Regalbuto

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Regalbuto
Comune
Comune di Regalbuto
Regalbuto-Panorama.JPG
Regalbuto is located in Italy
Regalbuto
Regalbuto
Location of Regalbuto in Italy
Coordinates: 37°39′N 14°38′E / 37.650°N 14.633°E / 37.650; 14.633Coordinates: 37°39′N 14°38′E / 37.650°N 14.633°E / 37.650; 14.633
Country Italy
Region Sicily
Province Enna (EN)
Area
 • Total 169 km2 (65 sq mi)
Elevation 520 m (1,710 ft)
Population (May 2007)[1]
 • Total 7,636
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demonym Regalbutesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 94017
Dialing code 0935
Patron saint Saint Vitus the martyr
Saint day 11 August
Website Official website

Regalbuto (Latin: Ameselum; Sicilian: Regarbutu) is a comune in the province of Enna, in region of Sicily in southern Italy.

There is an annual cattle fair held in the month of August.

History[edit]

Regalbuto may very well be the ancient town of Amaselos, which was named by the Greek and Sicilian historian Diodorus Siculus in his Bibliotheca historica (Historical Library) writings.

The name Regalbuto derives from the Arab term Rahal Abbud, which means "Abbud's farmhouse", because the Arabs founded it. Discoveries at the site include the old Saracen quarter.

Around AD 1200, the inhabitants of the nearby town of Centirupe, who rebelled against the Swabian dynasty whom Regalbuto had been faithful to, destroyed Regalbuto. Years later, King Manfred had the town rebuilt at its present site.

In the year 1860, a number of members of parliament met in Regalbuto with Garibaldi to discuss a truce.

The town was never subject to fiscal taxes, and a free magistracy elected by the king and the archbishops of Messina governed it. The town was severely damaged during the Second World War, and on August 3, 1943 the Hermann Goring Panzer Division was driven out of the town by 1st Canadian Infantry Division. The current inhabited center was reconstructed only recently.

Architecturally, the notable monuments are the Chiesa Madre (Mother Church) dedicated to San Basilio, which was built on the site of a 16th-century building and preserving a luxurious 10 meter altar dedicated to San Vito, this church has a baroque façade with a pyramid shaped bell tower. The 15th-century Church of Santa Maria della Croce with its splendid baroque staircase, and the 18th-century Church of San Giovanni, that has a big bell loggia. Noteworthy are also the palazzo municipale (town hall building) of the 18th century, and the remains of the 13th-century castle.

Regalbuto also accommodates numerous aristocratic buildings such as the 17th century Palazzo Citelli-Fascaro, Palazzo Falcone, the liberty-style Palazzo Campagnini, the Palazzo Municipale and Palazzo Carchiolo, all situated in the old Christian Quarter.

In the city environs are sites of naturalistic interest like the Pozzillo Lake district, one of the largest man-made lakes in all Europe, fed by the Salso River waters, that offers a range of leisure opportunities, from trout fishing to sporting activities. Finally, is the Monte Mascari, 863 metres (2,831 ft) tall, north of the lake, and, still in the lake vicinity, the Salici Mount rising to 1,442 metres (4,731 ft).

Among Regalbuto's renowned names, there was Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia (1510–1580), physician and a major figure in the history of the science of human anatomy. Also, Salvatore Citelli (1875–1947) a very famous odontologist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.