Reflex seizures may occur in reflex epilepsy (also known as environmental epilepsy). They may also occur in other epilepsy syndromes or independently. They are seizures which are the result of sensory stimulation caused by the environment. The best known is photosensitive epilepsy. Reflex epilepsy is also an uncommon form of epilepsy, and can be confirmed by EEG and photosensitive testing.
There are various types of reflex epilepsy, including:
- Photosensitive epilepsy
- Reading epilepsy
- Hot water epilepsy
- Music induced seizures
The trigger needs to be identified before prescribing anti-epileptics. The most commonly prescribed drugs for reflex epilepsy are valproate, carbamazepine and clonazepam, though lamotrigine, levetiracetam are promising.
- Xue, LY; Ritaccio, AL (March 2006). "Reflex seizures and reflex epilepsy". American journal of electroneurodiagnostic technology 46 (1): 39–48. PMID 16605171.
- "Reflex epilepsies". British Epilepsy Association. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- "Reflex Epilepsy". NYU Langone Medical Center. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- Reflex Epilepsy Overview Medscape Reference.
- Precipitating Stimuli for Reflex Seizures International League Against Epilepsy.
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