Regional Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region

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The Regional Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region, officially the Regional Command of the Iraqi Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party, was the highest decision-making organ of the Iraqi Regional Branch. Throughout its history, the Regional Command has normally had 19-21 members.[1] When in power, the Directorate of Security Affairs was responsible for the security of the president and the senior members of the Regional Command.[2] Currently, the composition of the Regional Command of the Iraqi Regional Branch is unknown because the party remains underground.

The Iraqi Regional Branch was organized on the Marxist–Leninist model, with a small elite, the Regional Command, controlling the party from the top down. As in the Soviet Union, the party leadership became the government.[3] While the Regional Command was the de facto highest legislative and executive organ of state and party, the Revolutionary Command Council was according to the 1970 Iraqi constitution "the supreme body of the state."[4] In theory, the Regional Command was to be subordinate to the National Command.[5]

Structure[edit]

Members[edit]

Members of the 1st–12th Regional Commands
Name Took office Left office Term(s) Duration
al-Rikabi, FuadFuad al-Rikabi December 1955 29 November 1959 2 0 years, 364 days
al-Din Kazim, ShamsShams al-Din Kazim December 1955 1957 1 0 years, 31 days
Habib Khayzaran, FaysalFaysal Habib Khayzaran December 1955 1957 1 0 years, 31 days
2 February 1960 May 1962 2 2 years, 88 days
Ali Salih al-Dulaymi, KhalidKhalid Ali Salih al-Dulaymi 1957 July 1960 2 3 years, 182 days
Ibrahim Jumah, MidhatMidhat Ibrahim Jumah 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
Rikabi, AbdallahAbdallah Rikabi 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
El-Shibib, TalibTalib El-Shibib 1957 25 September 1963 4 6 years, 267 days
11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Mahmud Shantaf, KarimKarim Mahmud Shantaf 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Said Thabit, AyyadAyyad Said Thabit 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
Salih al-Sadi, AliAli Salih al-Sadi 2 February 1960 11 November 1963 4 3 years, 282 days
Hammadi, Sa'dunSa'dun Hammadi 2 February 1960 25 September 1963 1 3 years, 235 days
June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
1994 18 May 2001 1 7 years, 137 days
Jawad, HazimHazim Jawad 2 February 1960 February 1964 5 3 years, 364 days
Ali Salih al-Dulaymi, KhalidKhalid Ali Salih al-Dulaymi 2 February 1960 July 1960 1 0 years, 150 days
Abd al-Majid, HamdiHamdi Abd al-Majid May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Fakiki, HaniHani Fakiki May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Khalkhal, HamidHamid Khalkhal May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Shaykh Radi, MuhsinMuhsin Shaykh Radi May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Talib al-Hashimi, AbuAbu Talib al-Hashimi 25 September 1963 11 November 1963 1 0 years, 47 days
Qassab, AdnanAdnan Qassab 25 September 1963 11 November 1963 1 0 years, 47 days
Hassan al-Bakr, AhmedAhmed Hassan al-Bakr 11 November 1963 16 July 1979 5 15 years, 247 days
al-Sattar Abd al-Latif, AbdAbd al-Sattar Abd al-Latif 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Mihdawi, MuhammadMuhammad Mihdawi 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Mahdi Ammash, SalihSalih Mahdi Ammash 11 November 1963 September 1971 3 7 years, 294 days
Wandawi, MundhirMundhir Wandawi 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Yahya, TahirTahir Yahya 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Abd al-Karim, AliAli Abd al-Karim 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Bazzaz, FaiqFaiq Bazzaz 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Aziz, TariqTariq Aziz 1 August 1965 9 April 2003 9 37 years, 251 days
al-Sattar Duri, AbdAbd al-Sattar Duri 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Shakir Mustafa, FuadFuad Shakir Mustafa 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Mahmud Shantaf, KarimKarim Mahmud Shantaf 11 November 1963 1967 1 3 years, 51 days
Sultan, SalimSalim Sultan 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Waddai, Hassan HajjHassan Hajj Waddai 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 0 years, 82 days
Hussein, SaddamSaddam Hussein February 1964 9 April 2003 8 39 years, 67 days
Taha Azzuz, AhmadAhmad Taha Azzuz February 1964 October 1965 3 2 years, 242 days
Mahjub, MuhammadMuhammad Mahjub February 1964 October 1966 3 2 years, 242 days
January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Sallum al-Samarra'i, AbdullahAbdullah Sallum al-Samarra'i February 1964 March 1970 3 6 years, 28 days
al-Khaliq al-Samarra'i, AbdAbd al-Khaliq al-Samarra'i February 1964 1973 3 8 years, 335 days
al-Tikriti, HardanHardan al-Tikriti February 1964 October 1966 1 2 years, 242 days
al-Shaykhli, Abd al-KarimAbd al-Karim al-Shaykhli October 1966 September 1971 2 4 years, 335 days
al-Hadithi, MurtadaMurtada al-Hadithi October 1966 January 1974 2 7 years, 92 days
