Regiomontanus (crater)

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Regiomontanus (crater)
Regiomontanus crater 4108 h1.jpg
Coordinates 28°24′S 1°00′W / 28.4°S 1.0°W / -28.4; -1.0Coordinates: 28°24′S 1°00′W / 28.4°S 1.0°W / -28.4; -1.0
Diameter 126 × 110 km
Depth 1.7 km
Colongitude 2° at sunrise
Eponym Johannes M. von
Königsberg

Regiomontanus is an ancient lunar impact crater located in the southern highlands region to the southeast of Mare Nubium. It is joined at the chaotic northern rim by the crater Purbach, and to the south-southeast is Walther.

Characteristics[edit]

The crater is heavily worn from impact erosion, and the rim is irregular, mountainous and distinctly oval in outline. The walls on the southern and western edges have been almost completely degraded. A prominent ridge lies off-center to the northwest, with the small crater Regiomontanus A at its summit. The crater floor is lava-flooded, and has a number of small crater impacts.

The summit crater Regiomontanus A was once considered proof of volcanic activity on the Moon. However this feature is actually an impact crater, and is offset slightly from the summit of the central peak.

Name[edit]

Regiomontanus is named after the astronomer of the same name. Like many of the craters on the Moon's near side, it was given its name by Giovanni Riccioli, whose 1651 nomenclature system has become standardized.[1] Earlier lunar cartographers had given the feature different names. Michael van Langren's 1645 map calls it "Christinae Reg. Suec." after Christina, Queen of Sweden.[2] And Johannes Hevelius grouped it with Purbach and Walther as "Mons Libanus" after Mount Lebanon.[3]

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Regiomontanus.

Regiomontanus Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 28.0° S 0.6° W 6 km
B 29.0° S 3.7° W 10 km
C 28.7° S 5.2° W 8 km
E 28.2° S 6.2° W 6 km
F 27.8° S 1.9° W 11 km
G 28.2° S 3.6° W 5 km
H 28.6° S 4.0° W 6 km
J 29.4° S 1.9° W 8 km
K 30.3° S 0.0° W 6 km
L 29.7° S 1.1° E 6 km
M 29.6° S 2.1° W 5 km
N 28.9° S 0.1° E 3 km
R 28.4° S 0.0° W 3 km
S 28.6° S 2.0° W 4 km
T 28.1° S 2.9° W 5 km
U 27.9° S 3.5° W 11 km
W 29.5° S 1.4° W 3 km
Y 30.1° S 1.6° W 5 km
Z 27.5° S 3.0° W 6 km

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ewen A. Whitaker, Mapping and Naming the Moon (Cambridge University Press, 1999), p.61.
  2. ^ Ewen A. Whitaker, Mapping and Naming the Moon (Cambridge University Press, 1999), p. 198.
  3. ^ Ewen A. Whitaker, Mapping and Naming the Moon (Cambridge University Press, 1999), p. 205.