Reform Party (Norway, 1974)

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This article is about the party in existence from 1974 to 1975. For the party founded in 2004, see Reform Party (Norway).
Reform Party
Leader Carl I. Hagen
Founded 31 August 1974
Dissolved 26 May 1975*
Split from Anders Lange's Party
Merged into Anders Lange's Party
Membership 700 (1975 claim)[1]
Politics of Norway
Political parties
Elections
*One faction of the party kept on until at least 1977.

The Reform Party (Norwegian: Reformpartiet) was a short-lived political party in Norway. The party was founded in August 1974 by "moderate" defectors from Anders Lange's Party. Led by Carl I. Hagen, the party merged back into ALP already in May 1975, after Hagen—as Anders Lange's deputy—had become a Member of Parliament following Lange's sudden death in October 1974.

History[edit]

The Reform Party was founded in Voksenåsen in Oslo on 31 August 1974[2] by Kristofer Almås, Deputy Member of Parliament Carl I. Hagen and others who broke away from Anders Lange's Party.[3] They claimed that Lange was an "extremist", and criticised what they considered as his unwillingness of taking political responsibility, consistent refusal of political moderation and of establishing a political program.[4] When Anders Lange died in October 1974, Hagen became a regular Member of Parliament as Lange's former deputy, and thus gave the Reform Party parliamentary representation.[5]

In opinion polls in January and February 1975 the Reform Party saw its support at 0.4%.[6][7] On 13 May 1975 the party was split after Almås had been thrown as party chairman by the party board, and in turn reorganised the party under an "interim board" with himself as party chairman.[1] Hagen responded by stating that he held control of the party finances and its membership rolls counting 700 members.[1] On 26 May 1975, Hagen reconciled with his former party, and merged the Reform Party back into ALP at a meeting with the party's parliamentary leader Erik Gjems-Onstad.[8]

In January 1976, Almås claimed that Hagen almost single-handedly had made a deal to merge into ALP, and that the "new board" had come together and issued a demand for Hagen to return the party's membership roll.[9] Hagen in turn maintained the legitimacy of the party's merger with ALP.[2] On 26 October 1976, Almås withdrew from his position as party chairman (although he remained a member), as well as politics in its entirety, as he claimed to have been subject to massive harassment as a result of "incorrect" coverage of the events surrounding the party by the mass media.[10][11] On 19 January 1977, the party secretary, Peter N. Myhre, announced that he also withdrew from his position, after a meeting intended to solve the crisis in the party (where 17 members showed up) reportedly only resulted in quarrels and name-calling.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Avsatt formann velger nytt styre". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 13 May 1975. p. 12. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Hagen, Carl I. (28 February 1976). "Kr. Almås, ALP og Reformpartiet". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 2. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Forr, Gudleiv. "Carl I Hagen". Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Helleberg, Lars (21 November 1988). "Hagen som ekko". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 2. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  5. ^ "Reformpartiet det tolvte på politisk gallup". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 8 November 1974. p. 3. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Gallups politiske barometer". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 11 January 1975. p. 3. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Gallups politiske barometer". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 11 February 1975. p. 16. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Gjenforenet ALP i egen kro". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 27 May 1975. p. 2. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Almås, Kr. (30 January 1976). "Reformpartiet går videre". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 2. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Almås ut av Reformpartiet og politikken". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 27 October 1976. p. 22. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Almås, Kristofer (6 November 1976). "Fortsatt i Reformpartiet". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 26. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  12. ^ "«Skjellsord og krangel» preger Reformpartiet". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 19 January 1977. p. 26. Retrieved 4 March 2011.