National referendums in Chile

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There have been five national referendums in Chile since 1925. The 1980 constitution provides for binding referendums only in the case a constitutional reform passed by Congress is completely vetoed by the President and then re-approved by Congress by a two-thirds majority of each chamber. In such occurrence the President has the authority to either sign the reform into law or call for a referendum. To date, the President has not exercised such power.

Year Referendum Turnout Yes No Neither Result
1812 Adoption of a provisional political constitution Approve
1925 Adoption of a new political constitution 45.4% 94.8% 4.1% 1.2% Approve
Year Referendum Turnout Yes No Null Blank Result
1978 Legitimacy of Gen. Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship a 78.6% 21.4% 4.6% Approve
1980 Adoption of a new political constitution a 69.0% 31.0% 2.8% 1.3% Approve
1988 Continuance of Pinochet's rule 97.5% 44.0% 56.0% 1.3% 1.0% Reject
1989 Constitutional reforms 93.7% 91.3% 8.7% 4.6% 1.5% Approve

a There was no electoral roll for this referendum.
Note: The percentages used in the "Yes", "No" and "Neither" columns are over the total of valid votes in each referendum. The percentages used in the "Null" and "Blank" columns are over the total votes cast in each referendum.

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