Reginald Thomas Keys (born 1952), is the father of a British serviceman killed in the Iraq War. He stood in the 2005 General Election as an anti-war independent candidate for MP of Sedgefield, a constituency held by the then Prime Minister, Tony Blair.
Keys is a founder member of the campaign group Military Families Against the War. His son Lance Corporal Tom Keys, was a Royal Military Policeman and one of six Red Caps killed by an Iraqi mob in Majar al-Kabir in June 2003.
Reg Keys was an ambulance paramedic for 19 years in Solihull before retiring to Llanuwchllyn, Bala in North Wales. He declared at the outset of the campaign that he had been a Labour Party voter and was still basically socialist, but that he was seeking election as a candidate opposed to Blair's policy on the Iraq War. He claimed that by electing him, voters could keep the Labour Party in power but with Gordon Brown as the likely Prime Minister rather than Blair. Former Independent MP Martin Bell urged the other parties to withdraw their candidates as removing a supporter of the war from office would send a message to President Bush and other World Leaders who had supported him.
Bob Clay, the left-wing former Labour MP for Sunderland North, acted as Keys' agent. Keys won 4,252 votes (10.3% of the total), coming in fourth place, less than 700 votes behind the Liberal Democrat candidate and about 1700 votes behind the Conservative candidate. Blair won with 24,421 votes (58.9%).
At the declaration Keys made a widely-publicised speech about the controversy over the decision to go to war and the alleged deceptions made by Blair over the reasons for going to war. Blair listened to the speech with an expressionless face.
Although Keys did not defeat Blair at the ballot box, his campaign did not stop. The British government is now facing a series of legal challenges launched by the families of British soldiers killed in the Iraq war. Lawyers acting on behalf of ten families and anti-war organisations presented evidence to the International Criminal Court that Britain had committed war crimes in its participation in the Iraq war. They argued that British forces were directed in a manner disproportionate to the stated objective of the war, namely disarming Iraq of its weapons of mass destruction. They further argued that there is, at the very least, a reasonable suspicion that the Prime Minister committed Britain to war on the basis of regime change. This charge is all the more serious in the light of the fact that Blair was given unambiguous advice from the Attorney General and the Foreign Office that to invade Iraq on the basis of regime change would be illegal.
Keys and other families of British soldiers killed in Iraq are also launching a separate legal action if the Prime Minister does not convene a full, public, and independent inquiry into the legality of the Iraq war. Using the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and its British counterpart, the Human Rights Act, they will argue that, if it can be shown that soldiers were sent to war on an illegal basis, it would have been an infringement of their Article 2 right under the ECHR which imposes an obligation on governments to protect the lives of those under their authority and control.
In August 2006, Reg Keys and other relatives of military personnel killed in Iraq announced the creation of a new political party named Spectre. The party's aims and objectives included bringing the Government to account for misleading Parliament over Iraq, supporting wounded troops returning from Iraq, raising serving soldiers’ concerns over Iraq and highlight equipment and system failures. At the launch it was stated that the party planned to contest more than 70 seats currently held by pro-war Labour MPs, including Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett, Ruth Kelly, the Communities and Local Government secretary and Jack Straw, Leader of the Commons. Keys also aimed to stand candidates in Parliamentary by-elections.
- Felicity Arbuthnot
- Martin Bell
- Margaret Cook
- Brian Eno
- Hilary Wainwright
- David Shayler
- Haifa Zangana
- Rory Bremner
- Benjamin Zephaniah
- Boggan, Steve (5 August 2006). "Families of soldiers killed in Iraq launch party to challenge ministers". Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- Vote for Reg Keys[dead link] official campaign site
- A Sedgefield View A blogger in Sedgefield with a jaundiced eye
- Military Families Against the War official site
- Reg Keys' election night speech at Sedgefield Video — WMV (3.6Mb)
- The Man Who Challenged Blair[dead link] The Contemporary Review, July 2005, by Stefan Simanowitz.
- Guardian - Doing It for Tom: Mr Keys Takes on the Prime Minister by Ed Vulliamy April 22, 2005
- CNN - Soldier father bid to unseat Blair[dead link] April 21, 2005
- Reuters - Father of Slain Soldier Plots Blair "Regime Change"[dead link] April 21, 2005
- Guardian - "I'll Hold Blair to Account" interview with Stuart Jeffries March 22, 2005