Ramadan, Taha YassinTaha Yassin Ramadan October 1966 9 April 2003 8 36 years, 190 days
al-Ali, Salah OmarSalah Omar al-Ali October 1966 1970 2 3 years, 92 days
Mustafa, IzzatIzzat Mustafa October 1966 November 1968 1 2 years, 31 days
ad-Douri, Izzat IbrahimIzzat Ibrahim ad-Douri November 1966 9 April 2003 36 years, 190 days
Najam, Samir 'Abd al-AzizSamir 'Abd al-Aziz Najam November 1968 September 1971 2 2 years, 335 days
Karim, Abd al-WahhabAbd al-Wahhab Karim November 1968 September 1969 1 0 years, 335 days
al-Karim, Tayih 'AbdTayih 'Abd al-Karim January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
al-Hamdani, Adnan Hasan AbbasAdnan Hasan Abbas al-Hamdani January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
al-Jalil, Ghanim 'AbdGhanim 'Abd al-Jalil January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Mustafa, IzzatIzzat Mustafa January 1974 January–March 1977 1 3 years, 59 days
Jasim, Fulayyih HasanFulayyih Hasan Jasim January 1974 March 1977 1 3 years, 59 days
Fadhil Samarra'i, AbdullahAbdullah Fadhil Samarra'i January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Hamad, Muhammad AyishMuhammad Ayish Hamad January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Mashhadi, Muhyi 'Abd al-HusseinMuhyi 'Abd al-Hussein Mashhadi January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
al-Ani, TahirTahir al-Ani January 1974 September 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
al-Yasin, Abd al-FattahAbd al-Fattah al-Yasin January 1974 September 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Hammudi, Ja'far QasimJa'far Qasim Hammudi January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
al-Azzawi, Hikmat IbrahimHikmat Ibrahim al-Azzawi January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Mustafa, BurhanBurhan Mustafa January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Khairallah, AdnanAdnan Khairallah January 1974 4 May 1989 3 15 years, 123 days
Haddad, Na'imNa'im Haddad January 1974 September 1991 3 17 years, 243 days
Ali, HasanHasan Ali January 1974 September 1991 3 17 years, 243 days
Shakir, Sa'dunSa'dun Shakir January 1974 September 1991 3 17 years, 243 days
Mahdi Salih, SahdiSahdi Mahdi Salih June 1982 1994 2 11 years, 214 days
Amza Zubeidi, MohammadMohammad Amza Zubeidi June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab, SamirSamir Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
al-Hasan Rahi Majhul al-Firawn, AbdAbd al-Hasan Rahi Majhul al-Firawn June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
al-Ghanii Abd al-Ghafur, AbdAbd al-Ghanii Abd al-Ghafur June 1982 18 May 2001 3 18 years, 351 days
Yasin Rashid, KamilKamil Yasin Rashid June 1982 18 May 2001 3 18 years, 351 days
Khidr Hadi, MizbanMizban Khidr Hadi June 1982 9 April 2003 4 20 years, 312 days
Hassan al-Majid, AliAli Hassan al-Majid June 1982 9 April 2003 4 20 years, 312 days
Nusayyif Jasim, LatifLatif Nusayyif Jasim June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
1994 9 April 2003 2 9 years, 98 days
Abd al-Aziz Hussein, KhadarKhadar Abd al-Aziz Hussein September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Abd al-Rahman, AhmadAhmad Abd al-Rahman September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Faysal Shahir, NuriNuri Faysal Shahir September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Matni al-Awwad, MizhirMizhir Matni al-Awwad September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Khalaf, FawziFawzi Khalaf September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Hamzi al-Zubaydi, MuhammadMuhammad Hamzi al-Zubaydi September 1991 18 May 2001 2 9 years, 259 days
al-Ahmad, MuhammadMuhammad al-Ahmad September 1991 18 May 2001 2 9 years, 259 days
Zimam Abd al-Razzaq, MuhammadMuhammad Zimam Abd al-Razzaq September 1991 9 April 2003 3 11 years, 220 days
al-Baqi Abd al-Karim al-Sadun, AbdAbd al-Baqi Abd al-Karim al-Sadun 1994 18 May 2001 1 7 years, 137 days
Ibrahim al-Mashadani, FadilFadil Ibrahim al-Mashadani 1994 18 May 2001 1 7 years, 137 days
Abd al-Aziz al-Najm, SamirSamir Abd al-Aziz al-Najm 1994 9 April 2003 1 7 years, 98 days
Abdullah, AzizAziz Abdullah 1994 9 April 2003 2 7 years, 120 days
Saleh Nuhmah, AzizAziz Saleh Nuhmah 1994 9 April 2003 2 7 years, 120 days
Hussein, QusayQusay Hussein 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 326 days
Salih Mahdi Ammash, HudaHuda Salih Mahdi Ammash 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 326 days
Abdullah al-Abudi, YahyaYahya Abdullah al-Abudi 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Abd Saqar, UqlahUqlah Abd Saqar 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Ta'an Kazim, RashidRashid Ta'an Kazim 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Mahmud Gharib, FadhilFadhil Mahmud Gharib 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Khudayr al-Khafaji, MuhsinMuhsin Khudayr al-Khafaji 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days

References[edit]

General
Regional Command membership was taken from this source:

Specific

  1. ^ Sassoon 2012, p. 36.
  2. ^ Sassoon 2012, p. 99.
  3. ^ Coughlin 2005, pp. 73–74.
  4. ^ Coughlin 2005, p. 74.
  5. ^ Ghareeb & Dougherty 2004, p. 192.

Bibliography[edit]