doing his maintenance, were going out of business in Alaska. Reeve flew back to Anchorage and bought the business, which was renamed Reeve Airmotive.[4][5]

In 1952, the new Anchorage International Airport opened and all the other airlines moved there. The CAA was going to close Merrill Field, but it was retained for use by Reeve Aleutian and private operators. In 1953, final military deactivation of the Aleutian airfields occurred. Reeve obtained leases on Shemya and Cold Bay. Shemya closed in 1954 and all flights were switched to Cold Bay. In January 1957, DC-3 N49363 was sold to Twentieth Century Aircraft. During the 1950s, St. George and Chernofski were served by airdrop, Reeve installing salvaged bomb releases in his DC-3s to enable this.[4]

Expansion[edit]

By the mid-1950s, it was apparent that the DC-3s were not big enough for Reeve Aleutian. Therefore, the Douglas DC-4 was selected to supplement the DC-3s, eventually replacing them. Reeve's first DC-4 was purchased in March 1957 from Twentieth Century Airlines, which was going out of business. The first scheduled DC-4 flight was on March 12, 1957. The route was Anchorage-Kodiak-Cold Bay-Adak-Amchitka-Shemya-Attu. Umnak was served as required.[6][7]

In 1957, the Distant Early Warning line was being constructed, bringing a boom to Reeve Aleutian. In 1957, an S-43 was traded in, two Curtiss C-46 Commandos were purchased from Cordova Airlines and Grumman G-21 Goose was leased from Interior Airways. Merrill Field proved too small for the DC-4, so Reeve Aleutian moved to Anchorage International in 1958. By the early 1960s, the DC-4 was proving outdated, and therefore a DC-6B was purchased in January 1962.

1970s[edit]

The late 1960s saw the emergence of the Lockheed L-188 Electra, which was to be backbone of Reeve Aleutian's business from then on. The first was purchased from California Airmotive in February 1968. With the acquisition of the Electras, the DC-6s were phased out of passenger service.[8][9][10][11][12][13]

Reeve Aleutian still had DC-3s in service, and a replacement was sought. The NAMC YS-11A was decided on and the first aircraft was purchased new in 1972. In 1973, the Electra was certified by the CAA to land on gravel runways.[8]

On November 11, 1974, there was a hangar fire at Anchorage, and two Electra aircraft were destroyed. In April 1977 the two Gooses were sold to Peninsula Airways, and their service subcontracted for services out of Cold Bay.[8]

In 1979, Reeve Aleutian started a service from Cold Bay to Seattle–Tacoma. This service lasted for three and a half years. During that time, only seven flights were cancelled due to weather and two due to mechanical reasons out of 458 scheduled flights.[5][8][14]

The jet age[edit]

In December 1983, Reeve Aleutian purchased two Boeing 727-22QC aircraft from Wien Air Alaska. During the Christmas 1985 holiday, there was a large backlog of mail at Seattle–Tacoma, and Reeve Aleutian contracted with the USPS to relieve the backlog.[15]

The airline entered the 1990s on a relatively tight budget, with three aircraft mothballed and one leased out. In August 1999, Reeve Aleutian entered into a code-share agreement with Alaska Air on the route between Seattle, Anchorage and Petrovpavlosk and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.[13][15][16][17][18]

Ceased operations[edit]

Reeve Aleutian ceased operations on December 5, 2000, and about 250 people were declared redundant. Reasons given for the situation included increased competition and high fuel prices. At the end, only one Electra and a 727 were in service.[19][20][21][22][23]

Accidents[edit]

Several aircraft belonging to Reeve Aleutian were involved in accidents.[24]

  • late 1940s. DC-3 N46567 damaged in a take-off accident at Merrill Field, Anchorage.
  • May 31, 1958. Curtiss C-46 Commando N1302N written off at Driftwood Bay, Alaska.[25]
  • September 24, 1958. DC-4 N63396 crashed on Great Sitkin Island, Alaska, 16 killed.[26][27]
  • May 29, 1965. DC-3 N91016 damaged beyond repair at Nikolski, Alaska.[28][29]
  • February 17, 1966. Curtiss C-46 Commando N10012 accident at Homer, Alaska, repaired and returned to service.[30]
  • February 10, 1971. Curtiss C-46 Commando N10012 written off at Nondalton, Alaska.[9]
  • June 22, 1972. Grumman Goose N1513V written off at False Pass, Alaska.[10][11]
  • November 6, 1974. Lockheed L-188 Electra N7140C destroyed by fire at Anchorage, Alaska.[31][32]
  • November 6, 1974. NAMC YS-11A N172RV destroyed by fire at Anchorage, Alaska.[31][32]
  • February 16, 1982. NAMC YS-11A N169RV accident at King Salmon, Alaska.[8][33]
  • June 8, 1983. Lockheed L-188 Electra N1968R emergency landing at Anchorage, Alaska after a propeller separation. Subsequently repaired and returned to service.[34]

Destinations[edit]

Reeve Aleutian Airways served the following destinations.[35] * Denotes air drop only.

