|A female (left) and male (right) in Wyperfeld National Park, Australia|
P. a. anthopeplus
The regent parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) is a bird of the parrot family (Psittacidae). It has predominantly yellow plumage with a green tail. The bird is found primarily in eucalyptus groves and other wooded areas of subtropical southwestern Australia, as well as in a smaller area of subtropical and temperate southeastern Australia. Seeds make up the bulk of its diet.
The regent parrot was first described by English author and wit Edward Lear in 1831. It is one of three species in the genus Polytelis. The parrot is also known variously as the rock pebbler, rock peplar, black-tailed parakeet, Murray smoker, Marlock parakeet and sometimes regent parakeet.
Two subspecies are recognised. While the western subspecies (Polytelis anthopeplus anthopeplus) is listed as "lower risk" or "least concern", the eastern subspecies (Polytelis anthopeplus monarchoides) is listed as endangered.
Three state governments and the federal government are coordinating a recovery plan for the subspecies.
The regent parrot grows to approximately 14½–16½" (37–42 cm) in length, and exhibits sexual dimorphism. The male bird is generally yellow, with several shades on the head; its back is generally a collection of colorful shades of green; its beak generally red. The female is generally more green, overall, especially in the head and body. The tail is green, although the underparts are black.
Captive regent parrots thrive on chopped mixtures for large parrots. They also like eggfood, [clarification needed] fruit, sprouting seeds and a small assortment of insects. Unlike most birds parrots do not require grit in their diet, grit should only be given when a certified avian veterinarian prescribes it for digestion aid if the bird is ill.[original research?] An occasional fresh willow or fruit tree branch to "spruce up" their quarters seems to please the birds. The regent parrot is naturally hardy, so being careful to protect them from drafts and the like is unnecessary. However, they should be protected from excessive cold, as such is uncommon in their natural habitat.
The female broods 3-8 eggs for approximately 21 days. During this period she seldom departs from the nest, if at all, and is fed by the male. When the young have hatched, they are cared for by both the male and female. During this period, they can be fed several times their normal portion of feed, which they readily convey to their young. The young begin to fly at about 5 weeks. Sexual maturity is reached at about 2 years of age.
- List of parrots (listed by taxonomic position)
- List of parrots (listed by name)
- List of Western Australian birds
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