Reginald Skelton

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Reginald William Skelton (1872–1956) was the Chief Engineer and Official Photographer of the 1901-1904 Discovery Expedition to Antarctica.

Early life[edit]

Skelton was born at Long Sutton, Lincolnshire on 3 June 1872 and educated at Bromsgrove School. He joined the Royal Navy in 1887. In 1891 Skelton entered the RNE College, Devonport.[1] Once commissioned he served on HMS Centurion in China from 1894 to 1897 and HMS Majestic of the Channel Squadron from 1899 to 1900 before being appointed to supervise the building of Discovery for the 1901 National Antarctic Expedition.[2]

Polar exploration[edit]

Scott, the expedition leader, had been impressed with Skelton’s engineering abilities aboard the Majestic[3] and so he was appointed Chief Engineer of the expedition. He also acted as expedition photographer. Nicknamed 'Skelly', there were no serious difficulties with any of the machinery under Skelton's care throughout the three year expedition. Once established on the continent he became a well-respected member of the team (Huxley 1978), eventually having 4 features named after him: an inlet, a glacier, an icefall and a lévé.

On his return he married his fiancée, the New Zealander Sybil Devenish-Meares: they had three children, two daughters and a son.

Later life[edit]

From 1906 to 1912 and again between 1916 and 1918, Skelton served in the submarine service. He hoped to be Scott's second-in-command for the Terra Nova Expedition of 1910-1913 but was overlooked in favour of Edward Evans who had been planning his own expedition to Antarctica but agreed to join Scott's expedition provided he was offered the position of second-in-command. During the First World War Skelton was awarded the DSO for his actions at the Battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916. Appointed CB in 1919, he continued to rise through the service after the War, being posted to Archangel, Constantinople, to the Mediterranean Station and to the Atlantic Station. He became Engineer Rear-Admiral in 1923, Engineer Vice-Admiral in 1928 and Engineer-in-Chief of the Fleet, Admiralty, 1928–32. He was knighted in 1931[4] and retired in 1932. He died on 5 September 1956 (Barne,1956).

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Obituary by Barne,M. The Geographical Journal, Vol. 122, No. 4 (Dec., 1956), pp. 533–534
  • Scott Fiennes, R (2003 London Coronet)ISBN 0340826991
  • Scott of the Antarctic Huxley,E.J.G (1978London, Atheneum) ISBN 0689108613
  • Discovery Illustrated J V Skelton,J.V. & Wilson,D.W. (2001). Reardon Publishing. ISBN 1-873877-48-X
  • The Antarctic Journals of Reginald Skelton: Skelton,J.V. (Ed) (2004, Reardon Publishing). ISBN 1873877684