  • Alaska
Scheduled
Adak Is.., Amchitka Is., Anchorage, Atka Is., Attu Is., Nikolski, Sand Point, Port Moller, Shemya Island, Cape Sarichef, King Cove, False Pass, Akutan Island, Chignik, Chignik Lagoon, Chignik Lake, Ivanof Bay, Sanak Island, Perryville, Chernofski*, Cold Bay, Dutch Harbor, King Salmon, Kodiak, Port Heiden, Shemya Is., St. George Is.,* St. Paul Is., Umnak Is.,
Chartered
Aniak, Aufeis, Awuna, Barrow, Beluga, Bethel, Bettles, Big Delta, Big Mountain, Cape Lisburne, Cape Newenham, Cape Romanzof, Cape Sarichef, Cathedral River, Clear, Coldfoot, Collinsville, Colorado Creek, Colville River, Cordova, Crow Creek, David River, Deadhorse, Deitrich Pass, Delta Junction, Dillingham, Drift River, Driftwood Bay, East Teshekpuk Lake, Eight Mile Lake, Eielson AFB, Fairbanks, Farewell, Flat, Fort Greely, Fort Richardson, Fort Yukon, Franklin Bluffs, Franks Cabin, Galbraith Lake, Galena, Gamble, Glacier Bay (Gustavus), Granite Mountain, Granite Point, GP-1, Happy Valley, Helmrick Strip, Herendeen Bay, Homer, Ice Island, Icy Bay, Iliamna, Ikpikpuk, Iniskin Bay, Ivotuk, Jade Mountain (Kobuk), Juneau, Kalakatek Creek, Kalubik Creek, Kenai, Ketchikan, King Cove, Kotzebue, Kulik, Lake Louise, Lake Minchumina, Lonley, McCarthy, McGrath, Minchumina, Nenana, Nikolski, Nome, Nondalton, Northeast Cape, Northway, Nyac, Ophir, Oliktok, Painter Creek, Pilot Point, Platinum, Pontilia Lake, Poorman, Port Barrow, Port Clarence, Port Moller, Pribilof Islands, Prospect Creek, Prudhoe Bay, Purkeypile, Rainy Pass, Red Devil, Roberta's Lake, Ruby, Sagwon, Sand Point, Sandy River, Sarichef-Scotch Cape, Savoonga, Sennett Point, Sitka, Sitkinak Is., Skwentna, Stephan Lake, Sleetmute, Soldotna, Sparrevohn, St. Mary's, Talkeetna, Tanalian Point (Port Alsworth), Tanana, Tatalina, Tin City, Trinity, Tunalik, Tungak, Tyonek, Ugashik, Umiat, Unalakleet, Ungalik, Utopia Creek (Indian Mountain), Valdez, Wainwright, Walakpa, West Forlands, Wide Bay, Wind River, Yakataga, Yakutat, Yakutat Bay.
  • USA
Everett, Honolulu, Houston, Portland, Seattle–Tacoma.
  • Canada
Dawson, Edmonton, Fort St. John, Hay River, Inuvik, Peery Point, Norman Wells, Whitefish Lake, Whitehorse, Yellowknife, Vancouver.
  • USSR
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

Fleet[edit]

The following aircraft served with Reeve Aleutian.[24]

Reeve Aleutian Airways Lockheed L-188 Electra entered in service on 17 February 1968.
  • Lockheed L-188 Electra six aircraft operated the first one bought in the 1968,one destroyed by fire, one was still in service when the airline ceased operations.
  • NAMC YS-11A four aircraft used with the first one bought new in 1972.
  • Sikorsky S-43 two aircraft used with the first bought in 1948, left service in 1957 with the sale of the last aircraft.
  • Sikorsky S-39CS one bought in 1953.

Livery[edit]

  • Blue and Red tail, with the lettering RAA in white. Blue fuselage with red cheatlines, and the name Reeve Aleutian over the middle passenger windows, in white.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 30, 1985. 111." Retrieved on July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ "About Us." Reeve Aleutian Airways. August 27, 1998. Retrieved on July 23, 2009.
  3. ^ Wisconsin Aviation Hall of Fame.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Cohen, Stan (1988). "Chapter 5". Flying Beats Work. The Story of Reeve Aleutian Airways. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. ISBN 0-933126-98-0. 
  5. ^ a b Geocities
  6. ^ Cohen, Stan (1988). "Chapter 6". Flying Beats Work. The Story of Reeve Aleutian Airways. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. ISBN 0-933126-98-0. 
  7. ^ 1942 USAAF Full history of aircraft.
  8. ^ a b c d e Cohen, Stan (1988). "Chapter 7". Flying Beats Work. The Story of Reeve Aleutian Airways. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. ISBN 0-933126-98-0. 
  9. ^ a b Aviation Safety Network
  10. ^ a b NTSB
  11. ^ a b NTSB States 1970 as year!?
  12. ^ NTSB
  13. ^ a b Aussie Airliners full history of aircraft.
  14. ^ 1000 aircraft photos Full history of aircraft
  15. ^ a b Cohen, Stan (1988). "Chapter 8". Flying Beats Work. The Story of Reeve Aleutian Airways. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. ISBN 0-933126-98-0. 
  16. ^ Interpool
  17. ^ Airchive.com
  18. ^ FAA
  19. ^ Bankrupt.com
  20. ^ Pither, Tony (2001). Airline Fleets 2001. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd. p. 392. ISBN 0-85130-296-3. 
  21. ^ FAA
  22. ^ FAA
  23. ^ FAA
  24. ^ a b Cohen, Stan (1988). Flying Beats Work. The Story of Reeve Aleutian Airways. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. Aircraft List. ISBN 0-933126-98-0. 
  25. ^ Aviation Safety Network
  26. ^ Safety Network
  27. ^ Chronicle Telegram Newspaper report of the crash
  28. ^ NTSB
  29. ^ Aviation Safety Network
  30. ^ NTSB
  31. ^ a b Geocities
  32. ^ a b Aviation Safety Network
  33. ^ NTSB
  34. ^ NTSB
  35. ^ Cohen, Stan (1988). Flying Beats Work. The Story of Reeve Aleutian Airways. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. ISBN 0-933126-98-0. 

External links[edit]