Reginald Tyrwhitt

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Sir Reginald Yorke Tyrwhitt, 1st Baronet
ReginaldTyrwhittportraitbyDodd.jpg
Portrait of Tyrwhitt, by Francis Dodd
Born (1870-05-10)10 May 1870
Ketelby, Oxfordshire
Died 30 May 1951(1951-05-30) (aged 81)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1883–1945
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Commands held Captain (D), 2nd Flotilla of torpedo boat destroyers (Dec 1913);
Destroyer Flotillas of First Fleet (1914);
Senior Naval Officer, Gibraltar (1919);
3rd Light Cruiser Squadron (1920-1922);
Coast of Scotland (1923-1925);
China Station (Nov 1926-Feb 1929);
The Nore (May 1930-May 1933)
Battles/wars

World War I

Awards

GCB (1929)
KCB (1917)
CB (1914)
DSO (1916)
Officer of Military Order of Savoy (1917)
Order of the Sacred Treasure 1st Class (Japanese);
Commander, Legion of Honour (France, 1916);
Croix de Guerre;

Hon. DCL Oxon (1919);
Freeman of Oxford and of Ipswich (1919)

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Reginald Yorke Tyrwhitt, 1st Baronet, GCB, DSO (10 May 1870 – 30 May 1951) was a senior officer of the Royal Navy in World War I who commanded light forces stationed at Harwich on the east coast of England during the first part of the war.

Naval career[edit]

Tyrwhitt entered the Navy as a cadet in July, 1885. By 1912 he was a captain in command of the Second Flotilla of torpedo boat destroyers. He was advanced in 1913 to the command of all destroyer flotillas of the Home Fleet,[1] with the rank of commodore, flying his flag from the light cruiser, HMS Amethyst.

The forces Tyrwhitt commanded were called the Harwich Force during World War I. His leadership was highly regarded, and he led his ships at the Battle of Heligoland Bight[1] and in the Cuxhaven Raid in 1914, and in the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1915.[1] During the Battle of Jutland in 1916, the Admiralty held back Tyrwhitt's forces in case of a German attack on the coast.

After the War he commanded the 3rd Light Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean Fleet and then became Commander-in-Chief, Coast of Scotland in 1923.[1] From 1926 to 1928, Tyrwhitt was Commander-in-Chief on the China Station[1] during a period of disturbances and tension with the Nationalist Government, and became the senior British officer in the region. In the aftermath of the Invergordon Mutiny, Tyrwhitt was instrumental in preventing Vice-Admiral Frederic C. Dreyer, the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff, from taking command of the Atlantic Fleet and ending any hopes Dreyer had of becoming First Sea Lord.[2] From 1930 to 1933, he served as Commander-in-Chief, The Nore.[1] When he hauled down his flag for the last time in 1933 he was the last British flag officer of World War I to do so.[3]

Tyrwhitt was created a baronet, of Terschelling and of Oxford, in 1919, and in 1934 he was promoted to admiral of the fleet.[1] He retired in 1939.[1]

Mount Tyrwhitt (9,430 ft) in the Canadian Rocky Mountains was named after the admiral in 1918. It is situated at latitude 50°34'55" north in the province of Alberta near the headwaters of the Bow River and the Kootenay River.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ Temple Patterson. Tyrwhitt of the Harwich Force. p. 280. 
  3. ^ Temple Patterson. Tyrwhitt of the Harwich Force. p. 281. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Temple Patterson, Alfred (1973). Tyrwhitt of the Harwich Force: The Life of Admiral of the Fleet Sir Reginald Tyrwhitt. London: Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-356-04530-7. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Green
Commander-in-Chief, Coast of Scotland
1923–1925
Succeeded by
Sir Walter Cowan
Preceded by
Sir Edwyn Alexander-Sinclair
Commander-in-Chief, China Station
1926–1928
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Waistell
Preceded by
Sir Edwyn Alexander-Sinclair
Commander-in-Chief, The Nore
1930–1933
Succeeded by
Sir Hugh Tweedie
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Hubert Brand
First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
1932–1934
Succeeded by
Sir John Kelly
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of Terschelling and of Oxford)
1919–1951
Succeeded by
St John Tyrwhitt